Indigenous peoples--Land tenure--British Columbia

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Indigenous peoples--Land tenure--British Columbia

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Indigenous peoples--Land tenure--British Columbia

  • UF Indians--British Columbia--Land tenure

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Indigenous peoples--Land tenure--British Columbia

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Aboriginal liaison and First Nations consultation case files for the Cariboo Region

  • GR-3902
  • Series
  • 1985-2008

This series consists of Aboriginal liaison and First Nations consultation case files, primarily for the Cariboo region, from 1985-2008. These records document the Ministry of Environment and its successors' resource management involvement with First Nations groups and consultation with respect to resource management plans. Each file documents consultation and communication with a particular First Nation, Tribal Council or other Indigenous group regarding a variety of issues and practices related to resource management and use. File may be related to land claims, land use planning, the creation of sustainable resource management plans (SRMPs) and sub-regional area plans, or specific resource management and land management issues, including forestry, water rights, wildlife management and hunting, mining, protection of parks and cultural sites, and the creation of roads.

The files in this series were titled and organized in most instances as case files, based on the name of the First Nation involved in the consultation process. Many files document the creation and finalization of various kinds of agreements between the Ministry and First Nations groups. Files also include the planning and execution of joint projects, workshops and meetings to consult First Nations about the creation of resource management plans or to address specific resource management issues.

Files may include correspondence, reports, memorandums of understanding, agreements, financial records, business records of the relevant indigenous group, consultation protocols, maps, and newspaper articles and government responses to them.

Most files regard a particular indigenous group, mostly from the Cariboo and surrounding region, including: 'Esdilagh (Alexandria Band), Alexis Creek, Tl'etinqox Government (Anaham), Llenlleney'ten (High Bar), Bonaparte, Tsq’escen (Canim Lake), Stswecem’c/Xgat’tem (Canoe Creek), Carrier-Sekani Tribal Council, Carrier Chilcotin Tribal Council, Cariboo Tribal Council, Northern Secwēpemc te Qelmūcw (NStQ or Northern Shuswap Tribal Council), Esketemc (Alkali Lake), Hamatla Treaty Society, Homalco, Lhoosk’uz Dene (Kluskus), Lheidli-Tenneh, Nazko, Nuxalk Nation Government, Lhtako Dene (Red Bluff), Saik’uz, Skeetchestn, Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, Xat’sūll (Soda Creek), Simpcw (North Thompson Indian Band), Yunesit'in Government (Stone Indian Band), Tsilhqot’in National Government, Tl'esqox (Toosey First Nation), St'át'imc, Ts'kw'aylaxw, Ulkatcho Nation, Whispering Pines/Clinton, T'exelc (Williams Lake Indian Band), and Xeni Gwet’in First Nations. Other Indigenous groups may be mentioned within files.

Note that some of these files were reviewed as part of the following litigation: Xeni Gwet’in First Nations Government v. Her Majesty the Queen et al.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:
Ministry of Environment (1988-1991)
British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks (1991-2001)
British Columbia. Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management (2001-2005)
British Columbia. Ministry of Agriculture and Lands (2005-2010)

Records in this series are covered by ORCS 17020-20 and 17730-25 of the Resource Management ORCS (schedule 144100).

British Columbia. Ministry of Agriculture and Lands

Allan Williams : [press conferences, Feb-1977 - Jan-1978]

