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Archival description
West Coast Medical Historical Society oral history collection
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Adam Waldie interview

CALL NUMBER: T2000:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): United Church Medical Missionary, Dr. Adam Clayton Waldie PERIOD COVERED: 1940-1950 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal background; clinical psychology course at UBC; degree at University of Alberta; idea of working with Dr. George Darby at Bella Bella; summer job as medical assistant while studying medicine; temporary licences under Dr. Darby; Bella Bella 1947; description of native Indians; history of Dr. Darby; distinguished member of same medical class; Kwakiutl Indians; seasonal migrations of Indians; work at Dr. Darby's hospital. TRACK 2: Twenty-five bed hospital at Bella Bella; tuberculosis and treatments; Dr. Darby's character and knowledge of Indian language and culture; Dr. Darby as minister and educator; first operation performed; description of some cases. CALL NUMBER: T2000:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): United Church Medical Missionary, Dr. Adam Clayton Waldie PERIOD COVERED: 1947-1950? RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Whiting 1947; relieving him for two weeks at Bella Coola hospital; local history; fish tapeworm; Dr. Whiting's methods; rabbit test; X ray; broken collar bone; trapper Ralph Edwards of Lonesome Lake; Mrs. Edwards; Dr. Waldie's first female examination, pregnancy and delivery; discussion of specific medical problems. TRACK 2: Weekly visits to Goose Bay; opium pills; sailing conditions; types of medical problems.; CALL NUMBER: T2000:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): United Church Medical Missionary, Dr. Adam Clayton Waldie PERIOD COVERED: 1947-1960 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: 1947 Dr. Barby; boats used; venereal disease; pregnancy anecdote; eye tumor; alcoholic doctor story; leaving for Vancouver in late summer 1947. TRACK 2: 1957 -- helping Dr. Herman McLean at Esperanza; his history; Christian Shantymen's Association; emergency flight to Vancouver; sightseeing flight back; summary of effect of medical missionary work.

Agnes Campbell interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dial-A-Dietitian RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: University of Saskatchewan; interned at VGH; born in Wellesley; graduated from VGH in 1939; worked at the YWCA for two years; house mother and dietician; joined RCAF and was in it for 25 years as a dietician for tri-services as wing commander; quit or retired and came to Vancouver and worked at Department of National Health and Welfare counseling native Indians in nutrition; started this in January 1972; this was done under LIP grant; description of planning the project and setting up the publicity; early in the project, they were very swamped, what the goals were of this project; June 1972, they were operational; funding discussed; LIP grant fan from January 1972 to December 1973; donations given and a provincial government grant; one full time person on staff; Miss Campbell worked three days a week and two other dieticians worked one each in their office; diets; nutrition and food additives etc.; what their library contains; increase in work; received 11,395 calls to date; breakdown of types of calls; used a recorder phone after funding ran out in December 1973; donations lasted until December 1974 when city hall provided them with an office, phone and salary for three months; government will provide funds for a year; usefulness of this service; people's interest; state of nutrition in Vancouver; list of objectives now; covers BC Telephone non-long distance area; would like a toll free line for the province.

Al Riegart interview

CALL NUMBER: T1990:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Industrial Hygiene, Workers' Compensation Board PERIOD COVERED: 1950-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Early personal history and education; job experience, potash mine; university education; work in radiation studies; getting involved with occupational health; Lake Athabasca radiation counts; working in Saskatchewan for twelve years; reasons for coming to BC; work with occupational health; came to BC in 1970; brief description of the workings of the Workers' Compensation Board; history of WCB; definition of industrial health; changes in policy toward industrial health; lack of industrial health training centres in Canada. TRACK 2: Description of present staff of Industrial Hygiene Department at WCB; problems industrial health deals with; silicosis; radiation; areas coming to the forefront for industrial hygiene; education of workers; chemical hazards in industry; noise pollution; research projects underway; how information of health hazards comes to the forefront; how concerned industry is with health hazards; the future of industrial hygiene. CALL NUMBER: T1990:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Industrial Hygiene, Workers' Compensation Board PERIOD COVERED: 1970-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Workers' Compensation Boards across Canada; parity between them and differences; industrial hygienists across Canada; how they share their experiences; fungus studies in BC; future of them; need for cross-country uniformity in work. [TRACK 2: blank?]

