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Only top-level descriptions Victoria (B.C.)
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Matilda John fonds

  • PR-1615
  • Fonds
  • 1899-1900

The fonds consists of correspondence received by Matilda John in Victoria from Harold Penn Wilson between 1899 and 1900. Wilson, a bank clerk from Victoria, moved to Bennett in 1899, and Atlin in 1900. In the letters, he described the journey north and what it was like to live and work there.

John, Matilda

Maynard family collection

  • PR-1259
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1862]-1937

Note: Staff are still actively working on the description of these records. The current descriptions do not accurately reflect the full scope of the records. [17 March 2022]

The collection consists of a number of private records created by the Maynard family, the selected business records of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery and a portion of the professional records of well-known British Columbian photographers Hannah Hatherly Maynard (1834-1918) and Richard Maynard (1832-1907). To a lesser extent, a percentage of the professional records of their son Albert Hatherly Maynard (1854-1934) are included in the collection. Primary materials include family photograph albums, a measure of the photographic portfolio of Hannah and Richard Maynard consisting of photographic negatives and prints, as well as several view and sample albums. There is also a small number of textual business records, the bulk of which consists of a single studio register that represents over 5,000 customer entries of portrait orders fulfilled at several different locations of the Maynard Studio between 1891 to 1899.

The Maynard family collection consists of the following series and discreet items:

MS-3394: Photograph albums

MS-3361: Photograph album of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3373: Albert H. Maynard photographs of the Provincial Museum’s natural history collections

MS-3374: Indigenous studio portraits of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3328: Photographic View Album by R. Maynard, Artist

MS-3384: Studio portraits of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3378: Colonial administration field photographs of Richard Maynard (Department of Indian Affairs tours of inspection)

MS-3380: Experimental photographic works of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3403: Photograph albums and photographic prints, reproductions

MS-3325: Studio register of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery

The Maynard family, Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery and photographers Hannah Hatherly H. Maynard, Richard Maynard and Albert H. Maynard were based in Victoria, British Columbia. Richard Maynard’s boot and shoe business was also based in the city.

Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery clientele included the "upper echelons of Victoria society" including the Cridge, Douglas, O'Reilly, Harris, McNeil and Crease families, as well as members of the colonial government such as Victoria mayor John Grant among many others. It also served the spectrum of the Victoria population including temporary visitors, Indigenous day labourers, as well as pioneering Anglo-European, African American (including the Alexander and Spotts families), Caribbean (Barnswell family) and Chinese individuals, families and communities. Representatives from Indigenous governments and communities on Vancouver Island and British Columbia including the Tsimshian Chief known as Arthur Wellington Clah, and others who came for their likenesses. In the early years the studio produced conventional portraits for early inhabitants of Fort Victoria (established by the Hudson’s Bay Company) such as gold miners and sailors. In later years, clientele were documented from across British Columbia, Vancouver Island, Salts Spring Island, Haida Gwaii, Vancouver and Lytton. Also during this period, patrons came from British warships that visited the Esquimalt naval base. Institutional clients included the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard in the United States.

Within this collection, the works of other photographers and photographic studios are represented in the Maynard portfolio. Notably, this includes photographic negatives by well-known early pioneer British Columbian photographers such as English photographer Frederick Dally (1838-1914) and Italian photographer Carlo (Charles) Gentile (1835-1893).

There are also card mounted photographic prints from a range of photographers and photographic studios from the Western United States, Eastern Canadian provinces and the United Kingdom. Within Ontario, the former residence of the Maynard family prior to their move to Victoria in the early 1860s, a small amount of works are represented from “R. & H. O’Hara Photographers, BookSellers, Insurance Agents & c.” of Bowmanville, Ontario.

In terms of photographic subjects and styles, the collection brings together the following: studio portraiture (family; infant, baby, child and youth; self-portraiture), landscape photography, tourist photography, colonial and government administration photographs, ethnographic and field photography, photography of transportation/railway construction (Canadian Pacific Railway), stereoscopic photography and documentary photography (including early natural history museum collections). Maynard produced ethnographic and field photography, of which one series (MS-3378) and one discreet item (MS-3378) has been included in this collection, is representative of a larger body of their well-known work and documentation of the life and lifeways of many First Nations and Indigenous communities primarily on Vancouver Island, around British Columbia and Alaska. There are a few examples of sun photography used in infant, baby, child and youth portraiture, as well as a reference to a work of Victorian era collage. A small number of works in the style of architectural photography are represented here, as are Maynard’s portfolio depicting naval or military themes. Hannah Maynard’s work in police photography is not represented in this collection.

