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Archival description
Collection
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Archives discrete item collection

  • F1
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1850]-2017

The collection consists of single items, reports, photocopies, photographs and other small collections donated and loaned to the BC Archives which document all aspects of the political, economic, social and cultural history of the province. They are private records produced by individuals, businesses and organizations and were acquired by the Archives over many years. They have come from all areas of the Province and vary widely in subject matter. They consist of account books and journals, letters and diaries of gold seekers, pioneers, missionaries, and school teachers, literary manuscripts, photographs, the papers of natural historians and students and the personal and family papers of notable settlers and residents of the province.

British Columbia Archives

Archives research collection

  • F2
  • Collection
  • 1785-1991

The collection consists primarily of copies or records collected by the archives, loaned to the archives or donated to the archives. These records encompass all aspects of the political, economic, social and cultural history of the province. They come from all over the world but have a BC connection. These copies come from other archives, universities, historical societies, institutes and individuals.

British Columbia Archives

Archives moving images collection

  • F3
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1925-1990]

Collection consists of moving images collected or acquired by the BC Archives from a wide variety of donors. Subjects include the entire range of British Columbia history and cover most geographic areas of the province. They include commercially produced industrial and promotional films as well as amateur productions.

British Columbia Archives

Archives sound recording collection

  • F6
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1930-1995]

Collection consists of sound recordings collected or acquired by the BC Archives from a wide variety of donors and sources. The recordings include oral history interviews, radio broadcasts, and published sound recordings. Subjects include family history, local and regional history, industrial history, and broadcasting.

British Columbia Archives

Herald Street collection

  • GR-1069
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1849 to 1970]

The collection consists of records created ca. 1849 to 1970 by the Dept. of Lands and Works and related departments, including pre-Confederation government bodies.

Speech from the Throne

  • GR-3346
  • Collection
  • 1872-1876; 1905; 1960-2021

The collection consists of an incomplete set of copies of the Speech from the Throne, created between 1872 and 2021. The collection was made by the BC Archives using copies of the speeches, including red-ribbon copies, drawn together from various government office sources.

The Speech from the Throne is given by the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia who addresses the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia at its opening and/or closing sessions. The speech outlines the executive government's plans at the start of each session of the Legislative Assembly and reviews the accomplishments of the government at the end of each session.

British Columbia. Lieutenant Governor

Riverview Hospital historical collection

  • GR-3929
  • Collection
  • 1872-2008

This series consists of a variety of records created by various provincial mental health institutions from 1872 to 2008. Records relate to the administration and operation of Riverview Hospital and related mental health facilities at the Essondale site in Coquitlam, as well as other facilities across the province. These mental health institutions include: Victoria Asylum, New Westminster Provincial Asylum (later Public Hospital for the Insane or Provincial Hospital for the Insane), Home for the Aged Coquitlam (later Valleyview), Home for the Aged Terrace (later Skeenaview), Home for the Aged Vernon (later Dellview), Crease Clinic, Colony Farm, Colquitz, Woodlands School, Tranquille and other medical facilities.

The names and administrative structure of these institutions changed over time. Mental health functions were originally part of the Provincial Secretary’s mandate; they were transferred to Mental Health Services when it was created in 1950.

These government records were collected by the Riverview Historical Society and include a wide variety of subject matter and media. This includes subjects such as: early development of the Essondale lands and Colony Farm; the construction and expansion of the facility; admissions, transfers, and discharges of patients; administration of patient care; administration of therapy programs; patient and staff recreation; staff and nurse training; operation of the audiovisual department; library services; research into new medical and therapeutic practices; research by staff regarding mental health practices at Riverview and further afield; community involvement; volunteer activity; policy development; the redevelopment of the Riverview lands; general administration; and, administration of other services at the site such as postal, food, laundry, banking, transportation and safety services.

The collection has been arranged into the following series based on record types:

GR-3924 - record books
GR-3925 - operational records
GR-3926 - newsletters
GR-3927 - photographs and other graphic material
GR-3928 - films and videos

Classified as 20000-20 in Operational Records Classification System (ORCS) schedule 144007.