Alexander Menzies interview

CALL NUMBER: T1984:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Public health : industrial, municipal, provincial PERIOD COVERED: 1889-1925 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Menzies talks about his early childhood on Pender Island and various jobs in the sawmill and on the farm; early education and entrance into Westminster Hall, Vancouver, and acceptance into the Manitoba Medical College in 1913; description of the medical program; the outbreak of the First World War; problems of finance; recruitment into the 12th Field Ambulance in 1915 and lead-in to wartime experiences; overseas experiences from 1916, including battle conditions and medic responsibilities in Ypres, Amiens, Somme and Grand Serviens. TRACK 2: The return home in March 1919; the problems of leaving England and the trans-Atlantic trip, discussed in some detail; the return to medical school; Dr. Tisdall and the apprenticeship in the summer of 1919; Dr. Menzies completed his final fifth year in 1920 and passed the medical counsel exams; a brief description of his internship at VGH follows; in October of 1921, Dr. Menzies became staff doctor at Britannia Mines; the mine cave in that occurred two days later.

CALL NUMBER: T1984:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Public health : Dr. A.R. Menzies PERIOD COVERED: 1920-1936 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Menzies goes into some detail about his life at Britannia Mine; flood in 1921 is the major topic, including a description of the disaster and medical problems; a brief description of the main town site and mountain camp and the common injuries and first aid practice; Dr. Menzies' role as Provincial Health Inspector and experience with communicable diseases such as STDs, smallpox and scarlet fever. TRACK 2: The Britannia experience is ended with Dr. Menzies resignation over a conflict of interest; he mentions again the relationships and prevalent accidents; his return to Vancouver; and work in the laboratories of VGH. Dr. Menzies went to U of T School of Hygiene in 1930, under a fellowship, and returned to Vancouver the following year. In 1931, Menzies became Provincial Epidemiologist; his role in such issues as typhoid control, sanitation and food handling.

CALL NUMBER: T1984:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Public health : Dr. A.R. Menzies PERIOD COVERED: 1936-1960 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: The issues involved in public health dentistry, such as fluoridation. Vision and hearing tests in schools were also part of the program. Dr. Menzies relates his most embarrassing situation involving a co-ed student at UBC. In summary, Dr. Menzies discusses the advantages and disadvantages of being involved in public health service. TRACK 2: In 1936, Dr. Menzies joined the Metro Health Committee. He gives a description of its organisation and his first assignments; a discussion of the personnel and programs in the schools and baby clinics; Unit #1 and the issues of food handling and the kindergarten clinic; contact with communicable diseases such as polio; facilities for the handicapped. Dr. Menzies gives a description of the locations of the health units from 1936 to 1959. In 1959, Dr. Menzies became Senior Medical Health Officer. He describes his responsibilities, and discusses changes in the health department, personnel, offices and services.

Alfred Rider interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Reminiscences RECORDED: West Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-22 SUMMARY: Born in England; came to Vancouver in 1920; early work; logging camps; on the prairies; joined R. Darlington Co. as a labourer; became tile setter in 1925; in 1926 was secretary of the union, and in 1931, bought into the company; by 1943 he had been able to take over the company; description of how he developed the business; instituted a medical care plan among his employees; first under Blue Cross, the MSA; plan covered doctors and hospital care; by 1944-45 the company was paying the whole premium 4 or 5 dollars a month for a family. Had a unique relationship with his employees, they were good and loyal, and if they got a pay increase, they would try to increase production so the cost to the consumer wasn't increased. Two of them worked for him from 1926 to 1963-64. There were never any major injuries among employees, despite hazardous work of tile laying; done on scaffolding much of the time; company did tile work on many large buildings; inside and outside of the post office, Fairmont Building; BC Hydro building; reasons for success; they complied with WCB regulations; men themselves were careful; regulations were communicated to each employee; two men worked together on the scaffolding and checked each other; he had been 20 and 50 men working for him; depending on the job; his own medical history; operation on his hand; plastic surgery; early days; British army in Afghanistan; having khud races up and down the foothills of the Himalayas; feelings about retirement lodges; his own travels.

