Indigenous peoples--Legal status, laws, etc.--British Columbia



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  • Based on work done by the Manitoba Archival Information Network

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Indigenous peoples--Legal status, laws, etc.--British Columbia

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Indigenous peoples--Legal status, laws, etc.--British Columbia

  • UF Indians--British Columbia--Legal status, laws, etc.

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Indigenous peoples--Legal status, laws, etc.--British Columbia

42 Archival description results for Indigenous peoples--Legal status, laws, etc.--British Columbia

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Allan Williams : [press conferences, Feb-1977 - Jan-1978]

CALL NUMBER: T1146:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Press conference about the Workers' Compensation Board RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 197702-16 & 03-17 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams announces the firing of the Workers' Compensation Board, 16-Feb-1977. TRACK 2: Williams press conference following a meeting with the BC Federation of Labour; also, reaction of Len Guy, BCFL secretary, 17-Mar-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Press conference about the Workers' Compensation and the Revelstoke dam RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-02-17 & 28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams names the new Workers' Compensation Board, 17-Feb-1977. TRACK 2: Williams says he will not stop preparatory work on the Revelstoke Dam. Also, Williams reacts with surprise to the initial position of the IWA on their upcoming contract talks, 28-Feb-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Press conference on labour and Native land claims RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-03-01 & 04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams comments on a meeting with the BC Federation of Labour, and expresses his opposition to provincial wage controls, 01-Mar-1977. TRACK 2: Williams comments on the subject of the native land claims of the Stuart-Trembleur Indians, 04-Mar-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: News conference regarding "cut off lands" RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-03-17 & 18 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams discusses an upcoming meeting with Native groups about "cut off lands", 17-Mar-1977. TRACK 2: News conference following the first-ever meeting between federal government, provincial government and Native groups on the subject of native land claims relating to the "cut off lands" question, 18-Mar-1977: Philip Joe, Warren Allmand, and Allan Williams. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: On unemployment and Revelstoke dam appeal RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-04-14 & 21 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Labour minister Allan Williams comments on continuing high unemployment, 14-Apr-1977. TRACK 2: Williams on the appeal by SPEC concerning the Revelstoke Dam, 21-Apr-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0006 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Discusses Bill 92 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977-10-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In a news conference, Allan Williams announces the introduction of Bill 92, the Essential Services Disputes Act, and details its provisions, 19-Oct-1977. TRACK 2: Williams discusses the provisions of Bill 92 in a press conference. He emphasizes that the Bill is not intended to affect the private sector, but to prevent strikes and lockouts in the public sector, 19-Oct-1977. CALL NUMBER: T1146:0007 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Allan Williams: Discusses Revelstoke dam project and Nisga'a land claims RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1977 & 1978 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In a news conference, Labour Minster Allan Williams announces that the Revelstoke Dam project will be allowed to proceed under BC Hydro direction. He details the functions and responsibilities of the various officials, organizations and committees involved in the project. He also suggests the creation of an organization independent of BC Hydro to estimate energy requirements, and that existing energy legislation be reviewed; 12-Sep-1977. TRACK 2: At a Federal-Provincial Labour Ministers conference, Williams releases the provincial government position on Nisga'a land claims. B.C. takes the position that aboriginal title does not exist. Williams discusses in general the status of Indians in B.C. and states that Indians themselves must be involved in any solutions. He states that it is the provincial government's responsibility to make the Indians' future a more equitable one; 25-Jan-1978.

Attorney General correspondence

  • GR-0429
  • Series
  • 1872-1950

This series contains selected inward correspondence from 1872 to 1950, although most of the items date from 1872 to 1937. The Attorney General's Department used several numbering and filling systems during this time period. From 1872 to 1911 letters were assigned a number as they were received, and then filed in numerical order by year. From 1911 to 1917 a subject file drawer system was used, and thereafter correspondence was coded and filed according to the Act which applied to the issue under discussion in the correspondence.

