Indigenous peoples--Education--British Columbia



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  • Based on work done by the Manitoba Archival Information Network.

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Indigenous peoples--Education--British Columbia

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Indigenous peoples--Education--British Columbia

  • UF Indians--British Columbia--Education

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Indigenous peoples--Education--British Columbia

82 Archival description results for Indigenous peoples--Education--British Columbia

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A study of the language development of five year old children attending the Chilcotin Indian Day School and the Redstone Indian Day School / Kathleen Marie Hosgood

The item is a microfiche copy of a thesis by Kathleen Marie Hosgood titled "A study of the language development of five year old children attending the Chilcotin Indian Day School and the Redstone Indian Day School. xi, 117 p: tables, figures. Thesis (M.A.), University of Victoria, 1982. Vita. Bibliography: p 114-117. Canadian theses on microfiche, 64369.

Ada Dawe interview : [Orchard, 1965]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-06-17 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Ada Dawe recalls her father Thomas John Cook; his arrival in Sechelt in 1893; Bert Whittaker and his store and hotel and steamships; more on steamships, the "Comox"; waiting for ships circa 1910 to 1914; and fishing. TRACK 2: Mrs. Dawe continues describing the arrival of nuns from France, Order of the Infant Jesus [Sisters of the Child Jesus], with Mother Superior Theresine in 190;3; the building of the Indian residential school in 1905; more on native Indians, including their appearance and their brass band; prominent Indians including Jack Isadore and Chief Julius and Chief A;lf August; the school for white children in 1912; Christmas festivities; roads to Porpoise Bay; Gibsons and Pender Harbour; and her impressions of loggers.

Alberni Indian Residential School : program of songs and dances

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-06-03 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This recording of the students of the Alberni Indian Residential School was taken during a rehearsal at the PNE Gardens in 1966, possibly under the direction of George Clutesi. An introducto;ry narration is heard, followed by songs, including: a paddle song; an unidentified song; a welcome song; a war song; a private song; a victory dance; a sea-serpent dance song; and a farewell song. [;TRACK 2: blank.];

Albert Millar interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-05-24 SUMMARY: TRACK 1 & 2: Mr. Albert Millar talks about Anthony Walsh and his work as a teacher at the Inkameep Reserve, encouraging the revival of Indian arts and culture among the children there, from 1932 to 19;42. He also discusses what happened after Mr. Walsh left.

[Alfred E. Booth footage : CBC sample reel]

Footage. Comprises eight unedited film items from the Alfred E. Booth collection.

  1. Cariboo scenes, ca. 1936: includes ranch scenes (Flying U Ranch?), river ferry, etc.
  2. B.C. interior scenes, ca. 1937-1945: includes buses, beer parlour interior, Kamloops Indian Residential School, fire trucks, steam train.
  3. Kelowna Regatta, ca. 1939: water sports, lifesaving class, "Ogopogo" replica, Okanagan scenery.
  4. Greenwood, ca. 1939: visiting baseball team on street with locals, mining scenes, old-timers, artist at work, scenery.
  5. Edgewood and Arrow Lakes area, ca. 1938: townsfolk, street scenes, etc.
  6. Cariboo scenes, ca. 1936 or 1939: guest ranch scenes (Flying U Ranch?), orchard, trail riding (or pack train?) scenes. 7. New Denver area scenes, ca. 1938-1939: ore refining [?], town scenes, fire hall, etc.
  7. Pier D fire, Vancouver, 27 July 1938: the fire (various angles), crowd of onlookers, fire crews and fireboats at work.

Alice Joyce interview

CALL NUMBER: T0965:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-08-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Alice Joyce, wife of Edward Joyce, is a native woman. The interview begins with a discussion about arranged marriages. Then she recalls her first school experience at the Alert Bay Home including what life was like there. She proceeds to recall Indian agent William Halliday, whom she felt was very mean; her father Amos Johnson; her Uncle Billy Johnson; and Missionary Westbury. Sh;e discusses the abolition of Indian religion and customs followed by a description of potlatch and Hamatsa ceremonies. TRACK 2: Mrs. Joyce describes Alert Bay circa 1920; housing; the food and diet ;of her people; the use of seaweed; family crests on totems; her family's house; a legend of a young man who could change his form; a two-headed dragon crest; an Indian interpretation of death as "going home"; education; and marriage.;

CALL NUMBER: T0965:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-08-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Joyce recalls the many dances she participated in; a comparison to dances of other cultures; a description of the masks; musical instruments; and a discussion of songs and dancing. [TRA;CK 2: blank.]

