Coast Salish



Scope note(s)

Source note(s)

  • Xwi7xwa Names for BC First Nations

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Coast Salish

Equivalent terms

Coast Salish

  • UF Coast Salish Indians
  • UF Salish Indians
  • UF Salishan Indians

238 Archival description results for Coast Salish

16 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

WSANEC woman

Item consists of a studio portrait of a WSANEC (W̱SÁNEĆ, Saanich) woman. The photograph is attributed to Frederick Dally.

Women, poverty, and housing: some consequences of hinterland status for a Coast Salish Indian reserve in metropolitan Canada / Marjorie Ruth Mitchell

The item is a microfiche copy of a thesis by Marjorie Ruth Mitchell titled "Women, poverty, and housing: some consequences of hinterland status for a Coast Salish Indian reserve in metropolitan Canada." 1976. xvii, 428 leaves: figs., maps, tables. Thesis (Ph.D.), University of British Columbia, 1976. Vita. Bibliography: leaves 400-422. Canadian theses on microfiche, 29898.

William Henry Lomas fonds

  • PR-0653
  • Fonds
  • 1864-1882

The fonds consists of a notebook, diaries, correspondence, and receipts of Lomas, primarily pertaining to his role as Cowichan Indian agent. Fonds includes bylaws governing life on the Cowichan Indian Reserve, petitions by residents, letters, an attendance register of the Cowichan Indian School and subscription lists for a hospital.

Lomas, William Henry, d. 1899

William (Bill) Christie interview

CALL NUMBER: T3534:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Christie : the early years in Canada RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1979-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bill Christie recounts memories of his early life in Canada.: born in Scotland; in the infantry in World War I; moving to Canada with his new wife after the war; first impressions of Canada; working in the streetcar business in Winnipeg; working on a farm for an American owner, Roberts, in Manitoba -- problems with boss, farm. TRACK 2: Bill Christie discusses: buying a farm from an Englishman for $9000; experiences of owning farm; worried about going into debt, so sold property; went to Saskatchewan next to help on a farm -- quit after a short time; worked at another farm in Saskatchewan; rented a place in the Uncha Valley, B.C. to farm; stories about farming in this part of B.C. in the inter-war years; journey from Rosetown up to Burns Lake (in the Uncha Valley); buying and selling some land up in this part of B.C.; beginning his work with the Indian department. [Tape stopped recording at this point for an unknown reason -- means there is a gap in the narrative.] CALL NUMBER: T3534:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Christie : coming to the Cariboo RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1979-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bill Christie discusses: the Farmers' Institute; hauling tiles; dances for community; the Christies had five children by this time -- not many educational opportunities, but lots of fun; finding references so he could apply for Indian Department job; meeting the Indian Commissioner; buying more cattle and livestock; becoming an Indian agent; description of their house near Williams Lake at the time; learning to be a good Indian agent; did some logging business to finance operation; book-keeping; story about Bella Coola logging; potato club in Bella Coola for the children; learning to drive a modern car. TRACK 2: Bill Christie discusses: driving a modern car for the first time from Vancouver -- eventful journey (cont'd); anecdotes about his time as Indian agent in Bella Coola -- trips around the area, building a school at Anaham, Father Bradley, Father Thomas, difficulty in getting qualified teachers, Jane Bryant (nurse), mixing of whites and Natives in schools (happened later on), Indian police, using an interpreter in meetings with the Bella Coola Natives; had powers of a magistrate; Barkerville murder. CALL NUMBER: T3534:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Christie : the Cariboo RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1979-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Christie discusses: the Barkerville murder (cont'd); case of two Natives wrongfully being accused of killing a steer; Natives were blamed for setting fires, even though farmers did it too; Reserve courts were never made legal, but they dealt with smaller crimes anyway; more on school in Anaham and Chilcotin Indian children who went there; chasing run-away children; difficulty in getting good lay school staff. TRACK 2: Mr. Christie discusses: story about an American teacher from aeronautical engineering school in Seattle; difficulty in retaining teachers at the Anaham school; Native children behaved well in the day schools; anecdote about a Masachi box; outbreak of T.B.; still trapping when he first came to the Cariboo; Natives would work on farms -- good at farming; Natives not good businessmen; Chilcotin Natives ethnicity; perception of Father Thomas; anecdote about Bishop Jennings; depending on interpreters; doctors in the area. CALL NUMBER: T3534:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Christie : the Cariboo RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1979-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Christie discusses: more on doctors in the Cariboo; anecdote about Dr. Haramia; story about getting half a deer from 'Sammy', a Native; needed to be practical to survive in the Cariboo; differences between those with university education and those without (like himself); Mission schools taught practical things to Natives, as well as reading and writing; difficulty in forcing children to go to school when schools were scarce -- Christie built schools to fix this problem. TRACK 2: Mr. Christie discusses: more about Mission schools; Archbishop Duke -- a Puritan, wanted to establish an Indian sisterhood; differences in Christianity- Catholic vs Protestant; Bella Bella mission; Father Bradley's visit to Elgatcho; relationship with the Archbishop; most independent Natives were the ones farthest from Williams Lake -- the Nemiahs and the Redstones; most troublesome Natives -- Anahams, some Alkali Lake Natives; poaching; little trouble between ranchers and Natives; Natives in Bella Coola did not mix well with the Norwegians; some land disputes. (End of interview)

