Coast Salish



Scope note(s)

Source note(s)

  • Xwi7xwa Names for BC First Nations

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Coast Salish

Equivalent terms

Coast Salish

  • UF Coast Salish Indians
  • UF Salish Indians
  • UF Salishan Indians

238 Archival description results for Coast Salish

16 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Aboriginal liaison and First Nations consultation case files for the Cariboo Region

  • GR-3902
  • Series
  • 1985-2008

This series consists of Aboriginal liaison and First Nations consultation case files, primarily for the Cariboo region, from 1985-2008. These records document the Ministry of Environment and its successors' resource management involvement with First Nations groups and consultation with respect to resource management plans. Each file documents consultation and communication with a particular First Nation, Tribal Council or other Indigenous group regarding a variety of issues and practices related to resource management and use. File may be related to land claims, land use planning, the creation of sustainable resource management plans (SRMPs) and sub-regional area plans, or specific resource management and land management issues, including forestry, water rights, wildlife management and hunting, mining, protection of parks and cultural sites, and the creation of roads.

The files in this series were titled and organized in most instances as case files, based on the name of the First Nation involved in the consultation process. Many files document the creation and finalization of various kinds of agreements between the Ministry and First Nations groups. Files also include the planning and execution of joint projects, workshops and meetings to consult First Nations about the creation of resource management plans or to address specific resource management issues.

Files may include correspondence, reports, memorandums of understanding, agreements, financial records, business records of the relevant indigenous group, consultation protocols, maps, and newspaper articles and government responses to them.

Most files regard a particular indigenous group, mostly from the Cariboo and surrounding region, including: 'Esdilagh (Alexandria Band), Alexis Creek, Tl'etinqox Government (Anaham), Llenlleney'ten (High Bar), Bonaparte, Tsq’escen (Canim Lake), Stswecem’c/Xgat’tem (Canoe Creek), Carrier-Sekani Tribal Council, Carrier Chilcotin Tribal Council, Cariboo Tribal Council, Northern Secwēpemc te Qelmūcw (NStQ or Northern Shuswap Tribal Council), Esketemc (Alkali Lake), Hamatla Treaty Society, Homalco, Lhoosk’uz Dene (Kluskus), Lheidli-Tenneh, Nazko, Nuxalk Nation Government, Lhtako Dene (Red Bluff), Saik’uz, Skeetchestn, Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, Xat’sūll (Soda Creek), Simpcw (North Thompson Indian Band), Yunesit'in Government (Stone Indian Band), Tsilhqot’in National Government, Tl'esqox (Toosey First Nation), St'át'imc, Ts'kw'aylaxw, Ulkatcho Nation, Whispering Pines/Clinton, T'exelc (Williams Lake Indian Band), and Xeni Gwet’in First Nations. Other Indigenous groups may be mentioned within files.

Note that some of these files were reviewed as part of the following litigation: Xeni Gwet’in First Nations Government v. Her Majesty the Queen et al.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:
Ministry of Environment (1988-1991)
British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks (1991-2001)
British Columbia. Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management (2001-2005)
British Columbia. Ministry of Agriculture and Lands (2005-2010)

Records in this series are covered by ORCS 17020-20 and 17730-25 of the Resource Management ORCS (schedule 144100).

British Columbia. Ministry of Agriculture and Lands

All Hallows' School. Yale.

"Our Indians in British Columbia"; describes Indians in vicinity of Yale and missionary activities at Lytton, said to have been written by a Sister of All Hallow's School, Yale [correspondence file].

All Hallows' School (Yale, B.C.)

Alma Russell miscellaneous papers

Series consists of a draft and revised draft of Russell's reminiscences of her career as a librarian in the Provincial Library; correspondence inward (1 item), 1924; certificates of membership (B.C. Library Association, Order of Good Times); historical sketches of early explorers; brief accounts of Indian legends.

