100 Mile House (B.C.)



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100 Mile House (B.C.)

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100 Mile House (B.C.)

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100 Mile House (B.C.)

35 Archival description results for 100 Mile House (B.C.)

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100 Mile House Forest District cutting permits and other timber tenure records

  • GR-3698
  • Series
  • 1973-2006

The series consists of cutting permits and other timber tenure records. These records were created from 1973-2006 by the 100 Mile House Forest District, a division of the Cariboo Forest Region. Files include cutting permits, forest licences, timber sale licences, timber sale harvesting licences, woodlot licences and licences to cut. Records regard the issuance, evaluation, administration, monitoring, planning, replacement, cancellation, deletion and extension of these timber tenures. The vast majority of records are cutting permits for forest licences. Licensees were required to apply for a forest licence and cutting permits in order to harvest timber.

The records may include legal documents, management plans, development plans, correspondence, forms, reports, maps, licences, permits, permit amendments and renewals, logging plans, cruise compilations, compilation summaries, reports, silviculture prescriptions, traverse cards, appraisals, harvesting reports and inspection forms, permit extension documentation, road permits, financial records, timber scales, timber mark designations, inspection records, photos, and stumpage fees.

The ministries responsible for creating these records, and the years that they were responsible, are:
Dept. of Lands, Forests and Water Resources (1961-1975)
Dept. of Forests (1975-1976)
Ministry of Forests (1976-1986)
Ministry of Forests and Lands (1986-1988)
Ministry of Forests (1988-2005)
Ministry of Forests and Range (2005-2010)

The records were classified as 19500-45, 19540-25, 19620-25, 19720-25, 19720-45, 19720-50 and 19720-55 in the Forest Operational Records Classification System (ORCS).

British Columbia. 100 Mile House Forest District

100 Mile House Forest District operational records

  • GR-3932
  • Series
  • 1970-2005

This series consists of resource management plans and procedures from the 100 Mile House Forest District, 1970-2005. The 100 Mile House Forest District is part of the Cariboo Forest Region. Note that their exact boundaries may have changed over the years.

The majority of files relate to the development of Integrated Resource Use Plans which are designed to resolve resource use conflicts in specific areas at the local level. Each file includes records relating to data concerning a specific area - usually a watershed or other distinct resource management unit. Types of plans include Resource Folios, Coordinated Access Management Plans (CAMP), Coordinated Resource Management Plans (CRMP) and Integrated Watershed Management Plans (IWMP). Files may include correspondence, reports, maps, photos, meeting minutes, community and indigenous consultation, and a variety of other records which may document the creation of plans, the annual review of plans by stakeholders, and the execution of the plan.

Procedure files relate to timber harvesting, silviculture treatments, stumpage rates, trespass, timber sale licences and harvesting weight scales. There is also a file related to road damage and an access study for English Lake.

The ministries responsible for the Forest and Range Districts, and the years that they were responsible, are:

British Columbia. Dept. of Forests (1975-1976)
British Columbia. Ministry of Forests (1976-1986)
British Columbia. Ministry of Forests and Lands (1986-1988)
British Columbia. Ministry of Forests (1988-2005)

Records are classified under numbers 11200-08, 11050-20, 12600-25, 12600-30, 12600-35, 12600-40 and 12600-60 in the Forest Operational Records Classification System (ORCS). Procedure files are classified with the secondary -02.

British Columbia. 100 Mile House Forest District

100 Mile House Forest District timber sale harvesting licences

  • GR-3650
  • Series
  • 1963-1990

The series consists of timber sale harvesting licences (TSHL) from the 100 Mile House Forest District. Timber sale harvesting licences were first introduced in 1967 and provided individuals and businesses with a permit to cut a volume of timber. This series documents the Government’s administration of timber licences during the period of 1963-1990.

Each file contains correspondence, reports and may also contain maps of the cutting area. The files also contain the TSHL application, cutting permit, timber value appraisals and reappraisals, stumpage rate notices, cutting plan maps, charts, clearance status inquiries, and inspection reports. The files are numbered with the licence number and, in many cases, a cutting permit number.

The records have been classified as 19590-45 in the Forest Operational Classification System (ORCS).

