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Archival description
Skeena River (B.C.) Floods--British Columbia
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William Christy interview

CALL NUMBER: T3114:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Sawmilling and logging in Terrace, B.C., 1919-1964 PERIOD COVERED: 1919-1965 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: William Christy (cat operator, truck driver, mechanic) was born in Regina, Saskatchewan in 1910. Came to Terrace in 1919. Worked during school holidays in sawmill. Drove horse in winter, skidding. Description of a "go-devil". Cutting hemlock ties. Making boom sticks, use of "big wheels" and horse team to log, shipping logs to the Great Lakes. Falling spruce. Sleigh roads, working a grease-monkey greasing the logs. Loading logs using horses. Corduroy roads and cottonwood plank roads for trucks. First cat, a 30 Holt. Servicing machine. Use of "jammers". Method of transporting poles, using two trucks. Working for Giggey. Hours and wages. TRACK 2: Various jobs. In 1941 employed in Pohles shop. Strike, "black-listed". 1950 Shop Foreman. Types of machinery. Army incidents. "Zombies" (French Canadian objectors). Blackouts. Meeting soldiers on the road. Rationing of liquor. Describing the Skeena River. The flood of 1936, attempts to move Loen's house. Supplies brought in by boat. In 1964 sale of property. Move to Thornhill. The growth of Thornhill and its desire to remain separated from Terrace. CALL NUMBER: T3114:0001 Track 2 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Sawmilling and logging in Terrace, B.C., 1919-1964 PERIOD COVERED: 1919-1965 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-09 SUMMARY: Various jobs. In 1941 employed in Pohles shop. Strike, "black-listed". 1950 Shop Foreman. Types of machinery. Army incidents. "Zombies" (French Canadian objectors). Blackouts. Meeting soldiers on the road. Rationing of liquor. Describing the Skeena River. The flood of 1936, attempts to move Loen's house. Supplies brought in by boat. In 1964 sale of property. Move to Thornhill. The growth of Thornhill and its desire to remain separated from Terrace.

Photographs

The series consists of 63 black and white photographs or postcards created or acquired by Hutchings in the 1920s and 1930s which mainly document the 1936 Skeena flood and its impact on Anyox and Terrace. There are also snow slide photographs taken near Lillooet and Fernie in the 1930s. In addition there are some photographs of Smithers, postcards of the Revelstoke area and several other miscellaneous photographs.

The series also includes 27 black and white copy prints loaned by Hutchings for copying by the Provincial Archives in 1972. These prints show the town site of Anyox including the dam, the smelter and various fires.

Charles Renaud interview

CALL NUMBER: T3119:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): French Canadians in Terrace, B.C. PERIOD COVERED: 1908-1977 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Charles Renaud (cook, saw filer, musician, well-witcher, whistle-punk) was born on November 24, 1902 in Montreal. An orphan, he spent much of his youth as a farm labourer. Description of trip out west. Meets French people in New Westminster (1927). Came to Terrace by rail, was a flunky on the rails. Goat hunting. Married in 1938. Talks about his job as a cook on the train. Cooking for Little, Haugland and Kerr. Gold Liesser Mine and pack train. Learning the trade of saw filing in New Brunswick. Types of equipment used for filing. Employee of Skeenaview Hospital. Well-witching with a willow stick. Contracted T.B. Learns how to knit. Hazelton, squirrels bothering pudding. Kitwanga, speeder, flood of 1936. Doreen, twisted rails caused by flood. (blank gap). Description of experiences; as a whistle punk. Mishap. Talks about illness, retirement and wages. TRACK 2: Playing harmonica at age seven. Wins championship. Working in Montreal. Hard labour; tap dancing; playing on the bones (moose ribs). Hunting stories from Prince George. Raising livestock in Terrace. Weasel bites baby. Description of how weasels steal eggs. Pack rats: predators after chickens. Clearing land in the Salmon Valley, Prince George. Fishing. Soldiers in Prince George. Orphan on farm in the east. Discussion on French language. Working for Marshall in a French settlement, southern B.C. Driving by Model T through the Fraser Canyon. Various places. Wages. CALL NUMBER: T3119:0001 Track 2 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): French Canadians in Terrace, B.C. PERIOD COVERED: 1908-1977 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-08 SUMMARY: Playing harmonica at age seven. Wins championship. Working in Montreal. Hard labour; tap dancing; playing on the bones (moose ribs). Hunting stories from Prince George. Raising livestock in Terrace. Weasel bites baby. Description of how weasels steal eggs. Pack rats: predators after chickens. Clearing land in the Salmon Valley, Prince George. Fishing. Soldiers in Prince George. Orphan on farm in the east. Discussion on French language. Working for Marshall in a French settlement, southern B.C. Driving by Model T through the Fraser Canyon. Various places. Wages.

