Blacks--British Columbia



Scope note(s)

Source note(s)

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Blacks--British Columbia

Equivalent terms

Blacks--British Columbia

Associated terms

Blacks--British Columbia

67 Archival description results for Blacks--British Columbia

67 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Abbondio Franceschini interview

RECORDED: Cumberland (B.C.), 1979-08-14 SUMMARY: One in a series of interviews about the history of Vancouver Island's coal mining industry and mining communities. Arriving in Canada; timberman's helper; wages; Cumberland explosions; Orientals; boarding houses; entertainment; Blacks; ethnic; union; medical; pubs; company train; company houses.

Annie Girard interview

CALL NUMBER: T2624:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood: Rev. Annie Girard and Fountain Chapel PERIOD COVERED: 1932-1970 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-01-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Rev. Annie Girard discusses: Fountain Chapel of African Methodist Episcopal Church; family background in Alberta and B.C.; religious beliefs; arrival in Vancouver, 1938; marriages; car accident and changes in herself and her beliefs. TRACK 2: Called to religious service. Visions. First experience preaching. Dealings with kids and Jesus People in 1970. Purchase of Fountain Chapel. Ordination. Decision about evangelizing.

CALL NUMBER: T2624:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood: Rev. Annie Girard and Fountain Chapel PERIOD COVERED: 1930-1975 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-01-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Discusses: more on history of Fountain Chapel and her purchase of the Chapel in 1974; parishioners; experiences with kids and Jesus People. TRACK 2: Describes relations of blacks and whites. Views on "Roots", racism, and money. Closing the church. One of her sermons, "Denying yourself the right of being a human being.". (End of interview)

Austin Phillips interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood : Hogan's Alley PERIOD COVERED: 1933-1960 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-06-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Austin Phillips on Hogan's Alley in the 1930s: prices of food and drink; Buddy White; Lungo, the King; Scat Inn; the Bengara hotel; Park Lane; musicians in bootleg joints; upper class patrons; a killing in Hogan's Alley; bumming in the Alley; dislike of informers; a robbery in the Alley; gambling; the two Macaroni Joes. TRACK 2: Attitude of police and mayors Taylor and McGeer to activities in the Alley. Joe Celone. Mrs. Pryor and her chicken inn. Mama Alexander and her piano player. His own work as a musician. Appearance of Hogan's Alley. Prostitutes. How Phillips was robbed and took revenge. Mrs. Pryor and "Maggie". Phillips sings 2 blues songs. (End of interview)

Beryl Weatherell interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-10-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Beryl Weatherell recalls early years on Saltspring Island. She discusses her family background; her father, Frank Scott, came with his brothers and settled in the Ganges area. She discusses Reverend Francis Wilson, her grandfather; fruit farming; economic life; Dr. Gerald Baker; the private school in Ganges that she attended as a student and where she was later appointed as a teacher; early residents; the Mowat family; the Woods family; farms; Saltspring Island Creamery; Black residents; and the British atmosphere. She also describes her early visits to Victoria, where as a child she watched the horses being harnessed for the fire department; a trip to the San Juan Islands, and a visit to Vancouver during World War One. [TRACK 2: blank.]

"British Columbia Gems of the Year 1883"; composite photo made from the children's portraits taken the previous year, at centre are the Gems of 1881 and 1882.

This "Gem" from photographer Hannah Maynard’s “Gems of British Columbia" series appears to have been created for 1883. The work includes child and baby portraits taken in previous years and features the portrait of a child from the pioneering Spotts family. Located beside the left flag in the centre of the work, it is likely “Cecillia Spotts”.

Several of the Spotts family children were photographed by Victoria-based Hannah Maynard of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery, including “Cecillia Spotts” and “Percy Spotts.” The Alexander and likely Barnswell families, also appear to have been clients of the Maynard Studio and represent other pioneering Black families of Vancouver Island and British Columbia.