An integrated approach to studying settlement systems on the Northwest coast: the Nuxalk of Bella Coola, B.C. / Dana Sue Lepofsky

The item is a microfiche copy of a thesis by Dana Sue Lepofsky titled "An integrated approach to studying settlement systems on the Northwest coast: the Nuxalk of Bella Coola, B.C. " xii, 216 p: figs., tables. Thesis (M.A.), University of British Columbia, 1985. Vita. Bibliography: pages 191-204.

Purchased from the National Library, 1987.

Andy Schooner interview

CALL NUMBER: T1277:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Andy Schooner recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies PERIOD COVERED: 1733-1883 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Andy Schooner is a Native man who recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies. He begins with a discussion of various Indian villages that were in the area, the origin of the ;name 'Bella Coola', the smallpox epidemic of 1864, traditional salmon fishing and practices, potlatches, the use of 'crystals' and 'man eating' ceremony to teach children respect, the 'hao-hao' bird, a thunderbird story of lightning, and a story of creation. TRACK 2: Schooner continues with more on the cannibal ceremony and then he discusses longhouses, eulachon grease and boxes, missionaries in ;1883, Alexander Mackenzie in 1733, the Indian name for white people, an Indian version of a flood, Indian medicine, and two stories about Indian doctors.

CALL NUMBER: T1277:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Andy Schooner recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies PERIOD COVERED: 1733-1883 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Andy Schooner discusses a story about a discovery of stone canoes and people, and Native art depicting potlatches. Orchard and Schooner talk about miscellaneous items. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Annie Engebretson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Annie Engebretson : Bella Coola colony and Anahim Lake PERIOD COVERED: 1894-1934 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Annie Engebretson (nee Lunos or Lunaas) discusses her father Jacob J. Lunaas' arrival in Bella Coola from Minnesota to the Saugstad colony in 1895. She then discusses their first three years in the colony, leaving for Victoria in 1900, moving to Anahim Lake for health reasons (1903-1916), the four different trails to Anahim Lake from Bella Coola, sellers and Indians and families at Anahim; Lake, and stories about Ben Franklin and Capoose. TRACK 2: Engebretson continues with more on settlers and inhabitants at Anahim Lake (1898-1913), Father Thomas, and the possible origin of the different physical appearance of Bella Coola Indians.

Archaeological investigations at the flood and pipeline sites, near Hope, British Columbia / Georg Henning Von Krogh

The item is a microfiche copy of a thesis by Georg Henning Von Krogh titled "Archaeological investigations at the flood and pipeline sites, near Hope, British Columbia." 1976. x, 247 leaves: figs., illus., maps, tables. Thesis (M.A.), Simon Fraser University, 1976. Bibliography: leaves 240-247. Canadian theses on microfiche, 30321.

Arthur Mayse interview

CALL NUMBER: T4133:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1984-03-28 & 30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Birth at Peguis Reserve, Manitoba; early memories of Swampy Cree people at Peguis Reserve; memories of father, Reverend A.W. [Amos William] Mayse; father's tales of the Boer War; fraternizing with the enemy; father emigrated to Canada; worked as a carpenter, became minister; father was in WWI; war wounds; was in Boer prison camp; earlier release by Jan Smuts; YMCA rep in WWI; back to Winnipeg; refused commission in Black and Tans; rural ministry in Manitoba; took salary partly in trade and had first pick of charity clothes; Mr. Mayse hated school; his father was self-taught and had a good library; read everything, including religious material; moved to British Columbia. [TRACK 2: blank.]