Artistic works include experimental photographs attributed to Mrs. R. Maynard in her role as a photographic artist and consist of tableau vivants, photocollages, composite and montage works photo-sculptures and studio portraits using double and multiple exposure techniques. A small number of montage works marketed by Richard Maynard can also be found in this collection, as are references to studio portraits marketed by R. Maynard.

Print formats include mounted and unmounted prints and photograph albums. Mounted prints consist of cartes de visite, boudoir and cabinet cards, gem-sized prints and tintype miniature portraits. Negative formats consist primarily of glass plate negatives. There are also a small number of textual records found in albums including several business cards and a few seasonal greeting cards. There is also one instance of business stationary from Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery present within the studio register.

Maynard (family)

Militia district 11 (B.C.) correspondence

  • GR-0979
  • Series
  • 1874-1896

The series consists of two volumes of correspondence created or collected by the Militia stationed at Victoria. The first volume, 1874-1876, contains correspondence regarding payment and accounting procedures from the Dept. of Militia and Defense in Ottawa to Captain Edward Mallandaine, paymaster for Militia district 11. The second volume, 1875-1896 (with gaps) contains correspondence from various militia officers stationed at Work Point barracks to the private secretary of the Lieutenant-Governor, most of it social or ceremonial in nature.

Canada. Department of Militia and Defence

Minute books

  • GR-0841
  • Series
  • 1910-1913

This series consists of two volumes of Water Rights Branch Board of Investigation minute books of meetings regarding the adjudication of water rights claims and the issuance of water licenses pursuant to the Water Act, 1909.

British Columbia. Water Rights Branch. Board of Investigation

Minutes and other material

  • GR-1198
  • Series
  • 1888-1896

This series contains minutes from the Executive Council meetings. Records of interest in this series include minutes "relative to the Indian troubles on the Skeena River," from 1888.; dispatches, reports, and correspondence concerning the relocation of Songhees Indian reserve, 1893-1896. The series also includes a copy of the Report on British Columbia for Royal Colonial Institute (for use in British elementary schools), 1884.

British Columbia. Executive Council

Myfanwy Pavelic fonds

  • PR-2283
  • Fonds
  • 1942-1944

The fonds consists of 29 handwritten letters from Emily Carr to Myfanwy Pavelic, with some to her parents, nearly all written in pencil, 1942 to 1944. There is also one letter from J. Delisle Parker to the editor of Victoria Daily Times about an exhibit in Vancouver of Pavelic's paintings.

Pavelic, Myfanwy (Spencer)

Naturalization records

  • GR-1565
  • Series
  • 1888-1917

This series contains naturalization records which include correspondence, certificates, lists of naturalizations and Oaths of Residence from the Victoria Court Registry. File 2 shows numbers of naturalizations from many British Columbia Court registries, 1893-1899.

British Columbia. County Court (Victoria)

New Archives and Museum report

  • GR-0076
  • Series
  • 1966

The series consists of a report entitled "Specifications for B.C. Archives & Museum, Victoria, B.C. Phase 4." Vol. 2 of 6.

British Columbia. Dept. of Public Works

Official Administrator letterbook

  • GR-1821
  • Series
  • 1890-1895

Letterbook of correspondence outward from Official Administrator, J.C. Prevost, 1890-1895.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Victoria)

Oriental Home and School fonds

  • PR-0377
  • Fonds
  • 1896-1914 [Microfilmed 1987]

The fonds consists of the minute book of the Advisory Committee of the Oriental Home and School and its predecessor, the Chinese Girls' Rescue Home.

Oriental Home and School

Plaint and procedure books

  • GR-2716
  • Series
  • 1857-1867

Plaint and procedure books. Volume 1 contains a guide for several court orders.

Vancouver Island. Inferior Court of Civil Justice

Presentments of the Grand Jury

  • GR-1862
  • Series
  • 1900-1931

Presentments of the Grand Jury, April 1900 - Oct 1931.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Victoria)

Probated wills

  • GR-3669
  • Series
  • 1986-1999

The series consists of original probated wills from the Victoria court registry. The wills appear to have been deliberately removed from the original probate file and refiled in a second accession. Records in this series are arranged by probate number, an index to which is found in GR-3016. After the wills were removed from the original probate file, they were replaced with a photocopy.

For wills predating 1986, see GR-1052, GR-1574, and GR-2009, with an index in GR-1417.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Victoria)

Provincial Archives of British Columbia audio interviews, 1974-1992

  • GR-3377
  • Series
  • 1974-1992

The series consists of oral history interviews recorded by staff members and research associates of the Provincial Archives of B.C. Major subject areas include: political history (especially the Coalition era, the W.A.C. Bennett years, and David Barrett's NDP government); ethnic groups (including Chinese- and Japanese-Canadans); frontier and pioneer life; the forest industry; B.C. art and artists; the history of photography, filmmaking and radio broadcasting in the province; and the history of Victoria High School.