Maynard, Hannah (Hatherly)

Clara and David Maxwell interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-10-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. David Maxwell recalls early memories of Saltspring Island. His father, John Maxwell, settled at Burgoyne Bay in the 1860s. David Maxwell discusses farming; cattle rustlers; his family background; wildlife; Indians; early settlers and settlement; hotels; stores; roads; Black and Kanaka settlers. Mrs. Clara Maxwell recalls her father, Theodore Trage, who came to Saltspring Island in the 1860s, and settled at Beaver Point. More on early settlers and agriculture on Saltspring Island; domestic life. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Dave McDonald interview

RECORDED: South Wellington (B.C.), 1979-02-07 SUMMARY: One in a series of interviews about the history of Vancouver Island's coal mining industry and mining communities. Mules; Brethren church; Negroes; scabs; Extension; Johnny Senini; wash house; church; education; meets wife; delivers milk; 1909 explosion; Fraser Street; South Wellington flood; strike.

Desmond Crofton interview : [Orchard, 1965]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Saltspring Island pioneers PERIOD COVERED: 1850-1925 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-10-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Desmond Crofton discusses his family history. His grandfather, a preacher, came to Saltspring Island ca.1884. Other Saltspring settlers, especially Henry W. Bullock, "the Squire of Saltspring". The Mouats of Ganges. Transportation to and from the island. First settlement about 1858-1859. Black settlers on the island. Origin of Harbour House Guest House at Ganges. "Moonshining" on Saltspring Island. Political rivalries. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Doris Lawson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Work and family life in Strathcona neighbourhood in the 1940s PERIOD COVERED: 1941-1975 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-05-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Doris Lawson discusses: being born and raised on the prairies; moving to Vancouver in 1941; first homes and jobs in Strathcona -- Bengara Rooms, Prior apartments, work at Mrs. Alexander's and then Mrs. Pryor's chicken restaurants. Work at Apex Poultry. Discussion of Strathcona neighbourhood: Italian, Chinese, and black residents; activities and schooling of her children at Strathcona School; social life; Fountain Chapel and black parishioners; Mrs. Pryor's and Mrs. Alexander's chicken houses; houses and cabins in Hogan's Alley. TRACK 2: Discusses: coal and coal companies; Mrs. Pryor's Chicken Inn; cost of living in the neighbourhood. (End of interview)

Dorothy Nealy interview

CALL NUMBER: T2623:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood : the black community PERIOD COVERED: 1917-1960 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-04-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dorothy Nealy discusses: childhood in Manitoba; racial background; move to Strathcona in 1944. Description of the area: ghetto for blacks. Describes: Fountain Chapel; racism in jobs; housing; fights in neighbourhood caused by white kids slumming. TRACK 2: More on fights in neigbourhood and 'black-baiting'. Bootleg joints. Shake-ups. Prostitution. Network of Madames across Canada. Blacks move out in 1950s. CALL NUMBER: T2623:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood : the black community PERIOD COVERED: 1925-1977 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-04-28 & 05-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dorothy Nealy discusses: bootlegging; violence in the neighbourhood; drug use; work with U.F.A.W.U. 1963 strike; workers in fishing industry -- women, Chinese, Japanese, East Indians. TRACK 2: Dorothy Nealy discusses: lack of discrimination in neighbourhood; changes in neighbourhood; why she has stayed in the neighbourhood; arrival of Natives; Natives as cannery workers; Native attitude to Mackenzie pipeline; neighbourhood reaction to redevelopment plans; SPOTA. CALL NUMBER: T2623:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood : the black community PERIOD COVERED: 1930-1950 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-05-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dorothy Nealy discusses: community meetings; SPOTA; Vancouver Resources Board; first redevelopment survey 1945; multi-racial qualities of the neighbourhood; poultry business; work in Visco Poultry Packing House; blacks and Italians in the neighbourhood; New Delhi club and other entertainment; drinking habits in '40s and '50s. TRACK 2: Mrs. Nealy discusses: liquor laws; drug usage in the neighbourhood. CALL NUMBER: T2623:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood : the black community PERIOD COVERED: 1930-1950 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-05-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Discusses: black migration from prairies in '30s; work at Chicken Inn and Cliff House; gypsies in Strathcona. (End of interview)

George Bodovinick interview

RECORDED: Nanaimo (B.C.), 1979-02-09 SUMMARY: One in a series of interviews about the history of Vancouver Island's coal mining industry and mining communities. Origins; 1909 explosion; strike; father killed in a cave-in; church; mining in 1888; bus; Negros; mules; religion; bars; bucket of beer; mining in Extension; moving cars; waste rock; town of Extension; water; home; Croatians; Croatian Fraternal Union.