CALL NUMBER: T1146:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Press conference about the Workers' Compensation Board RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 197702-16 & 03-17 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams announces the firing of the Workers' Compensation Board, 16-Feb-1977. TRACK 2: Williams press conference following a meeting with the BC Federation of Labour; also, reaction of Len Guy, BCFL secretary, 17-Mar-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Press conference about the Workers' Compensation and the Revelstoke dam RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-02-17 & 28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams names the new Workers' Compensation Board, 17-Feb-1977. TRACK 2: Williams says he will not stop preparatory work on the Revelstoke Dam. Also, Williams reacts with surprise to the initial position of the IWA on their upcoming contract talks, 28-Feb-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Press conference on labour and Native land claims RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-03-01 & 04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams comments on a meeting with the BC Federation of Labour, and expresses his opposition to provincial wage controls, 01-Mar-1977. TRACK 2: Williams comments on the subject of the native land claims of the Stuart-Trembleur Indians, 04-Mar-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: News conference regarding "cut off lands" RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-03-17 & 18 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams discusses an upcoming meeting with Native groups about "cut off lands", 17-Mar-1977. TRACK 2: News conference following the first-ever meeting between federal government, provincial government and Native groups on the subject of native land claims relating to the "cut off lands" question, 18-Mar-1977: Philip Joe, Warren Allmand, and Allan Williams. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: On unemployment and Revelstoke dam appeal RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-04-14 & 21 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams comments on continuing high unemployment, 14-Apr-1977. TRACK 2: Williams on the appeal by SPEC concerning the Revelstoke Dam, 21-Apr-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0006 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Discusses Bill 92 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-10-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In a news conference, Allan Williams announces the introduction of Bill 92, the Essential Services Disputes Act, and details its provisions, 19-Oct-1977. TRACK 2: Williams discusses the provisions of Bill 92 in a press conference. He emphasizes that the Bill is not intended to affect the private sector, but to prevent strikes and lockouts in the public sector, 19-Oct-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0007 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Discusses Revelstoke dam project and Nisga'a land claims RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977 & 1978 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In a news conference, Labour Minster Allan Williams announces that the Revelstoke Dam project will be allowed to proceed under BC Hydro direction. He details the functions and responsibilities of the various officials, organizations and committees involved in the project. He also suggests the creation of an organization independent of BC Hydro to estimate energy requirements, and that existing energy legislation be reviewed; 12-Sep-1977. TRACK 2: At a Federal-Provincial Labour Ministers conference, Williams releases the provincial government position on Nisga'a land claims. B.C. takes the position that aboriginal title does not exist. Williams discusses in general the status of Indians in B.C. and states that Indians themselves must be involved in any solutions. He states that it is the provincial government's responsibility to make the Indians' future a more equitable one; 25-Jan-1978.

Allied Indian Tribes of British Columbia.

Transcript of conference of Dr. Duncan C. Scott, Deputy Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs of the Dominion of Canada, and W.E. Ditchburn, Chief Inspector of Indian Agencies of British Columbia with the Executive Committee of the Allied Indian Tribes of British Columbia.

Copied from photocopy loaned by Duane Thomson, Okanagan College, Penticton.

Allied Indian Tribes of British Columbia

Archibald McKinlay Diary Part 2

File consists of the diary of Archibald McKinlay, the second part of two. The diary documents his travels in the role of reserve commissioner through the Okanagan region, and also contains copies of outward correspondence and expenses. A loose sheet in the back of the diary contains copies of letters written by James McKinlay and a list of plants.

McKinlay, Archibald, 1811-1891

Bill Bennett : [speeches, etc., at Social Credit convention, November 1977]

CALL NUMBER: T1707:0076 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Bennett: Addresses Social Credit convention RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-11-04 [or 5?] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Premier Bill Bennett addresses the 1977 Social Credit provincial convention. He says that the purpose of Social Credit was not just to defeat the NDP, but to provide a better life for the people of the province. Outlines accomplishments of the Social Credit government: aid to seniors, universal pharmacare, extended health care, hospital construction, education reform, recreational facilities, juvenile law reform, anti-drug program, ombudsman, quarterly financial reports, auditor general, crown corporations, Reporting Act, better relations with municipalities, better relations with the government of Canada. Talks about federal/provincial ferries agreement, DREE agreement, ARDA agreement, BCR agreement; pledges not to abandon BCR; praises cabinet ministers and Social Credit MLAs; says Social Credit government is a team effort; says the government has an economic plan for BC; mining policy. TRACK 2: Forestry policy; new investment in the forest industry; says BC and Alberta are bright spots in Canada; one of the best records of new job creation in Canada; best record of man days lost due to strikes and lockouts in recent history in BC; discusses positive economic impact of the Alcan pipeline; demands national economic plan, cuts in government spending; calls for national unity. November 4 [or 5?], 1977.

