Chilcotin Region (B.C.)

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Chilcotin Region (B.C.)

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Chilcotin Region (B.C.)

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Chilcotin Region (B.C.)

161 Archival description results for Chilcotin Region (B.C.)

161 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Adventures of a farm girl in Canada in 1925 / Joan Nina Simpson

The file contains "Adventures of a farm girl in Canada in 1925", by Joan Simpson, with a forward by her god-daughter, June Knowles. It consists of four reminiscences about life on a cattle ranch and in a fruit growing area of British Columbia by a young English woman who spent a year or two in British Columbia in the early 1930s. Although both personal and geographical names have been changed, the ranch on which Miss Simpson worked was undoubtedly the Church Ranch at Big Creek in the Chilcotin district.

Albert Franklin interview

CALL NUMBER: T0613:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Albert Veranous Franklin remembers life at Tatla Lake before 1900. Mr. Franklin recalls his family background, his father, Benny Franklin, the move to Tatla Lake, the reasons, the journey, the purchase of the homestead and establishing a store, getting supplies from Ashcroft, trading with the Indians, the smallpox epidemic among the Indians, excursions to Bute Inlet, the Waddington Massacre, Chilcotin Indians and more, and the massacre and the aftermath.

TRACK 2: Franklin continues with more on the Waddington massacre, the story of the introduction of smallpox among the Indians as told to Franklin by John Hickory McLean, who was a member of the Waddington party, the effects of smallpox, names of early settlers, stories of life at Tatla, an anecdote about seeing the ghost of a dead Indian woman, the new road from Alexis Creek to the Nazko Valley, an account of the Indian game of Lahal, and moving to Nazko from Tatla.

CALL NUMBER: T0613:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Franklin discusses the move to below Anahim Rancherie, Norman Lee, partnerships in the Chilcotin, Indian-White intermarriage, the Franklin homestead, an account of his father's death and burial, his father as Justice of the Peace, his mother, Marie Forest, the move into the Chilcotin in 1889, early days at Tatla Lake, the reasons for moving to the lake from Nazko, and Indian agitation.

TRACK 2: Franklin tells the story behind Indian agitation, a trip to Skeena River, early days at Bute Inlet, his father's excursions between Bute Inlet and Tatla Lake, life after leaving the Chilcotin in 1903, the trip from Tatla Lake to Bute Inlet and back, 1892 or 1893, and place names.

Alfred Bryant interview

CALL NUMBER: T0623:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Alfred Bryant recalls some of his childhood experiences settling near Soda Creek and homesteading in Tatla Lake with his family, 1919 to 1928. Mr. Bryant discusses his father's background; coming to settle in BC in 1919; life and incidents at Soda Creek and Meldrum Creek; how his family worked at a hotel in Riske Creek; teamsters; the Bechers, who ran the hotel and details of a journey to a homestead at Tatla Lake in 1922. TRACK 2: Mr. Bryant continues the story of the journey to Tatla Lake; his first days at Tatla Lake and the cabin there; sleeping arrangements, his first .22 calibre rifle; life at Tatla Lake; and social occasions.

CALL NUMBER: T0623:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Bryant recalls some of his experiences in the Anahim Lake area of the Chilcotin, 1930 to 1966. Mr. Bryant tells stories about his sister Jane Lehman's experiences as a nurse in the wilderness of the Chilcotin; making moonshine; moving to the Anahim Lake region in 1931; life at Anahim Lake; people of the area; and comments about Native people. TRACK 2: Mr. Bryant comments on the Bella Coola area; the story of Lord Tweedsmuir's visit in 1937, and its effect on the local economy; trappers' cabins in the wilderness; comments about the conditions among the local Indians; and stories about "Capoose" who was a well known Indian of the area.

