Series GR-0138 - Orders issued by the Council of Public Instruction

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Orders issued by the Council of Public Instruction

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  • textual record

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GR-0138

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Date(s)

  • 1891-1971 (Creation)
    Creator
    British Columbia. Council of Public Instruction

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Physical description

1.3 m of textual records

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(1891-1971)

Biographical history

From 1891 until 1971 the Public Schools Act provided for a "Council of Public Instruction composed of the Minister [of Education] and other members of the Executive Council of British Columbia." As chairman of the council, it was the minister's duty to advise his cabinet colleagues "on all matters relating to education in the province." In other words, when the cabinet met to consider educational matters it was functioning as the Council of Public Instruction. The council was the highest level in the province's educational bureaucracy. It had a wide range of powers that it exercised by issuing rules and through orders in council. The rules of the council dealt with general regulations while orders concerned specific situations. The powers of the council were laid out in the Public Schools Act. In general terms, its powers may be summarized under seven categories: definition, regulation, approval, investigation and adjudication, appointment, and establishment. Through its powers of definition the council could establish or abolish school districts, define the length of school terms, and decide the classes of teachers' certificates. Under its powers of regulation it could set conditions for establishing schools, determine conditions under which Bible readings were held in the schools, and establish the general duties of school teachers. Through its powers of approval it formally sanctioned the use of certain textbooks. Under the heading of authorization the council approved the course of study used in the schools and made grants for vocational programmes. Investigation and adjudication involved cases of disputed school board elections and the suspension of teachers' certificates. The council's powers of appointment allowed it to appoint school trustees and members of the Provincial Board of Examiners, while under the category of establishment the council could establish special training programmes and summer schools for teachers. The Council of Public Instruction ceased to exist on 02 April 1971 by an amendment to the Public Schools Act.

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Scope and content

The series consists of orders issued by the Council of Public Instruction between 1929 and 1971. It also includes the indexes to the orders, and summaries of them, created between 1871 and 1971.

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Immediate source of acquisition

Received from Library, Dept. of Education in 1976.

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General note

Accession number(s): 76-G-068

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