Angus Mackie interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Angus MacKie discusses public health inspection PERIOD COVERED: 1947-1975 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Starting with the City Health Department; location, staff, duties, etc.; sections of mental hygiene division; becoming public health inspector, duties, public relations; quarantine division 1947, duties, facilities, ambulance, public relations, incidents; changes, functions, attitudes; change to specialist section functions; duties with specialist section; functions. TRACK 2: Duties with specialist section; regulations; marina; rats; pollution; beaches etc.; public relations; changes 1973 to 1975; facilities; standards; salmonella; watershed; water quality control.

Art Hister interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Pine Street Free Clinic PERIOD COVERED: 1950-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Medical background; former concept of free clinic; involvement; birth pains of this concept; prominent medical problems; funding; opposition to program; necessity of clinics; changes in the structure of the clinics; interrelationships; role of nurses; staff and services offered; doctors involvement; philosophy. TRACK 2: Directions going; services needed; decision making; summary.

Arun Garg interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): History of UBC medical school RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-03-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Arun Garg, a third-year meical student at UBC, discusses: birth in India; PhD in bio-chemistry; childhood desire to be a doctor; drop outs; student motivations; clinical versus basic sciences; pre-requisites; health care a teaching; hospital standards; socialised medicine; school interviews; length of school year; first year feelings. TRACK 2: Women in medicine; ethnic groups; introduction of patient to first year; teaching technique; anatomy; workload; undergrad organisation; cadavers; electives; fourth year clerkship; senior clerkship; finance; fees; extra educational services.

Beverly Hopkins interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Mental Hygiene Division : early years, 1948-1954 RECORDED: West Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-03-18 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal background; education; psychology graduate from UBC in 1948; joined Mental Hygiene Division in 1948; description of staff; Dr. Gundry; interest in mental health; clinical set up; educational functions; work in well-baby clinics; relationship with Public Health Nurse; counselling; publications and flimsies; training at Toronto Sick Children's Hospital in play therapy and speech therapy; descriptions; various testing guides; work in schools; referrals; PTA; concern for 7-12 year olds; relationship with provincial organisations and other community groups. TRACK 2: Community services; special facilities for the emotionally handicapped; community work in PTA and at UBC, Clinical role of the psychologist: the set-up, tests, counselling, conferences, and public health follow-up. Ideas about mental health in the early years; Vancouver the provincial leader. Growth of Mental Hygiene Division, staff, information, acceptance and awareness of problem. Summary: results of work; publications for reference.

Charles Simpson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): St. John Ambulance in Vancouver RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-05 SUMMARY: Personal background and association with St. John in 1972 as executive director; the origins of the Order of St. John and a description of its beginnings, migrations, and arrival in New France; the functions of the brigade and the association with a little information about the provincial organisation; a description of the duties of the brigade; in crowds; Mount Seymour, casualty collecting units; teaching programs as influenced by the York University study, what it was and the results.

Christine Charter interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Victorian Order of Nurses PERIOD COVERED: 1935-1975 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-02-03 SUMMARY: TRACK 1 & 2: Personal history and introduction; early education; nurses training; St. John's Newfoundland; public health nursing course; University of Toronto; Victorian Order of Nurses, Halifax; brief discussion of Victorian Order of Nurses; Toronto 1943 VON; Liverpool VON during the Second World War; VON in Vancouver; how patients come to the VON's attention; community resources; future of VON now that the government is taking over visiting nurses and doctors.

