File MS-3100.5 - Photographic Views of British Columbia 1867 - 1870. [Dally Album Number 5]

Three Mile Canon [canyon] on the Fraser River, B.C.  The wagon road.  Poles for drying salmon on. The new town on Musquito [Mosquito] Creek. Cariboo. Notice the steep descent of the road from the middle of the photo.  On one occasion the break [si... Burrards [Burrard] Inlet.  British Columbia.  When I was taking this photograph the boy imitated ... The 80 mile house on the Thompson River. Kelleyville, Grouse Creek, Cariboo. The Alturas Gold Mining Claim on Lowhee Creek Cariboo.  [Dally may be incorrect in this caption. ... Heronville, Grouse Creek.  Cariboo. Native woman examing a child's head (which moved) for native runners and immolating them whe... The Quamichan [Hul'qumi'num] Indian Village.  Vancouver Island.  (East Coast.) Indians shamming to be at prayer for the sake of photography.  Fraser River . At the priests requ... Songish [Songhees] Chief's sister with fish for sale. Fraser River.  Oolachons [oolichan] drying - basket cradle - rush house for a family of eight.  C... Fraser River Indians. Canoe Creek Chief, Fraser River. Cowichans.  Potatoe [sic] sellers. Indian school. Cowichan. Vancouver Island. Sheeshat's [sic] (men) Sheeshat Indian Indian Totem, and Chiefs House at Comox. Vancouver Island. Nine of the greatest Indian Chiefs of British Columbia dressed in their fur caps, buckskin coats ... The entrance of an Indian house.  Nanaimo Songish [Songhees] Indian Sooke Siwash and Klootchman Bonaparte River Indian women on horseback - British Columbia. Indian monumental carvings and totems with dressed figures in front of the Chiefs lodges at Comox Indian Salmon Weir, Cowichan River, V.I. [Vancouver Island] (Front view) Indian canoes - Chinook shape - Vancouver Island.  Belonging to the invited visitors to the great... Indian monumental carvings at Comox, Vancouver Island, B.C. Indians at a Potlach [potlatch].  Songish [Songhees] tribe.  The distribution of blankets, musket...
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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Photographic Views of British Columbia 1867 - 1870. [Dally Album Number 5]

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  • graphic material

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the title of the album.

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  • 1870 (Creation)
    Dally, Frederick, 1838-1914

Physical description area

Physical description

1 leather-bound embossed album containing 91 black and white photographic prints.

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Biographical history

Frederick Dally was born in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England in 1840. He arrived in Victoria, British Columbia, in 1862, on the China Clipper “Cyclone.” In March 1864, Dally leased a store at the corner of Fort and Government streets, and in 1866 he opened a photographic studio in Victoria. Between 1865 and 1870, he took extensive photographs around Vancouver Island and in the Cariboo District.

In 1866 Dally accompanied Governor A.E. Kennedy on H.M.S. Scout for a tour of Vancouver Island and Nootka Sound with his primary purpose being to visit and photograph First Nations communities.

In 1867, Dally visited the Cariboo goldfields in the central interior of British Columbia, and opened for business in Barkerville. He remained here for one month before returning to Victoria after a brief stay in Quesnelmouth. He returned to the Cariboo and again set up shop in Barkerville the following summer. His studio was in operation for only two weeks before it was destroyed by the Barkerville fire on September 16, 1868. During his stays in the Cariboo, Dally photographed mines, towns, and scenery. By December of the same year, Dally had returned to Victoria and was again operating his studio on Fort Street.

In 1870, Dally’s business was taken over by the Green Brothers, who were meant to purchase Dally’s negatives and photography equipment. Two years later, these items went for sale at auction and many of Dally’s negatives were purchased by Richard and Hannah Maynard. Many of Dally’s photographs were published for sale under the Maynard name.

In October of 1870, Frederick Dally travelled to Philadelphia where he enrolled in a dentistry program. He graduated in 1872, at which point he returned to England to practice dentistry.

Frederick Dally died in 1914.

Custodial history

Scope and content

The album contains views taken between 1867 and 1870, and includes photographs of Esquimalt, Victoria, Sooke and other places on Vancouver Island; views of New Westminster, Burrard Inlet, and scenes along the Cariboo Road, and photographs of gold mining operations and communities in the Cariboo District. The album also includes a number of images of First Nations individuals, photographed by Dally to illustrate the different "types" of First Nations in British Columbia.

This type of album was made to order by Dally in his photographic studio from a selection of prints chosen by the purchaser.

The captions are presumed to have been written by Frederick Dally.

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Probably purchased directly from Frederick Dally in 1914.


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For conservation reasons, no access is provided to either the album or any of the original glass plates from which these views were produced.

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Accession number(s): 198509-002

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