The interviewers include: Kathryn Bridge, Janet Cauthers, David Day, Patrick Dunae, Terry Eastwood, Merna Forster, Eric Gee, Frances Gundry, Maya Koizumi, W.J. Langlois, Charles Lillard, Theresa Low, Indiana Matters, David Mattison, Patriick May, David Mitchell, Constantine Nikitiuk, Andrew Petter, Derek Reimer, Allen W. Specht, Loree Stewart, and Reuben Ware.

Provincial Museum correspondence inward

  • GR-0111
  • Series
  • 1897-1970

The series consists of correspondence inward (with responses) to the director, assistant director, curators, and other personnel of the Provincial Museum. The correspondence is with collectors, amateur and professional naturalists, museum officials, and federal and provincial government departments and agencies and was created between 1897 and 1970.

The files include correspondence with the museum's first three directors (called "Curators" prior to 1913): John Fannin (1886-1904), Francis Kermode (1904-1940), and G. Clifford Carl (1940-1969). However, very little of the correspondence generated during Fannin's tenure has survived, while most of the Kermode files date from the post-1918 period.

The series also includes index cards created between 1925 and 1937 which records index details about letters in A-Z, and letters out, A-R.

British Columbia Provincial Museum

Provincial Police records relating to the Victoria district

  • GR-0107
  • Series
  • 1877-1928

The series consists of records created by the British Columbia Provincial Police between 1877 and 1925. The records relate to the Victoria district and include the following: Police and gaol diary, 1877; Provincial Police record books, Jan. 1894 to Nov. 1898; office diaries, 1911 to 1914 and 1921 to 1924; report book, 1916 to 1925; files relating to informations, warrants and depositions, 1893 to 1909; and deposition case files from 1919 to 1923 and 1925.

The series also includes correspondence files from Otway Wilkie, Senior Police Constable, Victoria, dated 1922-1923. This position is also referred to as the Officer commanding “A” Division. “A” Division of the BC Provincial Police Force included subdivisions for the Victoria and Vancouver regions, but had its headquarters in Victoria. The Senior Constable may have been located in the same office as the Police Superintendent, which was responsible for the entire province. Many records are to or from the Superintendent or include stamps from the Office of the Superintendent. These records include circulars, correspondence, game reports, coroner inquisition records, reports on various crimes. Correspondence may be with other police officials or from public reporting or providing information on crimes.

There is also a scrapbook of newspaper clippings from the Vancouver Daily Province from 1927-1928 created by the Victoria Criminal Identification Department. The clippings relate to a variety of crimes reported in the paper. They are arranged by date and indexed by name of the individuals in the paper. The scrapbook was likely used as a reference for tracking repeat offenders.

British Columbia. Provincial Police Force (Victoria District)

Provincial Police vouchers and correspondence

  • GR-0106
  • Series
  • 1917-1929

The series consists of records created by the Superintendent of Provincial Police between 1917 and 1929. The records relate to the Victoria district and "A" division and contain files relating to various acts including the Sheep Protection Act and the Poll Tax Act from 1917 to 1921; vouchers and correspondence re vouchers from 1917 to 1925; and vouchers and miscellaneous letters from 1928 to 1929.

British Columbia. Superintendent of Police

Provincial prison reports

  • GR-3434
  • Series
  • 1905, 1911

The series consists of ten reports sent to Frederick Hussey in 1905 and 1911, in his capacity as Superintendent of Provincial Police and Inspector of Gaols. The wardens at each of the Provincial Gaols at Victoria, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Nelson and Kamloops returned an annual summary of the activity of the gaol with attached monthly reports and annual returns of the prisoners received. The reports include: lists of staff and salaries; financial expenditures, prisoner work statistics and number of prisoners in custody including the name, age, country of origin, profession, crime, sentence and conduct of each.

British Columbia. Superintendent of Police

Provincial Secretary correspondence

  • GR-0393
  • Series
  • 1913

Correspondence replying to the invitation of the Premier and Executive Council to dine with the Captain and officers of H.M.S. "New Zealand."

British Columbia. Dept. of the Provincial Secretary

Public Works correspondence

  • GR-1615
  • Series
  • 1910-1970

The series consists of general correspondence files created by the Dept. of Public Works between 1910 and 1970.
The files are concerned primarily with Provincial Government buildings including the Parliament Buildings, Provincial Archives, Provincial Museum, as well as jails, courthouses, hospitals, office buildings, etc. throughout the province. The series also contains files relating to the control of Japanese nationals during World War II.

British Columbia. Dept. of Public Works

R. Broderick and Company fonds

  • PR-0469
  • Fonds
  • 1869-1973

The fonds consists of a letterpress copybook and some accounts.

