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Archival description
Terrace (B.C.)
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Scene on Kalum Street, Terrace

Post Office, Bank of Montreal, liquor store (later E.T. Kenney's Real Estate), F.C. Bishop New and Used Furniture store (with poster for Glengarry School Days on side of building), Sparkes Bros. general store.

Land records relating to the sale of townsite lots

  • GR-1093
  • Series
  • 1911-1958

This series contains land records files relating to the sale of townsite lots at Terrace, B.C. Includes correspondence, memoranda, lot lists, reports, sketches, newspaper clippings, etc. From the Dept. of Lands early chronological series of lands files, file No. 21797/11.

British Columbia. Dept. of Lands and Forests

Operational records

  • GR-1264
  • Series
  • 1973-1975

This series contains operational records concerned with the North Line and North-west Line timber study reports: File 1, Smithers Veneer Plant Study; File 2, Port Simpson Sawmill Proposal; File 3, Terrace-Hazelton Forest Resources Study.

British Columbia. Prince Rupert Forest District

Premier Bennett campaign -- forestry tour

The item consists of two reels of original film footage from 1969. It shows Premier W.A.C. Bennett at the opening of the Cowichan Valley Forest Museum in Duncan, 17 May 1969; at Prince Rupert [ferry terminal?], 19 May; visiting the Terrace & District Hospital, Terrace Municipal Hall, and B.C. Vocational School, 21 May; and laying the cornerstone for the new Bulkley Valley Forest Industries Ltd. lumber mill at Houston, 22 May. R.G. Williston, H.R. MacMillan & Waldo Skillings also appear.

[Kitimat pulp mill proposa] : [four television broadcasts]

Promotional film. In a series of televised discussions with Terry Garner, officials of MacMillan, Bloedel and Powell River Limited talk about the company's plan to build a large bleached-kraft pulp mill in the Kitimat area. Interviewees are as follows: Program no. 1 (aired 17 March 1964) features Ernie Shorter, vice-chairman of the company, and Gary Bowle, general manager of their pulp and paper group. Program no. 2 (aired 19 March 1964) features John Henningson, vice-president and general manager of the wood products group, and Angus McBean, the company's chief forester. Program no. 3 features Henningson and Bob Chisholm, general manager of logging for the company. Program no. 4 features the Hon. J.V. Clyne, chairman and CEO of MacMillan, Bloedel & Powell River Ltd.

Skeena journal : Fire, flood

The item is Public affairs video from 1978. It is a documentary about flooding that struck Terrace and the surrounding area over 11 days in October-November 1978, generated by heavy rains that followed a hot dry summer with many forest fires. The Introduction contains shots of forest fires, including aerial views and helicopters in action. The remainder of the program comprises extensive footage of flooding and flood damage to highways, railroads, bridges, homes and vehicles in the affected area, mainly accompanied by voice-over narration.

Terrace County Court plaint and procedure books

  • GR-3846
  • Series
  • 1961-1970

This series consists of plaint and procedure books for the County Court of Terrace from 1961-1970. The books cover primarily civil matters, including liens. Volume 1 consists of file numbers 1/61-260/64 and includes an index for Terrace Supreme Court for the years 1961-1965 tucked into the cover. Volume 2 consists of file numbers 1/65-140/70.

British Columbia. County Court (Terrace)

Operational records

This series consists of a variety of operational records created by various provincial mental health institutions from 1882 to 2005. These records were created by mental health institutions including: New Westminster Provincial Asylum (later Public Hospital for the Insane or Provincial Hospital for the Insane), Essondale (later Riverview), Home for the Aged Coquitlam (later Valleyview), Home for the Aged Terrace (later Skeenaview), Home for the Aged Vernon (later Dellview), Crease Clinic, Colony Farm, Colquitz, Woodlands School and other medical facilities.

Together these records provide details of the hospital's operations from their creation to closure. Internal records document the mandate and goals of the hospitals and how they changed as the government and society's attitudes regarding mental health care shifted over time. External documents such as articles written by Riverview staff demonstrate how the hospital chose to publicize information about its treatment practices and research.

There are many different kinds of records in this series intermingled together. Many of the reports and studies were held by the Riverview Hospital Medical Library. These may be identified by library call numbers or stamps. The records are grouped into subseries. Note that there may be some overlap and repetition between them due to the physical arrangement of the records. The following subseries are included:

  1. Publications. Includes copies of published articles in a variety of academic psychology and medical journals written by hospital staff from 1955-1979.