Claire Culhane interview

CALL NUMBER: T2369:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Birth in Montreal; education at Sir George Williams; nursing training in 1935; discharged in 1937 for disobeying rules that compromised her humanitarianism; on Spanish Civil War Committee in Montreal; Dr. Bethune's Montreal lectures; union organisation in Quebec in the 1930s; War Measures Act in 1940; the Red squad in Quebec; moving to Vancouver; women's movement within unions in the 1940s; 1950s was Ban the Bomb; Rosenberg protests; working at Children's Hospital on East 55th in Vancouver; Montreal Neurological Institute in 1955; Grace Hart Tuberculosis Hospital setting up medical record department; medical librarian training in Canada and the UK; 1957 to 1960, setting up medical records system at Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; 1960 to 1966 medical record work at a Montreal hospital. TRACK 2: Dr. Alte Vennema and Dr. Michael Jutra, January 1967; Canadian hospital supplies on the South Vietnamese black market; 'lost' hospital goods; no vouchers for $429,000 worth of medical supplies; Canadian ambassador in South Vietnam in 1967; hospital routine at Quang Ngai; 200 patients each morning; ambassador's advice to her; the Tet Offensive in 1968; decision to leave needy people there and return to Canada to tell the truth of our role in Vietnam; the hypocrisy of making bombs for the Americans and telling world only of our hospital work in Vietnam, which was in South Vietnam only; denied the right to present a report on the hospital; ten day fast in October of 1968; Ottawa winter campout on Parliament Hill in 1969; chained to public gallery in Ottawa; Parliament May 1971; protests. CALL NUMBER: T2369:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: $2.5 million in aid to Vietnam; total from BC Government in 1973; only $300,000 actually sent; BC NDP conference in 1974 ignores the Vietnam delegation; values; a call for medicine; scholarly books to help rebuild Vietnam; sent to Clair Culhane for forwarding; campaign to aid political prisoners in South Vietnam in 1973; tiger cage publicity; United Prisoners Rights movement in Canada in 1976; need for freedom on information acts, sponsored by Senator Eugene Forsey and Gerald Baldwin, MP.

Clara and Frank London interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Reminiscences RECORDED: West Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-27 SUMMARY: Frank London: Born in London, England; came to Saskatchewan in 1908; worked as a farm labourer; when family came out later, they bought a farm; hailed and frozen out; moved to a CPR "ready-made" farm in Alberta; met his wife at Lougheed; farmed there for seven years, then sold out and came to Vancouver. Worked as a marine pipe fitter at Wilson Drydocks, building and repairing ships; recalls building the millionth ton of new ship (wartime); arming of transport ships. Working conditions in holds of ships; sulphur fumes from acetylene torches damaged his lungs. Only medical insurance was an employee sick benefits fund, paid entirely by employees; later, when he had a heart attack, the WCB had been established. Clara London: Born in Minnesota; came to Canada in 1905; father homesteaded 125 miles southeast of Edmonton; rented land for the summer; then father built a covered wagon, loaded the family of eight, plus beds and stove, and traveled 100 miles to Lougheed, staying at farmhouses overnight. She met and married Frank there in 1914; had six children, two born at home. Recollections of old remedies -- goose grease and turpentine spread on the chest for colds, peppermint tea and barley water for upset stomachs. Flu epidemic of 1918-19; Mr. London had a slight case; the new brick schoolhouse was turned into a hospital. Other home remedies. Food preservation. Life in a retirement lodge.

Clarence Bradbury interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Aid to the handicapped & community health services PERIOD COVERED: 1945-1970 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal background; training for rehabilitation work, 1945 to 1947; early rehabilitation work in BC; provincial government involvement, 1948 to 1950; development of rehabilitation programs; experimental programs. TRACK 2: Continued discussion of experimental programs; work in Kelowna and Nanaimo; reception of programs by the public and physicians; work in Chilliwack and Prince George; operations and developments since 1967; rapid expansion of programs; finances of cost shared programs; future hopes of programs.;

Dennis Cocke interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Health care in British Columbia RECORDED: New Westminster (B.C.), 1976-03-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Introduction; personal background; beginning in politics; duties of Minister of Health; departments in the Department of Health; definition of health; state of health care in BC in 1972; Hall Commission; Castinguay Report; Alcohol and Drug Commission (1973); LeDain Commission. TRACK 2: Foulkes Report; public health education; community health centres; manpower distribution; financing; British medical system; problems; federal/provincial relationship; problem with hospital service; abortion; state of health care in BC in 1975; future of health care in BC.

Denys Ford interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Arthritis research PERIOD COVERED: 1920-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Beginning interest in arthritis; cortisone in New York and England, coming to Vancouver; research in Vancouver; treatment of various types of arthritis; C.A.R.S.; gout; joint surgery; effectiveness; side effects; drugs; gold; prevention; incidence; cause; prospects for future; conclusion. [TRACK 2: blank?]