British Columbia. Dept. of the Provincial Secretary

A.B. Young photograph collection

  • PR-0089
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1912]-1928

The collection consists of a dismantled album of unknown provenance, probably created around 1912. Many of the 32 black and white images have captions which indicate that they are of the Fort St. John area. The images show transportation across the Peace River by canoe and scow as well as homesteaded property and livestock.

The collection also includes 38 miscellaneous black and white photographs (some postcards) that are mostly unidentified. Some are labelled as Prince Rupert, 1928, Butedale, Kennedy Island and Port Essington.

Young, Alfred Barringer

Reginald Herbert Roy collection

  • PR-0306
  • Collection
  • 1859-1874, 1889-1911, 1971-1973

The collection consists of a record of vessels entering the Port of Victoria, correspondence concerning the activities of the United Services Institution of Vancouver Island, also known as the Royal United Services Institute, a log book of the schooner "Louis Olsen", and records of seal catches in the Pacific. It also includes some calling cards and Roy's interviews with former BC Health and Welfare minister Eric Martin and Senator John Wallace de Beque Farris.

Roy, Reginald Herbert, 1922-2013

Ronald Greene collection

  • PR-0819
  • Collection
  • 1861-1930

The collection consists of photographs and records acquired by Ronald Greene. It includes a scrapbook containing poetry, sample letters, photographs and clippings.
Collection also includes an album of Hydrex Industries photos (197902-003); an album of an unknown Victoria family, ca. 1910 (197911-005); copies of photographs copied from B.C. Land collection (197903-005); copies of a photograph album which documents the Victoria Dial Exchange installation in 1930 (198103-001); a postcard of H. I. H.: Prince Fushimi at the Big Tree, Stanley Park, 1907 (198109-001) and a photo of the New Westminster Public School, photographer R. Maynard (198601-008).

Greene, Ronald A., 1938-

George Allen collection

  • PR-1044
  • Collection
  • 1901-1954

The collection consists of photographs acquired or collected by George Allen and include the following: ca. 1730 nitrate negatives depicting early aerial photography of the B.C. lower mainland and Pacific west coast to Anyox, for the period 1926-1932. These photographs were taken by the photographer Stuart Thomson, and also by Western Canada Airways/Pacific Airways Lt., precursors of Canadian Pacific Air. These photographs are numbered from 1a to 1726 with gaps.

There are ca. 1150 negatives, both glass and nitrate, of views depicting Vancouver and area, Fraser River Valley, Victoria and Nanaimo, roads etc. taken from 1901 to the 1930's, all taken by professional photographers including Stuart Thomson, the Edwards Brothers, Richard Broadbridge and Gowen Sutton Company Ltd. These photographs are numbered from 1301 to 3230 with gaps.

The collection also includes ca. 2570 nitrate negatives and contact prints of the Okanagan region, Vancouver Island, some of Banff, Calgary, Lethbridge, Winnipeg, and Quebec from the 1920s to 1954. These photographs were mainly taken by photographer C. C. Wright while in the employ of Gowen and Sutton, commercial producer of postcards. These photographs were acquired by George Allen in the 1950's and added to his collection. They are numbered from 1 to 1945 with many large gaps and unnumbered files.

Allen, George

A.H. Maynard collection

  • PR-1258
  • Collection
  • [between 1896 and 1932]

The collection consists of four discreet collections of photographs, the bulk of which are lantern slides. The majority of the fonds consists of several sets of lantern slides, the bulk of which contain photographic subject matter dating from 1868 to 1930. The photograph collections are attributed to Albert Hatherly Maynard, son of early pioneer photographer Richard Maynard (1832-1907). Within lantern slide collections, slides from creators of other distinct lantern slide collections (likely Charles Frederick Newcombe and William A. Newcombe), appear to be included. A small number of flexible negatives are also included in one of the accessions.