CALL NUMBER: T1707:0077 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Bennett: "Ask the Cabinet" question and answer session at Social Credit convention RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-11-03 or 04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: An "Ask the Cabinet" question-and-answer session at the 1977 Social Credit convention, moderated by Premier Bill Bennett. Questions regarding child custody hearings; seat belt legislation; enforcement of labour legislation; ferry workers; property tax rates versus mill rates; [interruption as a pie is thrown in Bill Vander Zalm's face]; recreation grants, Vancouver Finlandia club; plans to make the BC economy more productive; pollution in Okanagan Lake; seat belt legislation; comments of Judge L. Bewley regarding women; decentralization of the court system. TRACK 2: Questions regarding government accountability to the convention; decrease in number in non-residential hunters; release of agricultural land from government to farmer and land leasing; Vancouver-Kitimat ferry service; Indian land claims, including Nishga claims; new campsites; why the Lord's Day Act is not enforced; auto insurance rates; balanced budgeting; impaired driving; education priorities; universities; advertising in English textbooks; monorail rapid transit. November 3 or 4, 1977. [Continues on T1707:0077.]

CALL NUMBER: T1707:0078 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Bennett: "Ask the Cabinet" question and answer session at Social Credit convention (cont'd) RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-11-03 or 04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: [Continues from T1707:0077, track 2.] Questions regarding corporation capital tax; penalties against impaired drivers for causing death in accidents; culpability of union members for damage or injury due to job action; money for university education; core curriculum; difficulties in getting a small company going. November 3 or 4, 1977. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Correspondence and other material

  • GR-1411
  • Series
  • 1917-1922

This series contains departmental general correspondence files, 1917-1922, pertaining to Songhees land in Victoria. Files, which had been alienated from the Railway Dept. filing system (also see GR-0817) and transferred to the Dept. of Lands, include Railway file 53.3 "Songhees industrial leases", 53.4 "Foundation Company--Imperial Munitions Board" and parts of 53.5 "Johnson Street Bridge". The series also contains two agreements (1917, 1919) involving the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway.

British Columbia. Railway Dept.

Delgamuukw court records

  • GR-3481
  • Series
  • 1985-1991

The series consists of transcripts of court proceedings, cross-examinations, examination of discovery, exhibit indices, closing statements, briefs, and reasons for judgement of Delgamuukw v. The Queen. The case was heard in the Smithers Supreme Court between 1987 and 1989 (case file 0843). Following the hearings in Smithers, the case reached the BC Court of Appeal and eventually made its way to the Supreme Court of Canada where a landmark ruling was finally issued in 1997.

The transcripts of the proceedings at trial, which consist of 369 spiral-bound volumes, provide a wealth of information on First Nations genealogies, traditional resource knowledge, and language, as well as details of the extent of traditional territories. The series consists of more than 23,000 pages of trial transcript and includes the testimonies of more than 60 witnesses. The series also includes the reasons for judgment. Gitxsan hereditary chief Delgamuukw (Albert Tait), who filed the Statement of Claim, passed away shortly before the trial opened in 1987 and was succeeded by Kenneth Muldoe who was in turn succeeded by his brother, artist Earl Muldon. The claim covered 133 traditional territories, which amounted to 58,000 square kilometers of northwestern British Columbia. Peter R Grant served as lead counsel for the Gitxan and Wet-suwet'en chiefs, and D.M.M. Goldie served as lead counsel for the Province.

The files are arranged as they arrived from the Smithers court registry. Boxes 1 to 13 contain the proceedings at trial. Boxes 16 and 17 include lists of exhibits which provide information on relevant archival collections held in repositories across the province.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Smithers)

Dept. of Indian Affairs records with regard to British Columbia

The series consists of the records of the Office of the Indian Reserve Commissioner for British Columbia (1884-1898), the Office of the Indian Superintendent for British Columbia (1884-1894), plus records from the Office of the Indian Commissioner for British Columbia and its antecedent Office of the Chief Inspector of Indian Agencies (1910-1956). Also included are records of the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for British Columbia [McBride-McKenna Commission] (1858-1930, but mainly from the period 1913-1916) along with field office records of the Nass, Skeena, and Queen Charlotte Indian agencies (1910-1968).