Diane Atkinson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Faciilities and services for the handicapped RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-03-18 SUMMARY: Diane discusses the availability of health care facilities when she was born with arthrogryposis. She went down to Portland, Oregon for treatment and operation; funded by the Shriners. At that time, Montreal and Portland were the only two facilities available for the treatment she needed. The facilities available in Vancouver today for disabled people; her ideas on how they can be improved; and suggestions for the areas that should be extended. She discusses the attitudes of people in dealing with handicapped people and the attitudes of handicapped people dealing with the society that they are trying to live in. Integration of the normal society with handicapped people and vice versa.

Donald Watt interview

CALL NUMBER: T1983:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Don Watt : medical missionary work, United Church PERIOD COVERED: 1940-1960 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-16 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal background in Ontario; medical positions held; Skidegate Inlet, 1946; Queen Charlotte Hospital, 1955; type of medical work there, coronary work; life style in the Queen Charlottes; influence of church on Dr. Watt; effects of United Church medical work; Bella Bella, 1942 -1960, large growth; tuberculosis in BC; Port Simpson Hospital; types of medical problems in United Church Hosp;itals. TRACK 2: Christianity and medicine; income of United Church doctors; payment other than money; income tax; Government subsidy for rural isolated doctors; payment for services; regional hospital districts; United Church and government takeover of Bella Bella Hospital; penicillin; x-ray equipment; technical advances in rural medicine; satellite communication.;

CALL NUMBER: T1983:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Don Watt; Medical Missionary Work, United Church PERIOD COVERED: 1940-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-16 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Hugh McGuire, an outstanding surgeon from Alabama with futuristic ideas for rural medicine; liaison between city and country; United Church involvement; use of specialist from UBC Faculty of Medicine for medical programs; veterinary experiences. TRACK 2: Humourous veterinary experiences; work anecdotes; Red Cross; Indians in society; birth control; sterilization; abortion.

Doris Drinnan interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Family Planning Association of British Columbia RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-03-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal history and medical background; nurse since 1965 with the Family Planning Association; her involvement. Birth of Family Planning Clinics -- first in 1965, now 16 scattered around the province; people involved with birth [control?] and their philosophy; services; support and resistance; staff; doctors' involvement; inter-relationships; supplies; nurses; educational projects, new clinics, and their help in getting them started. [TRACK 2: blank?];

Doris Mary Pack interview

CALL NUMBER: T1978:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): History of the Canadian Arthritis and Rheumatism Society PERIOD COVERED: 1945-1975 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975-12-22 SUMMARY: Track 1: Early personal background; beginning of Spastic Society leading to CARS (Canadian Arthritis and Rheumatism Society) early history. TRACK 2: The problems CARS faced in getting trained staff, equipment and support; Mr. Green, Alberni, quack ANR tonic; treatment of arthritis; different supporters around BC; Banff Centre for Arthritis; G.F. Strong mentioned and IDH old Fairview Pavilion; lack of hospital beds; funding problems; research discussed; Rufus Gibbs Lodge; building of CARS centre; volunteers discussed; the centre's uses; funding problems; bluebird symbol; memorable moments; Haida Indian survey houses.;

CALL NUMBER: T1978:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], [1975-12-22?] SUMMARY: [No content summary available for this tape.];