CALL NUMBER: T0623:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Bryant discusses the so-called "grease trail", which runs from Bella Coola into the Fraser Plateau; the travels of the Stikine Indians; the route followed by Alexander Mackenzie in 1790; more on the grease trail and other trails in the area; Benny Franklin, who was a well known character of the area; and experiences travelling on some of the trails. Finally, Mr. Bryant recites a poem by his father about a local incident involving Bob Graham and some Indians. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Andy Christensen interview : [Orchard, 1967?]

RECORDED: [location unknown], [1967?] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Andy Christensen begins by discussing preparations for the visit of Lord Tweedsmuir to the park named after him (ca. 1937). The rest of the interview consists of Christensen's recollections about the development of ranching around Anahim Lake including the establishment of his own ranch (1930) and trading post. His recollections include packtrain routes from Bella Coola as early as 1914, the beauty and wildlife around Anahim Lake, fur trading with the Indians, his partner Adolf Shilling, and the story of Pemberton's effort to start a ranching empire. Others mentioned are his brother Helmar Christensen, Chief Squinas (sp?), Stanley Dahling, Chief Anahim and Lester Dorsey. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Annie Engebretson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Annie Engebretson : Bella Coola colony and Anahim Lake PERIOD COVERED: 1894-1934 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Annie Engebretson (nee Lunos or Lunaas) discusses her father Jacob J. Lunaas' arrival in Bella Coola from Minnesota to the Saugstad colony in 1895. She then discusses their first three years in the colony, leaving for Victoria in 1900, moving to Anahim Lake for health reasons (1903-1916), the four different trails to Anahim Lake from Bella Coola, sellers and Indians and families at Anahim; Lake, and stories about Ben Franklin and Capoose. TRACK 2: Engebretson continues with more on settlers and inhabitants at Anahim Lake (1898-1913), Father Thomas, and the possible origin of the different physical appearance of Bella Coola Indians.

Antoine Boitano interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Antoine Boitano talks about some aspects of the Cariboo, from 1880 to 1910. He discusses his family background, his father Augustine Boitano, the packer Jean Caux ("Cataline"), his father's pack train, ranches of the Chilcotin in 1890s, Jackass Mountain, freight wagons, the Koster family, an incident with a mule, race horses, the annual ball at Clinton, and music. Mr. Boitano plays the fiddle for the interviewer. [TRACK 2: blank.]

[Archaeology projects in British Columbia, 1972 : miscellaneous sites]

Unedited footage. Footage shot by filmmakers working under an Opportunities For Youth (OFY) grant to document archaeological projects all over British Columbia. These 21 reels record archaeological excavation work during the summer of 1972, in the following areas: F1992:07/010-013: Williams Lake/Riske Creek -- camp scenes, botanical collecting, area scenery, and work at site(s). F1992:07/014-016: Kamloops -- North Kamloops flood scenes, OFY survey team, crew moving camp, OFY camp and activities, excavation site and flooding. More flood scenes, clearing river debris, etc. Labelling and recording artifacts in lab. Kamloops Museum: interview with curator; kids on school tour. F1992:07/017-018: Musqueam -- Salish Park Development, gravehouse, excavation in pit, artifacts, cataloguing, school tour at site, etc. F1992:07/019-022: Libby I -- Travelling to site, area scenery, surveying, digging, camp scenes. F1992:07/023-027: Libby II -- Tipi construction, surveying, areas flooded (by dam construction?), digging and screening, artifacts, travelling by track and canoe, etc. F1992:07/028: Williams Lake/Deep Creek. F1992:07/29-30: Unidentified.

Archibald McKinlay Diary Part 2

File consists of the diary of Archibald McKinlay, the second part of two. The diary documents his travels in the role of reserve commissioner through the Okanagan region, and also contains copies of outward correspondence and expenses. A loose sheet in the back of the diary contains copies of letters written by James McKinlay and a list of plants.

McKinlay, Archibald, 1811-1891

Bayliff family records

The Bayliff family were owners of the Chilancoh Ranch near Redstone, Chilcotin district. The ranch was started by Hugh Peel Lane Bayliff who after being educated at Clifton College, emigrated to British Columbia and worked on ranches (Roper's, Cornwall's) before taking up land in the Chilcotin (first recorded pre-emption, 1888). The ranch passed to his son, G.T.L. Bayliff, and his grandson, T.L. Bayliff.

