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Only top-level descriptions Barkerville (B.C.)
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A.H. Maynard collection

  • PR-1258
  • Collection
  • [between 1896 and 1932]

The collection consists of four discreet collections of photographs, the bulk of which are lantern slides. The majority of the fonds consists of several sets of lantern slides, the bulk of which contain photographic subject matter dating from 1868 to 1930. The photograph collections are attributed to Albert Hatherly Maynard, son of early pioneer photographer Richard Maynard (1832-1907). Within lantern slide collections, slides from creators of other distinct lantern slide collections (likely Charles Frederick Newcombe and William A. Newcombe), appear to be included. A small number of flexible negatives are also included in one of the accessions.

A large number of lantern slides depict scenes of the Fraser River gold rush era of the 1860s, in the regions of Yale to Barkerville, Quesnel and Cottonwood in the interior of British Columbia. Many of the reproductions of photographs featured in the lantern slides in this collection are attributed early pioneer photographer’s works including those created by Richard Maynard during the 1860s and A.H. Maynard’s works produced in the 1920s. It also includes the photographic works of other early B.C. photographers including Frederick Dally (1838-1914), likely Louis A. Blanc who documented similar subjects as the Maynards particularly Barkerville, the Cariboo and the Cariboo Roads in British Columbia during the period before and after the Fraser River gold rush of the 1860s. A small number of photographic works by Frederick Dundas Todd (1858-1926) and F. [Dewitt] Reed are also contained within several of the slide collections.

Accessions 198203-025 and 198203-065 consist of slide compilations that depict a visual narrative of the history of Barkerville, the Cariboo Road and Cariboo region in the B.C. interior during the period of the 1868 Fraser River gold rush era and sixty years later in the 1920s. The bulk of the scenes of the gold mining resource industry, as well as views of transportation roads and routes along the journey to the goldfields. To a lesser extent views of other resources industries (forestry, agriculture, fishing and farming/ranching) are depicted against the nature and lands of the B.C. interior. Mining towns within the Lighting Creek and Williams Creek Districts, including Barkerville (before and after the fire of 1868), Richfield and Cameronton are represented, as well as other scenes representing the following views of gold mining operations: claims sites, posed group portraits and likenesses of miners, equipment and the production activity of early mining technology of associated mining companies, businesses and partnerships in the area. Photographs of mining claims and claims sites and the miners and labourers involved at Mucho Oro, Aurora Gold, Minnehah, Never Sweat; The Rankin Company (Grouse Creek), Ne’er do Weel (Grouse Creek) and the Canadian Grouse Company (Grouse Creek) are included in the sequences. Imagery along and of the Cariboo Road(s) are described as depicting various views, scenes and activities including: freight and trade transportation, transportation methods and transportation routes (ox pack teams, gold escorts; steamer “Reliance” and Fraser River crossings; travelers); views along the Cariboo Road(s) that include the geological terrain of the Fraser River (its river banks and surrounding forested and arid landscapes) at various points along the route to the goldfields including the Fraser Canyon and Lady Franklin Rock; examples of civil engineering as such as bridges; homes and ranches as well as accommodations such as roadhouses and hotels (70, 83, 108 and 150 Mile Houses, Pioneer Hotel, Van Winkel Hotel at Stanley, Colonial Hotel at Soda Creek and the Hastings Hotel) and businesses (Masonic Hall at Barkerville) in colonial service towns and mining communities and settlements. Indigenous communities do not appear to be identified in lantern slide captions, though the geographical regions documented in slides reflect many traditional Indigenous territories in which the Fraser River gold rush traversed and was situated. It appears that traditional Indigenous fishing methods are present in some views, likely in those of the Fraser River. Several photographs of geological specimens (gold nuggets) are included within the set. There appear to be very limited images of regional wildlife. There are a small number of group photographs reflecting the diverse population of gold miners, pioneers and travelers of the Interior B.C. (“Crew of SS "Nechacco"), including women and children. The views from the 1920s, appear to reflect A. H. Maynard’s trips to Barkerville, the Cariboo Road(s) and the Cariboo region. Finally, there are several views described as from the period in between 1868 and the 1920s. These slides depict views including those of the Fraser Valley region by F. Dundas Todd, a surveying team in “East Kootenay” and a few images described as the Okanagan.

A smaller collection of lantern slides (accession 198203-066) feature a random mix of Fraser River gold rush era views, military subjects, theatrical entertainment and other topics. Many slides appear to be images reproduced from works of art, books and other published materials. Documentation of theatrical productions include images of scenes and portraits from Shakespearean plays (Macbeth, Othello, A Winter’s Tale), as well as Anne Hathaway's cottage. It also includes documentation of the destruction of religious institutions during World War I, primarily in Ypres. Some of these slides indicate “mounted by Edgar Fleming, Victoria, B.C.”