Doris Mellish interview

CALL NUMBER: T1988:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Doris Mellish, General Medicine, Vancouver PERIOD COVERED: 1920-1970 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal background; nurses training and early job experiences; life on the northwest coast of Vancouver Island; health care on the northwest coast of Vancouver Island; involvement with the Vancouver Health League; mental health; amalgamation of city health and school health; start of Mental Health committee; description of Parent Teachers Association; parent education courses. TRACK 2: ; Description of courses; formation of Vancouver Health League and the Community Chest; Council of Social Agencies; smallpox epidemics of 1919 and 1932; vaccinations for small pox; school vaccination; Cancer Foundation; BC Cancer Society; Tranquille. CALL NUMBER: T1988:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Doris Mellish, General Medicine, Vancouver PERIOD COVERED: 1950-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Community program takeover by government; choosing members of family service organisations; payment for services by government; availability of services throughout BC; care of aged; nutrition; results of Conference of Aged; law resulting from the study of facilities; nutrition in Vancouver; fluoridation. TRACK 2: Fluoridation; water pollution; registry of disabled children; handicapped aids; building codes for handicapped; residential treatment for disturbed children. CALL NUMBER: T1988:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Doris Mellish, General Medicine, Vancouver PERIOD COVERED: 1940-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Vancouver Health League; mental health; house for residential treatment; mentally retarded; formation of BC Mental Health Association; volunteers for mental health centres; preventorium; Sunnyhill; formation of Victoria Order of Nurses; industrial health in Vancouver; Community Chest organisations. TRACK 2: Community Chest; changes and budget deficits; opinions of resource boards; Community Chest; future.

Doug McKenzie interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Tuberculosis Control PERIOD COVERED: 1940-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Introduction; coming to Vancouver; starting work in tuberculosis; treatment of TB; costs of treatment of TB; case finding and the incidence among various groups; deaths from TB; discussion of facilities at the Willow Chest Centre in Vancouver; changes in the treatment of TB; closing of Tranquille Sanatorium; financing treatments; patients attitudes toward treatment. TRACK 2: Dr. Mackenzie's responsibilities at Willow Chest Centre; expectations for treatment and prevention.

Douglas Yeo interview

CALL NUMBER: T2001:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dentistry Developments in BC PERIOD COVERED: 1950-1969 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Yeo gives a brief description of his early education including the U of T dental school; after graduating in 1950, Dr. Yeo join the public health department in BC as a regional dental consultant; he describes equipment, offices and refinements. In 1951, he was assigned to the Cariboo Health Unit; he relates problems and changes there; after a year in graduate training at Michigan, Dr. Yeo joined the Metropolitan Health Unit as director of dental services; he describes the organisation and follow-up treatment; a discussion of the fluoridation issue; distribution of clinics and votes; arguments. TRACK 2: A summary of the uses of fluoride and alternatives available; Dr. Yeo mentions the distribution of services and minor problems and controversies. In 1964, the dental school at UBC opening. Dr. Yeo gives a description of the courses, practical experiences, length of courses; specializations and size of classes; this is followed by some statistical information on the number of dentists in BC and distribution and the idea of regional licensing; a description of the College of Dental Surgeons, the Dentistry Act, registry and qualifications and some changes in the number of registered dentists. CALL NUMBER: T2001:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dentistry Developments in BC PERIOD COVERED: 1960-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: A discussion of the issue of Dental Mechanics and Technicians and the Dental Technicians Act; qualifications and licensing and the National Dental Examining Board; a discussion of the idea of dental insurance and proposed plans; Dr. Yeo discusses trends, preventions, group practices, para-dental professions; COT system; Saskatchewan dental nurse and specializations; a brief comparison of the size and composition of the UBC dental classes over its initial years including a discussion of women in dentistry; summary impression; the direction of dentistry in the coming years. [TRACK 2: blank?]

Dr. Charles McDonnell interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Early Vancouver medical history, 1862 - ca. 1914 : a slide presentation and lecture RECORDED: West Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-14 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. McDonnell discusses his interest in medical history; historian Father Morice; BC in 1862; Vancouver families, the Moodies, Greenhorns, McLearies; lumber mills exporting to Australia in 1864; Stamp and Rogers mill owners; BC wood in the palace at Peking; medical care in BC from 1862 to 1867; Vancouver, "drugs only or go to Victoria"; Vancouver nurse Emily Patterson canoeing to patients; 1869 to 1870; Dr. Black of New Westminster; liquor problems in Vancouver; Dr. Black killed by his horse in 1871 en route to a patient in Vancouver; his funeral; Dr. True replaced Dr. Black; introduction of contract medicine in Vancouver; Premier G.A. Walkem. TRACK 2: Dr. W.W. Walkem as ornithologist; the great Vancouver fire of 1886; four doctors present; Dr. Duncan Bell-Irving and the intermarriage of medical families; the story of Dr. Breckingdale's death in 1912; Dr. Large's success; Dr. McGuighan becomes mayor in 1904; also was an alderman; treasurer of College of Physicians and Surgeons; president of the Vancouver Medical Association; Dr. Lafevre ran the CPR hospital, which was the only hospital in Vancouver until 1898; Lafevre as businessman, died in 1906.