The records include correspondence inward, hearing transcripts, and exhibits. The following descriptions of the five series which comprise this unit have been adapted from the RG 10 Inventory, published by the Public Archives of Canada (PAC):
I. Office of the Indian Reserve Commissioner for the Province of British Columbia, 1884-1898 (RG 10 Volumes 11007-11015, microfilm reels B05631-B05633). Following a number of unsuccessful attempts to resolve the problem of Indian land in British Columbia, a three-man commission made up of dominion and provincial representatives and a joint commissioner was established in 1876. In 1878 the body was restructured and G.M. Sproat made sole Indian Reserve Commissioner. Upon his resignation in 1880, Peter O'Reilly was appointed to the position. The Indian Reserve Commissioner was given by order-in-council some discretionary power to act in allotting reserves although he was to follow suggestions of the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works (representing the provincial government) and the Indian Superintendent for British Columbia (representing the federal authority) concerning the locations to be visited and reserves established. His actions were to be subject to confirmation by these two officers and failing their agreement, questions at issue were to be put to the Lieutenant Governor for decision. O'Reilly served as Indian Reserve Commissioner until February 1898 when his duties were assumed by A.W. Vowell who also held the post of Indian Superintendent for British Columbia. Vowell served concurrently in both offices until his retirement in 1910 at which time the positions were abolished. The records in this series represent the incoming correspondence of the Office of the Indian Reserve Commissioner between February 1884 and November 1898. They are arranged chronologically and a number of maps and plans accompany the letters.

II. Office of the Indian Superintendent for British Columbia, 1886-1894 (RG 10 volume 11016, microfilm reel B 5633). The process of establishing a federal presence in the administration of Indian Affairs in British Columbia was a complicated one in the first years after that province entered Confederation. In 1872 a Superintendent of Indian Affairs was appointed, but in the following year it was decided that a Board of Indian Commissioners should, under the direction of the Superintendent General of Indian Affairs, administer Indian matters in the province. Although commissioners were appointed, the Board was not a success and in 1875 British Columbia Indian administration was reorganized through the creation of two superintendencies (Victoria and Fraser). Four years later this system was replaced by one of several agents under the direction of a visiting Indian Superintendent until 1889 when he was succeeded by A.W. Vowell. The office was abolished in 1910. The records represent incoming correspondence to the Office of the Indian Superintendent for British Columbia between November 1886 and November 1894. They are arranged chronologically and were originally maintained in bound gummed stub files.

III. Office of the Chief Inspector of Indian Agencies/Indian Commissioners for British Columbia, 1910-1956 (RG 10 volumes 11001 – 11006, microfilm reels B5633-B5637). When the office of the Indian Superintendent for British Columbia was closed in 1910, agents were directed to conduct all business through headquarters in Ottawa. In the same year, an inspectorate system was inaugurated with the appointment of three Inspectors of Indian Agencies for the southeastern, southwestern, and northern agencies. In 1917 W.E. Ditchburn, who had held the position of Inspector for the Southwestern Inspectorate, was promoted to the post of Chief Inspector for British Columbia and his former position was abolished. In the following year the Northern Inspectorate was likewise dispensed with. In 1923 Ditchburn took up the new position of Indian Commissioner for British Columbia, but following his death in 1932 the office was left vacant. It was abolished in 1935, only to be resurrected the next year. Between 1929 and 1937 an Assistant Commissioner also served in the commissioner's office. In 1948 a major reorganization of Indian Affairs in British Columbia was effected. The office of Indian Commissioner was retained while that of the Inspector of Indian Agencies for the Southeast Inspectorate was reclassified Regional Supervisor of Indian Agencies. The records in this series consist of files of the office of the Indian Commissioner for British Columbia, its precursors (the Inspectorates and the office of the Chief Inspector of Indian Agencies), and the subordinate office of Indian Inspector for the Southeastern Inspectorate (after 1923). Files are grouped by responsibility centre for, while they are all records of, or which found their way into, the Commissioner's office, each refers to operations in individual agencies.

