Item J-04534 - Field photograph of a group of twenty-one Indigenous individuals (youth, adults) and five H.M.S. Boxer sailors (adults) in front of community village site on the mainland of British Columbia attributed to Richard Maynard.

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Title proper

Field photograph of a group of twenty-one Indigenous individuals (youth, adults) and five H.M.S. Boxer sailors (adults) in front of community village site on the mainland of British Columbia attributed to Richard Maynard.

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  • graphic material

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the subject of the photograph.
  • Attributions and conjectures: This photograph is attributed to Richard Maynard.

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Item

Reference code

J-04534

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

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Date(s)

  • 1873 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

1 glass plate negative : b&w

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1832-1907)

Custodial history

Scope and content

Field photograph attributed to Richard Maynard, part of several field photographs taken by Richard Maynard during a government tour of inspection of Indigenous communities on the B.C. Mainland with I.W. Powell via the H.M.S. Boxer in September 1873. The photograph consists of a field photograph of group of twenty-one Indigenous individuals (youth, adults) and five H.M.S. Boxer sailors (adults) in front of community village site. It is one of several images taken at this location. It is a collodion glass plate negative (8x10 inches). Indigenous (youth, adults) are pictured seated and standing in a group in front the village buildings. They wear American/European clothes, with some individuals wearing blankets around their shoulders. Most Indigenous individuals wear short hair (i.e. below the ears or shoulder length), some wear headbands. Two individuals in the Indigenous group who are standing, wear long coats, hats and neck scarves. Another central figure (older adult) seated in the middle of the group wears circular earrings in both ears. One individual (youth) in the foreground situated between two sailors (one with their hand on the shoulder of the youth), wears a button blanket, a headband and holds their hands together in front of them. Photographer's equipment appears to be visible next to the group of sailors. A number of features of the village are depicted including: the construction of village buildings with horizontal timber planks, a loosely woven basket hanging up, carved poles (one appearing to contain a human form). Part of the surrounding trees and mountain range behind the village, some snow capped, are in view. The image contains visual information on the designs and artistic styles visible in the clothing (button blanket), carved poles, painted house beams, basket and buildings at this community. There is some surface design visible on several painted house beams. This negative has been manipulated. The landscape behind the village in the top half region of the plate has been removed, erasing the much of the information about the carved poles and half of the natural landscape (snow capped mountains).

Notes area

Physical condition

The negative is missing emulsion, removed and filled in with red [paint] in the top half region of the image. There is a paper label attached to the surface of the glass. These conditions result in a loss of the visual information on the plate in those regions.

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Restrictions on access

Restriction: The format of this photograph J-04534 is a glass plate negative. Researchers should consult the online reference image or reference room copy prior to consulting the original. Please contact the BC Archives for details.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

This item is in the public domain.

Finding aids

Associated materials

Associated Materials:
Photographic prints and research documentation regarding Indigenous studio portraits, are available at the Royal British Columbia Museum’s Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department. These are housed in the Indigenous audio-visual photographic collections.

For photographs (card mounted prints and modern copy prints) relating to the scenes of the village site and group portrait photographed at this community, see PN2097 (for this photograph), PN2096, PN2298, PN10035 and 2291b.
PN2097 is also identified as “Lantern Slides – Negatives not in C.F.N’s [C.F. Newcombe] Possession” alpha-numeric code “X133” in an undescribed photograph album known as "Album 2" also known as "Album B" (Indigenous Collections, Royal BC Museum). The entry for “x133” in “Newcombe Register 1” states: “x133. M/118. Knight's Inlet -Dsawadi- Houses with horizontal boards-sailors etc..?.” The entry for “M/118” in “Newcombe Register 2” states: “x133. 118. [Knight Inlet]. [Tsawidi]. houses horizontal board, tall poles [1873].” The alpha-numeric code “M/118” refers to the following section in the Newcombe register: “M-E Maynard Ethnology Negatives.”

Please contact the Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department to determine the access status of these records.

Related Material
The BC Archives Photograph collection also holds a photograph of the group portrait photographed at this community. See HP015892/G-05015, which is described as "Indian gathering at Knight Inlet." This photograph appears to be the same image as described in Indigenous Collections as PN2291-b, held in the Royal British Columbia Museum’s Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department.

The Maynard family collection also hold more photographs relating to the scenes of the village site and group portrait photographed at this community. Available in this series (MS-3378), see J-04533, J-04534 and J-04535.

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Accruals

General note

During the H.M.S Boxer tour of 1873, there were several accounts reported by the colonial news media of the H.M.S Boxer party visit to a Kwakwaka'waka Nation community near Knight Inlet on the mainland of British Columbia. The British Colonist reported in the June 18, 1873 article "Return of the H.M.S. Boxer from the North with the Superintendent of Indian Affairs" that a visit by the Superintendent, officers of the Boxer and Chiefs to a community/camp up the Sawatti river occurred on May 31, 1873.
The article also reported the gathering of several thousand Indigenous people here and the meeting between government to governments was photographed by R. Maynard. The photograph was said to include the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, officers of the Boxer, and the collective group of Indigenous representatives.
A report for the 1873 H.M.S. Boxer tour by Indian Affairs official Israel Wood Powell included a list of 19 views sent to the Secretary of the State in 1873. The list included seven images described as "No 5. Indian Ransherie T'sawattie Knights Inlet," "No 6. Indians at Tsawattie during visit of Commissioner," "No 9. Indian Ransherie at Knights Inlet," "No 10. Mountains at Knights Inlet," "No 12. Snow clad Hills at Knights Inlet," "No 15. Indian Ransherie at Knights Inlet" and "No 18. Indian Ransherie at T'sawattie."

General note

Accession number(s): 95-7328-3

General note

Location: 000343-1035

General note

This photograph was originally located in BC Archives and Records Service manuscript container identified as: "Maynard Coll. Box 7.16. West Coast Indians [Barkley & Nootka Sound] [Voyage HMS Boxer, Sept 1874] 19 plates" and "#93"

General note

The label contains the following information: "No. 3 Knigh.."

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