Dr. Embert van Tilburg interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Medical missionary work RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-21 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Two sisters of the Order of Charity and Providence joined the interview -- Sister Maynard and Sister Catherine. Van Tilburg's childhood in Amsterdam, Holland; Levden medical school; immigration to Vancouver; interning at St. Paul's, 1953 to 1955; practice in Victoria from 1956 onward; consultant for old people's home run by Mother Cecilia and the Sisters of the Love of Jesus; 1964 extended care facilities put into Mother Cecilia's home; becomes well-known example of extended care of high calibre; films on it shown in Israel and University of Toronto hospital administration course. TRACK 2: History of St. Paul's, read by Sister Maynard; selections from a book in documentation; 1886 Vancouver Great Fire; Holy Rosary Church; 1894 need for hospital fulfilled by Sisters of Providence; 25 bed hospital; duties of order; its work in Western Canada; Sister Maynard's pastoral work at St. Paul's, 1976; medical services registration; incidents; CUSO; outpatient clothing department run by Sister Catherine; the holistic approach at a Catholic hospital; Meals on Wheels, 1975.

Dr. Emile Therrien interview

CALL NUMBER: T2370:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Obstetrics and gynecology, 1927-1975 (tape 1) RECORDED: West Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-02-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Introduction; education; parents; interning at VGH in 1933; the Depression years; setting up practice; West Vancouver 1935; difficulties encountered; payment method; treatments used during the mid-1930s, prior to antibiotics; public attitude towards health care in the 1930s; anecdote regarding a miscarriage in 1937. TRACK 2: Anecdotes regarding menopause, hemorrhoids, anemia patient in 1937; army career, 1942 to 1946; treatments used during the Second World War; first Canadian hospital to use penicillin in 1943; setting up practice upon return to Canada in 1946; 1948-1958, the effect of various birth control methods upon practice; social attitudes towards birth control; abortion; sexuality in the 1940s and 1950s.

CALL NUMBER: T2370:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Obstetrics and gynecology, 1927-1975 (tape 2) RECORDED: West Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-02-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Discussion of the IUD -- history, use, etc.; changes in childbirth methods over the years; discussion of newer developments in the 1970s. Development of hospitals on the North Shore, pioneered by Dr. E.A. Martin; North Vancouver General Hospital, 1928; Lions Gate Hospital, 1961; discussion of medical staff; patients today; general health attitudes. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Dr. Hugh Munro interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dentistry RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-26 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Introduction; moving to Vancouver; University of Toronto in 1925; setting up a practice in Vancouver; dentists advertising; "Painless" Parker; fees; patient's attitudes; Depression. Vancouver; and District Dental Society; BC Dental Association in 1943; amendments to the Dentistry Act; BC Dental Bulletin, April 1976; major changes in dentistry; changes in patient's attitudes; dental health in general. [TRACK 2: blank?]

Dr. Katharine Mirhady interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Pediatrics RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal history; education; interest in medicine; description of University of Toronto Medical School, 1943 to 1948; how antibiotics affected training; the development of Pablum; university description continued; interning at the Royal Jubilee Hospital from 1948 to 1950; big flood in the fall and spring of 1947/48; advent of hospitalisation; how hospitals were almost empty waiting for January 1949 when hospitalisation was paid; Toronto Mental Institute at 999 Queens Street; depressing; uses of shock treatment discussed; Great Ormond St. Hospital for thee month paediatric course in the fall of 1949; went to Davenport in 1950 to work at maternity hospital for six months; midwifery discussed; France for a holiday and onto the Semmelweis Clinic in Vienna, observing and assisting with operations; 1951 back to London, Ontario, working for a obstetrician and gynecologist doing circumcisions; Vancouver in 1953. TRACK 2: Description of Vancouver; job with Savage Shoes doing research on children's feet; working afternoons at a baby clinic; moved to Richmond in 1954; got job with metropolitan health in 1955; moved back to Vancouver so could continue working at the baby clinic; viewpoints of need for family life education; some discussion of what the school board is doing right now; handicapped children's needs; English needed as a second language by 33% of elementary students.