IV. Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia, 1858-1930 (RG 10 volumes 11019 – 11028, microfilm reels B 5637-B 5650). In order to resolve the long-standing federal-provincial dispute concerning Indian lands in British Columbia, an Agreement was reached in September 1912 between special commissioners J.A.J. McKenna and provincial premier Richard McBride. It was decided that a Royal Commission be established with power to investigate Indian land matters, to adjust reserve acreage by reducing the size where the Commissioners deemed that the Indians had more land than needed, to determine the area to be added in cases where bands had insufficient land, and to set aside reserves for bands that had not yet received any. After acceptance of the McKenna-McBride Agreement by both governments, the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia was established in April 1913. N.W. White and J.A.J. McKenna were appointed commissioners by the federal government while J.P. Shaw and D.H. Macdowall were selected by the province. The fifth commissioner, E.L. Wetmore, was appointed Chairman. Upon the latter's resignation the Commission was re-constituted in 1914 with the addition of S. Carmichael and the elevation of White to the position of Chairman. From 1913 to 1916 the Commission travelled the province compiling evidence. Five progress and over one hundred interim and special reports were produced during the course of work in addition to the final Commission findings presented in 1916. The Commissioners were also authorized by a separate federal order-in-council of June 1913 to gather information on issues which, although extraneous to the terms of the McKenna-McBride Agreement, were nevertheless considered to affect the rights and interests of the Indian population. Their findings were the basis of a general report also submitted in 1916. In order to be implemented, the recommendations of the Royal Commission had to be approved by both governments. Following the passage of enabling legislation in 1919 and 1920, the task of adjusting the Commission's recommendations was delegated to W.E. Ditchburn and J.W. Clark (Federal and provincial representatives, respectively) who altered a number of the 1916 Report's suggestions. The Royal Commission report with the Ditchburn-Clark amendments was approved by provincial order-in-council #911 of 26 July 1923 and by federal order-in-council PC 1265 of 1924. The records in this series consist of correspondence relating to the Royal Commission's activities and an almost complete set of exhibits. In addition to land issues the files deal with such topics as surveys, water rights, hunting and fishing privileges, timber, and organization and administration of the Commission's work. The main files are arranged by agency. The series also includes copies of the hearings for each agency. Maps and plans accompany many of the files. With a few exceptions, the records date to the period 1913-1916.

V. British Columbia Field Office Records: Nass, Skeena, and Queen Charlotte Agencies, 1910-1968 (RG 10 volumes 10874 – 10883, microfilm reels B05650-B05653). When the agency system was adopted for Indian administration in British Columbia, the northern portion of the province was not immediately included. An agent was not appointed to the Northwest Coast Agency until 1886. In 1909 this agency was split into three: Bella Coola, Queen Charlotte, and Nass. The Nass Agency underwent further organizational changes, being divided in 1919 into two parts, Nass and Skeena. In 1922 these two offices were reunited as the Skeena River Agency. In the 1960s the Queen Charlotte and Skeena superintendencies were brought together in the Skeena River District, later named the North Coast District. Later field office amalgamations placed the bands of the North Coast District under the administration of the Terrace, and finally the Northwest District. The records in this series relate, for the most part to land in the Nass, Skeena, and Queen Charlotte agencies. Other subjects include water, timber, elections, mining, schools, adult education, and returned soldiers. The series is comprised of shannon files, some of which have now been divided and their parts given the artificial letter designations A, B, C, etc.

Canada. Department of Indian Affairs

Edited typescript of an interview of the Executive Council

  • GR-3074
  • Series
  • 1911

Edited typescript of an interview of the Executive Council (Premier McBride, Hon. Dr. Young, Hon. Price Ellison, Hon. Thomas Taylor and Hon. A.E. McPhillips) with Indians, Chief B.P. Kelly from Hartley Bay, Chief John Chilheetsa of Douglas Lake and Sub-chief George Quakatston of the Cowichans representing all Indians of the province. The Indians make an appeal for justice regarding ownership of the land. McBride responds. J.A. Teit acts as interpreter. [From 1975-1998 this was called Add.MSS. 115.]