The ministries responsible for these records, and the years that they were responsible, are:
Dept. of Lands, Forests and Water Resources (1962-1975)
Dept. of Forests (1975-1976)
Ministry of Forests (1976-1986)
Ministry of Forests and Lands (1986-1988)
Ministry of Forests (1988-2005)

British Columbia. 100 Mile House Forest District

Alan Hammond interview

CALL NUMBER: T0627:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: A continuation of the interview with April Britton begins this tape (continuation of T0626). She talks about the Emmisaries of Divine Light, and how their Lodge is run at 100 Mile House. (ca. 15 minutes) Mr. Alan Hammond talks about the Emissaries of Divine Light; Applied Ontology; how he came to be involved, the core belief in Ontology, and how people came to be involved with the Emissarian group. TRACK 2: Mr. Hammond continues with how people became involved with the group, its organization, beliefs, origins of the Emissarian ministry, and more on the structure and beliefs. He also discusses his impressions of Lord Martin Cecil; the various types of people found in the group; and a new outdoor education summer program to be offered for boys 15-20 years of age.

Alexander and Harriet Morrison interview : [Orchard, 1970]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Alex Morrison describes how he came to BC in 1927 to tend sheep at Blackpines, North Thompson; and then to the 100 Mile House area in 1929. He describes sheep ranching; the Highland Ranch; the growth of 100 Mile House; and industries. Mrs. Harriet Morrison continues with the discussion of the growth of the town of 100 Mile House. She describes how she came to Lone Butte in 1924; the development of the Lone Butte area; and the 100 Mile Lodge, circa 1935. [TRACK 2: blank.]

April Britton interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: April Britton talks about the Applied Ontology group and about the 100 Mile Lodge of the Emissaries of Divine Light organization; daily activities; attitudes; children; wages and private property. TRACK 2: More about children; Emissarian beliefs; her own story; more on the 100 Mile Lodge.

Cariboo Forest Region silviculture records

  • GR-3920
  • Series
  • 1950-2005

This series consists of silviculture records from the Cariboo Forest Region and its predecessors, 1950-2005. The region has included a variety of different forest districts over time. Records may regard the following Forest Districts: Williams Lake, Horsefly, Chilcotin, Likely, Cariboo and 100 Mile House. Note that the names and boundaries of districts and regions varied over the years.

The Ministry of Forests defines silviculture as “the art and science of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests and woodlands to meet the diverse needs and values of landowners and society on a sustainable basis.”

Most files consist of silviculture opening records which document the historical silviculture treatment work that has been undertaken on specific areas of land that are referred to as openings. These files regard changes in the forest cover, changes in prescriptions, cut boundaries, changes in site prescriptions and records involving impacts on silvicultural treatments. Files may contain a wide variety of record formats including textual records, photographs and maps. The textual records include computer printouts, photocopies, cards, reports and correspondence.

Most files are quite small. They usually consist of a map of the area and a computer printout titled the History of Crop Establishment and Tending which provides a history of use and information regarding prescriptions, site preparations, reforestation and stand tending.

There are also larger files that contain a variety of other documents. These include prescription documents, which provide the management plan for the area; stand tending cards and reports, which show completed forest treatments; traverse sheets, which provide location information; pruning examination cards and printouts; planting reports; final harvesting reports; site plans; site preparation reports; and logging inspection reports.

Opening files are arranged in several numerically ordered groups by a classification number. The first six digits (ex. 93A 001) corresponds with the National Topographic System location codes and the last three digits consist of a sequential number applied to each file. File titles may also include the related forest tenure number or other information for that parcel of land.

Silviculture audit and assessment files regard the audits and assessments made by the Ministry to ensure silviculture is carried out in accordance with the regulations and approved silviculture prescriptions as detailed in the Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act. Audits include records concerning a formal examination of the approved silviculture prescription document and the related area to evaluate whether or not there has been compliance with the regulations, the silviculture prescriptions are suitable to attain the objective stated therein, and there is acceptable progress towards achievement of silviculture objectives stated in the approved silviculture prescription. Silviculture prescription audits are carried out on areas under both major licences and areas under the Small Business Forest Enterprise Program (SBFEP) with approved silviculture prescriptions. Types of audits and assessments included are pre-approval assessments and post-approval audits. Records can include correspondence, inspection forms, reports, and compliance reports for soil conservation, regeneration, and free growing obligations.

The series also includes: a procedure file on nursery stock storage and transport; one woodlot licence file; one file on protected areas strategy old growth considerations; and four files on local resource planning including correspondence, meeting minutes and final copies of coordinated access plans for Bonaparte, Kluskus, Spruce Lake and Chilko Lake.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:

Dept. of Lands and Forests 1945-1962
Dept. of Lands, Forests and Water Resources 1962-1975
Dept. of Forests 1975-1976
Ministry of Forests 1976-1986
Ministry of Forests and Lands 1986-1988
Ministry of Forests 1988-2005

Classified as 18750-20, 18765-20, 18390-02 and 12605-20 in the Forests Operational Records Classification System (ORCS).