  2. Reports, programs, and procedures. This includes many different types of records which address topics such as: treatment methods; patient care; rehabilitation; patient services; the creation, evaluation and implementation of various programs; facility management; patient rights; general policies for medical staff; staff bylaws; staff training and orientation; child guidance (including original papers and speeches by Dr. Crease on multiple subjects); geriatric care; staffing; and the administrative review of the hospital’s organization. The bulk of the records include policies, procedures, manuals, unpublished studies, statistics, strategic plans, training materials, forms, pamphlets, and surveys and questionnaires from staff, patients and patient’s relatives.

  3. Conference and Committee Records. Includes records of the Provincial Mental Health Services Headquarters monthly or bimonthly conferences held by branch executives. Records include agendas, meeting minutes, budgets, copies of reports, statistics and other records discussed at the conference. Riverview Hospital medical advisory committee records include minutes and some reports or other records discussed in meetings. There are also some additional records included related to legislation and the Civil Defense Committee.

  4. Miscellaneous records. Includes records related to facilities, finances, correspondence and early hospital records. This includes some of the earliest records related to the creation, construction and operations of the hospitals and Colony Farm, such as financial records recording the purchase of supplies, maintenance of facilities or grounds and staff perquisites. There are correspondence or subject files on a variety of topics, including: Mental Health Services headquarters; Provincial Secretary Collection Office; the operation and construction of the Boy’s Industrial School; and Indian Affairs regarding Indigenous patients. Additional records include agreements with the Canadian Pacific Railway for use of hospital land; records marking hospital events and anniversaries; provincial Mental Health Services business management monthly reports; and other miscellaneous records.

  5. Riverview replacement records. Includes plans, reports and other records related to the changing makeup of mental health services on the Riverview lands. Beginning in the 1970s, the role of the hospitals began to be assessed and plans were developed to downsize, consolidate, replace or close various facilities. These records document that process. Contains various reports, planning documents and records of consultation with stakeholders.

  6. Annual reports. Covers a wide range of years. There are reports for the Asylum for the Insane, New Westminster from 1882-1885; BC Mental Health Hospitals Annual Reports (under several names) from 1901-1972, plus some later years; and federal government Annual Report of Mental Institutions for the Dominion Bureau of Statistics from 1932-1960.

Photographs of institutions operated by the Mental Health Services

  • GR-3419
  • Series
  • 1948-1967

The series consists of approximately 5250 black and white photographic negatives taken by Mental Health Services between 1948 and 1967. The negatives are acetate and are mostly in a 4 x 5 format with some 35 mm. There are 62 black and white prints interfiled with the negatives.

The photographs are of various British Columbia mental health institutions including the Boys Industrial School, Colony Farm, Colquitz Mental Home (Saanich), the Home for the Aged in Vernon and in Terrace, Woodlands School, Essondale (Coquitlam) and the Crease Clinic.

The photographs depict the grounds and buildings (both internal and external views) of the mental health institutions as well as photographs of construction and equipment. There are photographs of staff and patients involved in a variety of activities including medical treatments, events, ceremonies, leisure activities and other programs.

The negative files are arranged numerically in seven boxes: 1-657, 658-1004, 1005-1135, 1136-1242, 1245-1325, 1326-1409 and 1410-1499.

British Columbia. Dept. of the Provincial Secretary

Record books

This series consists of a variety of registers and record books created by various provincial mental health institutions from 1872 to 1998. These records were created by institutions including: Victoria Asylum, New Westminster Provincial Asylum (later Public Hospital for the Insane or Provincial Hospital for the Insane), Essondale (later Riverview), Home for the Aged (later Valleyview), Dellview, Skeenaview, Crease Clinic, Woodlands School and others. Not all volumes clearly identify which building or institution they are associated with.

The subjects of the volumes and their contents vary greatly. Many of them relate to other series in the BC Archives. The registers have been arranged in the following subject based subseries:

  1. Casebooks. This subseries only includes one volume providing a description of each of the first patients at the hospital, including how and why they were admitted, their history and treatment. Later casebooks can be found in GR-1754.