Another collection of photographs (accession 198201-068) consist of 107 black and white flexible film negatives depicting Canadian and American views taken between the period of May and June 1914. These include views include of Bowmanville, Toronto and Niagara, Ontario in May 1914; Rochester and New York, New York in May and June, and the "Rio Grande" in Colorado in June of the same year. Photographs of American destinations such as San Francisco, Philadelphia, Atlantic City including Freemount Park, Salt Lake and [Ogden], Denver and Washington, DC are here. Several locations on Vancouver Island identified as Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay also housed in this group of photographs. This unit also includes film negatives described as “C.P.R.y [Railway] 1914”. 25 copy prints were made from these negatives due to deterioration of original film negatives.16 images of Bowmanville and Toronto in May 1914 and 9 images of Vancouver Island including Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay are available.

Maynard, Albert Hatherly

Barkerville and Fort George water rights records

  • GR-1080
  • Series
  • 1911-1923

This series contains records of the Water Recorders and Government Agents of Barkerville and Fort George relating to water licences. Includes correspondence, licence certificates and plans of licences issued to the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway, the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, and the Fort George Citizens Water Company.

British Columbia. Water Rights Branch

Barkerville County Court civil case files

  • GR-2345
  • Series
  • 1933-1953

Civil case files with the exception of probate/estate files (GR-2020 & GR-2021), Mechanic's liens (GR-2347) and naturalization files (GR-2348) which are filed separately.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Barkerville County Court criminal case files

  • GR-2024
  • Series
  • 1938-1945

Criminal case files: 339/38 Rex v. Russell; 1941 Rex v. Smaaslet; 1941 Rex v. Maki; 3/44 Rex v. Beamish; 1/45 Rex v. Craine.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Barkerville County Court plaint and procedure book

  • GR-0013
  • Series
  • 1907-1954

The series consists of a plaint and procedure book for the County Court of Cariboo, created between May 1907 and March 1954. The volume includes proceedings from sessions held at Barkerville, Soda Creek, Richfield, 150 Mile House, Quesnel and South Fort George, although the court appears to have settled at Barkerville after 1911.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Barkerville County Court plaintiff index

  • GR-0011
  • Series
  • 1933-1954

The series consists of single volume plaintiff index created by the Barkerville County Court between 1933 and 1954.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Barkerville Police charge book

  • GR-0822
  • Series
  • 1866-1896

This series consists of a Barkerville Provincial Police charge book, 1866-1896.

British Columbia. Provincial Police Force (Barkerville)

Barkerville Supreme and County Court grants of letters probate

  • GR-3681
  • Series
  • 1941-1949

The series consists of 1 volume of grants of letters probate created in the Supreme and County Courts at Barkerville between 1941 and 1949. Forms typically include name and residence of deceased and the name of the executor(s). Records from County and Supreme Courts are bound in the same volume.

Records in this series are arranged chronologically.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Barkerville)

Barkerville Supreme Court civil case files

  • GR-2023
  • Series
  • 1939

Civil case files for 3 cases: L.W. King vs. Buckley's Pharmacy (K/3/39) and Workmen's Compensation Board vs. Consolidated Gold Alluvials of B.C. (W/l/41). This series includes adoption files.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Barkerville)

Cariboo District business record collection

  • PR-2175
  • Fonds
  • [ca. 1863-1907]

Consists of a collection of unidentified account books from hotels, businesses and mining companies in the Cariboo district. The records have been acquired by the archives over a number of years and placed into this collection.

Cariboo District firm declaration book

  • GR-0009
  • Series
  • 1900-1954

The series consists of a Firm declaration book for Cariboo district for the period January 1900 to October 1954. The book has has an index volume for the period after 1918.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Cariboo District firm individual index books

  • GR-0010
  • Series
  • 1900-1918

The series consists of Firm individual index books for the Cariboo District, from January 1900 to April 1918.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Cariboo District naturalizations index

  • GR-0006
  • Series
  • 1906-1914

The series consists of a naturalization index for the Cariboo District from December 1906 to June 1914, created under the Naturalization Act (RSC, 1906, Cap. 77). The entries in the index are by name and are arranged chronologically and alphabetically.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Cariboo District naturalizations index

  • GR-0007
  • Series
  • 1914-1929, 1934-1955

The series consists of naturalization indexes arranged chronologically and alphabetically and created under the Naturalization Act (RSC, 1906, Cap. 77).. The first index covers the Cariboo District for June 1914 to September 1929 and the second volume covers the period 1934 to 1955.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Cariboo District water rights records

  • GR-0842
  • Series
  • 1897-1917

This series consists of records of the Water Commissioner, Barkerville, B.C. related to water rights, 1897-1917. Includes grants of water rights, water licenses, applications for water licenses, and plans accompanying applications for water record.

British Columbia. Water Rights Branch. Cariboo Water District

Cariboo Government Agent correspondence and other material

  • GR-0216
  • Series
  • 1860-1938

The series consists of records created by the Government Agent and the Gold Commissioner of the Cariboo District, between 1860 and 1938. It includes correspondence inward and outward; court, mining, land, financial and administrative records.

