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Maynard family collection

  • PR-1259
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1862]-1937

Note: Staff are still actively working on the description of these records. The current descriptions do not accurately reflect the full scope of the records. [17 March 2022]

The collection consists of a number of private records created by the Maynard family, the selected business records of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery and a portion of the professional records of well-known British Columbian photographers Hannah Hatherly Maynard (1834-1918) and Richard Maynard (1832-1907). To a lesser extent, a percentage of the professional records of their son Albert Hatherly Maynard (1854-1934) are included in the collection. Primary materials include family photograph albums, a measure of the photographic portfolio of Hannah and Richard Maynard consisting of photographic negatives and prints, as well as several view and sample albums. There is also a small number of textual business records, the bulk of which consists of a single studio register that represents over 5,000 customer entries of portrait orders fulfilled at several different locations of the Maynard Studio between 1891 to 1899.

The Maynard family collection consists of the following series and discreet items:

MS-3394: Photograph albums

MS-3361: Photograph album of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3373: Albert H. Maynard photographs of the Provincial Museum’s natural history collections

MS-3374: Indigenous studio portraits of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3328: Photographic View Album by R. Maynard, Artist

MS-3384: Studio portraits of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3378: Colonial administration field photographs of Richard Maynard (Department of Indian Affairs tours of inspection)

MS-3380: Experimental photographic works of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3403: Photograph albums and photographic prints, reproductions

MS-3325: Studio register of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery

The Maynard family, Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery and photographers Hannah Hatherly H. Maynard, Richard Maynard and Albert H. Maynard were based in Victoria, British Columbia. Richard Maynard’s boot and shoe business was also based in the city.

Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery clientele included the "upper echelons of Victoria society" including the Cridge, Douglas, O'Reilly, Harris, McNeil and Crease families, as well as members of the colonial government such as Victoria mayor John Grant among many others. It also served the spectrum of the Victoria population including temporary visitors, Indigenous day labourers, as well as pioneering Anglo-European, African American (including the Alexander and Spotts families), Caribbean (Barnswell family) and Chinese individuals, families and communities. Representatives from Indigenous governments and communities on Vancouver Island and British Columbia including the Tsimshian Chief known as Arthur Wellington Clah, and others who came for their likenesses. In the early years the studio produced conventional portraits for early inhabitants of Fort Victoria (established by the Hudson’s Bay Company) such as gold miners and sailors. In later years, clientele were documented from across British Columbia, Vancouver Island, Salts Spring Island, Haida Gwaii, Vancouver and Lytton. Also during this period, patrons came from British warships that visited the Esquimalt naval base. Institutional clients included the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard in the United States.

Within this collection, the works of other photographers and photographic studios are represented in the Maynard portfolio. Notably, this includes photographic negatives by well-known early pioneer British Columbian photographers such as English photographer Frederick Dally (1838-1914) and Italian photographer Carlo (Charles) Gentile (1835-1893).

There are also card mounted photographic prints from a range of photographers and photographic studios from the Western United States, Eastern Canadian provinces and the United Kingdom. Within Ontario, the former residence of the Maynard family prior to their move to Victoria in the early 1860s, a small amount of works are represented from “R. & H. O’Hara Photographers, BookSellers, Insurance Agents & c.” of Bowmanville, Ontario.

In terms of photographic subjects and styles, the collection brings together the following: studio portraiture (family; infant, baby, child and youth; self-portraiture), landscape photography, tourist photography, colonial and government administration photographs, ethnographic and field photography, photography of transportation/railway construction (Canadian Pacific Railway), stereoscopic photography and documentary photography (including early natural history museum collections). Maynard produced ethnographic and field photography, of which one series (MS-3378) and one discreet item (MS-3378) has been included in this collection, is representative of a larger body of their well-known work and documentation of the life and lifeways of many First Nations and Indigenous communities primarily on Vancouver Island, around British Columbia and Alaska. There are a few examples of sun photography used in infant, baby, child and youth portraiture, as well as a reference to a work of Victorian era collage. A small number of works in the style of architectural photography are represented here, as are Maynard’s portfolio depicting naval or military themes. Hannah Maynard’s work in police photography is not represented in this collection.

Artistic works include experimental photographs attributed to Mrs. R. Maynard in her role as a photographic artist and consist of tableau vivants, photocollages, composite and montage works photo-sculptures and studio portraits using double and multiple exposure techniques. A small number of montage works marketed by Richard Maynard can also be found in this collection, as are references to studio portraits marketed by R. Maynard.