  2. Death and Cemetery records. This includes death registries, morgue records, cemetery record books showing the plots individuals were laid in and some medical certificates of death. Volumes may include information such as: name, date of death, date of burial, name of Minister, name of Undertaker, lot and block of cemetery plot, patient number, time in asylum, age, religion, cause of death, form of insanity, gender, and marital status.

  3. Admissions records. These volumes provide basic information about patients entered on their admission. Many of these volumes likely relate to the Home for the Aged (later known as Valleyview) based on patient demographics listed in the records. Recorded information may include patient number, name, residence, date of admission, relatives, religion, nationality, occupation, age, gender, marital status, level of education, physical state, date of transfer, date of death or discharge, form of admission, ward, and remarks.

  4. Number registers. These records relate to and may overlap with Admission registers. Upon admission each patient was assigned a mental health service number. This number system was used across all provincially operated mental health institutions. It appears that only a single register was used at any given time until about 1960, when individual hospitals began each using their own registers. Each hospital received a block of 100 numbers from the central registry. When they had assigned all numbers to their new patients they requested a new block of numbers. This means there is no single register in this group of records after 1960. Instead, blocks of numbers are spread among multiple registers. Number registers may record: patient number, name, address, date of admission, type of admission, and ward/building.

  5. Discharge registers. These record how a patient left the hospital’s custody and may specifically note death, various types of leave, escapes and transfers. These may record: name, patient number, gender, date of release or death, date of admission, term of residence, condition, ward, gender, diagnosis, who or where released to, and remarks.

  6. Treatments – operations. Record information about operations patients underwent. Includes: patient number, date, ward, name, age, diagnosis, operation, surgeon, assistant, nurses, anesthesiologist, anesthetic, specimen, and remarks.

  7. Treatments – x-rays. Records x-rays conducted on patients and staff. May include name, region, doctor, date, ward, and x-ray number.

  8. and 9. Treatments- miscellaneous. Each book records different treatments used in the hospital. This includes Electroencephalograms (EEGs), physiotherapy, behavior therapy, lobotomies. Subseries 8 relates to dentures.

  9. Treatments – doctor’s orders and consultations. List the date, patients name and orders or notes.

  10. Census and statistics. Note the date, number of patients in each building, staff on duty (including if away or late), patients died, admitted, discharged, on leave, from leave and transferred, as well as some notes on unusual occurrences.

  11. Miscellaneous. Includes a variety of other registers related to the operations of the hospitals, and appeal examinations for patient release.

Dave Barrett : [1975 election campaign - November 3-29, 1975]

CALL NUMBER: T1704:0062 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Election call RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975-11-03 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett calls 1975 general election, 3 November 1975.; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0063 - 0064 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Clinton (B.C.), 1975-11-12 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett campaign speech, Clinton, 12 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0065 - 0066 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Merritt (B.C.), 1975-11-13 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Merritt, 13 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0067 - 0068 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Duncan (B.C.), 1975-11-17 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Duncan, 17 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0069 - 0070 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Fort St. John (B.C.), 1975-11-18 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Fort St. John, 18 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0071 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Mackenzie (B.C.), 1975-11-19 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Mackenzie, 19 November 1975.; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0072 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Announcement of Northern Railway development programme RECORDED: Terrace (B.C.), 1975-11-20 SUMMARY: Announcement of northern railway development program, Terrace, 20 November 1975; includes comments by Gary Lauk and Graham Lea.; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0073 - 0074 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Kitimat (B.C.), 1975-11-20 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Kitimat, 20 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0075 - 0076 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Prince Rupert (B.C.), 1975-11-21 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Prince Rupert, 21 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0077 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Castlegar (B.C.), 1975-11-24 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Castlegar, 24 November 1975.; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0078 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Castlegar (B.C.), 1975-11-25 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Castlegar, 25 November 1975.; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0079 - 0080 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Nelson (B.C.), 1975-11-25 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Nelson, 25 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0081 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Powell River (B.C.), 1975-11-26 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Powell River, 26 November 1975.; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0082 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Campbell River (B.C.), 1975-11-27 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett, campaign speech, Campbell River, 27 November 1975.; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0083 - 0084 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Interview by Vancouver Province RECORDED: Campbell River (B.C.), 1975-11-27 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett is interviewed by Vancouver Province reporters Alex Young and Bob McMurray, Campbell River, 27 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0085 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1975-11-28 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett campaign speech, Vancouver, 28 November 1975.; CALL NUMBER: T1704:0086 - 0087 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dave Barrett: Campaign speech RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1975-11-29 SUMMARY: Premier David Barrett campaign speech, Victoria, 29 November 1975 (part 1 & 2).;

Prince Rupert Forest District wild fire mapping records

  • GR-4048
  • Series
  • 1921-1991; predominant 1921-1980

This series consists of wildfire mapping records including fire atlas maps and fire reports from the Prince Rupert Forest District. The records date from 1921-1980. Collectively these records provide a comprehensive image of the amount and extent of forest fires in the area.