CALL NUMBER: T4133:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1984-03-28 & 30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Living in [Port] Hammond BC; first work experience; father's church in Nanaimo; primitive conditions in the coal mines; clothing and equipment of miners; many beer parlours in Nanaimo; father's popularity; favorite fishing spots; anecdote of hazardous fishing trip; Turner rowboats prized; commercial fishing; early commercial fishing methods and boats; memories of Sointula fishermen; Sointula pukka fighting; Nanaimo miners fished for trout, not salmon; early trout fishing equipment; social consciousness; father never was a union miner; lied to get into army; South Africa; Reverend Mayse went underground in Nanaimo mine accidents; panic in town; miners invited Reverend Mayse underground, managers didn't argue; dynamite misadventure. TRACK 2: Continuation of dynamite misadventure with Rev. Mayse; vegetable garden; powder bosses; Reverend Mayse destroyed cars; pit ponies on islands; Italian miners; soccer important in Nanaimo; library; Millstream Park; rugby versus soccer; holidays with father; Chinese persecuted in Nanaimo; Chinese accused of taking jobs; few Chinese women or children; fight between Chinese and Haida boys; Chinese cooks; idyllic but racist town; Mr. Mayse and friends made a water cannon to frighten Chinese; backfire; collecting cascara bark for money; cruel pranks; fights with air guns and crossbows made from umbrellas; good shot with slingshot; gangs racially mixed; miners lived in southern Nanaimo; some of the cottages still there [as of 1984].

CALL NUMBER: T4133:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1984-03-28 & 30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Nanaimo childhood; Guy Fawkes day was celebrated as Bonfire night; Hallowe'en destructive; Nanaimo's tamale wagon; miners' children; fishing and writing at Cowichan Bay; Reverend Mayse sided with the workers; holidays at Cowichan Bay; acquiring a dugout canoe; shaman procured canoe by threats; Indian fishing methods; most gear was cedar; old style Cowichan sweaters described; Padre Cook of Cowichan; Queen Victoria medal; John Page and the medal; shaman had grape arbor and soul box; healing and hurting with soul box; rite of boys purification among Cowichans; Wolf Song was stolen from the Haida after the Battle of Sansum Narrows circa 1820 to 1840. Haida blamed for other raids; Haida slaughters and weapons used. Reverend Mayse left Mr. Mayse to his own way on holidays. TRACK 2: 38; pound salmon won prize; Bruce McKelvie; first sale of fiction; principal angry but kept on; Oyster River with Reverend Mayse; memories of old-timer James McIvor; washed ashore from sloop; McIvor ran cattle; threatened loggers; tea with McIvor; McIvor's customs; McIvor angry when offered help; McIvor's nephew visited briefly; tried to buy wife; McIvor fishing with haywire; hated cities; died in Comox in 1940's. Walter Woodiss, Oyster River old-timer, storyteller; tall tale of salmon; Woodiss's feud with a black bear and accidental killing of same; Woodiss's Inn; Percy Elsie "mayor of Oyster River"; fried chicken known as fried seagull; ghost at Comox; WWII airman at Comox rode his bicycle through "Dancing Annie".

CALL NUMBER: T4133:0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1984-03-28 & 30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Indian rancherees; shaman Cultus Tommy; Chinook trade jargon terms; Padre Cook well loved; friend at Cumberland; stories of Ginger Goodwin; Cumberland memories of Ginger Goodwin and hostility to trial and government; Dominion police were hated, man hunters; no shame in evading the draft; met Cougar (Cecil) Smith; Mr. Mayse now lives in Cougar Smith's house; Cougar Smith's peculiarities; Roderick Haig-Brown, great Canadian writer; friendship with Haig-Brown; dam on the Campbell River broke his heart; last meeting with Haig-Brown; last impressions; better known outside Canada; Haig-Brown a fine and pioneering fisherman; fished steelhead. Mr. Mayse disliked high school; paid for clothing with poetry prize won at UBC three years in a row. TRACK 2: Mr. Mayse paid UBC tuition by logging in the summer under a false name; BC loggers and equipment; railroad logging; unions; woods accidents; logged Upper Vancouver Island; logging camp cooks; anecdote of 'foul feeder'; fight between logger and foul feeder; logging camp cook; flunkies, bed makers, logging camp pump tenders; eccentric and proud train men; high riggers; Harold Larson would post on a spar; woods near-misses; spark catchers jobs; bunkhouse moving accident; Paddy the straw boss; Paddy nearly caught in a blast; lemon extract mad man incident; bringing out man lost in the woods; gone mad, tried to escape his friends; wild Great Dane dogs abandoned in woods; harassed spark catchers; Mayse had to shoot one.