R. Broderick and Company

Records of the Advisor on Forest Resources

  • GR-0670
  • Series
  • 1958-1960

The series consists of the records of the Advisor on Forest Resources created between 1954 and 1960. The series includes 18 volumes of transcripts of the Royal Commission on Forestry, projects 1-4, held by the Commissioner and Advisor on Forest Resources, Gordon McGregor Sloan in 1958 and concluded by Commission C.W. Morrow in 1959. The series contains a further 22 boxes of records created by the Advisor including exhibits acquired during the Commission hearings, reports by the Commissioners, bench books, correspondence, subject files and clippings.
In February 1958 Sloan announced public hearings to be held in Chilliwack concerning a proposal to establish a public working circle (sustained yield unit) in the Fraser Canyon region. This was known as the Royal Commission on Forestry, project 1.

In May 1958 Sloan announced public hearings to be held in Chilliwack concerning a proposal to establish a marketing area in the Fraser Canyon sustained yield unit. This was known as the Royal Commission on Forestry, project 2.

In June 1958 Sloan announced public hearings to be held in Victoria concerning competitive bidding of tree farm licences. This was known as the Royal Commission on Forestry, project 3.

In October 1958 Sloan announced public hearings to be held in Victoria concerning the tree farm licence of Empire Mills Limited. This was known as the Royal Commission on Forestry, project 4.

Project 4 was halted in November 1958 due to Sloan's ill health and he died in 1959. On July 27, 1959, Judge C.W. Morrow was appointed Commissioner under the "Public Inquiries Act" to complete the work of project 4. Morrow commenced hearings in September 1959 and produced his report on December 31, 1959.

Advisor to the Government in relation to the Forest Resources of British Columbia

Records relating to foreshore leases

  • GR-1402
  • Series
  • 1895-1952

This series contains records relating to foreshore leases, including expired and canceled leases. It consists of a register to foreshore leases (1 vol.), lease indentures, sketches, plans and material relating to leases for Prince Rupert foreshore, fish plants, fish traps, and fishing stations, and to lands formerly comprising the Songhees Indian Reserve, Victoria.

British Columbia. Dept. of Lands

Records relating to miners' certificates and permits

  • GR-1057
  • Series
  • 1895-1918

Records relating to miners' certificates and permits issued by the Dept. of Lands and Works and the Dept. of Lands at Victoria. Includes Free Miner's Certificates, 1897-1912; Special Miner's Certificates, 1899-1906; Leave of Absence permits, 1895-1906; mining receipts, 1897-1903; Crown Grant fee receipts pursuant to the Mineral Act, 1911-1918.

Records relating to miners' certificates and permits

Source: GR Finding Aids

Finding aid: box list.

British Columbia. Dept. of Lands

Records relating to surveys and surveyors field books

  • GR-1148
  • Series
  • 1913-1920

Records relating to surveys and surveyors field books. Consists of a register of surveyors' field books on Vancouver Island, especially Victoria district; an alphabetical street index to surveyors' field books for the City of Victoria, and miscellaneous correspondence pertaining to surveys. Includes record of surveys done since 1858.

British Columbia. Dept. of Lands

Records with regard to reconstruction of Government House

  • GR-1962
  • Series
  • 1957-1963

The series consists of records created by the Dept. of the Provincial Secretary between 1957 and 1963 with regard to the reconstruction of Government House. The records include correspondence with donors, suppliers and government agencies regarding the rebuilding and refurnishing of Government House after the fire of 1957, including the redesign of the gardens. There are six photographs showing a donated silk carpet, artwork and chairs. The series also includes six plans showing aspects of the house and gardens (including layout and names of plants). The plans have been given the following registration numbers: 24112B, 24113B, 24115B, 24117B, 24114C and 24116C.

British Columbia. Dept. of the Provincial Secretary

Register and account book

  • GR-2055
  • Series
  • 1861-1865

Register of Victoria District School, 1861-1865, and school account book, 1862-1864. The Register shows the names and attendance of students at the school. "Accounts" include supply list of food staples, etc., showing prices and customs duties, along with student fee payments. As well, the volume contains addresses and a "Story of Moses" by schoolmaster W. H. Burr. Also included are newspaper cuttings re: the early history of Victoria schools and an annotated list of pupils attending the Victoria District School, ca. 1862. The list was prepared for the Provincial Archivist, John Forsyth, by Edgar Fawcett in April 1922.

Victoria School District

Register of auction sales of lots

  • GR-1166
  • Series
  • 1889-1894

This series contains a register of auction sales of lots at Esquimalt, Hastings, Lulu Island, New Denver, Nelson, New Westminster, Vancouver, and Victoria. The register shows the name of the purchaser, a legal description, the amount paid and the terms of payment.

British Columbia. Dept. of Lands and Works

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