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Nelson (B.C.)
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Clare McAllister interview

The item consists of an audio interview with Clare McAllister recorded in Victoria, B.C. on May 27, 1983.

Tape summary:
Track 1: Clare McAllister was born in Nelson, B.C. in 1906. Lived in the town of Nelson, and also had a summer home camp on the lake. Mother had a minor health problem therefore all laundry was sent to steam laundry, and female helpers were hired to help with the household chores. Describes the house she lived in as a child. Mainly the kitchen and some of the appliances in it. She took domestic science in Nelson in entrance class. Remembers the controversy in the town over teaching domestic sciences -- an insult to mothers and a waste of money.

Track 2: Clare McAllister remembers mainly the sewing classes and very little about the cooking classes in school, however there were no boys in the classes. Classes were compulsory and taken once a week. She talks about female roles -- they were not taught or discussed, just assumed. Set up her own home when she was first married in Sydney, Cape Breton. Remembers people being much more destitute there.

Eric Martin interview : [Roy, 1970 & 1971 : part 1]

CALL NUMBER: T3863:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin's early years, 1905-1917 PERIOD COVERED: 1905-1917 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-06-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin discusses his personal and family background. Recollection of childhood in Nelson. Peter Veregin and the Doukhobors. Anecdote about the origin of the Moyie Museum at Kaslo. Father; enlisted in the army at Ottawa at the commencement of the First World War. TRACK 2: Recollection of his mother and her family during the War. The Fernie fire. Recollection of fire at the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. Stayed at Kingston while father was in training and then went overseas with his father. Went to public school in England. Recollection of London during the First World War.;

CALL NUMBER: T3863:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin's education during the First World War PERIOD COVERED: 1916-1918 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-06-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin recalls his education at public school in England. Father's military experience during the First World War. Anecdote about his brother, Norman Clive Martin. [TRACK 2: blank.]; C

ALL NUMBER: T3863:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin's education and first job in Victoria, c.1920 PERIOD COVERED: 1917-1922 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-06-30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin recalls his days at Sidcup College in England during the First World War. Interest in academic subjects and sports. School pranks. Comments on his parents' families. Many family members were well-known tennis players. TRACK 2: Martin family returned from England, April 1919. Settled in Victoria and attended St. Michael's school. Working on his parents' farm at Elk Lake. Working at the Dominion Bank in Victoria. Recollections of prominent Victorians of the day.;

CALL NUMBER: T3863:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin's experience working for a stock brokerage firm in Seattle in the 1920s PERIOD COVERED: 1922-1930 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-08-11 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin recalls working as a bank clerk for the Dominion Bank in Victoria in the 1920s. Joined the militia, 1924. Moved to Seattle to work for a stock brokerage firm. Recollection of the ;effects of the financial crash of 1929. Speculating in stocks. After brokerage firm went bankrupt, travelled to San Francisco. Travelled by freighter to Chile. TRACK 2: Adventures en route to Chile. Comparison between working for a bank and a brokerage firm.;

CALL NUMBER: T3863:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin's working experience in Chile, 1930-1932 PERIOD COVERED: 1930-1932 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-09-29 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin discusses his years in Chile working as an accountant. Conditions in Chile during the 1930s. Appointment as chief warehouseman. Adventures at work in Chile. TRACK 2: Further comments on working experiences in Chile. Working in Santiago during a time of revolution. Returned to Canada, 1932. Participation in the Canadian Youth Congress. Participation in the rebellion in Chile. Comments on activities after returning to Canada.;

CALL NUMBER: T3863:0006 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin returns to British Columbia, 1932 PERIOD COVERED: 1932-[no date] RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-09-29 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin discusses his activities in British Columbia after returning from Chile in 1932. [TRACK 2: blank.];

CALL NUMBER: T3863:0007 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin's initiation into Social Credit PERIOD COVERED: 1931-1942 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-10-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin discusses his initiation into Social Credit in the early 1930s. Conflict between Social Credit theorists and political action. Journey to the Okanagan Valley to find a mine. Picking cherries in Penticton. TRACK 2: Further comments on cherry-picking in the Okanagan Valley. Riding the rails back to Vancouver. Social Credit in B.C. during the 1930s. Working as a civil servant. British Israelites and Social Credit. Anecdote about meeting William Aberhart in Vancouver. Joined the army during the early part of the Second World War. Military training in Vernon.;