Print formats include mounted and unmounted prints and photograph albums. Mounted prints consist of cartes de visite, boudoir and cabinet cards, gem-sized prints and tintype miniature portraits. Negative formats consist primarily of glass plate negatives. There are also a small number of textual records found in albums including several business cards and a few seasonal greeting cards. There is also one instance of business stationary from Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery present within the studio register.

Maynard (family)

Correspondence relating to roads in Victoria district

  • GR-1153
  • Series
  • 1900

This series contains correspondence relating to roads in the Victoria district. It includes a request for new road construction from the Victoria Driving Club and the Victoria Tourist Association, and correspondence about cows wandering at large in Oak Bay. Also includes a small sketch. Reverse of sketch not on microfilm.

British Columbia. Dept. of Lands and Works

Baptismal, marriage and burial church registers

  • GR-3258
  • Series
  • Microfilmed 1946 (originally created 1849-1903)

The series consists of copies of British Columbia baptism, marriage and death registers created by churches that conducted the ceremonies. Currently only records (baptisms 1849-1899; marriages 1864-1903) of St. Andrews Cathedral, Victoria , are available.

Churches were required to submit their baptismal registers to the Vital Statistics Division in the 1940s so the registers could be microfilmed. Vital Statistics subsequently created an alphabetical index to the microfilmed registers, and a database was created from the index volumes with supplementary information from the microfilmed registers added to the entries. This information is searchable via the BC Archives Genealogy database. The microfilm copies of the original registers may include some additional information or context that was not included in the database.

Each bound volume was created by one church. Each entry corresponds with one ceremony, but may involve multiple individuals. The entries within each volume are ordered chronologically and may be numbered. Every volume varies in the type and presentation of information included and may not be consistent throughout one volume. All entries include the date of the ceremony, name of individual(s) involved in the ceremony, and the name of the priest who conducted the ceremony.

Baptism register entries may also include name of child, date of birth, place of birth, sex of child, name and surname of father, name and maiden name of mother, residence of parents, profession of parents, religion of parents, name and surname of grandparents, religion of grandparents, and name and surname of godparents.

Marriage register entries may also include name and surname of groom, name and maiden name of bride, age of bride, age of groom, name and surname of their parents, name and surname of witnesses present, religion of named individuals, place of birth, and signatures of parties involved.

Death register entries may also include: death dates, cause of death, age at death, location of internment and information about the funeral ceremony.

Indigenous people are included in the registers (as Indians or Sauvages). Some Indigenous names are included. Many baptisms of Indigenous people were in groups and may only consist of a list of the Christian names the priest gave to the baptized individuals. Tribal or community affiliations may be included.

Some entries include the geographical location that the ceremony took place. This location may vary from the location of the church, as some priests travelled quite widely to conduct ceremonies.

British Columbia Vital Statistics Agency

Victoria Supreme Court probate/estate files

  • GR-3016
  • Series
  • 1950-2007

Victoria Supreme Court probate/estate files, 1950-2007. See GR-1417 for index to files 761/1963 to 1606/1981.

NOTE: Microfilming was ongoing for many years so the date ranges for microfilm and originals given above may not be current.

File names are provided for 67/1950 to 760/1963. An index for 1963-1981 is available on microfilm (see GR-1417). This index can be found on Reels B11792 - B11794. If a will number is provided, it can be used to locate a copy of the will in GR-2009.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Victoria)

Minutes and other material

  • GR-1198
  • Series
  • 1888-1896

This series contains minutes from the Executive Council meetings. Records of interest in this series include minutes "relative to the Indian troubles on the Skeena River," from 1888.; dispatches, reports, and correspondence concerning the relocation of Songhees Indian reserve, 1893-1896. The series also includes a copy of the Report on British Columbia for Royal Colonial Institute (for use in British elementary schools), 1884.

British Columbia. Executive Council

Commission on Mount Douglas Park (1930)

  • GR-0905
  • Series
  • 1930-1931

This series consists of the records of the Commission on Mount Douglas Park, 1930-1931. Unit consists of Letters Patent appointing the commissioner, correspondence, exhibits, notes, photographs, submissions and the report.