British Columbia. Gold Commissioner (Cariboo)

Cariboo government office records

  • GR-4063
  • Series
  • 1868-1895

This series consists of a wide variety of records received or created by government offices in the Cariboo region from 1868 to 1895. Most of the records are addressed to government officials or were created by courts in the following places: Richfield, Barkerville, Quesnelle Forks and other locations in the Cariboo district. Over the years, the government offices responsible for the entire Cariboo district were located in each of these towns. The majority of the records appear to have been received by the Government Office, Richfield.

At this time government offices held a very wide range of responsibilities which could be done by as few as one person. The records relate to several government officials: the Gold Commissioner, Government Agent, Magistrate, County Court judge and Supreme Court judge.

The majority of the records are related to leasing, purchasing or gaining access to water for mining claims. This includes some records from the Gold Commissioner court.

There are also many county court and supreme court records. These records include summons; wills; probate and other estate records; search warrants; assizes; court transcripts; evidence; coroner inquest records; and assize court calendars.

Other types of records include general correspondence from settlers; census data; voters lists; criminal statistics; Land Ordinances; pre-emption records and other records related to the Land Act; naturalization oaths; indentures; receipts and financial records; maps; petitions for liquor licences; and a BC Savings Bank (Cariboo Branch) depositors book.

British Columbia. Gold Commissioner (Cariboo)

Cariboo Small Debts Court cause books

  • GR-0043
  • Series
  • 1895-1950

The series consists of two cause books from the Small Debts Court in Barkerville. The first, in accession 75-G-053, was created between November 1933 and September 1940. This volume also includes proceedings under the Deserted Wives Maintenance Act. The series also includes a Sheriff's record book for the County Court of Cariboo, created between April 1895 and September 1899, listing summonses issued and served in Quesnel, 150 Mile House, Soda Creek, Richfield, Ashcroft Station and Clinton. The second Barkerville cause book, in accession 83-0774, was created between February 1941 and February 1950. It includes receipts issued by the Gold Commissioner’s office at Barkerville.

The series also consists of one ledger created solely by the County Court of Cariboo for small debts cases heard in Quesnel and Williams Lake. The cause book is arranged chronologically, but there is a loose alphabetical index included in the volume. Cases dating from 1921-1923 were heard in Williams Lake, and cases from 1925-1948 were heard in Quesnel. The spine bindings on this volume indicate that the ledger may have originally been in the possession of the the Government Agent of 150 Mile House.

British Columbia. County Court (Cariboo)

Historical material for theatrical application

  • GR-0318
  • Series
  • Photocopied 1977

This series consists of dossiers of photocopied historical material for theatrical application, including: 1. Barkerville, the Cariboo Gold Rush; 2, Fort Steele, the Kootenay Gold Rush; 3. Fort Steele, East Kootenay in the 1880's; 4. Fort Steele, East Kootenay, 1890-1905.

British Columbia. Parks Branch

Lawrence J. Wallace fonds

  • PR-2372
  • Fonds
  • 1862-2002

The fonds consists of records created or acquired by Wallace in the course of his life as a teacher, public servant and retired member of the community.

The records reflect events held across the province in celebrations of the 4 centennials in British Columbia in 1958, 1966, 1967, and 1971.

The records are primarily photograph albums or scrapbooks and were arranged by Wallace as volumes in chronological order.

A small number of records contain correspondence and personal records related to Wallace’s family history in addition to collected ephemera related to centennial celebrations.

Published material included in the donation has been transferred to the archives’ library.

Wallace, Lawrence James, 1913-2006

Lot registers and other material

  • GR-1374
  • Series
  • 1861-1972

This series contains the records of the Gold Commissioner, Government Agent, and Assistant Land Commissioner, Cariboo District (Quesnel). The records consist of lot registers, certificates of purchase, certificates of pre-emption, registers of pre-emptions (canceled and allowed), registers of land applications and lands purchased, register of leaves of absence granted pre-emption on active service, minute books containing lot register of lands along the route of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, and registers of hay and pasture land leases. The series also includes townsite registers for Quesnel, Barkerville, and Wells and lot registers for some townships in the Peace River Block. Volumes 89-98 and 153-158 are oversize.

British Columbia. Cariboo Land District

Mechanics' Liens

  • GR-2347
  • Series
  • 1934-1953

Mechanics' Liens from 1934-1942, 1945, 1950, 1953.

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Naturalization case files

  • GR-2348
  • Series
  • 1914-1959

Naturalization case files (1914-1959), plus three files of correspondence regarding naturalization applications (1944-1958) and one file of correspondence, circulars, regulations, forms, fee schedules, etc. from the federal government (1948-1955).

British Columbia. County Court (Barkerville)

Presentments of the Grand Jurors

  • GR-2947
  • Series
  • 1867

Presentments of the Grand Jurors in and for the District of Cariboo East, July 1867. The report is submitted by J.H. Todd (foreman) to Chief Justice Begbie and reports on the Jury's inspection of the hospital, jail, court house, sidewalks and roads, fire hazards in town particularly the need for an explosives storehouse, the need for better trails to outlying creeks and the annoyance caused by an unnecessary number of dogs. Chief Justice Begbie responds to each of these points in his covering letter forwarding the presentments to the Colonial Secretary.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Barkerville)

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