CALL NUMBER: T3863:0008 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin's career during the Depression PERIOD COVERED: 1930-[no date] RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-10-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin discusses his military training during the Second World War. Life in Vancouver during the 1930s. Working for the Department of Education in the 1930s. Early Social Credit in B.C.; Recollection of Gerry McGeer. TRACK 2: Comments on W.A.C. Bennett and Lyle Wicks.;

CALL NUMBER: T3863:0009 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Eric Martin recalls Vancouver during the 1930s and running as a Social Credit candidate, 1945 PERIOD COVERED: 1930-[no date] RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1970-10-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Eric Martin discusses W.A.C. Bennett's background. Recollections of Depression days in Vancouver. The Vancouver Post Office sit-in. Comments on relief camps in B.C. during the Depression. The; effect of living in Vancouver during a time of turmoil. TRACK 2: Further comments on activities of the Canadian Youth Congress in Vancouver in the 1930s. Anecdote about disrupting a Communist-organized youth council meeting. Recollection of years after the Second World War in Vancouver. Working for a stock and bonds company, 1944-1945. After the War, Martin joined the Democratic Monetary Reform Organization. Ran in the 1945 federal election in Vancouver-Centre as a Social Credit candidate.;

Ken and Mabel Attree interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-05-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Ken Attree remembers coming from England to Queens Bay in 1908. He offers reasons why his family moved to Canada, and his impressions of the Nelson area. He discusses building a house; other settlers; the scenery; fire logging; clearing and planting; the Queens Bay Co-op; market prices; winter work such as logging and roadwork; water transport; the backgrounds of settlers; and bears. Mrs. Mabel Attree discusses her father, Willoughby John Astley; Lake Louise Chalet from 1891 to 1895. She describes Nelson before World War I; the opera house; agricultural shows and fairs; the saloon and red light district. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Harry Mawdsley interview

CALL NUMBER: T0934:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Harry Mawdsley talks about life in the Kootenay Lake region prior to 1900. He describes his family background and how he came to Crawford Bay in 1895. He discusses steamers; Crawford Bay in 1895; packing from Crawford Bay; trails; more about packing and adventures while packing; Silver Hill Mine; ore shipped to Nelson; Pilot Bay and Marysville smelters; lead and zinc separation; Pilot Bay and Crawford Bay settlement, and Gray Creek. TRACK 2: He continues with more on Silver Hill Mine and Rainville; parties; bringing in the first plough to Crawford Bay; his father-in-law, Alfred McClellan, at Pilot Bay; the sinking of the "Ainsworth"; races between the CPR and GN boats; Jean Montreuil; Dave Clarke; Morice; the railroad; the "Kuskanook"; more about the railroad; and grizzly hunting near Crawford Bay.

CALL NUMBER: T0934:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Mawdsley describes an incident while packing on St. Mary's trail; Charlie Sherwin; Ainsworth; practical jokes; hotels; mining; Nelson; Kaslo; Slocan; Fort Steele; St. Eugene Mission; more; about Fort Steele; CPR boats in the East Kootenays. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Boyd Affleck interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Boyd Campbell Affleck came to the Kootenay/Arrow Lakes region in 1907 from Ontario. He took up a surveying job near Nakusp. He discusses settlers and speculators. He describes Fruitva;le in 1907; the development; the early settlers. Then he discusses irrigation and then more on Fruitvale; the impact of WWI on the region; fruit grown; a picnic in the 1930s; settlers; clearing land; and the Fruitvale town site. Mr. Affleck settled near Fruitvale in 1918; lost his hand and was forced back into survey work. He surveyed the town of Salmo. He offers an anecdote about the red light ladies of Erie and then offers more about Fruitvale; the impact of the Trail smelter; and recalls the forest fire of 1939. TRACK 2: Mr. Affleck continues with more on the forest fire. Then he dis;cusses the Trail smelter; effects on fruit farms; Columbia Gardens and survey work at Nelson. He offers more on Fruitvale and Nelson in 1907; transportation; the rivalry between the CPR and GN boats.; He tells a story of how Kaslo tried to steal the Nelson Board of Trade in the 1890s. He discusses the Fruitvale power system in the 1920s; Nelson City Light. He describes the rivalry between West Kootenay Power and Light, and Nelson City Light.