Janet Judd interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Janet Judd : women postal workers, 1950s-1960s RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1979-07-17 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Janet Judd was hired as a part-time postal clerk and then became full-time in 1960. She was one of the first women to achieve this position. The conditions at that time in the post office were "horrifying"; no air conditioning; working for hours while standing; loss of hearing due to noise; mandatory examinations to determine wage increases. When she applied for work in the post office, she resisted placement in a clerical position and fought to become a clerk. Later, she fought to become the first woman dispatcher. Mrs. Judd was the sole support for eight children, and was pregnant when she began to work at the post office. Her case helped to establish both the principle of maternity leave for postal workers, and through this the recognition by the post office that women were a permanent part of the workforce there. TRACK 2: With other women clerks, she resisted male co-workers who harassed women clerks. She became active in the association as a steward. Some of the issues which came up consistently were: racist attitudes towards herself and other non-white workers; discrimination and patronage in hiring; the establishment of mirror surveillance systems in the bathrooms; establishing union recognition and the right to strike; shift changes and services for women with children. During the 1965 strike, management tried to bring scabs in through an old CPR tunnel; the union stopped this. Mrs. Judd had been a student at Strathcona School, and was deeply affected by the Japanese internment, as many of her closest friends were interned. She has been active in many Black organisations, including the Negro Citizens' League, and other civil rights groups.

Lawson Stroulger interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-05-14 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Lawson Stroulger describes how he came from England in 1893 at the age of five with his father Arthur Stroulger; why they came to Canada; details on his family; their arrival in Mara and; what it was like; living there for two years, and then homesteading in Deep Creek which is eight miles away from Enderby; buying a ranch north of Enderby; how his father built roads while they lived in Mara; what he remembers about Mara at that time, including people who lived there and what the country looked like; details on the move to Deep Creek by wagon and details on their life there including the old timers there and what they did; animals that lived in the area and how as a child he would be scared walking home at night; what school was like at Deep Creek; more on what life was like; ;stories about the Black people there including Tom Patterson and his family; life near Armstrong; what Armstrong was like; moving to Enderby; and what Enderby was like. TRACK 2: Mr. Stroulger continues by discussing working on clearing land with his father and other jobs he worked at; a bad fire in 1919; more characters around Enderby; his marriage in 1912; what his early married life was like; and working in the bush.

Len Bittancourt interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-10-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Lyndell A. "Len" Bittancourt recounts his family's history on Saltspring Island. His grandfather came to Saltspring Island in the 1860s, and his father was born there ca. 1869. Mr. Bittancourt has lived on Saltspring since 1895; his father was a carpenter and storekeeper. He discusses early Saltspring pioneers, the black settlers, "a happily integrated community", the Stark family, "English" Society, early settlers, Mr. Bullock, the Abbott family, and other recollections of a pleasant life on the island. He continues with recollections of his career as a seaman and customs officer, incidents relating to rum-running and smuggling, and his days as a fisherman, 1929-1945. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Leona Risby interview

CALL NUMBER: T2682:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A prairie migrant to the Strathcona neighbourhood PERIOD COVERED: 1920-1950 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-05-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Leona Risby: born and raised in Alberta; description of life on the prairies in 1920s and 1930s; move to B.C. in 1933; work at Mrs. Alexander's and then Mrs. Pryor's chicken houses, 1930s and 1940s; Strathcona neighbourhood in 1938; black and Chinese; Fountain Chapel. TRACK 2: More recollections of Athabaska Landing, Alberta. First impressions of Vancouver as a rough town. Powell Street memories. Japanese evacuation. Fountain Chapel. Salvation Army in the area. Shantytown.