Webster! : 1987-03-19

Public affairs. Jack Webster's popular weekday morning talk show. Guests and topics for this episode are: Finance Minister Mel Couvelier and NDP Finance Critic Dave Stupich go over the pros and cons of the new budget. George Erasmus, the National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations, and Chief Joe Mathias of the Squamish Indian Band discuss the issue of aboriginal self-government.

Webster! : 1984-10-09

Public affairs. Jack Webster's popular weekday morning talk show. Guests and topics for this episode are: Steve Wyatt reports from a helicopter over Pemberton, looking at the flood damage from the Pemberton River. Jack shows a film clip of Bill Vander Zalm from the previous week, wherein Bill accuses members of the Vancouver city council of being Communists. Jack then speaks with Alderman Harry Rankin (COPE), and Alderman Bruce Eriksen about Vander Zalm’s “red-baiting” and various peace initiatives undertaken by the council. Mr. Rankin calls Vander Zalm’s views “Christian fascism”. Jack speaks with Joe Mathias, Chief of the Squamish Band, and David Jacobs, Chairman, Squamish Band Council, about the band’s refusal to allow non-Indigenous fishing on a portion of the Capilano River. They also discuss the use of Ambleside Park, and land in Stanley Park.

Tzinquaw and related recordings by Frank Morrison

RECORDED: Duncan (B.C.), [1952-11 & 12] SUMMARY: Recordings related to "Tzinquaw", a musical dramatization or opera by Frank Morrison, based on the Cowichan Indian legend of a battle between the Thunderbird and the Killer Whale. The story tells how the Cowichan people were saved from starvation after Tzinquaw (the thunderbird) defeated Quannis (the killer whale), who had driven the fish away. T4156:0001 - 0003 and 0005 - 0009 are the recordings; related to "Tzinquaw". T4156:0004 is a recording of an impromptu gathering, probably at Frank Morrison's house near the Cowichan Reserve. T4156:0010 features a family [the Morrisons] on Christmas morning, talking about their presents.

Truman made honourary chief

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1945-12-03 SUMMARY: Report by Bill Herbert from Duncan, Vancouver Island, about a [Cowichan Indian] native ceremony making President Harry S. Truman an honourary Chief. Includes speeches in native dialects by Johnny Bear; and Chief George Thorne; traditional dances and music.;

Translations of Vancouver Island treaties

The series consists of three documents relating to MS-0772 Register of land purchases from Indians. The agreements recorded in the register are referred to as the Vancouver Island treaties (formerly known as the Douglas or Fort Victoria treaties). In February 2017 a conference was held at the Songhees Wellness Centre, inviting Indigenous and non-Indigenous islanders to discuss the treaties, their history, and their present-day impact.

The conference commissioned the first translations of two of the treaties into Lekwungen by Songhees Elder Dr. Elmer George, and a cultural interpretation of the treaties in SENĆOŦEN by STOLȻEŁ, Tsartlip Elder John Elliot Sr. The Lekwungen translations are of the če’q’nein nəč’elŋxʷ- kʷ’ats’ayč iʔ xpeʔ kʷəliq̌a (Chekonein treaty) and the Teechamitsa treaty.

Dr. Elmer George and John Elliot Sr. were awarded the Meritorious Service Award by the Governor General of Canada in recognition of this work.

First Nations, Land, & James Douglas: Indigenous & Treaty Rights in the Colonies of Vancouver Island & BC, 1849-1864 conference

The Squamish Indian People

The file is a manuscript about the Squamish people of British Columbia. It was commissioned by the North Vancouver School Board in 1974, and written by the BC Indian Language Project, and Louis Miranda of the Squamish First Nation. This is a photocopy of the original.

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