British Columbia. Executive Council

First Nations issues : topical files

  • GR-3548
  • Series
  • 1989-2008

The series consists of meeting minutes, reports, presentations, correspondence, work plans, briefing notes, and summaries of court decisions. The records were created between 1989 and 2008 by the Local Government First Nations Relations section of the Ministry of Community Services and are arranged alphabetically by topic. The records document the relationship between the provincial government and First Nations representatives, and provide evidence of the overall approach for developing effective working relations between the two. The series includes several files on Aboriginal litigation, and includes records citing the Delgamuukw case. The series consists of records dealing with capacity building, amendments to reserve land and boundary extensions, First Nations taxation, the Economic Measures fund, treaties and planning. The series is covered by BC ORCS schedule 126379 (Local Government Services), secondary 55500-40.

British Columbia. Ministry of Community Services

Fort Victoria fonds

  • PR-1683
  • Fonds
  • 1844-1860, 1877-1895

The fonds consists of correspondence, account books, letterbooks, and fur tariffs of Fort Victoria and the Victoria Land Office of the Hudson's Bay Company. Fonds include a register of land purchased from Indians near Fort Victoria and a record of agreements with Indians at Fort Rupert, Nanaimo, Barkley Sound and Port Alberni.

Hudson's Bay Company. Fort Victoria

Helmcken family papers

Papers of J.S. Helmcken and members of his family, including correspondence, 1848-1920, account books, 1871-1903, deeds, contracts, certificates, 1825-1890, medical notebooks, case books and account books, 1845-1890, notes and papers concerning the Beacon Hill Park Bowling Club, 1898-1914, rough notes and drafts for articles in newspapers, speeches, and reminiscences. Account books pertaining to the estate of Arthur Thomas Bushby, 1875-1901. Papers of Harry Dallas Helmcken, 1866-1894, and William Ralph Higgins, 1890-1903. J.S. Helmcken's confederation diary and reminiscences are also on microfilm. John Sebastian Helmcken was born in Spitalfields, London on 5 June 1824, the fourth child and eldest son of Claus Helmcken and Catherine Mittler. After attending St. George's German and English school from 1828 to 1839 Helmcken apprenticed himself to Dr. W.H. Graves as a chemist and druggist. On 2 October 1844, Helmcken registered as a student at Guy's Hospital, London, and in March 1848 was admitted as a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons. Two months later he was serving as surgeon aboard the Malacca until, on 12 October 1849, he received an appointment from the Hudson's Bay Company as surgeon and clerk for a five year term. Helmcken arrived at Esquimalt on 24 March 1850 and was first posted to Fort Rupert before being ordered to return to Fort Victoria in December 1850. On 27 December 1852 he married Cecilia Douglas, eldest daughter of Governor James Douglas. In 1856 Helmcken was elected to represent Esquimalt and Victoria District in the Legislative Assembly of Vancouver Island and served as Speaker of the Assembly until union with British Columbia in 1866. Governor Musgrave appointed Helmcken to the Executive Council of British Columbia in December 1869 while he was also serving as a member of the Legislative Council of B.C., and in the summer of 1870 he travelled to Ottawa as one of three confederation delegates from the colony. With the entry of British Columbia into Confederation in 1871, Helmcken retired from active politics. Helmcken also served as president of the Board of Directors of the Royal Hospital, remained physician to Victoria's jail until 1910, and contributed numerous articles on the early history of Vancouver Island in his later life. Dr. Helmcken died on 1 September 1920. The records include the papers of J.S. Helmcken and members of his family: correspondence, 1848-1920, account books, 1871-1903, deeds, contracts, certificates, 1825-1890, medical notebooks, casebooks and account books, 1845-1890, notes and papers concerning the Beacon Hill Park Bowling Club, 1898-1914, rough notes and drafts for articles in newspapers, speeches and reminiscences. There are also account books pertaining to the estate of Arthur Thomas Bushby, 1875-1901, and papers of Harry Dallas Helmcken, 1866-1894, and William Ralph Higgins, 1890-1903. J.S. Helmcken's Confederation diary and reminiscences are also on microfilm [A00810]. An index to the records is available as part of the hard copy finding aid kept in the reference room.