A large number of lantern slides depict scenes of the Fraser River gold rush era of the 1860s, in the regions of Yale to Barkerville, Quesnel and Cottonwood in the interior of British Columbia. Many of the reproductions of photographs featured in the lantern slides in this collection are attributed early pioneer photographer’s works including those created by Richard Maynard during the 1860s and A.H. Maynard’s works produced in the 1920s. It also includes the photographic works of other early B.C. photographers including Frederick Dally (1838-1914), likely Louis A. Blanc who documented similar subjects as the Maynards particularly Barkerville, the Cariboo and the Cariboo Roads in British Columbia during the period before and after the Fraser River gold rush of the 1860s. A small number of photographic works by Frederick Dundas Todd (1858-1926) and F. [Dewitt] Reed are also contained within several of the slide collections.

Accessions 198203-025 and 198203-065 consist of slide compilations that depict a visual narrative of the history of Barkerville, the Cariboo Road and Cariboo region in the B.C. interior during the period of the 1868 Fraser River gold rush era and sixty years later in the 1920s. The bulk of the scenes of the gold mining resource industry, as well as views of transportation roads and routes along the journey to the goldfields. To a lesser extent views of other resources industries (forestry, agriculture, fishing and farming/ranching) are depicted against the nature and lands of the B.C. interior. Mining towns within the Lighting Creek and Williams Creek Districts, including Barkerville (before and after the fire of 1868), Richfield and Cameronton are represented, as well as other scenes representing the following views of gold mining operations: claims sites, posed group portraits and likenesses of miners, equipment and the production activity of early mining technology of associated mining companies, businesses and partnerships in the area. Photographs of mining claims and claims sites and the miners and labourers involved at Mucho Oro, Aurora Gold, Minnehah, Never Sweat; The Rankin Company (Grouse Creek), Ne’er do Weel (Grouse Creek) and the Canadian Grouse Company (Grouse Creek) are included in the sequences. Imagery along and of the Cariboo Road(s) are described as depicting various views, scenes and activities including: freight and trade transportation, transportation methods and transportation routes (ox pack teams, gold escorts; steamer “Reliance” and Fraser River crossings; travelers); views along the Cariboo Road(s) that include the geological terrain of the Fraser River (its river banks and surrounding forested and arid landscapes) at various points along the route to the goldfields including the Fraser Canyon and Lady Franklin Rock; examples of civil engineering as such as bridges; homes and ranches as well as accommodations such as roadhouses and hotels (70, 83, 108 and 150 Mile Houses, Pioneer Hotel, Van Winkel Hotel at Stanley, Colonial Hotel at Soda Creek and the Hastings Hotel) and businesses (Masonic Hall at Barkerville) in colonial service towns and mining communities and settlements. Indigenous communities do not appear to be identified in lantern slide captions, though the geographical regions documented in slides reflect many traditional Indigenous territories in which the Fraser River gold rush traversed and was situated. It appears that traditional Indigenous fishing methods are present in some views, likely in those of the Fraser River. Several photographs of geological specimens (gold nuggets) are included within the set. There appear to be very limited images of regional wildlife. There are a small number of group photographs reflecting the diverse population of gold miners, pioneers and travelers of the Interior B.C. (“Crew of SS "Nechacco"), including women and children. The views from the 1920s, appear to reflect A. H. Maynard’s trips to Barkerville, the Cariboo Road(s) and the Cariboo region. Finally, there are several views described as from the period in between 1868 and the 1920s. These slides depict views including those of the Fraser Valley region by F. Dundas Todd, a surveying team in “East Kootenay” and a few images described as the Okanagan.

A smaller collection of lantern slides (accession 198203-066) feature a random mix of Fraser River gold rush era views, military subjects, theatrical entertainment and other topics. Many slides appear to be images reproduced from works of art, books and other published materials. Documentation of theatrical productions include images of scenes and portraits from Shakespearean plays (Macbeth, Othello, A Winter’s Tale), as well as Anne Hathaway's cottage. It also includes documentation of the destruction of religious institutions during World War I, primarily in Ypres. Some of these slides indicate “mounted by Edgar Fleming, Victoria, B.C.”

