Coast Salish



Scope note(s)

Source note(s)

  • Xwi7xwa Names for BC First Nations

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Coast Salish

Equivalent terms

Coast Salish

  • UF Coast Salish Indians
  • UF Salish Indians
  • UF Salishan Indians

11 Archival description results for Coast Salish

An integrated approach to studying settlement systems on the Northwest coast: the Nuxalk of Bella Coola, B.C. / Dana Sue Lepofsky

The item is a microfiche copy of a thesis by Dana Sue Lepofsky titled "An integrated approach to studying settlement systems on the Northwest coast: the Nuxalk of Bella Coola, B.C. " xii, 216 p: figs., tables. Thesis (M.A.), University of British Columbia, 1985. Vita. Bibliography: pages 191-204.

Purchased from the National Library, 1987.

Andy Schooner interview

CALL NUMBER: T1277:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Andy Schooner recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies PERIOD COVERED: 1733-1883 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Andy Schooner is a Native man who recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies. He begins with a discussion of various Indian villages that were in the area, the origin of the ;name 'Bella Coola', the smallpox epidemic of 1864, traditional salmon fishing and practices, potlatches, the use of 'crystals' and 'man eating' ceremony to teach children respect, the 'hao-hao' bird, a thunderbird story of lightning, and a story of creation. TRACK 2: Schooner continues with more on the cannibal ceremony and then he discusses longhouses, eulachon grease and boxes, missionaries in ;1883, Alexander Mackenzie in 1733, the Indian name for white people, an Indian version of a flood, Indian medicine, and two stories about Indian doctors.

CALL NUMBER: T1277:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Andy Schooner recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies PERIOD COVERED: 1733-1883 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Andy Schooner discusses a story about a discovery of stone canoes and people, and Native art depicting potlatches. Orchard and Schooner talk about miscellaneous items. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Annie Engebretson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Annie Engebretson : Bella Coola colony and Anahim Lake PERIOD COVERED: 1894-1934 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Annie Engebretson (nee Lunos or Lunaas) discusses her father Jacob J. Lunaas' arrival in Bella Coola from Minnesota to the Saugstad colony in 1895. She then discusses their first three years in the colony, leaving for Victoria in 1900, moving to Anahim Lake for health reasons (1903-1916), the four different trails to Anahim Lake from Bella Coola, sellers and Indians and families at Anahim; Lake, and stories about Ben Franklin and Capoose. TRACK 2: Engebretson continues with more on settlers and inhabitants at Anahim Lake (1898-1913), Father Thomas, and the possible origin of the different physical appearance of Bella Coola Indians.

Between ourselves : The great west road : [parts 1 & 2]

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating fr;om different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. "The Great West Road", which comprises two episodes, presents the story of two journeys from the Fraser River to the Pacific Ocean: th;e first by Alexander Mackenzie in 1793, and the second by a party of scientists following Mackenzies's route in 1975. Dr. Roy Carlson, Dr. Rudi Haering, and Dr. Earl Nelson describe their own adventu;res en route, while Mackenzie's story is told in excerpts from his journal.;

Diary of William Sinclair III

The item consists of one day book belonging to William Sinclair III, an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company and stationed at Bella Coola post. The day book itself is dated 1874, however Sinclair used it between 1878-1879 and re-wrote the dates for each entry. The day book is a private diary kept by Sinclair and not an HBC corporate record, however it documents the business activities of Bella Coola Post.

The final pages include a draft letter to I.W. Powell, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for British Columbia, on behalf of the local chief (not named). The draft letter expresses dissatisfaction on behalf of the local Indigenous people regarding broken promises. Also included among the final pages of the diary are recipes for pies and plum pudding, instructions for tanning hides, a list of British Navy vessels, and a rough translation dictionary of common words and phrases in English and an unidentified Indigenous language (possibly Nuxalk).

The diary accounts from Sinclair's nine day journey from Victoria to Bella Coola and his daily activities upon arriving at the post. There is a brief entry for each day, which sometimes consists only of an update on the weather whereas other days have more lengthy descriptions of activities. The diary includes descriptions of interactions with local Indigenous populations

Dr. Rudi Haering interview

CALL NUMBER: T3149:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): The obsidian trail : [tape 1] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Rudi Haering tells how he became involved in exploring the trade route along Alexander Mackenzie's trail through BC, and looking for the source of a form of obsidian used in trade among native people; X-ray techniques in archaeology; trade routes; how the three scholars (i.e., Haering, Carlson, and Nelson) got together to find the source of the mysterious obsidian; findings; problems along the trail. TRACK 2: Finding the trail from Mackenzie Pass to the Bella Coola Valley; trip from the Blackwater Ranch to Mackenzie Pass through Kluskus and Ulkatcho; Burnt Bridge Creek; canoeing down the Bella Coola River with natives; Indian story about Mackenzie.

CALL NUMBER: T3149:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): The obsidian trail : [tape 2] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Retracing Mackenzie's route from Blackwater Ranch on horseback and wagon; campsites; wildlife; artifacts; local ranches; more on campsites; Kluskoil Lake. TRACK 2: Pan Phillips' ranch; looking for obsidian in Ulkatcho mountains; more about Kluskus; other travellers; trail from Eliguk Lake to Ulkatcho; Mackenzie's accomplishment; visit to Mackenzie's rock; Saugstad house at Hagensborg.