Anna Normandeau and Theresa LeRoss interview

CALL NUMBER: T3121:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): French Canadians in Terrace, B.C. : The Desjardins PERIOD COVERED: 1921-1950 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Anna Marie Normandeau and Theresa Marie LeRoss are sisters who shared the family name Desjardins before they were married. Anna was born in 1912, and Theresa in 1917, in Aubigny, Manitoba. Th;e sisters describe reason for coming to Terrace and preparing for the trip out west. Father worked for George Little. French-speaking community. Mr. LaPlante; Mr. Grenier; Mrs. Halliwell and others. Impressions of Terrace on arrival, 1921. Mother meets Mrs. Braun. Mother known as Flower Lady. Incident with the chickens. Mr. Young's cart. First home. Moved to Thornhill. Description of home in Thornhill. Fruit grown there. Food storage. Power and sewage facilities. Animals. Chores. Building of house on corner of Kalum and Loen by Mr. Cote. TRACK 2: Description of house and yard. Planting vegetables and fruits. Water facilities. Bathing and washing. Catholic Church. Crossing the Skeena River. School life. Games. Rhymes. School fairs. Other social activities. CALL NUMBER: T3121:0001 Track 2 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): French Canadians in Terrace, B.C. : The Desjardins PERIOD COVERED: 1921-1950 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-09 SUMMARY: Description of house and yard. Planting vegetables and fruits. Water facilities. Bathing and washing. Catholic Church. Crossing the Skeena River. School life. Games. Rhymes. School fares. Other social activities. CALL NUMBER: T3121:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): French Canadians in Terrace, B.C. : The Desjardins PERIOD COVERED: 1930-1950 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: School life. Depression. Flood in 1936. Getting relief. Teenage social life. Other social gatherings. Hiking. Hot springs. TRACK 2: Hot springs. Coming of the military. Location of tent city. Impact of the military. Social life. Clothing in the early 1940s. Hairstyles. Effects of military on school life. Skeena Mutiny. Rationing. Threat of Japanese Invasion. Medical facilities during and before war. Medical treatments. Feelings towards the military, and amongst the military. Casualties in the military. Precautions taken against Japanese air attack. Feelings toward departure of military.

Vicky Simms and John Morison interview

CALL NUMBER: T0311:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Vicky Simms : Growing up in the Skeena country, 1890-1914 : part 1 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Vicky Simms (nee Morison) born at Metlakatla (c.1890) recalls early memories, schools and the hospital. She speaks about her mother (niece of Robert Cunningham), her father (a lay preacher), ;the Collison family, her father's move to Hazelton to manage Cunningham's store and to assist Rev. Field (1897), a canoe trip up the Skeena (1906), Indian canoe skills and songs, a mutiny at Kitseguecla, impressions of Hazelton, the Hazelton church organ, the spring exodus of the miners, Indian packers, social life and winter activities, the Hazelton town site, the Indian rancherie, Hazelton compa;red to Metlakatla, the Gun-an-noot affair and Bulkley Valley settlers. TRACK 2: Vicky Simms recalls Port Essington (1911) including: incidents, entertainment, Cunningham's Hall, the Skeena riverboats;, the Indian crew. Captain Bonser, the wreck of the "Monte Cristo" and the "Mount Royal". She speaks about Hazelton including: Cataline, packers, miners, Joe Lyons, Ezra Evans, the currency, Jack Graham (Cayuse Jack), Barney Mulvaney, Sperry Cline, Rev. Stephenson, Rene D'Egville, the effects of the war, life in Hazelton and the flood.