Another collection of photographs (accession 198201-068) consist of 107 black and white flexible film negatives depicting Canadian and American views taken between the period of May and June 1914. These include views include of Bowmanville, Toronto and Niagara, Ontario in May 1914; Rochester and New York, New York in May and June, and the "Rio Grande" in Colorado in June of the same year. Photographs of American destinations such as San Francisco, Philadelphia, Atlantic City including Freemount Park, Salt Lake and [Ogden], Denver and Washington, DC are here. Several locations on Vancouver Island identified as Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay also housed in this group of photographs. This unit also includes film negatives described as “C.P.R.y [Railway] 1914”. 25 copy prints were made from these negatives due to deterioration of original film negatives.16 images of Bowmanville and Toronto in May 1914 and 9 images of Vancouver Island including Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay are available.

Maynard, Albert Hatherly

Maynard family collection

  • PR-1259
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1862]-1937

Note: Staff are still actively working on the description of these records. The current descriptions do not accurately reflect the full scope of the records. [17 March 2022]

The collection consists of a number of private records created by the Maynard family, the selected business records of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery and a portion of the professional records of well-known British Columbian photographers Hannah Hatherly Maynard (1834-1918) and Richard Maynard (1832-1907). To a lesser extent, a percentage of the professional records of their son Albert Hatherly Maynard (1854-1934) are included in the collection. Primary materials include family photograph albums, a measure of the photographic portfolio of Hannah and Richard Maynard consisting of photographic negatives and prints, as well as several view and sample albums. There is also a small number of textual business records, the bulk of which consists of a single studio register that represents over 5,000 customer entries of portrait orders fulfilled at several different locations of the Maynard Studio between 1891 to 1899.

The Maynard family collection consists of the following series and discreet items:

MS-3394: Photograph albums

MS-3361: Photograph album of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3373: Albert H. Maynard photographs of the Provincial Museum’s natural history collections

MS-3374: Indigenous studio portraits of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3328: Photographic View Album by R. Maynard, Artist

MS-3384: Studio portraits of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3378: Colonial administration field photographs of Richard Maynard (Department of Indian Affairs tours of inspection)

MS-3380: Experimental photographic works of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3403: Photograph albums and photographic prints, reproductions

MS-3325: Studio register of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery

The Maynard family, Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery and photographers Hannah Hatherly H. Maynard, Richard Maynard and Albert H. Maynard were based in Victoria, British Columbia. Richard Maynard’s boot and shoe business was also based in the city.

Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery clientele included the "upper echelons of Victoria society" including the Cridge, Douglas, O'Reilly, Harris, McNeil and Crease families, as well as members of the colonial government such as Victoria mayor John Grant among many others. It also served the spectrum of the Victoria population including temporary visitors, Indigenous day labourers, as well as pioneering Anglo-European, African American (including the Alexander and Spotts families), Caribbean (Barnswell family) and Chinese individuals, families and communities. Representatives from Indigenous governments and communities on Vancouver Island and British Columbia including the Tsimshian Chief known as Arthur Wellington Clah, and others who came for their likenesses. In the early years the studio produced conventional portraits for early inhabitants of Fort Victoria (established by the Hudson’s Bay Company) such as gold miners and sailors. In later years, clientele were documented from across British Columbia, Vancouver Island, Salts Spring Island, Haida Gwaii, Vancouver and Lytton. Also during this period, patrons came from British warships that visited the Esquimalt naval base. Institutional clients included the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard in the United States.

Within this collection, the works of other photographers and photographic studios are represented in the Maynard portfolio. Notably, this includes photographic negatives by well-known early pioneer British Columbian photographers such as English photographer Frederick Dally (1838-1914) and Italian photographer Carlo (Charles) Gentile (1835-1893).

There are also card mounted photographic prints from a range of photographers and photographic studios from the Western United States, Eastern Canadian provinces and the United Kingdom. Within Ontario, the former residence of the Maynard family prior to their move to Victoria in the early 1860s, a small amount of works are represented from “R. & H. O’Hara Photographers, BookSellers, Insurance Agents & c.” of Bowmanville, Ontario.