Annie Hayes interview

CALL NUMBER: T0859:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-09-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Paul Hayes discusses Indian praying spiritual songs and singing; ritual purification; religious ritual before whaling trips; a family story about the thunderbird and the whale; the Indian mythology about the Creation; the role of white education on Indian traditions; songs of the Flood; and the whale hunt song. TRACK 2: Mrs. Hayes describes her childhood experiences at Alberni; raising her brother; schooling in Alberni; life on the Alberni reservation; winter storms; wolves; residential schools; training as a nurse and midwife; and her nursing experiences.

CALL NUMBER: T0859:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-09-02 & 03 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Hayes continues with recollections about her nursing experiences and midwifery; she discusses native social and marriage customs; feasts and potlatches for births; naming and first birthdays; prenuptial rituals; marriage customs; polygamy; and preserving Indian marriage customs. She describes the different dialects among the Nootka people. TRACK 2: Mrs. Hayes discusses Indian son;gs; the inheritance of chieftainship; women chiefs; the form of songs; and examples of various types. She talks about territorial rights; disapproval of theft; Chief Wickaninnish from Clayoquot and other chiefs; love songs; early dances; songs and rituals at Tofino; rhythm in the songs; and rights to songs.

Anthony Walsh interview

Tape summary: T1071:0001 Mr. Anthony Walsh discusses his experiences as a teacher at Inkameep Reserve School near Oliver, 1932 to 1942. He explains how he started teaching; the origin of his interest in Indian culture; his impressions of Inkameep reserve; early work with the Indian children; an Inkameep Christmas card; European interest in the Inkameep artwork; the nature of the children's art; native reactions; to white culture; the children's creative work; the school system; teaching at 6 Mile Creek; approaches to art; conditions on the reserve; why he went to Inkameep and then stayed; a description of Inkameep and the influence of the Old Chief. TRACK 2: Mr. Walsh discusses the North Okanagan reserve; the character and traditions at Inkameep; rock paintings; the school; Indian stories as drama; beginnings of school plays; costumes and masks; performances; evaluation by children of plays; reactions; "Tortoise and Hare" play; the children's reaction to school at various ages; and Chief Baptiste George.

CALL NUMBER: T1071:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Children's drama, dance, and art on Inkameep Reserve, 1932-1942 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1962-07-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Walsh discusses how Indian cowboys sang native songs; a contest to collect Indian songs; the development of dances from movements of animals such as the deer dance and butterfly dance; native art forms; a description of costumes; recitals; impression on white people; a "radio studio" at the school; recording at CBC Vancouver; a recital at the opening of Thunderbird Park in Victoria; ;art exhibitions in BC and abroad. TRACK 2: Mr. Walsh discusses the Inkameep nativity play; the story of the play; white interests; the Okanagan Arts and Crafts Society; leaving Inkameep; the effects; of war and how the school closed; the effects of the Inkameep experiment; the conditions on the reserve at the time of the interview; a growing understanding by white people; present problems and how; cooperation with white people is essential.;

CALL NUMBER: T1071:0003 track 1 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A visit with Emily Carr, and experience as a teacher on an Indian reserve RECORDED: [location unknown], 1962-07-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Anthony Walsh discusses his visit with Emily Carr in 1939 or 1940, and their discussion of art and native culture; reflections on his Inkameep experience as the "richest part of my life"; the teacher/pupil relationship; growth from early failures; relations with adult Indians; a comparison of Okanagan Indian culture to other Indian cultures; how Okanagan culture has changed.

Anthony Walsh interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): An Okanagan visit RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 [summer] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This interview by Imbert Orchard was conducted in the summer of 1969 and given the title "An Okanagan Visit". It deals with Mr. Anthony Walsh's teaching career at Inkameep Reserve School whe;re he encouraged arts and culture in First Nations students. He discusses coming back to the Okanagan after leaving in 1942; the vineyards on Inkameep reserve; the decline in students since the 1950s;. He states that Chief Baptiste George's death in the 1950s led to slippage in the natives' quality of life; and discusses the impact of Alcoholics Anonymous. Mr. Walsh describes changes in the Okana;gan and the appeal of different places; his own life; his enjoyment of solitude and his creative endeavors. Mr. Walsh criticizes white people; comments on inspections of his work by the federal gover;nment, and notes how he was able to win the confidence of the children. Mr. Walsh recounts his own background, including upbringing in Ireland and Scotland; how he acquired his teaching position; his; abilities as an art teacher, and his desire to give a sense of the past to the children of the Okanagan. [TRACK 2: blank.];

