Item J-04535 - Field photograph of view of a community village scene, with eight or nine Indigenous individuals (youth, adults), river bank and mountain range in view, on the mainland of British Columbia attributed to Richard Maynard.

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Title proper

Field photograph of view of a community village scene, with eight or nine Indigenous individuals (youth, adults), river bank and mountain range in view, on the mainland of British Columbia attributed to Richard Maynard.

General material designation

  • graphic material

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Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on the subject of the photograph.
  • Attributions and conjectures: This photograph is attributed to Richard Maynard.

Level of description

Item

Reference code

J-04535

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Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1873 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

1 glass plate negative : b&w

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1832-1907)

Custodial history

Scope and content

Field photograph attributed to Richard Maynard, part of several field photographs taken by Richard Maynard during a government tour of inspection of Indigenous communities on the B.C. Mainland with I.W. Powell via the H.M.S. Boxer in September 1873. The photograph consists of a field photograph of view a community village scene on the mainland of British Columbia attributed to Richard Maynard. It is one of several images taken at this location. It is a collodion glass plate negative (8x10 inches). Eight or nine Indigenous women and girls (youth, adults) are pictured seated and standing around the village buildings, which is situated next to a river bank. They wear American/European clothes and blankets worn around their shoulders. One individual (adult) in the foreground wears a thick bracelet on their arm. A number of features of the village are depicted including: the construction of village buildings with horizontal timber planks, numerous woven mats and blankets, a number of loosely woven baskets hanging up, and several canoes in the foreground and background near the river. The central feature of the image is a building foundation structure that appear as uncarved wooden poles. Two carved poles are also visible and contain human and animal forms. Part of the photograph is blurred (i.e. several of the youth, as well as some of the blankets hung up). The surrounding trees and mountains range behind the village, some snow capped, are in view. The image contains visual information on the designs and artistic styles visible in the carved poles, baskets, canoes and buildings at this community. There is some surface design visible on canoes. This negative has been manipulated (e.g. filled in with black paint or pencil in the top half region of the image in the area depicting the sky).

Notes area

Physical condition

The negative is missing emulsion, removed and filled in with red [paint] in the top half region of the image. There is a paper label attached to the surface of the glass. These conditions result in a loss of the visual information on the plate in those regions.

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Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Restriction: The format of this photograph J-04535 is a glass plate negative. Researchers should consult the online reference image or reference room copy prior to consulting the original. Please contact the BC Archives for details.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

This item is in the public domain.

Finding aids

Associated materials

Associated Materials:
Photographic prints and research documentation regarding Indigenous studio portraits, are available at the Royal British Columbia Museum’s Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department. These are housed in the Indigenous audio-visual photographic collections.

For photographs (card mounted prints and modern copy prints) relating to the scenes of the village site and group portrait photographed at this community, see PN2298 (for this photograph), PN2096, PN2097, PN10035 and 2291b.

Please contact the Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department to determine the access status of these records.

Related Material
The BC Archives Photograph collection also holds a photograph of the group portrait photographed at this community. See HP015892/G-05015, which is described as "Indian gathering at Knight Inlet." This photograph appears to be the same image as described in Indigenous Collections as PN2291-b, held in the Royal British Columbia Museum’s Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department.

The Maynard family collection also hold more photographs relating to the scenes of the village site and group portrait photographed at this community. Available in this series (MS-3378), see J-04533, J-04534 and J-04535.

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Accruals

General note

During the H.M.S Boxer tour of 1873, there were several accounts reported by the colonial news media of the H.M.S Boxer party visit to a Kwakwaka'waka Nation community near Knight Inlet on the mainland of British Columbia. The British Colonist reported in the June 18, 1873 article "Return of the H.M.S. Boxer from the North with the Superintendent of Indian Affairs" that a visit by the Superintendent, officers of the Boxer and Chiefs to a community/camp up the Sawatti river occurred on May 31, 1873.

The article also reported the gathering of several thousand Indigenous people here and the meeting between government to governments was photographed by R. Maynard. The photograph was said to include the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, officers of the Boxer, and the collective group of Indigenous representatives.

A report for the 1873 H.M.S. Boxer tour by Indian Affairs official Israel Wood Powell included a list of 19 views sent to the Secretary of the State in 1873. The list included seven images described as "No 5. Indian Ransherie T'sawattie Knights Inlet," "No 6. Indians at Tsawattie during visit of Commissioner," "No 9. Indian Ransherie at Knights Inlet," "No 10. Mountains at Knights Inlet," "No 12. Snow clad Hills at Knights Inlet," "No 15. Indian Ransherie at Knights Inlet" and "No 18. Indian Ransherie at T'sawattie."

General note

Accession number(s): 95-7328-3

General note

Location: 000343-1035

General note

This photograph was originally located in BC Archives and Records Service manuscript container identified as: "Maynard Coll. Box 7.16. West Coast Indians [Barkley & Nootka Sound] [Voyage HMS Boxer, Sept 1874] 19 plates" and "#93"

General note

The label contains the following information: "No. 7 Knights Inlets"

Alpha-numeric designations

This photograph has the numbers "10" and "11" etched into the surface of the plate.

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