Series GR-0216 - Cariboo Government Agent correspondence and other material

Cariboo district Keithley Creek division : Record of claims (Quesnelle Forks and Fraser River) County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Olsen, Andrew County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Leong Chew County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : McDermott, Henry County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Staebler, Christian County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Carstens, Frederick Henry County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Nason, Ithiel Blake County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Nordberg, Daniel County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Moffitt, Thomas County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Liddell, Hume Colborne County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Nordberg, Daniel County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Fleming, John Thomas County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Guy, Frank County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Dubruiel, Isaac County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Shephard, John Henry County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Dubruiel, Isaac (re application) County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Davis, Robert County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Flynn, Hareland Eugene County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Sharp, John County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : East, James Isaiah County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Dale, William Henry County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Sing Hee County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Hansen, Hans County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Orioli, Maurice County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Ehrmann, George County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Ross, John County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Ah Kim County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Foon Quee County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Lim Foo County of Cariboo, Naturalizations : Ah Ling
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Cariboo Government Agent correspondence and other material

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  • microform
  • cartographic material

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GR-0216

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  • 1860-1938 (Creation)
    Creator
    British Columbia. Government Agent (Cariboo District, B.C.)

Physical description area

Physical description

Originals, 10.4 m; microfilm (neg.), 1860-1918, 35 mm 17 reels [B08407-B08408; B16152-B16166]

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Correspondence inward and outward; court, mining, land, financial and administrative records.

The Government Agency system of British Columbia had its origin in the office of gold commissioner, which was created by a Proclamation of Governor Douglas, dated 7 September 1859. Although the legal precedents for this office lay in the mining laws of the colonies of Victoria (Australia) and New Zealand, conditions in British Columbia, especially the impecunious state of the colonial government, resulted in the creation of a unique colonial office. Governor Musgrave described gold commissioners as "not only Justices of the Peace, but County Court Judges, Indian Agents, Assistant Commissioners of Lands and Works, Collectors of Revenue in the different Departments of the Public Services at the several stations hundreds of miles apart and in very extensive Districts". After Confederation the title "gold commissioner" became restricted to those officials performing the administrative and judicial duties laid out in mining legislation, and the more general title "government agent" has been used for those officials who would have been called "gold commissioners" in the colonial period. Although the government agency system has proved sufficiently flexible and useful to survive until the present time, it does so without direct legal authority, as the several functions of a government agent are legally separate powers and appointments, which may or may not be held concurrently by the same individual.

In July 1860 the first Gold Commissioner for the Cariboo was appointed to reside at Alexandria. By 1862, the events of the Cariboo gold rush had shown that Alexandria was the wrong location for the Gold Commissioner's Office, thus it was closed and from 1862 to 1865, the Cariboo was divided into two parts, Cariboo East with a Gold Commissioner at Quesnelle Forks, and Cariboo West with a Gold Commissioner at Williams Creek (Richfield). In April 1865, Cariboo East and Cariboo West were united to form the District of Cariboo with the Gold Commissioner residing at Richfield.

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Transferred by Chief Gold Commissioner at various dates, 1938-1970.

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There are no access restrictions.

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General note

Conservation and microfilming of the records is taking place on an ongoing basis. Correspondence in and out, originally pasted into volumes, has been removed from the volumes and placed in acid free folders.

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Accession number(s): 94-1584; GR-0216

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Selected items have been digitized as part of the Chinese Historical Wrongs Legacy Initiative.

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Maps and pamphlets transferred to Map Division and Northwest Collection.

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