Dr. Lawrence E. Ranta interview : [Oldham, 1976]

CALL NUMBER: T0247:0008 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): History of UBC Medical School : part 1 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-03-25 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal history; decision to become a doctor; Dr. Cuthbertson, G.P.; Dr. Oscar Ranta (older brother); sister in medicine; family anecdotes; summer work through 1929 with famous surveyor Eli Stewart; Toronto Medical School 1929, and the changing atmosphere there -- from clinical to research emphasis -- because of Dr. Banting. TRACK 2: Clinical Osler tradition vs. the new research tradition in 1930s at Toronto; class collegue Dr. Omand Solamdt; Drs. Banting and Best; Fred Banting's 1938-1939 public health course at Toronto, and as Connaught lab consultant; Dr. Ranta's work in immunology with Dr. Donald Fraser; Dr. Robert Defries; stories on Banting; effect of Banting on research in Canada, other Canadian medical researchers; polio vaccine and DR. Parker; the "swine flue" and present concern for 1977 epidemic; antibiotics (should be used "like a rifle"); disease and the public. CALL NUMBER: T0247:0009 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): History of UBC Medical School : part 2 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Internship; Dr. Beverley Hanna, Dr. Henry Dole (classmate who became Director of Toronto General Hospital); 1936 diptheria outbreak in York County; immunization and the "smell of diptheria"; Dr. Elliot, chest diagnostician; 1971 rise in Vancouver diptheria; "pale, pasty and poisoned" (1930s term); 1936 polio, scarlet fever, "prontosil"; discovery of dyes as medicine in Germany, 1930s. TR;ACK 2: Russian medicine 1917 on, medical refugees to Canada in 1930s; Koerner brothers inject patronage to Canadian research scene; house physician, St. Michael's, 1937; Toronto school of hygiene; Dr.; Don Fraser, immunologist; Dr. Robert Defries and Dr. Claude Dolman at Connaught lab (research); 1939 move to Vancouver; Connaught lab under Dr. Dolman; provincial lab plans at UBC (halted); World War; II Connaught lab work, lab animals; monkey escapades and capture without tranquilizer darts; animal attendants, 1940s; Dr. Ronny Havers (radiologist); Dr. Bjornesson (US arthritis institute head); Dr.; Bill Kocroft (VGH bacteriologist); Dr. Dolman in 1930s -- food poisoning research; anecdotes about food poisoning in BC; salmonella identification and typing; discovery of "salmonella Vancouver" in late 1940s at Connaught lab on Hornby Street. CALL NUMBER: T0247:0010 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): History of UBC Medical School : part 3 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Idea of UBC medical school; 1946 veteran-student pressure for a medical school, pre-med assoc[iates?], the debate for/against; Dr. Ranta spoke on CBC Radio and at UBC 1946-1947; general feeling "now is the time"; UBC president Dr. N.A.M. Mackenzie, Chancellor Hamber, Dr. Sherwood Lett (supporters); internal-external need; the financial "pie" at UBC; support in Vancouver and from Vancouver; Medical Association; education committee chairman Dr. Panton; Dr. George F. Strong -- character and history, his beliefs put forward strongly in a VMA-commissioned report on possibility of a UBC medical school; Dr. Dolman's study; report by the UBC Board of Governors, 1946; Dr. Strong proposed using existing Vancouver hospitals as teaching hospitals, while Dolman advocated an on-campus hospital; controversy; full-time vs. part-time practicing medical teachers; UBC medical school's standing in Canada; extended care hospital begun on campus, 1975. TRACK 2: Extended care; 1954 U.S. report on long-term patient care; 1976 BC government decision to create 600-bed teaching hospital on campus; larger class size expected. His involvement with bacteriology, 1939-1958; the campus in World War II; the first dean, 1949, Myron Weaver; finding a good personal doctor; Peggy Service, Dean Weaver's secretary; young faculty members; psychiatric treatment in Vancouver, 1914- .

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