Bernice Touchie interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bernice Touchie interview on culture and language RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-09-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bernice Touchie discusses: her background, residential schooling, sports days (Makah days), cultural events, Native handicrafts, potlatching, dancing. TRACK 2: Bernice Touchie discusses: Native languages, her years at the University of Victoria in the Diploma Program, her plans for the future, keeping Native languages alive. (End of interview)

Bert McKay interview

CALL NUMBER: T1239:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bert McKay : the Nisga'a Indians : part 1 PERIOD COVERED: 1882-1972 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1972 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bert McKay, a New Aiyansh elementary school principal, speaks about education and the Nisga'a people. He discusses the problems with high school education and residential schools, recent improvements and innovations, attempts to integrate the Nisga'a culture and language into the curriculum, current (1972) plans, "traders English", the present curriculum, non-Indian teachers and current p;roblems with communication and teaching English as a second language (TEAL). Bert McKay speaks about a resurgence of Indian unity and a disruption of the native way of life by the post-war logging boo;m. TRACK 2: Bert McKay continues speaking about Aiyansh and the Nisga'a society, the cultural strength of the community, the importance of the family unit and Nisga'a culture and traditions remaining intact. Rev. McCullagh and the impact of the missionaries is discussed, including the new role of priests. He talks about modern day wedding procedures and ceremonies, traditions, rituals, philosophy, ceremonials, crests -- territorial rights, Nisga'a elders teaching the young men and the issue of the Nisga'a Land Rights Question, 1882-1971.

CALL NUMBER: T1239:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bert McKay : the Nisga'a Indians : part 1 PERIOD COVERED: 1882-1971 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1972 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bert McKay continues discussing the history and background to the Nisga'a Land Question -- the "Nishga Land Petition", further encroachments on native rights -- fish, game and timber permits,; Indian-white relations -- settlers, logging, the "Heart of the Nass" -- a rock 30 miles south of Aiyansh which is landmark for the Nisga'a, the richness of the Nass Valley, eulachon, the background to the destruction of the "Heart of the Nass" and the importance of a mountain in Nisga'a history -- the "great flood" myth.

[British Columbia Indians, ca. 1941]

Amateur film. Miscellaneous footage taken during the time that Miss Gerry worked as a nurse for the federal Dept. of Indian and Northern Affairs. Includes footage of Indian reserves and villages, celebrations and school children; a First Communion procession at St. Paul's Indian Catholic Church in North Vancouver; hospital and clinic scenes; residential schools and Coqualeetza Indian School and Hospital; Cariboo highway and scenery; Williams Lake Stampede; etc. Also includes OUR CARIBOO NEIGHBORS, a discrete two-reel film that depicts a 1941 automobile journey to visit Indian reserves and missions in the Cariboo. For a detailed content summary of OUR CARIBOO NEIGHBORS, see item description AAAA5215.

Carl McNaughton interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-05-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Carl McNaughton discusses Anthony Walsh's work at Inkameep reserve school, 1932 to 1942. He discusses impressions of Mr. Walsh; the writing of children's plays; the school; a description of plays and dances; art and craft work; displays; general comments on the Inkameep experiment; what happened after Mr. Walsh left; Mr. Walsh's work and character; the effect of his Inkameep work; M;r. Walsh's talents; the children's plays; a description of Mr. Walsh including his background; and George Baptiste who was the old chief at Inkameep. TRACK 2: Mr. McNaughton recalls some people of t;he South Okanagan from 1922 and on. He discusses the Krugers of Meyers Flat; Mr. McCuddy's days as a customs officer; the Haynes family; the development of orchards in the south Okanagan from 1918; rancher Val Haynes; the Fraser family; crops grown; the growth of Oliver; Osoyoos; original land prices were high and then lowered by Premier Pattullo after a protest; and recent dealings with Indians.

Cathy Mulvahill interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-09-25 SUMMARY: Mrs. Mulvahill married into a pioneer ranching family that had come to Chezacut in 1907. (Second marriage, 1973.) Tells of teaching before her marriage, in home economics at Langley, etc. Since coming to Chezacut she has taught at the one-room school there. Published handbook on life skills and development for isolated Indian children. Received grant from Educational Research Institute of B.C. for this project. Project included the building of a log house as a demonstration; building of four sample fences common to area; spinning, carding and weaving sheep wool; beadwork and basketwork. (Project resulted in all Indians owning and living in log houses.) Complains about top-heavy administration and the lack of monetary aid and encouragement.

Central Registry system files

This series consists of central registry system files from the Department of Indian Affairs, 1879-1956. Records include miscellaneous files relating to Indian affairs in British Columbia. Includes files regarding Indian schools, game laws, trapping, fur conservation, fisheries and fishing regulations, enlistments, war funds and Indian veterans' pensions.