By 1934 the B.C. Archives had acquired legal custody of a selection of the correspondence from 1872 to 1911. It is not clear whether the selection was made by the Archives or the Attorney-General's Department; the original folio listing for Boxes 1 to 18 was also created at that time. In 2005 the folio listing was expanded and revised prior to the microfilming of the records.

GR-0429 contains most of the extant inward correspondence for the Department between 1872 and 1911. A separate accession, GR-0996, also contains inward correspondence from 1883-1888. The bulk of inward correspondence from 1911-1937 may be found in GR-1323. There is no contemporary index for letters inward prior to 1911.

Although the items of correspondence from 1872 to 1911 were assigned numbers sequentially, the original order was not always maintained while the records were in the Attorney-General's Department. This means that the items are no longer in strict numerical order within a year, and items relating to a single topic may sometimes be found together, regardless of the date when they were first received. Unfortunately, almost all of the Department's letterbooks for 1872-1917 were destroyed by fire in 1939. Some correspondence was also destroyed by flooding. As a result it is not possible to locate departmental replies to most of the correspondence in GR-0429. Most of the inquests from this series were extracted and may now be found in GR-1327, although the covering correspondence may remain in GR-0429. Similarly, depositions and preliminary trial transcripts were separated and may be found in GR-0419. Oversize original items remain in their original containers and files but were filmed on Reel B09325.

British Columbia. Dept. of the Attorney-General

Between ourselves : Death of a raven

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating fr;om different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. This episode, "Death of a Raven", focuses on the processes involved in the loss of much of the art of the Northwest Coast Indians. Rec;ollections discuss the culture, potlatch, religion, growing up, the European's lack of understanding of native traditions, and the cultural suppression that followed the condemnation of the potlatch. ;Recollections are from: Mrs. Mabel Stanley, Chief William Scow, Chief William Matthews, Mrs.Matthews, George Clutesi, and Councilman Quocksister [sp?];

Bylaws and other records

The series contains copies of by-laws governing life on Cowichan Indian Reserve, including Husband's Liability By-Law, Public Nuisance, School By-Law and laws governing adultery and property; petitions by Cowichan Reserve residents calling for appointment of a police constable and release of imprisoned native; letter recommending appointment of W.W.H. Lomas as Indian Agent; attendance record of the Cowichan Indian School, November - December 1881; and subscription lists for hospital funds.

[CHEK-TV news film -- public demonstrations]

Stock shots. Footage of strikes and demonstrations in Victoria and vicinity. 1. Camosun College support staff - CUPE Local 2081 - picketer. 2. Picket line at Administrative Centre, Greater Victoria School Board. CUPE Local 2081, Camosun College. 3. Pickets - re: Bill 46, labour rally. 4. Handicapped people demonstrating at Legislature. 5. Anti-Trident protesters on zodiacs in the Inner Harbour. Colour Guard. 6. "Save the whales - foil the hydrofoil." 7. Anti-nuclear demonstration. 8. "ICBC rates unfair." 9. Anti-sealing demonstration. 10. Demonstration against use of 2,4-D. 11. Boaters demonstrating re: moorage rates. 12. "Save Youth Services" demonstration. 13. Premier W.R. Bennett with protesters and media. 14. Rally protesting Ministry of Health [Bob McClelland?]. 15. Pro-choice rally. 16. Pro-life rally. 17. Environmentalists rally. 18. Demonstration against sewage dumping. 19. Pro-lifers. 20. Unemployed rally. 21. "Kids want a bus" rally. 22. Demonstration against Raven Lumber. 23. Pro-life demonstration. 24. Native rights/housing march and demonstration. 25. Rally against Bill 15.

Correspondence and other material

Series consists of records that reflect the public life of Scott Wallace during his tenure as leader of the Progressive Conservative party in British Columbia, 1973-1977. The records deal primarily with the public issues with which Wallace was involved and contain very limited references to party administration and activities.

Wallace, George Scott, 1929-2011

Correspondence inward of the Attorney General

  • GR-0996
  • Series
  • 1883-1888

This series contains selected correspondence inward received by the Attorney General from 1883 to 1888, and was originally part of an inward correspondence series created by the Attorney General’s Department. The bulk of the surviving inward correspondence from 1872 to 1937 may be found in GR-0429. Records in this series include correspondence inward, notes regarding cases and assize calendars.