The Prince Rupert Forest District was divided into smaller Ranger Districts. These Ranger Districts changed over the years, but included: Burns Lake, Hazleton, Terrace, Prince Rupert, Kitwanga, Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands), Ocean Falls, Francois Lake, Smithers, Telkwa, Houston, Pendleton Bay, Kitimat, Lower Post, Topley, Bella Coola, Southbank, Telegraph Creek and Atlin.

Annual fire reports are oversized handwritten tables that provide detailed information on individual fires for the years 1921-1967. The tables list: name of the fire; name of officer in charge; date; district fire number; fire origin; cost of fighting and source of funds; area burned; total area of damage done; amount of merchantable and unmerchantable timber burned; amount of range land burned; amount of property or other damage caused; and the cause of the fire. Possible causes include lightening, recreational activities, railroad clearing, smokers, brush or range burning, construction, industrial activities, incendiaries, miscellaneous known causes and unknown causes. The pages are arranged by year, with one page used per Ranger District. Each year includes a summary sheet with the totals for all Ranger Districts.

Fire atlas maps and overlays show the location and type of fires, as well as the extent of some burned areas. The majority of the maps are forest cover maps which have been annotated or had overlays added with this additional information. Many of the maps have been cut to fit in the bound volume they were originally stored in. This can make it difficult to determine the precise year the maps were created and annotated.

The series also includes one scrapbook of newspaper clippings related to forest fires, fire protection and firefighting for the years 1988-1991. This item was created by the successor of the Prince Rupert Forest District, the Prince Rupert Forest Region.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:
Dept. of Lands (1908-1945)
Dept. of Lands and Forests (1945-1962)
Dept. of Lands, Forests and Water Resources (1962-1975)
Dept. of Forests 1975-1976
Ministry of Forests 1976-1986
Ministry of Forests and Lands 1986-1988
Ministry of Forests 1988-2005

British Columbia. Prince Rupert Forest District

Terrace Public Library oral history collection

  • PR-1908
  • Collection
  • 1977 [Copied 1977]

The collection consists of oral history interviews pertaining to ethnic communities in the Terrace area, as well as the history of Terrace and Kitimat.

Terrace Public Library, collector

David Ross interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. David Ross discusses the reasons for the building of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railroad, the story of his coming to Canada from Scotland in 1908, and the series of jobs he held beginning i;n Medicine Hat. He describes early Prince Rupert and his work on the Grand Trunk Pacific Railroad, including construction camps, building the rail line, settlements in Terrace, Kitselas and Skeena Crossing, more on railroad work and tunnels at Kitselas. TRACK 2: Mr. Ross discusses the various nationalities of the workers on the railroad, more on railroad work, Cedarvale, including an area description, and characters such as Barney Mulvaney and Wiggs O'Neill.

Catherine May Spencer interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Catherine Spencer : life as editor of the Omineca Herald (Terrace), 1949-1969 PERIOD COVERED: 1930s-1960s RECORDED: Terrace (B.C.), 1962? SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Catherine "Cathie" Fraser Spencer (nee Irvine) begins this interview speaking about her start in journalism in Prince Rupert. She and her husband (Tom Fraser) took over the Omineca Herald (1949) and moved the business to Terrace from Hazelton. She discusses the growth of the paper and Terrace, memories of Charles H. "Chuck" Sawle, pioneer printing equipment, the Harry Perry incident and ;the significance, distribution, content and development of the "people's paper". TRACK 2: Cathie Fraser Spencer describes Terrace (1949), the post-war slump, the community founder -- George Little, t;he growth of Terrace, the new highway, the impact of Columbia Cellulose (1950), local news stories (1949-69), population growth, the Thornhill suburb and her career.

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