Canada. Department of Indian Affairs

Clara Clare interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1963-03-14 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Clara Clare discusses her experience as an Indian child at All Hallows School in Yale BC. She describes Spuzzum BC, and the flood of 1894. TRACK 2: Mrs. Clare offers her memories of people and events around Yale in the 1890s.

Clarence Joe interview

CALL NUMBER: T0960:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-06-22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Clarence Joe describes the Sechelt Indian Nation; how they live, hunt and gather food; potlatches; the use of seal oil. He then discusses the arrival of white men, including the smallpox epidemic pre 1886; the arrival of missionaries with Father Fouquet in 1860 and the decision to build a church, completed in 1889. He tells about the origin of the name Sechelt; how the church burnt; down in 1902; the women who predicted the coming of the white men; the 1902 decision to build a residential school and its development; Bert Whittaker's role in the school; the organization of the Sechelt Nation; the Indian fear of white men; Indian religion and beliefs; white explorers; the fur trade and violence. TRACK 2: Mr. Joe continues by discussing Father Durieu; the Sechelt Nations Org;anization; the Sechelt Catholic community; Indian exclusion from government pension; the school burning down in 1917; Indian and English names mixed; the progression of residential school to day school; the enfranchisement of Indians; the legend of the origin of Sechelt Indians; his own involvement with the Johnston family, Jud; Steve and others; Indian medical cures; Mr. Joe's Indian name; his education and the Indian attachment to children.

CALL NUMBER: T0960:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-06-22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Joe discusses Bert Whittaker's arrival in 1895, including his store and his land conflict with Indians; Chief Johnny's influence on Sechelt Indians; the Indian brass band; Indian logging camps; contributions for the building of schools; the arrival of French nuns to teach school in 1903; the Church's influence on Indians concerning potlatches as early as 1868; the last Indian tribal gathering in 1850; Indian legends and songs; rock carvings near Vancouver and Jervis Inlet; Sechelt Indians as commercial fishermen and hired hunters. [TRACK 2: blank.];

Correspondence and other material

Series consists of a collection of material documenting Anthony Walsh's work as a teacher at Indian schools, notably Inkameep. It includes a certificate of Honorary life membership in the B.C. Indian Arts and Welfare Society, 1964; correspondence from Alice Ravenhill 1949-1953, George Clutesi, 1943-1947 and various other people, including former students, 1944-1962; plays, poems and stories written by Walsh, Isabel Christie McNaughton and the students of Inkameep, articles and newspaper clippings relating to Walsh, Inkameep and its children, Alice Ravenhill, and Indian arts and crafts; various programmes relating to performances of plays by Walsh and the Inkameep students 1939-1951; and material relating to Indian art and crafts in general.

Correspondence and other material

  • GR-1389
  • Series
  • 1969-1979

This series contains correspondence, reports, and miscellaneous papers regarding planning and revision of school curricula. The first box contains ministerial correspondence, progress reports, plus files on Indian education, industrial arts, home economics, and women's studies. Box 2 contains files regarding secondary guidance, English and business education. It also files regarding a Captain Cook study kit from 1978. Box 3 contains files regarding an introduction of core curriculum, 1977. It also includes departmental papers, reports, selected correspondence and "reaction sheets" from teachers, parents, and pupils.

British Columbia. Ministry of Education. Curriculum Development Branch

Council of Public Instruction correspondence and other material

  • GR-0899
  • Series
  • 1954-1970

This series consists of correspondence, minutes, briefs, memoranda, etc., of the Council of Public Instruction. Most of the records in this unit date from the 1967-1970 period. Included are records relating to Indian schools, private schools, universities and colleges, curriculum development, vocational programmes, and the Dept. of Education's Instructional Media Committee. Also included are records of the department's Community Programmes Branch which, in April 1970, was transferred to the Department of Recreation and Conservation. The minister's and the superintendents correspondence, and the Accreditation and Legislation Committee files in this collection are restricted.

GR-0899 consists of correspondence, minutes, briefs, and memoranda of the Council. The outside dates for material in the collection are 1954-1970, but most of the files date from the period 1967-1969. The collection includes material relating to Indian schools, private schools, universities and colleges, the Provincial Board of Examiners, curriculum development, and the Department of Education Instructional Media Committee. Also included are records of the department's Community Programmes Branch (19641970), a branch which was transferred to the Department of Recreation and Conservation on 01 Apr 1970.

British Columbia. Council of Public Instruction

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