The Attorney General’s Department used several numbering and filing systems during this time period; from 1872 to 1911 letters were assigned a number as they were received, and then filed in numerical order by year. There is no contemporary index for letters inward prior to 1911. Although the items of correspondence from 1872 to 1911 were assigned numbers sequentially, the original order was not always maintained while the records were in the Attorney-General’s Department. This means that the items are no longer in strict numerical order within a year, and items relating to a single topic may sometimes be found together, regardless of the date when they were first received.

British Columbia. Dept. of the Attorney-General

Delgamuukw court records

  • GR-3481
  • Series
  • 1985-1991

The series consists of transcripts of court proceedings, cross-examinations, examination of discovery, exhibit indices, closing statements, briefs, and reasons for judgement of Delgamuukw v. The Queen. The case was heard in the Smithers Supreme Court between 1987 and 1989 (case file 0843). Following the hearings in Smithers, the case reached the BC Court of Appeal and eventually made its way to the Supreme Court of Canada where a landmark ruling was finally issued in 1997.

The transcripts of the proceedings at trial, which consist of 369 spiral-bound volumes, provide a wealth of information on First Nations genealogies, traditional resource knowledge, and language, as well as details of the extent of traditional territories. The series consists of more than 23,000 pages of trial transcript and includes the testimonies of more than 60 witnesses. The series also includes the reasons for judgment. Gitxsan hereditary chief Delgamuukw (Albert Tait), who filed the Statement of Claim, passed away shortly before the trial opened in 1987 and was succeeded by Kenneth Muldoe who was in turn succeeded by his brother, artist Earl Muldon. The claim covered 133 traditional territories, which amounted to 58,000 square kilometers of northwestern British Columbia. Peter R Grant served as lead counsel for the Gitxan and Wet-suwet'en chiefs, and D.M.M. Goldie served as lead counsel for the Province.

The files are arranged as they arrived from the Smithers court registry. Boxes 1 to 13 contain the proceedings at trial. Boxes 16 and 17 include lists of exhibits which provide information on relevant archival collections held in repositories across the province.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Smithers)

E.K. "Ned" DeBeck interview : [O'Reilly, 1974]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Edwin DeBeck Interview RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1974 SUMMARY: T0271:0001-0003 comprise a three-part interview about DeBeck's life, conducted by Inez O'Reilly. Topics include his early years in New Westminster and Vancouver; his work at the Canadian Scottish Cann;ery in Steveston; his later life at and around Alert Bay, where his father was Indian Agent (1903-1906); his experiences as a defense lawyer during the Potlatch trials in the 1920s; experiences as Sup;erintendent of Brokers and Inspector of Credit Unions (1937-1940); and Clerk of Legislative Assembly (1940 -).;

Executive briefing notes

  • GR-3538
  • Series
  • 1987-1995; predominant 1991-1994

The series consists of executive briefing notes created and prepared for the Ministry executive of the Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs between 1987-1995. The Ministry executive includes the Minister, the Deputy Minister, and Assistant Deputy Ministers. The majority of the briefing notes were created during the time that Andrew Petter served as Minister of Aboriginal Affairs (1991-1993).

The briefing notes within this series provide background information on a broad range of issues relevant to the relationship between Aboriginal peoples across British Columbia and the Provincial government. Their purpose is to provide summarized information on a variety of topics, including treaty negotiation, court cases, land claims, social issues, taxation, and environmental issues and conservation. They also contain preparatory notes for the Minister's speeches, meetings with various parties, and trips. In many cases, the briefing notes also contain recommendations for executive response (as such, these records are restricted under S. 13 – however, the 10 year period has expired in all cases). In addition to briefing notes, several files also contain documents likely consulted in order to create the briefing notes.

There are three types of briefing notes : Ministry overview; current issues; and specific briefing books (prepared for Minister’s trips or committee operations). In addition, issue papers are also created and are classified as “hot issues” as they typically deal with pressing current events. These types of records are all captured within this series.