Rube McCandlish interview

CALL NUMBER: T0930:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1967-09-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Reuben "Rube" McCandlish recalls the West Kootenays before WWI. He came with his parents from Alberta to Nelson in 1898. He describes the Silver King Mine and smelters in the area. He describes an incident on May 24, 1907, with Charles "Charlie" Sherwin; the steamer races on Kootenay Lake between the CPR's "Kokanee" and Great Northern's "Kaslo". He compares Kaslo, Rossland and Nelson, and discusses liquor licenses. More about Charlie Sherwin. He offers his impressions of Nelson in 1898; transportation to the mines; more about Nelson, such as late store openings and the red light district; district celebrations; July 1 preparations and celebrations at Nelson; law and order; Rossland's Jack Kirkup; more about liquor licensing; saloon and grand openings; and newspaper editor Colonel R.T. Lowery. TRACK 2: He continues with more on Colonel Lowery; Nelson newspapers Tribune and Daily Miner; a description of Nelson streets in 1898; newspaper editor John Houston; Patty Miles of the Miles Ferry at Bonnington; more about John Houston and Nelson City Light; more about Patty Miles; more on John Houston; civic politics; and more about John Houston.

CALL NUMBER: T0930:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1967-09-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. McCandlish continues with more on John Houston; Colonel Lowery; the struggle against big business; working conditions in the mines; the red light district; Halloween tricksters; store locations past and present; Salmo in 1918; Salmo and the riot act. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Violet Anderson interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Violet Anderson discusses her father, R.W. Northey, who came to Revelstoke from England in the early 1890s to manage the Kootenay Herald newspaper. She describes how her mother and the; family came in 1894 via Quebec and the CPR. She offers her first impression of Revelstoke and how her father moved to Rossland in 1895; the family followed in 1897. She describes the journey from Revelstoke to Rossland and her memories of Revelstoke, such as the 'uptown' and 'downtown' sections. She mentions characters named Orange Hamilton and Billy Pool who were prospectors who struck it ri;ch. She then offers her first impressions of Rossland; mentioning Trail and the Rossland mines and the post-depression leasing system. She describes Rossland as it was in 1897; the Sourdough Alley; ;strikes and strike-breakers and fires. She describes how her father worked for the Rossland Times and then became a prospector. She discusses Father Pat; remittance men; and more about fires. TRACK; 2: Anderson compares Nelson to Rossland and discusses the Hunter brothers; hotels; law and order; and school. She describes "Oregon John Bismarck", John Altman and the Cornish miners. She offers m;ore on remittance men, prostitution, and discusses writing stories for miners. More about recreation; railroads; an anecdote about Salt Lake City; and more about Father Pat.

Bella Cummings interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-11 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Isabella Cummings (born January 1887, died August 1965) discusses the naming of Boswell in 1909; Captain Roland Ellis; James Johnstone; and the birth of her son Raymond. She explains how she came to Boswell in 1909 and grew strawberries. She describes the Valparaiso Mine in Sanca BC; incidents and life at Boswell; how the family came to Nelson in 1902; fruit marketing; nut trees; ;the first settlers and social life. TRACK 2: Mrs. Cummings continues by discussing forest fires; Crawford Bay; flagging down freight barges; an incident on a lake boat; a Kootenay Indian interpretation of Jonah and the Whale; Mr. S.J. Cummings, who was her husband; and a Kootenay Indian incident.

Margaret Draper interview

CALL NUMBER: T0904:0001 - 0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Margaret F. Draper remembers her childhood at Crawford Bay. She offers her memories of coming out to Canada in 1905 as a child on the SS "Vancouver" from Liverpool; her adventures on the train from Montreal to Winnipeg; her parents deciding to come to Nelson; her father, Frederick W. Simpson, bought land at Crawford Bay; reasons for coming to Canada and why they had to stay; her father was a school teacher and her mother, Eve Simpson, was a nurse. She describes her mother and Edith Cavell and the World War I soldiers' tuberculosis sanitariums at Balfour, B.C., from 1917 to 1918. Her mother found the adjustment to the new life in Canada difficult; no servants. Their house burned down in 1908; her father had a private income; bought land at Crawford Bay and she describes the move from Nelson to Crawford Bay. TRACK 2: Mrs. Draper continues with the family's move to Crawford Bay; her first days at Crawford Bay; Jack Horton and his family; starting school; her father was a volunteer teacher; the development of the Crawford Bay settlement; remittance men; Commander and Mrs. Harrison; the first years of fruit growing; Kootenay Indians; Pete and Martha who were two Kootenay Indians; and the Gray Creek settlement.