CALL NUMBER: T4133:0005 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1984-03-28 & 30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Great Danes hunted in Pike's Peak area; shot one; partner Paddy Gorman; Paddy attacked by a cougar while snoozing; scraps of loggers songs; never wrote them down, always regretted it; logging; company owners were remote; unions starting camps; decision logging versus writing; went to the Vancouver Province; space writing for Province; offered staff job; clannish and proud reporters; story of ascent of Mount Waddington; two expeditions at once; Mr. Mayse carried homing pigeons in a basket to file the story; rough country; beauty and tragedy of the pigeons; walking out to tidewater hungry; a ghost story at Leefall Point, Mount Waddington, where a climber had fallen to his death. TRACK 2: Worked at the Vancouver Province as Torchy Anderson's junior man; they covered a huge forest fire that threatened Campbell River and Courtenay on Vancouver Island [Sayward fire, 1938]; Torchy was Mr. Mayse's mentor and friend; longshoremen riots; Torchy was fearless; Torchy squealed when angry; his grandfather saw a Sasquatch; the Rum Tum Club and the Sonofabitch Club; creating a story on injured trapper at Mission. Mr. Mayse wrote police constable's report while drunk; cop demoted; Torchy and his wife Marion; moved to Saltspring Island; memories of Province newspaper women in 1930's Vancouver; wild party on Grouse Mountain; Christmas cheer and story of upside down reindeer; camps for single unemployed men; joining the American Newspaper Guild; had BC union card number 3; union's failure; left holding the bag; not fired but put behind the eight ball; refused marrying raise.

CALL NUMBER: T4133:0006 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1984-03-28 & 30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Mayse quit the Vancouver Province and joined the Vancouver Sun. The Sun was tougher and wilder; front page exclusives as revenge; union succeeded later; hostility to union. Mr. Mayse drafted and discharged for TB scars; army lost files; returned to the Sun as military writer; Mr. Gallagher, an alleged spy; moved to Toronto with no job, $100, a wife and a dog. Selective service twits said there were no jobs; walked into a job at Maclean's. Toronto run of luck; sold short stories to the Saturday Evening Post; break fiction editor of Maclean's; a few good Canadian writers; editor bought fiction; Calvinist, liked gloomy tales, had to trick him; Canadian writers were "cry-babies"; Americans were pros. TRACK 2: Canadian writers resented criticism; Mayse emulated American writers; today's market poor for short stories; in the 1940s and 1950s the stories were not literary but a good product; wrote serials for Saturday Evening Post; later published as novels; approached by an agent; returned to the coast; end of fiction markets; never seen as a serious writer; writing is lonely work; Jack Scott criticized Mr. Mayse's success in the U.S.; considered a move to the U.S.; writer's; work should speak for itself; but book tours are necessary; dislikes writer's grants except for poets; many writers are poseurs; major literary figures in Canada; dislikes commercial versus literary distinction; Mr. Mayse now writes a newspaper column; wrote for "The Beachcombers"; column is a good platform; a lucky and happy man; importance of luck.

BC Indian Language Project Collection

  • PR-2413
  • Collection
  • 1974 - 1976

The collection consists of an assortment of different articles written by both Dorothy Kennedy and/or Randy Bouchard as part of the BC Indian Language Project.

The articles are all photocopies of articles and are likely available in other repositories.