In terms of photographic subjects and styles, the collection brings together the following: studio portraiture (family; infant, baby, child and youth; self-portraiture), landscape photography, tourist photography, colonial and government administration photographs, ethnographic and field photography, photography of transportation/railway construction (Canadian Pacific Railway), stereoscopic photography and documentary photography (including early natural history museum collections). Maynard produced ethnographic and field photography, of which one series (MS-3378) and one discreet item (MS-3378) has been included in this collection, is representative of a larger body of their well-known work and documentation of the life and lifeways of many First Nations and Indigenous communities primarily on Vancouver Island, around British Columbia and Alaska. There are a few examples of sun photography used in infant, baby, child and youth portraiture, as well as a reference to a work of Victorian era collage. A small number of works in the style of architectural photography are represented here, as are Maynard’s portfolio depicting naval or military themes. Hannah Maynard’s work in police photography is not represented in this collection.

Artistic works include experimental photographs attributed to Mrs. R. Maynard in her role as a photographic artist and consist of tableau vivants, photocollages, composite and montage works photo-sculptures and studio portraits using double and multiple exposure techniques. A small number of montage works marketed by Richard Maynard can also be found in this collection, as are references to studio portraits marketed by R. Maynard.

Print formats include mounted and unmounted prints and photograph albums. Mounted prints consist of cartes de visite, boudoir and cabinet cards, gem-sized prints and tintype miniature portraits. Negative formats consist primarily of glass plate negatives. There are also a small number of textual records found in albums including several business cards and a few seasonal greeting cards. There is also one instance of business stationary from Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery present within the studio register.

Maynard (family)

Theatre in British Columbia collection

  • PR-1753
  • Collection
  • 1979-1980

The collection consists of oral history interviews pertaining to the history of the theatre and its development in Vancouver and Victoria.

Mannering, Peter

Chinese women and work in B.C. collection

  • PR-1754
  • Collection
  • 1984

The collection consists of oral history interviews with Chinese women about their experiences working in British Columbia from the 1920s to the 1950s. The interviews, with nine first-, second- or third-generation Chinese-Canadian women, were recorded in Vancouver, Victoria and New Westminster during the first half of 1984. The project focused on "women's work" (whether paid or unpaid), including work in the home and in family businesses. The interviews discuss the kind of work these women did; what they experienced; how they perceived their roles in the family and the Chinese community; and the legislative policies which affected their work and their lives. The interviewees are to remain anonymous, and should be referred to only by the assigned pseudonyms. In addition, two of the interviews are closed to public access.

Adilman, Tamara

N.B. Bell World War II films collection

  • PR-1773
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1941]-1946

The collection consists of military training films and newsreel films, some produced by the Canadian army.

Bell, N.B., collector

B.C. Legal History Project collection

  • PR-1775
  • Collection
  • 1978-1989

The collection consists of interviews with members of the legal and judicial profession of British Columbia conducted as part of the B.C. Legal History Project.

University of Victoria. Faculty of Law

History of shipbuilding in B.C. collection

  • PR-1778
  • Collection
  • 1975-1976

The collection consists of interviews with retired union members pertaining to the history of shipbuilding in B.C.

Marine Workers and Boilermakers Industrial Union. Local No. 1, collector

History of coal mining collection

  • PR-1789
  • Collection
  • 1978-1984

The collection consists of interviews pertaining to the history of coal mining on Vancouver Island.

Coal Tyee Society

Justice councils of B.C. collection

  • PR-1790
  • Collection
  • 1982-1985

The collection consists of interviews with people who were officially involved in Justice Councils in B.C. from 1974 to the 1980s.

Cossom, John, collector

Tugboating in British Columbia collection

  • PR-1793
  • Collection
  • 1980-1981

The collection consists of interviews pertaining to the history of tugboating on the B.C. coast. Portions of these interviews with 22 individuals of the tugboat industry appear in Ken Drushka's book "Against wind and weather" (PABC NW387.232/D797)

Drushka, Ken, collector

Immigrant women interview collection

  • PR-1797
  • Collection
  • 1985

The collection consists of interviews with women who immigrated to B.C. pertaining to their experiences.

Farr, Carolyn M.

Scandinavians in B.C. collection

  • PR-1798
  • Collection
  • 1979-1982

The collection consists of interviews pertaining to Scandinavian settlements in B.C., including those at Bella Coola, Sointula and Cape Scott.

Fish, Gordon, 1938

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