CALL NUMBER: T0311:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Vicky Simms : Growing up in the Skeena country, 1890-1914 : part 2 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This tape begins with a comparison of Metlakatla and Hazelton by Vicky Simms, and continues with recollections of Hazelton, first impressions, local residents, the family house, the murder of; Mr. Yeomans (the storekeeper), her father's position as manager of Cunningham's store, the Indians, the overwintering miners, Joe Lyons, the Chinese residents, childhood, the Klondike Goldrush of 189;8, prostitutes at Two Mile, Dr. Wrinch, the railway surveyors and engineers, the railway workers and camps, the miners, Ezra Evans, the Condit brothers, winter and summer sports, local vegetation, the; Indian reserve (rancherie), Indian dogs, housing and stories, the death of her brother Charlie and the Hazelton cemetery. TRACK 2: Vicky Simms continues with Hazelton recollections, the cemetery, Indian grave houses, the Gunanoot affair, local incidents, Rene D'Egville, Barney Mulvaney, currency, trade tokens, gold miners -- "pokes", Chinese miners, settler hardships, mail, anecdotes, fires, weather and clothing. She recalls Metlakatla missionaries, the Ridleys, the Ridley home and Dr. Ardagh (sp?).

CALL NUMBER: T0311:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Vicky Simms and John Morison : travel on the Skeena River by canoe and paddlewheeler PERIOD COVERED: 1894-1917? SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Vicky Simms recounts the trip of 1894 from Kincolith to Hazelton by boat and canoe with her mother and brother, travel and impressions of the Skeena River, early Hazelton, Rev. John Field and; the Hazelton church. She talks about the Indian crews on the canoes, Indian paddling and singing, the trip by canoe from Port Essington to Hazelton (1905), incidents along the journey and the crews r;efusal to continue past Kitseguecla. John Morison (Vicky Simms' brother) continues this interview and recalls the canoes, journey and conditions along the Skeena during the trip of 1905 with his mothe;r and sister, Kitselas Canyon, the Indian crew, downriver travel, Indian singing, a description of the Haida canoe, Indian navigation techniques and Port Essington. John Morison reminisces about his t;ravel along the Skeena River (he worked on the paddlewheeler "The Islander") including references to: "hole in the wall", legends and stories of points along the river, the lower Skeena River, vegetat;ion along the riverbanks, the river above Terrace and Cedarvale. [TRACK 2: blank?];

CALL NUMBER: T0311:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): John Morison : travel on the Skeena River by paddlewheeler, ca. 1905-1917? SUMMARY: TRACK 1: John Morison continues speaking of his impressions of the trip along the Skeena including: "Devil's Elbow", Kitselas Canyon, scenery along the river and Hazelton. He relates a story about Hazelton -- a frontier town and the "Stonehouse". He describes in detail crew life aboard a riverboat including: sounds on the boat, the operation, decks and accommodation, sounds of the paddles, Captain; Bonser, uniforms, more about the operation, an incident at Ringbolt Island, Indian deckhands, Indians singing and accompaniment on the riverboats and problems with mosquitoes. TRACK 2: John Morison ;continues speaking about riverboats including information about: the crew -- wages, ages and duties, anecdotes, Bill Alexander -- the engineer, Joe Herrling, wood for the riverboats, bootlegging and t;he Indian pilot -- Walter Wright. He recalls the passengers, the special trips to Kispiox-Hazelton and the return trip Hazelton-Kispiox, more about passengers, the "drummers" (commercial travellers), ;women, amusements, impressions when approaching Hazelton, boat whistles, the first boat in the spring to Hazelton, store supplies, the Hazelton landing, boat whistles, the rivalry between Capt. Bonser; and Capt. Johnson, flags, an anecdote about Captain Bonser's dog, a practical joke, recreation -- horseshoes, fishing and soccer, more about the commercial travellers, the construction men -- "bohunks" and Blackjack MacDonald.