Indian Reserve Commission records

  • GR-0494
  • Series
  • 1876-1878

The records in this series consist of correspondence and reports inward to the Provincial Secretary from the Joint Indian Reserve Commission (Alexander Caulfield Anderson, Dominion Commissioner, Archibald McKinlay, Provincial Commissioner, and Gilbert Malcolm Sproat, Joint Commissioner) which was agreed to in principle by the governments of British Columbia and Canada in November, 1875, and officially established by federal orders-in-council 444 and 779 of 1876. The records include minutes of decision; census of Indian population, livestock and acreage of reserves; and two memoranda dated 1869 by J.W. Trutch regarding disputes about Indian lands in Cowichan district.

Copies of correspondence inward to the Lieutenant Governor from the Commissioners and certain correspondence with Dominion Officials is also included in the record. The records are as originally filed. In most cases, the original Provincial Secretary's file number may be seen on the first document in a file, eg., for file 3 the number is 664/76.

British Columbia. Dept. of the Provincial Secretary

Letter to I.W. Powell regarding reserves

Item consists of one letter (copy) written by James Douglas to Israel Wood Powell, Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Douglas' letter is in response to a letter from Powell (9 October 1874) inquiring whether, during Douglas' tenure a Governor of British Columbia, there was a specific basis of acreage used in setting apart reserves.

Letterbooks and other material

  • GR-2043
  • Series
  • 1881-1948

Records of British Columbia Indian Agencies; letterbooks, letters inward, subject files, general administration files, agents' journals, constable's reports, agricultural and industrial statistics, correspondence re Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia (1913-1916). Includes Alert Bay (1891-1909, 1913-1914), Babine (1888-1905), Bella Coola (1915-1921), Cowichan (1881-1948), Kamloops (1888-1915), Kootenay (1906-1919), New Westminster (1897-1922), Queen Charlotte (1888-1923), Stuart Lake (1910-1919), and West Coast (1895-1920) Indian Agencies. From volumes 1325-1328, 1336-1392, 1442-1449 1451-1495, 1563-1567, 1583-1591, 1648-1654, 1658-1665, Record Group 10.

Canada. Department of Indian Affairs

Louis Miranda interviews, 1979

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-02-16 SUMMARY: Squamish Chiefs. Chief Joe Capilano. Other Squamish Chiefs. CALL NUMBER: T4356:0001 - 0014 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979 SUMMARY: Interviews with Louis Miranda covering a variety of topics, including Squamish chiefs, Indian dancing, Indian agents, fishing, bootlegging, canneries, logging, and Christianity.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-03-02 SUMMARY: The Durieu System. Indian agents. Indian dancing. Kitsilano sale.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-03-07 and/or 10 SUMMARY: Kitsilano sale. Squamish River fishing. Fishing rights activity. Kitsilano sale, 1913. Fishing meetings, ca. 1920.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-03-16 SUMMARY: Longshoring, North Vancouver; unions; meeting with John Oliver. Enlistments -- World War One & Two; conscription. Ditchburn hops.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0005 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-03-30 SUMMARY: Hop camps. Berry-picking in Washington.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0006 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-04-06 SUMMARY: Canneries: Great Northern, St. Mungo, Terra Nova. Dr. D. Bell-Irving. Bootlegging; "Siwash". Vancouver underworld. Squamish hop ranch? Moodyville biography [or] directory.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0007 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-04-12 SUMMARY: Squamish amalgamation. Logging. Squamish Valley. One Big Union.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0008 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-04-27 SUMMARY: Squamish personal names. Royal Commission. Kitsilano history. Canneries. Hand logging. Half breeds [sic] at Moodyville [School?]. 1876 census.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0009 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-05-04 SUMMARY: Commercial fishing. Dock workers and unions. Moodyville half breeds [sic]. Drinking: then and now. Up Squamish whites. Indian houses. Oblate priests. Hyass Joe, Andy Paull, Simon Pierre.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0010 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-05-07 SUMMARY: Confirmations and bishops' visits. Funeral practices. Signs and warning of death. Medical services. Political protests. Fishing right -- Charlie case, 1925. Relief payments.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0011 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-06-01 SUMMARY: Living conditions, 1914-1945: World War One, Depression, World War Two. Squamish Bands funds and welfare. Work and welfare/relief. Work of early Chiefs. Squamish Jim. Big Flu epidemic, 1918-1919. Smallpox. Medical services.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0012 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-10-10 SUMMARY: Squamish Chiefs. Brass bands. Early elections. Councillors. Timber sales.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0013 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-10-24 SUMMARY: Fishing, Squamish River. Squamish funeral ceremonies, 20th century. Potlatches amd namings. Spuds. Various Chiefs.;