The majority of briefing books and hot issues have an index included in the file. Within a file, records are arranged in reverse chronological order. There is no discernible order to the files themselves.

Additional executive briefing notes regarding Aboriginal issues can be found in GR-3555.

The briefing notes correspond to ARCS 280-20.

British Columbia. Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs

Fred Quilt : second inquest

SUMMARY: A look at the issues surrounding the death of Chilcotin Indian Fred Quilt in November 1971. This report deals with the second inquest into Quilt's death, and includes excerpts from interview with Attorney-General Peterson; Harry Rankin, lawyer for the Quilt family; Angie Dennis and Clarence Dennis of the Fred Quilt Committee; and Homer Stevens, president of the United Fishermen and Allied Workers Union.

Fred Quilt inquest

SUMMARY: A look at the issues surrounding the death of Chilcotin Indian Fred Quilt in November 1971. This report presumably deals with the first inquest into the death of Fred Quilt, who may have died from injuries sustained in an alleged beating at the hands of an RCMP officer.

Fred Wastell interview : [Orchard, 1967]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1967-06-22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Fred Wastell describes the arrival of his father, Alfred Marmaduke Wastell, in Alert Bay in 1898, the beginning of the box factory, the Indian reservation at Alert Bay, the town from 1909; to 1920, transportation, race relations, potlatches (including their practice and suppression from 1900 to 1915), the Finnish commune of Sointula, prominent citizens of Alert Bay, industry, the trial;s of 'Big Head Tom', and religious life at Alert Bay. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Garde Gardom : [press conferences, etc., 1977-1978]

CALL NUMBER: T1363:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Garde Gardom: Comments on railway commission PWA and porography PERIOD COVERED: 1965-1977 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-02-10 & 22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Attorney-General Garde Gardom comments on the BCR Commission vis-à-vis the M.E.L. Paving case, 1977-02-10. TRACK 2: Gardom comments on the purchase of Pacific Western Airlines by the Alberta; government, and on "no major hard-core pornography problems in BC", 1977-02-22. CALL NUMBER: T1363:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Garde Gardom: Comments on retirement of David Vickers and pornography RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-03-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Attorney-General Garde Gardom comments on the retirement of Deputy Minister David Vickers. Also, a statement from David Vickers to the effect that there was no disagreement between him and the Socred government, 1977-03-28. TRACK 2: Gardom discusses the standards for prosecuting pornography, 1977-03-28. CALL NUMBER: T1363:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Garde Gardom: Comments on police college and other matters RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Attorney-General Garde Gardom comments on the location of the BC Police College and on violence in magazine. Also includes comments of Deputy Attorney-General David Vickers, 1977-04-19. TRACK 2: Gardom comments on matters such as the Fred Quilt case, the Good Hope Lake case, and the BC Police College, 1977-04-26. CALL NUMBER: T1363:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Garde Gardom: Social Credit cabinet ministers RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-05 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Attorney-General Garde Gardom comments on new family legislation and proposal to withhold equalization payments from Quebec. Also: Municipal Affairs Minster Hugh Curtis comments on meeting with Regional District directors on the topic of the Islands Trust; Forests Minister Tom Waterland on the spraying of spruce budworm; Economic Development Minister Don Phillips on the halting of BC Railway construction; and Education Minister Pat MCGeer on French as a second language in Vancouver schools, 1977-05-19. TRACK 2: Gardom announces crackdown on impaired drivers, 1977-05-30. CALL NUMBER: T1363:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Garde Gardom: On organised crime and ombudsman act RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Attorney-General Garde Gardom discusses the problems of fighting organized crime in BC; says that he is seriously considering appointing a crime commission. The role of CLEU in fighting crime, 1977-06-14. TRACK 2: Gardom explains the Ombudsman Act, 1977-06-20. CALL NUMBER: T1363:0006 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Garde Gardom: On juvenile offenders and land conveyances RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Attorney-General Garde Gardom announces the possibility of jail sentences for juvenile offenders, 1977-06-21. TRACK 2: Gardom explains proposed changes in land conveyancing. Also: Human Resources Minister Bill Vander Zalm on the bill that will abolish the Vancouver Resources Board, 1977-06-22. CALL NUMBER: T1363:0007 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Garde Gardom: On drunk driving and counterattack and RCMP RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977 & 1978 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Attorney-General Garde Gardom conducts a press conference to discuss measures taken to counteract drunken driving, 1977-12-12. TRACK 2: In a press conference, Gardom explains the BC government's position on RCMP break-ins, 1978-04-28.