George Draney interview : [Brower, 1983]

CALL NUMBER: T4130:0001 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1983-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: The "grease trail"; other means of transport; Indian fishing. TRACK 2: History of the Draney family; cannery operations; the Draneys in Bella Coola.;

CALL NUMBER: T4130:0002 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1983-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Early life in Bella Coola; history of logging on the central coast of B.C. TRACK 2: Logging on the central coast; early Bella Coola.;

CALL NUMBER: T4130:0003 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1983-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Indians in Bella Coola; building the road; environmental impact of logging. TRACK 2: Fisheries problems; work ethic; miscellaneous.;

People in landscape : Indians of Bella Coola

SUMMARY: This program deals with the Indian people of the Bella Coola region: their art, culture, and community life; prophecies of the coming of the white man; relations with Alexander MacKenzie and the Norwegian settlers. Voices heard include: Margaret Siwallace, Andy Schooner, Paul Kopas, Elliot Weisgarber, Ted Levelton, and Milo Fougner.

William (Bill) Christie interview

CALL NUMBER: T3534:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Christie : the early years in Canada RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1979-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bill Christie recounts memories of his early life in Canada.: born in Scotland; in the infantry in World War I; moving to Canada with his new wife after the war; first impressions of Canada; working in the streetcar business in Winnipeg; working on a farm for an American owner, Roberts, in Manitoba -- problems with boss, farm. TRACK 2: Bill Christie discusses: buying a farm from an Englishman for $9000; experiences of owning farm; worried about going into debt, so sold property; went to Saskatchewan next to help on a farm -- quit after a short time; worked at another farm in Saskatchewan; rented a place in the Uncha Valley, B.C. to farm; stories about farming in this part of B.C. in the inter-war years; journey from Rosetown up to Burns Lake (in the Uncha Valley); buying and selling some land up in this part of B.C.; beginning his work with the Indian department. [Tape stopped recording at this point for an unknown reason -- means there is a gap in the narrative.] CALL NUMBER: T3534:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Christie : coming to the Cariboo RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1979-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bill Christie discusses: the Farmers' Institute; hauling tiles; dances for community; the Christies had five children by this time -- not many educational opportunities, but lots of fun; finding references so he could apply for Indian Department job; meeting the Indian Commissioner; buying more cattle and livestock; becoming an Indian agent; description of their house near Williams Lake at the time; learning to be a good Indian agent; did some logging business to finance operation; book-keeping; story about Bella Coola logging; potato club in Bella Coola for the children; learning to drive a modern car. TRACK 2: Bill Christie discusses: driving a modern car for the first time from Vancouver -- eventful journey (cont'd); anecdotes about his time as Indian agent in Bella Coola -- trips around the area, building a school at Anaham, Father Bradley, Father Thomas, difficulty in getting qualified teachers, Jane Bryant (nurse), mixing of whites and Natives in schools (happened later on), Indian police, using an interpreter in meetings with the Bella Coola Natives; had powers of a magistrate; Barkerville murder. CALL NUMBER: T3534:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Christie : the Cariboo RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1979-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Christie discusses: the Barkerville murder (cont'd); case of two Natives wrongfully being accused of killing a steer; Natives were blamed for setting fires, even though farmers did it too; Reserve courts were never made legal, but they dealt with smaller crimes anyway; more on school in Anaham and Chilcotin Indian children who went there; chasing run-away children; difficulty in getting good lay school staff. TRACK 2: Mr. Christie discusses: story about an American teacher from aeronautical engineering school in Seattle; difficulty in retaining teachers at the Anaham school; Native children behaved well in the day schools; anecdote about a Masachi box; outbreak of T.B.; still trapping when he first came to the Cariboo; Natives would work on farms -- good at farming; Natives not good businessmen; Chilcotin Natives ethnicity; perception of Father Thomas; anecdote about Bishop Jennings; depending on interpreters; doctors in the area. CALL NUMBER: T3534:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Christie : the Cariboo RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1979-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Christie discusses: more on doctors in the Cariboo; anecdote about Dr. Haramia; story about getting half a deer from 'Sammy', a Native; needed to be practical to survive in the Cariboo; differences between those with university education and those without (like himself); Mission schools taught practical things to Natives, as well as reading and writing; difficulty in forcing children to go to school when schools were scarce -- Christie built schools to fix this problem. TRACK 2: Mr. Christie discusses: more about Mission schools; Archbishop Duke -- a Puritan, wanted to establish an Indian sisterhood; differences in Christianity- Catholic vs Protestant; Bella Bella mission; Father Bradley's visit to Elgatcho; relationship with the Archbishop; most independent Natives were the ones farthest from Williams Lake -- the Nemiahs and the Redstones; most troublesome Natives -- Anahams, some Alkali Lake Natives; poaching; little trouble between ranchers and Natives; Natives in Bella Coola did not mix well with the Norwegians; some land disputes. (End of interview)