Fonds PR-1814 - Fort Chipewyan fonds

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Fort Chipewyan fonds

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  • textual record

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the fonds.

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  • 1829; 1850-1851 [Photocopied 193-] (Creation)
    Hudson's Bay Company. Fort Chipewyan

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Physical description

1 cm of textual records

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Administrative history

Fort Chipewyan was initially a North West Company fort established on Lake Athabaska in 1788 (Northeastern Alberta). The site was taken over by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1821 after the merger of the two companies.

Fort Chipewyan was a central part of the fur trade in the Athabasca District throughout the 19th century, acting as district headquarters from 1821 to 1837 and 1839 to 1917. It was a site visited by missionaries to the area as well, with Methodist Reverend James Evans visiting the fort in 1841, Father Alexandre Taché visiting in 1847, and Anglican Archdeacon J. Hunter visiting in 1858.

In 1939, all the HBC buildings were demolished, except the chief factor's residence. From 1959 to 1987, Fort Chipewyan fell under the control of the Northern Stores Department. In 1987, the northern stores were sold to the Hudson's Bay Northern Stores (later called North West Company).

Custodial history

The custodial history of the records that make up the Fort Chipewyan fonds is uncertain. Files with an "M" series number appear in the "M" series register (ADI0018), which is one of the earliest known inventory of private records in the custody of the Provincial Archives. Some individual items may have information about their custodial history, especially those that were borrowed, copied or transcribed and returned to the owner.

Scope and content

The fonds consists of a photocopy of the private letterbook of James Anderson while Chief Factor of Fort Chipewyan. It also includes a single page from a 1829 journal documenting a journey from Fort Chipewyan to Slave Lake.

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Associated records held by the Hudson's Bay Company Archives at the Archives of Manitoba.

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General note

Archives code(s): A/C/20/Ch2

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Accession number(s): PR-1814, 74A-602

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