Item T0848:0001 - 0004 - George Clutesi and Annie Hayes interview : [Orchard & Edwards, 196- & 1961 & 1965]

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George Clutesi and Annie Hayes interview : [Orchard & Edwards, 196- & 1961 & 1965]

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  • sound recording

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T0848:0001 - 0004

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  • [196-], 1961, 1965 (Creation)
    IN-02/1-5, recording date unknown; IN-02/6-7 recorded 1961-06-01; IN-02/8 recorded 1965-08-10;

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Physical description

8 audio reels (03:40:00) : 19 cm/sec, mono ; 18 cm

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CALL NUMBER: T0848:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: George Clutesi and his sister Annie Hayes discuss the procedure of the potlatch; the function of potlatches; Indian society; the potlatch and the Indian philosophy of giving; a description of a visitor's arrival; greetings; and gifts. TRACK 2: The discussion about the potlatch continues. Longhouse decorations; lighting; songs and dances; the welcoming song; special songs and dances; the Sea Serpent Dance; costumes; the War Dance; victory and celebration songs; farewell dance and song; the potlatch and Indian society.

CALL NUMBER: T0848:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: George Clutesi and Annie Hayes discuss the impact of the church and mission schools on Indian society, and the suppression of native culture. They speak of their own father and his role in the preservation of traditions, and the teaching of Indian culture and religion. They also discuss the "secret potlatch" of 1925. and Mr. Clutesi's presentation to the Massey Commission in 1949. TRACK 2: Mr. Clutesi recalls the early meetings held to revive native music and culture at Alberni; the teachings of Tutimias "Gus"; the establishment of the dancing and singing group, Somass Native Echoes; performances for Princess Elizabeth in 1951; folk festivals; performances; costumes; gathering cedar bark for costumes; and the BC Centennial celebrations in 1958.

CALL NUMBER: T0848:0003 track 1 RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Clutesi discusses the future of his dance group, Somass Native Echoes, and the need for ethnic pride. [ca. 10 minutes]. CALL NUMBER: T0848:0003 track 2 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961-06-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 2: Mr. Clutesi recalls the loneliness and fear in his early days at the Alberni residential school; his school experiences; and his changing attitudes toward his home and his native culture. He; mentions his increased appreciation of the native culture, and their philosophy of giving; the improvements made in native education and the establishment of their own school system; and the emphasis; on culture.

CALL NUMBER: T0848:0004 track 1 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961-06-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Clutesi tells the traditional story of Master Deer's encounter with the Wolf People. CALL NUMBER: T0848:0004 track 2 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-08-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 2: Mr. Clutesi recalls how Anthony Walsh inspired him to continue his career as an artist and to exhibit his paintings. Mr. Clutesi recalls his acquaintance with Ira Dilworth, Lawren Harris an;d Emily Carr. He describes his meetings with Emily Carr, and her influences. He discusses the Indian artist's approach to his work.

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Immediate source of acquisition

Imbert Orchard, 1974-1975


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A digital copy is available. Please contact staff for further information.

  • Partial transcript on file.
  • Preservation compact discs made from original audio reels, 2002-03-28.

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No access restrictions apply.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

  • Copying Restriction: Clients requesting research/private copies must fill out CBC form.
  • Use Restriction: Not for broadcast or commercial use without written permission of the CBC.
  • Copyright Status: Copyright Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

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General note

Accession number(s): T0848

General note

Previously described as AAAB0940

Alpha-numeric designations

Orchard ; IN-02/1-8

Credits note

speaker: George Charles Clutesi, speaker: Annie Hayes, interviewer: Imbert Orchard, interviewer: John Edwards, sound recording: Ian Stephen

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