Includes correspondence, ranch diaries, business records and personal papers of the Bayliff Family, owners of the Chilancoh Ranch near Redstone, Chilcotin district. The ranch was started by Hugh Peel Lane Bayliff who after being educated at Clifton College, emigrated to British Columbia and worked on ranches (Roper's, Cornwall's) before taking up land in the Chilcotin (first recorded pre-emption, 1888). The ranch passed to his son, G.T.L. Bayliff, and his grandson, T.L. Bayliff. The collection includes correspondence and papers of H.P.L. Bayliff's family in England (mainly letters written by his father, uncles and aunt as young people); letters written by T.L. Bayliff from England and from various naval ships during World War II. It also includes diaries, 1894-1925 (with gaps) of T.R. Young, a neighbouring rancher.

Betty Phillips interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969-10-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In an interview for the CBC television program "This Land Of Ours", Mrs. Betty Phillips, wife of rancher Pan Phillips, discusses her life and experiences on the family ranch. These include anecdotes about travel in the bush; encounters with bears; her background; coming to the ranch; her first days there; life on cattle drives; accidents; general comments on life in the bush; and an anecdote about cold weather. [TRACK 2: blank.];

Between ourselves : The Bryants

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating fr;om different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. This episode, "The Bryants", presents the story of the Bryant family and their experiences as settlers and ranchers in the Cariboo in ;the 1920s and 1930s. The voices heard are those of Phyllis Bryant Kellis and her children -- Jane Lehman, Caroline Moffat, Florence ("Bunch") Trudeau, and Alfred Bryant.;

Between ourselves : The great west road : [parts 1 & 2]

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating fr;om different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. "The Great West Road", which comprises two episodes, presents the story of two journeys from the Fraser River to the Pacific Ocean: th;e first by Alexander Mackenzie in 1793, and the second by a party of scientists following Mackenzies's route in 1975. Dr. Roy Carlson, Dr. Rudi Haering, and Dr. Earl Nelson describe their own adventu;res en route, while Mackenzie's story is told in excerpts from his journal.;

Big game camera holiday

Nature. Fictional narrator uses motion picture camera to track big game in Tweedsmuir Park and Cassiar district. Subjects include mountain caribou, mountain goats, grizzly bear, California bighorn sheep, whitetail deer, elk, stone sheep, moose and Osborn caribou.

Biography of George David Owen Lloyd / Sophy Whittaker

Biography of George David Owen Lloyd by his daughter, Sophy Wittaker. Captain Lloyd was born in England in 1895, served in the British Army, and after resigning from the army in 1924 and living in the Far East, emigrated to Canada in 1929. He lived in the Chilcotin district, first at Tatlayoko Lake, where he guided, and then at Kleena Kleene. He died in 1970.

Presented by Mrs. E. Whittaker, Cowichan Bay, 1987.

Bruce Watt interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bruce Watt RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1982-07-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bruce Watt tells tale about deep mud. Convoy of trucks in the mud. How he made faster time on horseback than could the trucks in the mud. Recalls speed sign on impassable road. When stories were told. Story of grizzly-hunting. Tale of bad dust storm and high wind. Tale tellers: Lester Dorsey and his horse-trading stories. Tells a Dorsey story. Tells another horse-trading tale. When he last told the deep mud tale: two men told him of a remarkable slave stud, and he told them the mud tale in reply. The mud. Story of motorist on mud trail. Story of notoriously slow talkers. Story about inexperienced American hunters. Stories of American hunters. Tells about American killing grizzly. Life history: born in 1926 and came to area in 1948. Was in Big Creek for 25 years, ranching and raising a family. Born in Chilliwack. Does guiding. Guiding story: trying to get a bear out of a tree. Cattle driving in the 1940s and 1950s. Trucks took over later.;