British Columbia. Commission on Mount Douglas Park

Records relating to surveys and surveyors field books

  • GR-1148
  • Series
  • 1913-1920

Records relating to surveys and surveyors field books. Consists of a register of surveyors' field books on Vancouver Island, especially Victoria district; an alphabetical street index to surveyors' field books for the City of Victoria, and miscellaneous correspondence pertaining to surveys. Includes record of surveys done since 1858.

British Columbia. Dept. of Lands

London and Canadian Fire Insurance Company fonds

  • PR-2016
  • Fonds
  • 1890-1900

The fonds consists of three series: correspondence inward (1890-1908); correspondence outward (1890-1900); and, articles of association (1890?).

A metal seal embosser for the London and Canadian Fire Insurance Company was transferred to the BC Archives from the City of Victoria Archives in 2021.

London and Canadian Fire Insurance Company

Dept. of Agriculture lantern slides and negatives

  • GR-3599
  • Series
  • [between 1900 and 1915]

The series consists of 214 photographs, mostly glass lantern slides and glass negatives, created or collected by the Dept. of Agriculture sometime between 1900 and 1915.

The lantern slides contain images of fruit trees, orchards, farms, packing boxes, greenhouses, crops and other agricultural activity. A few have descriptive labels which indicate that they were taken in Victoria, Kelowna, Nanaimo and Summerland, and some have photographers identified (D.J. Dwyer, J. Howard A. Chapman and Edgar Fleming). These photographs may have been used for a variety of purposes including public lectures and as illustrations for reports. Some of the slides have been hand coloured. These slides are from accession 198012-018.

The glass negatives from this accession consist of two files. The first file contains 13 negatives identified as being from Atkinson's mushrooms; images of mushrooms and fungi from book on same and appear to have been photographed directly from George F. Atkinson's 1901 books called "Studies of American Fungi". The second file consists of 24 negatives identified as Morris Middleton pruning lecture. Middleton was an assistant horticulturalist for the Dept. of Agriculture and gave pruning workshops and lectures.

The 27 glass negatives from accession 198410-027 show farms and farm buildings, fruit and berry growing as well as fruit packing and pruning classes in Creston, B.C. in 1914 (F.B. Turner photographer) and photos of apple growing medals presented to the Government of British Columbia in 1909.

British Columbia. Dept. of Finance and Agriculture

Sweeney Cooperage fonds

  • PR-0732
  • Fonds
  • 1928-1966

The fonds consists of articles of incorporation, minutes, bylaws, financial records, industrial appraisal books, photographs, drawings and maps.

Sweeney Cooperage

Stuart and Company fonds

  • PR-0282
  • Fonds
  • 1865-1881

The fonds consists of an account ledger, a journal and a grain book.

Stuart and Company

R.P. Rithet and Company fonds

  • PR-0309
  • Fonds
  • 1910-1939

The fonds consists of journals of R.P. Rithet and Company.

R.P. Rithet and Company

Silver Spring Brewery fonds

  • PR-0219
  • Fonds
  • 1909-1950

The fonds consists of records of Silver Spring Brewery and Coast Breweries between 1909 and 1950 and includes sales books, copies of bills, shipping receipts, a Brewer's Mash Book, brewer's malt stock book, statements and lists on the quantities of ingredients used and the amount of beer produced as well as the Boiler Inspector's Reports and Brewer's licence.

Silver Spring Brewery

R. Broderick and Company fonds

  • PR-0469
  • Fonds
  • 1869-1973

The fonds consists of a letterpress copybook and some accounts.

R. Broderick and Company

British Canadian Fire Insurance fonds

  • PR-1231
  • Fonds
  • 1905-1917

The fonds consists of a minute book from meetings of the Board of Directors and general meetings of the British Canadian Fire Insurance company.

British Canadian Fire Insurance Co.

Alexander McLean fonds

  • PR-0566
  • Fonds
  • 1867-1873

The fonds consists of clothier's sales and account books of McLean and of Scotch House.

McLean, Alexander

Edgar Marvin fonds

  • PR-0683
  • Fonds
  • 1871-1882 [Microfilmed 1988]

The fonds consists of correspondence, invoices, waybills, and a small notebook containing lists of hardware, farm, garden and clothing articles as well as financial entries.

Marvin, Edgar

Marvin and Tilton fonds

  • PR-0682
  • Fonds
  • 1862-1922

The fonds consists of business records including outward correspondence, inventories, day books, journals, ledgers, cashbooks and cancelled cheques. [Also available on microfilm.]