Beatrice Day interview

RECORDED: Duncan (B.C.), 1980-03-24 & 31 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In an interview with Jim Griffin, Mrs. Beatrice Day discusses: family background; parents' arrival in Canada and in Cowichan Bay; mill at Genoa Bay, store in Quamichan, grist mill; her siblin;gs; school and later activities; marriage, 1906; trip to Dawson City; Buena Vista Hotel; trip to England; Robert Service. TRACK 2: Trip to Dawson; husband's trip from Dawson on the "Princess Sophia"; husband's work; his retirement and death; Cowichan Indians; Chinook song; potlatches; gambling; family details. (End of interview)

Bella Coola

The item consists of an audio reel recorded by Mildred Valley Thornton around 1953. It contains Bella Coola songs. Summary taken from accession file:

  1. Song telling story of Raven and Sun
  2. Alex Pootlass mourning song.
  3. Dance song for a Chief
  4. Alex Pootlass song
  5. Mrs. Dick Snow guessing song.
  6. Not a Chief's song, but similar, lower class.
  7. A Chief's song.

Bella Coola song of the raven

The item consists of an audio reel recording made by Mildred Valley Thornton around 1953. In it Thornton introduces the Bella Coola Song of the Raven. Some dialogue near end of recording, including "That was Nellie [?] "Rufus"[?] then more chanting to end of tape.

Bella Coola songs

The item consists of an audio disc (sound disc) of Bella Coola songs recorded by Mildred Valley Thornton around 1953.
Disc summary: taken from Thornton's typed notes in accession file.
Side 1:

  1. Bella Coola mourning song sung by Pat Schooner and chorus, had been their song for countless generations. It is the story of the raven.
  2. Alex Pootlass mourning song, a story of long ago, sung for his father Chief Sam Pootlass when he passed away.
  3. A Potlatch song, also a dance song for a chief.
  4. This is Alex Pootlass song, used to belong to his father, Sam Pootlass, no words, just a tune.

Side 2:

  1. Alex Pootlass song (continued).
  2. This is the song that Mrs. Dick Snow danced to at the Mask dance. Had to do with people guessing what she is thinking about.
  3. This is not a Chief's song but similar to it and of a lower class.
  4. A Chief's song.
    The last two songs belonged to the Susack Society.

Bella Coola songs : [no. 2]

The item consists of an audio disc (sound disc) of Bella Coola songs, recorded by Mildred Valley Thornton in 1953.
Disc summary: taken from accession file. The songs are introduced by Mildred Valley Thornton.
Side 3:

  1. Indian doctor's song or Medicine Man's song, given to Dr. Whitening.
  2. Alex Pootlass mourning song.
  3. Bark softener song, sung by a woman and danced by a woman always
  4. Bella Coola Echo song, when the music changes Echo always changes the mouth of his mask.
  5. Mrs. Reuben Schooner's dance song, also a mourning song.
  6. Thunderbird song.
    Side 4:
  7. Pat Schooner's love song, in Chinook.
  8. Bella Coola love song.
  9. La Halle song, just a song without words, sung at La Halle game
  10. Mourning song belonging to Mrs. Stephen Siwallis.

Between ourselves : The great west road : [parts 1 & 2]

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating fr;om different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. "The Great West Road", which comprises two episodes, presents the story of two journeys from the Fraser River to the Pacific Ocean: th;e first by Alexander Mackenzie in 1793, and the second by a party of scientists following Mackenzies's route in 1975. Dr. Roy Carlson, Dr. Rudi Haering, and Dr. Earl Nelson describe their own adventu;res en route, while Mackenzie's story is told in excerpts from his journal.;

Bylaws and other records

The series contains copies of by-laws governing life on Cowichan Indian Reserve, including Husband's Liability By-Law, Public Nuisance, School By-Law and laws governing adultery and property; petitions by Cowichan Reserve residents calling for appointment of a police constable and release of imprisoned native; letter recommending appointment of W.W.H. Lomas as Indian Agent; attendance record of the Cowichan Indian School, November - December 1881; and subscription lists for hospital funds.

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