Item 17603V - [Atlas of British Columbia maps]

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

[Atlas of British Columbia maps]

General material designation

  • cartographic material

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the item

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Item

Reference code

17603V

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Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1884-1912 (Creation)
    Creator
    British Columbia. Dept. of Lands

Physical description area

Physical description

1 atlas : 59 maps

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1908-1945)

Biographical history

The Dept. of Lands was established in 1908 (Department of Lands Act, SBC 1908, c. 31). Before 1908 the agencies responsible for the functions of the Dept. of Lands: (1) the Dept. of Lands and Works (Crown lands management, sales, pre-emptions and leases, lands surveying and mapping, timber inspection, forest protection and log scaling), and (2) the Dept. of Mines (water rights in regards to mining operations).

The Dept. of Lands, headed by the Chief Commissioner of Lands, was given responsibility for public lands and water rights, and all matters connected therewith. (SBC 1908, c. 31, s. 5). These responsibilities included: (1) the management of all public lands, as per the Land Act, (RSBC 1897, c. 113); (2) administration of water rights, as per the Water Clauses Consolidation Act, (RSBC 1897, c. 191) [in 1892 by means of the Water Privileges Act (SBC 1892, c. 47), the government had reserved to itself the right to manage all water resources in the province that were unreserved and un-appropriated as of April 23, 1892]; and (3) land settlement programs for returned soldiers.

In 1909, the enactment of the Water Act (SBC 1909, c. 48) resulted in the creation of the Water Rights Branch of the Dept. of Lands, under the management of the Chief Water Commissioner (re-named Comptroller of Water Rights in 1912). This legislation also resulted in the creation of Water Districts under the management of District Engineers, who would be responsible for management in the field of the Branch’s responsibilities.

In 1911, the Timber Department, including Timber Inspectors, forest protection services and log scaling operations, was transferred from the Dept. of Public Works to the Dept. of Lands. In 1912, the management of timber resources was formally added to the department’s responsibilities with the enactment of the Forest Act (SBC 1912, c. 17). To accommodate these new responsibilities, the Forest Branch, under the Chief Forester, was created in the Dept. of Lands. In 1945, the Dept. of Lands was renamed the Dept. of Lands and Forests (Department of Lands Act Amendment Act, SBC 1945, c. 45).

Custodial history

Custodial history unknown. Accessioned in 1982.

Scope and content

The item is an oversized scrapbook, created by the Dept. of Lands and its predecessor body, the Dept. of Lands and Works, between 1884 and 1912. It contains 59 published maps of British Columbia including topographical, sketch and triangulation survey maps. There is an index showing page, title and date at the front of the book.

The maps represent a variety of cartographic information including land districts, electoral districts, pre-emption sheets, assessment districts, mineral monuments and mining recording districts.

Notes area

Physical condition

There is evidence of old water damage and mold between pages 26-29.

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Accession number(s): 17603V

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