Marvin and Tilton (Firm)

Kurtz and Company fonds

  • PR-0610
  • Fonds
  • 1883-1891

The fonds consists of a bank book.

Kurtz and Company

Jim Ryan fonds

  • PR-2163
  • Fonds
  • 1908-1995

The fonds consists of photographs and other records from 1908 to ca. 1995, created or collected by Jim Ryan in the course of his career as a photographer. There are approximately 105,738 photographs, mostly black and white and colour negatives, but also including prints, slides and glass slides. The fonds also includes textual records consisting of news stories, copies of Ryan's publications, a few letters and other such material. The majority of the photographs were taken in the Victoria area and include images of the harbour, the city, buildings, events and parks. There are many photographs of British Columbia politicians, notably W.A.C. Bennett, as well as distinguished visitors, federal and local politicians. There are also photographs of local characters, children and ordinary people. Although most of the photographs were taken in the Victoria area, there are occasional images taken in other areas of Vancouver Island as well as some of Ryan's travel photographs. Some of the earliest material relates to World War I and may be Ryan family photographs or items that Ryan collected out of interest.

The fonds also includes motion picture film material, including completed films, production elements, news stories shot for television, and selected reels of footage.

Ryan, Jim, 1920-1998

Smith family fonds

  • PR-0230
  • Fonds
  • 1860-1932

The fonds consists of business and personal correspondence, documents, and photographs created by or relating to the Smith family of Victoria between 1860-1932. Included in this fonds are contracts, receipts (MS-2703), a journal of 1863-1864 bakery deliveries (E/B/Sm6), and photographs of the M.R. Smith & Co. bakery (MS-3458), founded by M.R. Smith; a scrapbook created by Selina Smith between 1895 and 1932 of correspondence, calling cards, and documents pertaining to her music students (MS-1992) as well as photographs of Selina and her students (MS-3458); Hamilton Smith’s business papers for M.R. Smith & Co. as well as reports, offer of lots for sale (MS-2703), and photographs of the Smith family businesses, employees, friends, homes, and places in Victoria (MS-3458); and photographs of Victoria taken ca. 1895 by Garrett Smith (MS-3459). Also includes a one-page letter from Philip R. Smith to his father, William Smith in 1860 (E/B/Sm6).

Smith (family)

William Harrison fonds

  • PR-0860
  • Fonds
  • 1882-1911

The fonds consists of daybooks, journals and account books, letter books, custom documents and invoices.

Harrison, William

Jules Dassonville fonds

  • PR-1383
  • Fonds
  • 1878-1884

The fonds consists of two account books listing jewelry and watch repair jobs.

Dassonville, Jules

William Turpel and Son fonds

  • PR-0033
  • Fonds
  • 1911-1923

The fonds consists of a cashbook and a daybook.

William Turpel and Son

Smith and Champien fonds

  • PR-0231
  • Fonds
  • 1899-1903 [Microfilmed 1981]

The fonds consists of a cashbook and a daybook.

Smith and Champien (Firm)

British Columbia Electric Railway Company fonds

  • PR-1252
  • Fonds
  • 1861-1967

The fonds consists of records of the Victoria Office of the British Columbia Electric Railway created between 1861 and 1967 and includes financial records, correspondence, photographs, maps and films.

Fonds includes financial records of the Victoria Gas Company (1861-1904), the Victoria Illuminating Company (1887-1890), and the National Electric Tramway and Lighting Company (1889-1944) as well as business records of the Vancouver Island Power Company (1910-1944). It also includes an engineer's report on relay protection of the high tension transmission systems of the British Columbia Electric Railway Company prepared by Westinghouse (1923), various maps and plans and twelve historical films created for the 1958 Centennial.

British Columbia Electric Railway Company

Thoburn Grocery fonds

  • PR-0149
  • Fonds
  • 1909-1926

The fonds consists of account books of the Thoburn Grocery.

Thoburn Grocery

Selected Public Works project papers

  • GR-2007
  • Series
  • 1900-1912

Selected papers from the following projects: design and building of the Vancouver Court House, alterations to the Victoria Court House, design and building of Government House, Victoria, B.C., and the design and building of the Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C. Originals for some papers in this microfilm may be found in GR-0830.

British Columbia. Dept. of Public Works

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