Bunch Trudeau interview

CALL NUMBER: T1783:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Florence "Bunch" Trudeau talks about her family, the Bryants, and about growing up in the bush around Tatla Lake and Anahim Lake, 1919 to 1938; the family's arrival and early days in the Cariboo around 1919; the journey to the homestead at Tatla Lake in 1924; recollections of her childhood and upbringing; comments about her father, Cyrus Lord Bryant; miscellaneous travels and experiences in the bush. TRACK 2: Mrs. Trudeau offers an anecdote about her brother injuring his foot and the consequences; events surrounding the birth of her sister's daughter; Christmas at Tatla Lake; childhood games and incidents; and mail days at Tatla Lake.

CALL NUMBER: T1783:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Trudeau describes the school at Tatla Lake; anecdotes about teachers and her school days; a description of a journey to the homestead at Tatla Lake. She describes the people, life and incidents in the Anahim Lake area. TRACK 2: Mrs. Trudeau discusses changes and improvements in household comforts; washing, lighting, cooking and cleaning in a wilderness cabin.

CALL NUMBER: T1783:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Trudeau describes moving to the Euchiniko Lakes area with her own family in 1953; selecting a location for the ranch; experiences on the trip; starting the ranch; life there; starting a hunting lodge; and wildlife in the area. TRACK 2: Mrs. Trudeau tells the story of a pet moose calf during the Anahim Lake days; mice and pets; the nature of the people who lived around Anahim Lake; social gatherings; changes in the area; and people at Bella Coola.

CALL NUMBER: T1783:0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Trudeau describes playing with her mother's orchestra at Williams Lake; an incident of her brother and a pistol; a family friend at Tatla Lake; riding mishaps; her grandfather and her father; general comments about members of her family. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Cariboo and Chilcotin [including Bella Coola]

The sub-series consists of oral history interviews recorded in the Bella Coola, Cariboo and Chilcotin regions, mainly dealing with the history of those regions. The Cariboo materal covers the mid-19th and early 20th century; the Bella Coola and Chilcotin recordings cover the early to mid-20th century.

Cariboo Forest Region range management records

  • GR-4027
  • Series
  • 1954-2004

This series consists of range management records from the Cariboo Forest Region and its predecessors, 1954-2004. Records currently relate to the following Forest Districts within the region: Williams Lake and Horsefly. In 2003 these two Forest Districts were amalgamated to form the Central Cariboo Forest District.

Records relate to the administration of Grazing Licences and Grazing Permits as defined under the Range Act, and Grazing Leases as defined under the Land Act, including issuance, amendments, transfers, billing, monitoring, policy administration, and plans specific to tenures, such as Grazing System Plans. Also includes records concerning additions and deletions of land and/or authorized Animal Unit Months (AUM) from grazing tenures. Records include tenure application forms, grazing plans, authorized livestock, correspondence, maps, records determining range boundaries and use, and information on range improvements and clearing.

Each file relates to a particular range tenure. Note that there may be additional individuals or companies who held the tenure who are not listed in the file title. Files are arranged alphabetically.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:
Dept. of Lands and Forests 1945-1962
Dept. of Lands, Forests and Water Resources 1962-1975
Dept. of Forests 1975-1976
Ministry of Forests 1976-1986
Ministry of Forests and Lands 1986-1988
Ministry of Forests 1988-2005

Classified as 15700-50 in the Forests Operational Records Classification System (ORCS).

British Columbia. Cariboo Forest Region

Cariboo Forest Region resource management plans

  • GR-4028
  • Series
  • 1993-2001

This series consists of records related to resource management and use planning from the Cariboo Forest Region, 1993-2001. Records currently relate to the following Forest Districts within the Forest Region: Williams Lake and Horsefly. In 2003 these two Forest Districts were amalgamated to form the Central Cariboo Forest District.