John Williams interview

CALL NUMBER: T1186:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): John Williams recalls Haida history PERIOD COVERED: 1790-1967 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: John Williams speaks about Tanu, his ancestral home, the Haida, and stories about a man called "Gundels" -- the war chief of the Tanu Eagle clan (1840's). He continues with background information about the Haida people, war, trade, contact with the English, American and Spanish traders, peace, Gundels' raids on forts and his visions. John Williams discusses the coming of the missionaries, the Coqualeetza Residential School, the Haida move to Skidegate, the Coqualeetza education of village leaders including Peter Kelly, Albert Jones, Solomon Wilson, George Young, Mat Williams and other;s and their contributions. He talks about employment and services in Skidegate. TRACK 2: John Williams continues to speak about the Skidegate village, services and changes since 1937, employment and ;capital projects, community relations, funding and construction of the community centre, the relationship with the RCMP, and community acceptance.

CALL NUMBER: T1186:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Work for Haidas and family history of John Williams PERIOD COVERED: 1862-1969 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: John Williams speaks about Lewis Collinson, the hereditary Chief, employment in the fishing and logging industries, welfare, education, thoughts on the future decline in fishing and logging and the need for additional educational opportunities. TRACK 2: "Johnny" Williams recounts his family history, his grandparents, Methodist schooling, intermarriage, Skidegate village "one big family",; his own attempts to gain a high school education, school integration and his schooling in Skidegate and Coqualeetza.

CALL NUMBER: T1186:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Impressions of Indian situation in Canada, Queen Charlotte Islands PERIOD COVERED: 1932-1969 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: John Williams continues speaking about his time at the Coqualeetza school, his recovery from tuberculosis, continuing his education, his belief in the importance of education, the Native Brotherhood, Indian land claims, the background of the determination of Masset and other reserves on the Queen Charlotte Islands by Judge O'Reilly, and recollections about John Williams' father.

Lieutenant Governor Charles Arthur Banks and Mrs. Banks, at Government House;with William Scow and Chief Frank Assu

Reception at Government House following opening ceremonies of BC Legislature. Chief Scow, president of the Native Brotherhood of BC, and Chief Assu, president of the North American Brotherhood of Indians, had presented petition thanking legislature for being the first in Canada to grant Indians the right to vote.

From left to right: Lieutenant-Governor Charles Arthur Banks, Chief William Scow, Mrs. (Jane Charlotte) Banks, Chief Frank Assu.