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0014 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-11-22 SUMMARY: Important events. Settlement at Mission Indian Reserve. Church and Christianity. Amalgamation. Drugs and alcohol. Land question. Andy Paull.

Louis Phillips : interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1971 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Louis Phillips, a Nlaka'pamux man, talks about the life of his people around Lytton; the relationship of Indigenous people with the Fraser River; a story about Simon Fraser; land question; Indigenous view of gold and copper; Indigenous view of private property. TRACK 2: Hunting; care of the land and game; primacy of food; fish in the Fraser.;

Lyell Island confrontation between loggers and the Haida : [interviews and actualities]

SUMMARY: This appears to be a unique and valuable series of interviews and on-the-spot raw material from a pivotal confrontation between loggers and the Haida on Lyell Island in the Queen Charlottes. Contents ;include: an interview with Harvey Hurd, Manager of Operations for Western Forest Products on the Q.C.I. (T4342:0033); helicopter tour conducted by Brian Eccles, October 1984 (T4342:0035); Frank Beban ;debating Peter Hamel, and interviews with native elders including Ada Yovanovich and Ethel Jones (T4342:0037 and/or 0038); interview with Neil and Betty Carey in Sandspit (T4342:0039).;

Minutes of decision of Joint Indian Reserve Commission

  • GR-2982
  • Series
  • 1876-1980

Minutes of decision of Joint Indian Reserve Commission (1876-1878) of governments of Canada and British Columbia and of the Indian Reserve Commission (1878-1907) of the government of Canada regarding allotment of Indian reserves in British Columbia. Records consist of correspondence, memoranda, reports and coloured maps. Includes an item level precis of each document, created by the Dept. of Lands and dated 1980, for each box.

Although these records are called Joint Reserve Commission records, they probably form part of the British Columbia Department of Lands and Works fonds. Most of the records are stamped with the Lands and Works Dept. stamp and also have Lands and Works file numbers assigned.

This finding aid consists of a box and item list, which includes the item numbers and maps contained within each file. An item level precis of each document, created by the Dept. of Lands and dated 1980, is in the first file of each box.

At some point, the department stored the maps separately in binders and created a list arranged by "binder/map" numbers. Although the maps were reintegrated into the files before they were transferred to the BC Archives, the map list (in box 6, file 11) is still arranged by the old binder/map numbers. A conversion list from binder/map number to box, file and number is provided at the end of the finding aid.

Map conversion list [no binder 7 existed]

British Columbia. Ministry of Lands, Parks and Housing

Nanaimo Indian Band specific claim settlement agreement and trust agreement

The series consists of a certified true copy of a specific claim settlement agreement between the Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs and the Nanaimo Indian Band dated December 1993 to January 1994. The settlement concerns the disposition of a 2.76 acre railway right of way from the Nanaimo Town Indian Reserve No. 1 in 1883. Accompanying the agreement is a certified true copy of the Trust agreement pertaining to the financial compensation awarded the Nanaimo Indian Band under the settlement agreement.

Canada. Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development

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