File MS-3100.1 - Photographic Views of British Columbia taken by F. [Frederick] Dally 1867-1868. [Dally Album Number 1]

The Colonial Secretary's Office; The Colonial Office, Victoria, Vancouver Island, B.C.; The ... Yale, Fraser River, B.C. Fort Street, Victoria, BC. The Guard House, Government House, Victoria. The Treasury, Victoria The Royal Navy Clubhouse, Esquimalt, V.I. [Vancouver Island] The Land Office, The Legislative Council Court, The Colonial Office, The Supreme Court, The Treasury The prison, Victoria, BC Government House, Victoria, B.C. (south view). New Westminster, Fraser River. Ox team at Clinton Camerontown, William's Creek, Cariboo The Government House, New Westminster, B.C. The great bluff at the 80 mile post, the Fraser River, B.C. [Dally's title is incorrect - th... The Town of Barkerville, Williams Creek, Cariboo before the fire Government House (north view). St. scene in Barkerville, Cariboo after the fire of Sept. 16, 1868 New Westminster, British Columbia. Esquimalt Town, V.I. [Vancouver Island] The Church (St. Paul's) Esquimalt, V.I. The Royal Navy Cemetry [Cemetery], Esquimalt, V.I. [Vancouver Island]. Richfield;  The Court House; The Magistrate's residence; The Prison; The Judge's reside... Wharf Street, Victoria, B.C. The Colonial Hotel, Soda Creek, Fraser River.  [R. McLeese ]. Richfield, Williams Creek, Cariboo. The Post Office; The Custom House; Victoria, B.C. Esquimalt, V.I. [Vancouver Island]. [Members of first Legislature after the union of the two colonies, in front of Birdcages, Victoria] Wharf Street, Hudson's Bay Co. Store, Victoria, B.C. James Bay Bridge
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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Photographic Views of British Columbia taken by F. [Frederick] Dally 1867-1868. [Dally Album Number 1]

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  • graphic material

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the title of the album.

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  • 1870 (Creation)
    Dally, Frederick, 1838-1914
    Victoria (B.C.)

Physical description area

Physical description

1 leather-bound embossed album containing 49 black and white photographic prints.

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Biographical history

Frederick Dally was born in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England in 1840. He arrived in Victoria, British Columbia, in 1862, on the China Clipper “Cyclone.” In March 1864, Dally leased a store at the corner of Fort and Government streets, and in 1866 he opened a photographic studio in Victoria. Between 1865 and 1870, he took extensive photographs around Vancouver Island and in the Cariboo District.

In 1866 Dally accompanied Governor A.E. Kennedy on H.M.S. Scout for a tour of Vancouver Island and Nootka Sound with his primary purpose being to visit and photograph First Nations communities.

In 1867, Dally visited the Cariboo goldfields in the central interior of British Columbia, and opened for business in Barkerville. He remained here for one month before returning to Victoria after a brief stay in Quesnelmouth. He returned to the Cariboo and again set up shop in Barkerville the following summer. His studio was in operation for only two weeks before it was destroyed by the Barkerville fire on September 16, 1868. During his stays in the Cariboo, Dally photographed mines, towns, and scenery. By December of the same year, Dally had returned to Victoria and was again operating his studio on Fort Street.

In 1870, Dally’s business was taken over by the Green Brothers, who were meant to purchase Dally’s negatives and photography equipment. Two years later, these items went for sale at auction and many of Dally’s negatives were purchased by Richard and Hannah Maynard. Many of Dally’s photographs were published for sale under the Maynard name.

In October of 1870, Frederick Dally travelled to Philadelphia where he enrolled in a dentistry program. He graduated in 1872, at which point he returned to England to practice dentistry.

Frederick Dally died in 1914.

Custodial history

May have been a transfer from the Legislative Library.

Scope and content

This album was produced in response to a request from the Secretary of State for the Colonies who sent a circular dated 29 November 1869 to all colonial governors requesting albums of photographs. They were instructed to send "photographic views of noteworthy buildings and scenery" to the Colonial Office. Governor Anthony Musgrave was ill and so the request was not acted upon until April 1870. This album is a duplicate of one which was held by the Foreign and Colonial Office in London, and was presumably kept as the Colony of British Columbia's copy.

The album is a brown and leather-bound, and contains 49 views of British Columbia said to have been taken between 1867 and 1868. The images include photographs of Victoria, Esquimalt, New Westminster, and various views taken along the Cariboo Road and in the Cariboo gold mining district. The selection of views was intended to illustrate the prosperity and future prospects of the Colony of British Columbia.

This type of album was made to order by Dally in his photographic studio from a selection of prints chosen by the purchaser.

The captions are presumed to have been written by Dally.

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Albums have been digitized and are available to view on the A/V kiosk in the reference room.

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For conservation reasons, no access is provided to either the album or any of the original glass plates from which these views were produced.

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General note

Accession number(s): 198506-001

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