Records relating to the development of Integrated Resource Use Plans by the Ministry of Forests and Range which are designed to resolve resource use conflicts in specific areas at the local level. Records relate to the use, management and access to various resources.

Plans include the Churn Creek Local Resource Use Plan (LRUP) and lake classification records. Records include correspondence, maps, reports, data, reports, meeting minutes, and consultation with the public and First Nations.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:
Ministry of Forests 1988-2005

Classified as 12600-20 and 12600-60 in the Forests Operational Records Classification System (ORCS).

British Columbia. Cariboo Forest Region

Cariboo Forest Region silviculture records

  • GR-3920
  • Series
  • 1950-2005

This series consists of silviculture records from the Cariboo Forest Region and its predecessors, 1950-2005. The region has included a variety of different forest districts over time. Records may regard the following Forest Districts: Williams Lake, Horsefly, Chilcotin, Likely, Cariboo and 100 Mile House. Note that the names and boundaries of districts and regions varied over the years.

The Ministry of Forests defines silviculture as “the art and science of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests and woodlands to meet the diverse needs and values of landowners and society on a sustainable basis.”

Most files consist of silviculture opening records which document the historical silviculture treatment work that has been undertaken on specific areas of land that are referred to as openings. These files regard changes in the forest cover, changes in prescriptions, cut boundaries, changes in site prescriptions and records involving impacts on silvicultural treatments. Files may contain a wide variety of record formats including textual records, photographs and maps. The textual records include computer printouts, photocopies, cards, reports and correspondence.

Most files are quite small. They usually consist of a map of the area and a computer printout titled the History of Crop Establishment and Tending which provides a history of use and information regarding prescriptions, site preparations, reforestation and stand tending.

There are also larger files that contain a variety of other documents. These include prescription documents, which provide the management plan for the area; stand tending cards and reports, which show completed forest treatments; traverse sheets, which provide location information; pruning examination cards and printouts; planting reports; final harvesting reports; site plans; site preparation reports; and logging inspection reports.

Opening files are arranged in several numerically ordered groups by a classification number. The first six digits (ex. 93A 001) corresponds with the National Topographic System location codes and the last three digits consist of a sequential number applied to each file. File titles may also include the related forest tenure number or other information for that parcel of land.

Silviculture audit and assessment files regard the audits and assessments made by the Ministry to ensure silviculture is carried out in accordance with the regulations and approved silviculture prescriptions as detailed in the Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act. Audits include records concerning a formal examination of the approved silviculture prescription document and the related area to evaluate whether or not there has been compliance with the regulations, the silviculture prescriptions are suitable to attain the objective stated therein, and there is acceptable progress towards achievement of silviculture objectives stated in the approved silviculture prescription. Silviculture prescription audits are carried out on areas under both major licences and areas under the Small Business Forest Enterprise Program (SBFEP) with approved silviculture prescriptions. Types of audits and assessments included are pre-approval assessments and post-approval audits. Records can include correspondence, inspection forms, reports, and compliance reports for soil conservation, regeneration, and free growing obligations.

The series also includes: a procedure file on nursery stock storage and transport; one woodlot licence file; one file on protected areas strategy old growth considerations; and four files on local resource planning including correspondence, meeting minutes and final copies of coordinated access plans for Bonaparte, Kluskus, Spruce Lake and Chilko Lake.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:

Dept. of Lands and Forests 1945-1962
Dept. of Lands, Forests and Water Resources 1962-1975
Dept. of Forests 1975-1976
Ministry of Forests 1976-1986
Ministry of Forests and Lands 1986-1988
Ministry of Forests 1988-2005

Classified as 18750-20, 18765-20, 18390-02 and 12605-20 in the Forests Operational Records Classification System (ORCS).

British Columbia. Cariboo Forest Region

Cariboo Forest Region timber tenure records

  • GR-4026
  • Series
  • 1973-2002

This series consists of timber tenure records from the Cariboo Forest Region and its predecessors, 1973-2002. Records currently relate to the following Forest Districts within the Forest Region: Williams Lake and Horsefly. In 2003 these two Forest Districts were amalgamated to form the Central Cariboo Forest District.