CALL NUMBER: T2682:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A prairie migrant to the Strathcona neighbourhood PERIOD COVERED: 1936-1977 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-05-18 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Leona Risby discusses: cooking then and now; home remedies from the farm; moving to Strathcona neighbourhood,1935; lack of racism; BCAACP; her own businesses; her children and grandchildren, and foster children; statements about bitter blacks. (End of interview)

Margaret Cunningham and Willy Palmer interview

CALL NUMBER: T0799:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-10-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Margaret Cunningham and Mr. Willy Palmer recall incidents from their early years on Salt Spring Island. Mrs. Cunningham discusses her family background; her father, Raffles Purdy; his sister and brother-in-law, Samuel and Emily Beddis, who came to Salt Spring Island in 1884. Raffles Purdy taught school for twelve years in the central community; the Beddis family settled in the Beddis Road area. Margaret Cunningham discusses early settlers including Black families; Akerman family; Bittancourt family; settlements at Vesuvius; Fernwood and Central; St Mark's Church; the Mouat family; Collins family; Norton family; Stevens family; lack of medical services; history of Mrs. Cunningham's house, formerly the Stevens boarding house; fruit farming on the island; mixed farming; transportation of produce to the market; and Mr. Henry Wright Bullock. TRACK 2: Mr. Willy Palmer continues this tape with his family history. He and his mother came to Victoria in 1904 and to Salt Spring in 1906. His mother was the housekeeper for Mr. Bullock from 1906 to 1918; Mr. Palmer later took charge of Mr. Bullock's farm, eventually renting a portion of the Bullock property. He shipped fruit produce until 1946 when it became unprofitable to continue fruit farming. Mr. Palmer discusses the Salt Spring Island Creamery. He describes the Bullock house and property; the employees who were ;former residents of the Protestant orphans home in Victoria; the eccentricities of Mr. Bullock; his gifts; lavish dinner parties; treatment of his employees; old-fashioned attitudes; clothing he provided; picnics; his generosity. Mr. Palmer recalls the Mouat family and the start of the business; transportation into Ganges; the coastal boats; Reverend Wilson; the Central settlement; Starks family; Black settlers; Mr. Jones, an early school teacher; Mr. Bittancourt.

CALL NUMBER: T0799:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-10-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Cunningham recounts some anecdotes about Mr. Bullock; some early businesses on Salt Spring; the Mouats; Seymour's jam factory; the tie-mills; agricultural shows; Mann Hall; Stevens boarding house; Beddis family; the early "English" society; the stone quarry at Vesuvius; Black settlers; Indians; and Reverend Wilson's paintings and diaries. Mr. Palmer concludes the interview with reminiscences about life on Salt Spring. [TRACK 2: blank.];

Marjorie and E.S. Reynolds interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-17 SUMMARY: Mrs. Marjorie Reynolds came from Grimsby, Ontario to Grand Forks in 1900 with her father, who used to be a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. She discusses orchards and nurseries and the day she arrived in great detail. Other things she discusses are: the community, fires, brickyard Doukhobors, some gentlemen, black maids, Chinese servants, and the closing of the smelter. Then Mr. E.S. Reynolds describes how he came to Vernon in 1913 and had to go east to join the army. He was one of two men from the area who survived the war. He worked on farms and describes the frost of 1925 which froze his orchard. Mr. Reynolds discusses irrigation, mining, smelting and Volcanic Brown's prospecting trips.

Mary Jane Wood interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Clinton Wood, nee Mouat, recalls her family's life on Saltspring Island; the post office; island residents; island churches; Black residents; social life; remittance men. She describes Courtenay; family life; her impressions of Forbidden Plateau; building the lodge; mountaineering; building roads; her son Stuart Wood started guiding to Forbidden Plateau in 1930; family life at the l;odge; visitors. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Results 1 to 30 of 67