British Columbia. Cariboo Forest Region

[Cariboo region, Vancouver, Fraser Valley]

Footage. A film showing tourism and commerce in three areas: the Cariboo region around 100 Mile House, Vancouver, and the upper Fraser Valley. Cariboo region subjects include fishing, motoring, horseback riding, boating, hiking, pioneer buildings, a covered wagon, and ranching. In Vancouver the focus is shipping. Upper Fraser Valley subjects include Chilliwack businesses and residences, agriculture, outdoor recreation, Hope area campgrounds, Fort Hope Lodge, hiking, boating, and horseback riding. Visitors cross the Fraser River in a canoe to see a waterfall.

James Robertson interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-12-03 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. James Robertson remembers life as a rancher and as a freighter. Mr. Robertson describes how he came from Scotland to Banff in 1904; his work on the Canadian Pacific Railway; the Gang Ranch from 1905 to 1907; Vancouver in 1907; more on the Gang Ranch; the Dog Creek Ranch (the Joseph place); more about the Gang Ranch to 1910; other ranches; a strike at the Gang Ranch; J.D. Prentice, Managing Director, Western Canadian Ranching Co.; owners of the Gang Ranch; fishing; 100 Mile House, Benjamin "Benjy" McNeil of the 105 Mile Ranch; and the BX Stage. TRACK 2: Mr. Robertson continues about the BX Stage; "Drummers", traveling salesmen; his own freighting business; Ashcroft in 1910; Horsefly in 1915; Cataline, Miocene; and the Cariboo Road from 1911 to 1914.

June Striegler interview : [Adams & Thomas, 1979]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-09-21 SUMMARY: Mrs. June Streigler (nee Day) tells of her training at Victoria Normal School and her years teaching at Springhouse (1940-41), Clinton (1942-44), 100 Mile House, Lac La Hache (several years), then Williams Lake, where she is principal of Marie Sharpe Elementary. She tells of getting to Springhouse by steamer and train; boarding place; her teaching methods and philosophy. (She is a highly regarded teacher and principal.)

Michael Cecil interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Michael Cecil describes what 100 Mile House looked like in the 1930s and 1940s. There was a group who managed the hotel, which has since been converted into a lodge; only one of these people, Ross Marks, is still alive at the time of the interview. The Lodge is described in detail, and then the philosophy shared by those at the Lodge. [TRACK 2: blank.]

People in landscape : 100 Mile House

SUMMARY: A program about the town of 100 Mile House, including: Lord Martin Cecil's ranch; how the town grew up on his land; and the religious community (the Emissaries of Divine Light) which has its Canadian headquarters there, under Cecil's guidance. The voices heard are Ross Marks, Allan Hammond, April Britton, and Michael Cecil (son of Lord Martin Cecil, and later the Eighth Marquess of Exeter).

Phil Coxon interview : [Beck, 1973]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1973 SUMMARY: Phil Coxon left England in 1911. Early adventures in United States and Canada. He homesteaded near 100 Mile House in 1918 and moved to Williams Lake in 1919. He talks about making ties for the railway, other jobs, the Maple Leaf Hotel, Fox mountain, a soldier settlement homestead, Hargraves ranch, the Log Cabin Hotel, the local clergy, schools, stores, wood leases, and other settlers.

Phil Coxon interview : [Roberts, 1967]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): 100 Mile House and Williams Lake, 1919-1940 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1967 SUMMARY: Phil Coxon left England in 1911. Early adventures in United States and Canada. Returned to 100 Mile House in 1918, after World War One, and homesteaded there. Cutting railroad ties. Moved to Williams Lake in 1919. Early Williams Lake and its settlers. First institutions: schools, churches, police, doctors, stores, courthouse. Wood cutting, 1940s.

Ross Marks interview : [Orchard, 1970]

CALL NUMBER: T0433:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Ross Marks interview RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Ross Marks discusses the growth of 100 Mile House between 1948 and 1970; how he came to the area in 1948; the reasons for the growth of the town from 1948 to 1956; town planning by Bridge Creek Estates; the incorporation vote of 1960 which was defeated; and the future picture for the town. TRACK 2: Mr. Marks discusses incorporation in 1965 and how he became mayor; the 108 development; leasing after incorporation; the Emissarian group, Emissaries of Divine Light; and business ownership in the town; Emissarian attitudes towards business; some details of the group and the Emissaries of 100 Mile House.

CALL NUMBER: T0433:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Ross Marks interview and April Britton interview (duplicate of T0626). RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Ross Marks talks about the building of the Red Coach Inn (funded by "the Lodge", the local Emissarian group) and Emissarian attitudes towards living. (ca. 6 minute) The reel continues with an interview with April Britton, who talks about the Applied Ontology Group and the Emissaries' 100 Mile Lodge; organization, daily activities; attitudes; children; wages; and private property. [TRACK 2: blank.]

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