CALL NUMBER: T0904:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Draper continues with more on Kootenay Indians, such as their clothing and details about trapping; Edward "Teddy" Wakefield's store; the Farmer's Institute in 1914; the impact of World War I; the impact of the Depression; the highway; 1947 steamers and tugboats on Kootenay Lake; regattas and races; the Pilot Bay community; the family named their farm St. Dunstan's Ranch after a boys' school in England; the Burden and Watson sawmill in 1908; clearing land; George Zimmer; August "Gus" Hout and more on Teddy Wakefield. TRACK 2: Mrs. Draper concludes with a description of how William "Will" Bayliss captures everyday events in cartoons; an anecdote about "greenhorns"; recreation and amusements; boats from Gray Creek are described; tragedies; nostalgia; no church at Crawford Bay; weddings; Mr. William Goodwin; her father's death; her father in World War I, in Bonnington Falls and Field BC; a prisoner of war story; her mother as a nurse in the Crawford Bay area; and Eugene "Gene" Montreuil.

Edith Helen Edgar interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-09 SUMMARY: Mrs. Edgar recalls early Nakusp, Slocan and Nelson. Her father, Denis St. Denis, who died in 1962, came from Ontario to Nakusp and worked as a bookkeeper for the mills. The family later moved to Slocan, where her father was city clerk, and agent for a lumber company. In 1910 they moved to Nelson, and lived in Fairview (Bogustown). Her father was the Trustee of Bankruptcy, a member of the BC Rifle Association, had a "wonderful memory", and wrote local history articles.

Les Walker interview : [Orchard, 1963]

CALL NUMBER: T0088:0008 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Les Walker: Nelson and area, 1902-1920s, part I PERIOD COVERED: 1890-1929 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1963-01-17 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Les Walker remembers coming to Nelson as a child in 1903. The journey. Transportation in the West Kootenay region. Nelson, 1903. Recreation to 1929. Transportation: air, boat, rail, Trail to Rossland link, Kettle Valley line. Nelson smelter. Crescent Beach. C.P.R. steamers on Kootenay Lake. Wilfred Laurier. Nelson as distribution point. Silver King Mine. Nelson. Silver in the Slocan distr;ict. Mining. Rossland. Nelson's "Bogus Town". Bill Fernie. Memories of Nelson and local characters. Red light district. Opera house. TRACK 2: More about the red light district. Saloons. "Boomer" brakemen, 1910-1915. Steamboat men. Chakho Mika Carnival in Nelson. Steamboats. "The Gunner of Galloway". Incident in Rossland. Bill Murphy story. Labour strife -- mining, 1890s-1902. Strikes and unionism; Western Federation of Miners.

CALL NUMBER: T0088:0009 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Les Walker: Nelson and area, 1902-1920s, part II PERIOD COVERED: 1902-1920s RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1963-01-17 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Les Walker continues to remember the Nelson area to 1920. Incidents in the Rossland Hall. Canada - U.S. relations -- the open border. Nez Perce Indians. More about the border. The Dewdney Trail. Nelson City Light and Mayor John Houston. Memories of Nelson people and incidents. More about "The Gunner of Galloway". "Old Jess". Nelson smelter burns, c.1910. Nelson smelters. Kootenay River. ;TRACK 2: Missionaries. Italian population. Kootenay Indians. Anecdote about mother and getting a drink of water. Strike of 1918 at Nelson smelter. Anecdote. The people. Opera house. Movies. News of the Titanic reaches Nelson. Changes in Nelson. Joy riding. School. Locomotives.

Heddle family fonds

  • PR-2369
  • Fonds
  • 1900-1964

The fonds consist of records created and/or collected by Robert Heddle, a miner and farmer in Nelson, and his immediate family. The records predominantly cover the management and operation of the Juno and Venus mining claims in the Nelson area, which Heddle managed. Additionally, the records also consist of those related to Heddle’s agricultural endeavors, including beaver fur farming and fish farming. The records also indicate some of Heddle’s personal interests and activities, such an interest in meteors and his patent applications. Finally, there are also some records of family members, including his wife (Agnes Heddle) and his daughter (Thelma Moon, nee Heddle) and son-in-law, James Thomas Moon.

The records relating to the operations of the Venus-Juno mining claims cover many different aspects of mining operations, and the records include: annual general meeting records of the Venus Gold Mining Company; records documenting the price and shipping methods of ore; mining equipment; maps of the mining claims

The records relating to Heddle’s agricultural work consist of water claims, applications for road access with railways, soil and water analyses, and a crown grant purchase.

Heddle (family)

Kunst family fonds

  • PR-2207
  • Fonds
  • 1894-2002; predominantly 1920-1970

The fonds consists of Kunst family records and contain the following: Memoir of Milton Kunst; photographs, both negatives and prints, taken or acquired by Milton Kunst and biographical information about Dr. Johan Jurriaan Kunst and his family.

Kunst (family)

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