The series includes a variety of forest tenure records, including: woodlot licences, licences to cut, timber sale licences, forest licences, timber sale licences and a special use permit. Files contain cutting permits, annual reports, management plans, legal documents and operations information, correspondence, maps, reports, licences and other forms. Records regard the issuance, evaluation, administration, monitoring, planning, replacement, cancellation and extension of forest tenures.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:
Dept. of Forests 1975-1976
Ministry of Forests 1976-1986
Ministry of Forests and Lands 1986-1988
Ministry of Forests 1988-2005

Classified as 19300-20, 19500-47, 19540-25, 19570-25, 19600-45, 19620-25, 19720-45, in the Forests Operational Records Classification System (ORCS).

British Columbia. Cariboo Forest Region

Cariboo Region land and resource management committee files

  • GR-3933
  • Series
  • 1990-1998

This series consists of land and resource management committee files and executive records from the Cariboo Region, 1990-1998. Records relate to a variety of environmental and land use issues in the Cariboo Chilcotin area, including: wildlife management, water, use of range land, Taseko Mines proposal, fishing, land and resource management plans (LRMPs) and the development and implementation of the Cariboo Chilcotin Land Use Plan. Records include correspondence, reports, minutes, reference material and briefing notes.

Executive records include referral replies, files of reference material and some files regarding specific issues and projects involving the Minister and other Executives.

Records include minutes and other operational records of several different committees. Most records are from the Cariboo Regional Interagency Management Committee and Commission on Resources and Environment (CORE). There are also related files from the Cariboo Chilcotin Regional Resource Board, Cariboo Chilcotin Land Use Committee and meeting files from various regional mangers and executive groups.

Files may include consultations with and comments from community groups, resource users and First Nations regarding the development of management plans, land use and environmental issues.

Records have been selected for permanent retention and are scheduled under Administrative Records Classification numbers 204-20, 280-30 and 102-20.

British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks

Caroline Moffat interview

CALL NUMBER: T1784:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Caroline Moffat recalls some of her experiences in the Tatla Lake area, 1921 to 1937, including: a winter journey to her homestead in Tatla Lake in 1923, school days at Tatla Lake, wild horses, growing up in the bush, encounters with wild animals, gatherings at Tatla Lake to distribute mail, details of a winter journey to Corkscrew Creek in the Anahim Lake area in 1931 to start a ranch there. TRACK 2: Mrs. Moffat continues discusses meeting Lord Tweedsmuir during his visit to the Bella Coola valley in 1937, incidents of a cattle drive at Anahim Lake, anecdotes about a pet moose, a story about an altercation with local Indians and the local deputy.

CALL NUMBER: T1784:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Moffat describes the landscape around Anahim, the story of a journey made to give birth to her first child in 1940, activity in the Anahim Lake area around the time she moved there in 1932, stores and settlements and roads in the area, the trail to Bella Coola, an anecdote about Ralph. TRACK 2: Moffat finishes her discussion of Indians, people in the Ulkatcho area, stories about encounters with wolves and cougars, Pan Phillips and her sister Jane Lehman, travels in the area, and a story about a load of hay.

CALL NUMBER: T1784:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Moffat comments and tells stories about her brother and sisters, Alfred Bryant, Jane Lehman and Bunch Trudeau, her parents, Phyllis Bryant Kellis and Cyrus Bryant, her father's background, a winter journey with her sister Jane (who was a nurse) to take care of an Indian. TRACK 2: More stories and discussions of local Indians including Joe Kapoose and Thomas Squinas, the death of her father, stories about wild horses, her first trip to Anahim Lake to find land and comments about the area.