Louis Miranda interviews, 1979

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-02-16 SUMMARY: Squamish Chiefs. Chief Joe Capilano. Other Squamish Chiefs. CALL NUMBER: T4356:0001 - 0014 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979 SUMMARY: Interviews with Louis Miranda covering a variety of topics, including Squamish chiefs, Indian dancing, Indian agents, fishing, bootlegging, canneries, logging, and Christianity.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-03-02 SUMMARY: The Durieu System. Indian agents. Indian dancing. Kitsilano sale.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-03-07 and/or 10 SUMMARY: Kitsilano sale. Squamish River fishing. Fishing rights activity. Kitsilano sale, 1913. Fishing meetings, ca. 1920.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-03-16 SUMMARY: Longshoring, North Vancouver; unions; meeting with John Oliver. Enlistments -- World War One & Two; conscription. Ditchburn hops.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0005 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-03-30 SUMMARY: Hop camps. Berry-picking in Washington.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0006 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-04-06 SUMMARY: Canneries: Great Northern, St. Mungo, Terra Nova. Dr. D. Bell-Irving. Bootlegging; "Siwash". Vancouver underworld. Squamish hop ranch? Moodyville biography [or] directory.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0007 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-04-12 SUMMARY: Squamish amalgamation. Logging. Squamish Valley. One Big Union.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0008 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-04-27 SUMMARY: Squamish personal names. Royal Commission. Kitsilano history. Canneries. Hand logging. Half breeds [sic] at Moodyville [School?]. 1876 census.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0009 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-05-04 SUMMARY: Commercial fishing. Dock workers and unions. Moodyville half breeds [sic]. Drinking: then and now. Up Squamish whites. Indian houses. Oblate priests. Hyass Joe, Andy Paull, Simon Pierre.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0010 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-05-07 SUMMARY: Confirmations and bishops' visits. Funeral practices. Signs and warning of death. Medical services. Political protests. Fishing right -- Charlie case, 1925. Relief payments.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0011 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-06-01 SUMMARY: Living conditions, 1914-1945: World War One, Depression, World War Two. Squamish Bands funds and welfare. Work and welfare/relief. Work of early Chiefs. Squamish Jim. Big Flu epidemic, 1918-1919. Smallpox. Medical services.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0012 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-10-10 SUMMARY: Squamish Chiefs. Brass bands. Early elections. Councillors. Timber sales.

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0013 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-10-24 SUMMARY: Fishing, Squamish River. Squamish funeral ceremonies, 20th century. Potlatches amd namings. Spuds. Various Chiefs.;

CALL NUMBER: T4356:0014 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979-11-22 SUMMARY: Important events. Settlement at Mission Indian Reserve. Church and Christianity. Amalgamation. Drugs and alcohol. Land question. Andy Paull.

Norma Kenoras interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-12 SUMMARY: Norma Kenoras discusses band administration on the Sahhaltkum reserve since it has been controlled and organized by the band itself. She compares the band's own administration to administration by the Indian Affairs branch, and discusses both the benefits and the problems of having their own administration. Other topics discussed include the band's sources of revenue, their land-leasing business, and Indian education. [Note: Her mention of "Harvey" is in reference to Harvey Jules, the chief of the Sahhaltkum band for the past 18 years (1977)].

Participants at the Indian suffrage ceremony at the Kitzsegukla Community Hall

Group photo on steps of Community Hall after ceremony. From l to r: Constance Cox (interpreter); Maisie Armytage-Moore (later Maisie Hurley); Chief Harold Sinclair; Percy Richards (E.A. to Premier); E.T. Kenney (MLA, Skeena and Minister of Lands and Forests); Mrs. Byron Johnson (Kate); Chief Peter Cooksen; Premier Byron Johnson; B. Johnson, Jr.; Chief Arthur McDames; Olaf Hanson (former Skeena MP); Jeffrey Johnson, Smithers; George Martin, Hazelton; Joe Wesley, Kitzsegukla; Fred Johnson, Kitwanga.

Potlatch : [E.K. Debeck interview]

Interview. A filmed interview with Edwin K. "Ned" DeBeck, who was a defence lawyer in the historic Potlatch trial (ca. 1921?). The interview (the content of which is more complete in the unedited 1/4-inch audio tapes) covers many aspects of DeBeck's early life, although the main focus is his experiences with the Kwakiutl at Alert Bay and the Potlatch question.

Potlatch : Henry Bell interview

RECORDED: Alert Bay (B.C.), 1968-05-15 SUMMARY: This tape continues the interview with Henry Bell from T4365:0270. He discusses how his sentence was suspended, while the other convicted band members were shipped down to Oakalla.;

Potlatch : Henry Speck interview

RECORDED: Alert Bay (B.C.), 1968-05-15 SUMMARY: Henry Speck, Chief of the Turner Island Band [the Clowothiz (sp?)] is interviewed. He speaks of his initiation into the Hamatsa Rite, a secret 3-month training period, when he was 8 years old. He als;o talks about the banning of the Potlatch ceremony, the planning for the ceremony, and the economic benefits to the people. NOTE: There is a footnote to this tape regarding a request by Henry Speck to; remove certain portions of the interview.;

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