CALL NUMBER: T1784:0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Moffat tells a story about a neighbor, Indians and liquor, a description of the Bryant cabin at Tatla Lake: the stove and bath nights, a story about her mother digging a well, the garden, pastimes at a nearby lake, stories about Jane and her family, her father's pioneering spirit, travels, memories of the rail journey to Clinton and a wagon trip to Soda Creek in 1919. TRACK 2: A discussion of her personal philosophies such as reincarnation, arising from the discovery that she has cancer, her attitudes toward death, reflections on the quality of her life and winding up her affairs, a story about an altercation with Indians over a horse and a load of hay, and an encounter with a cougar.

Cathy Mulvahill interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-09-25 SUMMARY: Mrs. Mulvahill married into a pioneer ranching family that had come to Chezacut in 1907. (Second marriage, 1973.) Tells of teaching before her marriage, in home economics at Langley, etc. Since coming to Chezacut she has taught at the one-room school there. Published handbook on life skills and development for isolated Indian children. Received grant from Educational Research Institute of B.C. for this project. Project included the building of a log house as a demonstration; building of four sample fences common to area; spinning, carding and weaving sheep wool; beadwork and basketwork. (Project resulted in all Indians owning and living in log houses.) Complains about top-heavy administration and the lack of monetary aid and encouragement.

Chilcotin journey with Phyllis Kellis

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0001 - 0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: A series of recordings made by Imbert Orchard on a trip through the Cariboo-Chilcotin area with Mrs. Phyllis Bryant Kellis in June 1970 . The object of the trip was to retrace the Bryant family's journey from Clinton to Tatla Lake between 1919 and 1924. Mr. Orchard and Mrs. Kellis comment on both journeys, and talk to local people who recall the area as it was then. Portions of the recordings were used by Orchard in his CBC program "The Chilcotin Revisited" (T3289:0001). The tapes include ambient sound and commentary recorded at various locations, as well as the voices of: Peggy Keefe, Jim Keefe, Clarence Roberts, Elliot Weisgarber and other unidentified speakers. Locations visited include Clinton, Soda Creek, and the ferry across the Fraser River near Soda Creek.

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0001 tracks 1 - 4 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reels T1782:01 to T1782:04.] Track 1: Mrs. Kellis discusses her 3-day train ride, the beauty of the countryside, the Clinton hotel, and hotel manager Charlie Miner. (7 minutes) Track 2: Peggy Keefe describes how she came to know the Bryant family. The school near Soda Creek that Jane, Caroline and Alfred Bryant attended. She recalls the children and the piano. (5 minutes) Track 3: Jim Keefe recalls the Bryant family: their meals, their log cabin where, the family preparing for their trip. Sound of a train going by. Clarence Roberts discusses the Overland Charter Telegraph in Soda Creek, Mrs. Bryant (who cared for his mother in 1954), the old community hall, the old hotel, and a description of the town in earlier times. (13 minutes) Track 4: Unidentified speaker discusses a person who brought farming equipment to Soda Creek from Alberta 50 years earlier, then decided that the area was too rocky to farm, so sold his things and went home. The speaker describes the town as it was then, ferrymen, and members of the community. (13 minutes)

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0001 tracks 5 - 7 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reels T1782:05 to T1782:07.] Track 5: Recorded at the ferry dock 1 mile below Soda Creek. Mr. Orchard describes the landscape. Mrs. Kellis describes the ferry dock, and tells a story about a cougar and a dog. The recording continues on the ferry as it crosses the river. Ambience. Mrs. Kellis recalls where some gold was found. Discussion turns to the log cabin where the Bryants lived in Meldrum Creek. Mrs. Kellis describes where the well was dug. (11 minutes) Track 6: Mrs. Kellis continues the cougar story, and recalls the history of this specific cabin, where they lived after they leaving Sutton. The cabin as it is now, described by Mr. Orchard. Ranching in the U.S. and in B.C. Specific fences they used to keep away moose. Bachelors on ranches. (11 minutes) Track 7: A description of Buckskin Creek as an introduction to Jim Keefe's home, where the Bryants stayed after living at the Alger house. Mrs. Kellis describes the house, where lived there for a year to be closer to the school. The Gentle place near Charlie Ross' property just after the family lived at Sutton. An anecdote about chopping wood. Her feelings about the home at Bruin Ranch. Mr. Orchard describes the woods they have passed through to get to another log house owned by Mr. Sutton at Meldrum Creek. (11 minutes)

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0002 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reels T1782:09 to T1782:14.] Track 1: A speaker (possibly Willena Hodson) discusses how a home was broken into and robbed. Mr. Orchard describes the rooms and their functions. The house was built between 1914 and 1918. Mrs. Kellis recalls what the house was like when her family lived there. The first stagecoaches belonged to Mr. Hodson, just beyond Riske Creek and the Dark Cabin where Indians lived. (12 minutes) Track 2: Ambient sounds, followed by an interview with an unidentified man about different ways of getting to Williams Lake, ranching, working the cattle, economics of ranching, and a German princess who bought a ranch in the area. (7 minutes) Track 3: Most of the ranches in the sera have stayed with the same families over generations. The unidentified man discusses his family's ranch, and how the ranch may be shared/split in the future. Anna French describes the Bryant family upon their arrival at the Knowles place, the family as they were at Tatla Lake, Cyrus Bryant's father, life in Anahim Lake, feeding cattle in winter, and the "lively" Bryant children. (13 minutes) Track 4: Mrs. Kellis recalls the school teacher. A sink she installed. She describes another home the family lived in at Tatla Lake, the old chicken roost built by Cyrus and his father, and the barn. (9 minutes) Track 5: Mrs. Kellis discusses: a uncompleted bridge, more about the barn, a story about Alfred knocking himself out, a fight with the Graeme family and the pranks the kids pulled, more description of the landscape, One-Eye Lake, local families, and the four kids they boarded. (11 minutes) Track 6: Mrs. Kellis discusses the mountains in the distance; she was so busy that she never had an opportunity to appreciate scenery. Walks the family would take. How she felt about living at Tatla Lake as compared to Anahim Lake. Getting work in Williams Lake. Teaching kids to dance. Her first trip to Bella Coola from Williams Lake in the summer of 1930. (14 minutes)

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0003 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reels T1782:15 to T1782:19.] Track 1: Mrs. Kellis tells a story about apples being kept in the cellar, where Alfred would often smuggle them out to the other kids. More description and editorial by Mr. Orchard of the home and the Johnny Bull Creek and stream at Tatla Lake. Mrs. Kellis discusses what happened to the school when the family moved to Williams Lake, the whitewashed logs that they used to build the cabin, paint and colors. (12 minutes) Track 2: Ambience. Description of the location: the meadows around Tatla Lake during a race. More ambience. Harry McGhee, who was the postmaster at Tatla Lake, describes and discusses the meaning of Tatlayoko Lake: big wind. He describes his experience of coming to live at Williams Lake and then Tatlayoko Lake. (16 minutes) Track 3: Mr. McGhee continues by describing his first winter in Canada. His first impressions of the Bryant family. What life was like at that time. Tommy Hudson, who owned a freight ride. The small mills in the 1940s, and the effects on local ranchers of corporate mills. Mechanization. Ranches sold to outsiders. (12 minutes) Track 4: Mr. McGhee continues, discussing his garden, a character named Benny Franklin who opened up many roads in the area, stores in Williams Lake, a man named Sutton, experiences in winter trapping, and stories about Indians. (15 minutes) Track 5: Ambience. Discussion with an unidentified man about the Bryants when they lived at Tatla Lake. He tells stories about eggs, Tatla Lake snowfalls, freighting, his first impressions on meeting the Bryants at Tatla Lake, a story about a bull the Bryants owned, and his impressions of their house. (13 minutes)

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0004 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reel T1782:20.] Track 1: An unidentified woman (possibly Lillian Collier) discusses the stampede at Riske Creek many years prior, Indians, Joe Elkins, country dances, rodeos, and the impact of alcohol on the Indian people. (11 minutes)

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