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Archival description
Vancouver Island (B.C.)
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A job for you

Promotional film. "Young men building huts in a nearly completed camp. Fire fighting practice. Building a bridge abutment. Splitting shakes with a froe. Snag falling. Bucking firewood. Men fighting a fire with hand tools and a bulldozer. After fire, men showering, having haircuts and washing up. [Close-up of] grub --meal on plate. Pay parade. [Long shot of] scenery on Vancouver Island. This short film was intended to interest young men in a career with the Forest Service, or a summer's employment." (Colin Browne)

A ship is born

Industrial film. The design, construction and operation of the wooden-hulled fish packer "Canfisco", whose launching coincided with the fiftieth anniversary of the Canadian Fishing Company. Includes scenes at the shipyard, in Vancouver harbour, and along the route to the northern end of Vancouver Island, where the company has a floating outpost called "Mills' Bay". Fishing boats transfer their catch to the "Canfisco", which heads back to Vancouver to unload at the company's Gore Road dock and cannery.

Abner Conant interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Hernando Island : people of the island RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969-01-23 SUMMARY: Abner Conant discusses early settlement on Hernando Island, in the Inside Passage near Campbell River.;

Account books

  • GR-0823
  • Series
  • 1858-1873

This series consists of three volumes of record books from the Colony of Vancouver Island Police and Prisons Department, and later and Colony of British Columbia Police, 1858-1873. Records include an account book, 1858-1863 (contains also some fire department accounts); requisition book, 1859-1861; record of constable's clothing and advance warrants, police and gaol, 1866-1873.

Vancouver Island. Police and Prisons Dept.

Accounts ledger of the Nanaimo Ranger Station

  • GR-0964
  • Series
  • 1922-1939

This series consists of accounts ledger of the Nanaimo Ranger Station, for car running costs, launch running costs, tire distribution and telephone accounts. The book also contains an office diary for 1939 and an undated inventory of equipment on hand.

British Columbia. Forest Branch

Accounts of collecting trips

The file consists of a typed transcript of an account of collecting trips made to the West Coast of Vancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte Islands in the summers of 1945 and 1946 by California biologist Edward F. Ricketts. The account is a mixture of notes on marine life and descriptions of places visited, people met methods of travel, etc. Ricketts was a friend of John Steinbeck and this account was apparently intended for Steinbeck's use. (For a biography of Ricketts see Steinbeck's "Notes from the Sea of Cortez"). The transcript, which is entitled "Transcript of summer 1945 and 1946 notes based on trips to the outer shores, W. Coast Vanc. Is., Queen Charlottes etc. New Series Note Books 3 and 4" was presented to the Royal British Columbia Museum by Joel W. Hedgpeth of Santa Rosa, California. A copy of Hedgpeth's covering letter is included with the transcript.

Adelaide Ogden interview

RECORDED: Powell River (B.C.), [1975-02-11?] SUMMARY: Adelaide Ogden provides a comprehensive first-hand account of homesteading on Lasqueti Island from 1915 to 1920, including anecdotes and the story of the death of Captain Gilles. 1915, the year of the great snows. Clearing the land by hand.

Agnes Cranmer interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1967-06-21 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Agnes Cranmer is a native woman who describes early life at Fort Rupert; breaking coppers; a hunting ceremony; early Fort Rupert; the outlawing of the potlatch; "play" potlatches; and Fort Rupert as of 1967. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Agriculture today : reel 1, part 2

The item consists of a reel of 16 mm film which includes the following items:
D. At Cawston, an entire unprofitable apricot orchard is cut down. The cut trees are shredded and dispersed as mulch. At Revelstoke, three deep wells are being drilled to provide water for irrigation and domestic use.
E. Orchard scenes.
F. The golden nematode, a pest of tomatoes, potatoes and eggplants, infested Vancouver Island in 1965. The plant protection of the federal Department of Agriculture eradicated the threat using quarantine, soil preparation and fumigation.
G. The federal Department of Agriculture's national potato-breeding program. At a research station in Fredericton, researchers select the best varieties for each region of Canada.

A.H. Maynard collection

  • PR-1258
  • Collection
  • [between 1896 and 1932]

The collection consists of four discreet collections of photographs, the bulk of which are lantern slides. The majority of the fonds consists of several sets of lantern slides, the bulk of which contain photographic subject matter dating from 1868 to 1930. The photograph collections are attributed to Albert Hatherly Maynard, son of early pioneer photographer Richard Maynard (1832-1907). Within lantern slide collections, slides from creators of other distinct lantern slide collections (likely Charles Frederick Newcombe and William A. Newcombe), appear to be included. A small number of flexible negatives are also included in one of the accessions.

A large number of lantern slides depict scenes of the Fraser River gold rush era of the 1860s, in the regions of Yale to Barkerville, Quesnel and Cottonwood in the interior of British Columbia. Many of the reproductions of photographs featured in the lantern slides in this collection are attributed early pioneer photographer’s works including those created by Richard Maynard during the 1860s and A.H. Maynard’s works produced in the 1920s. It also includes the photographic works of other early B.C. photographers including Frederick Dally (1838-1914), likely Louis A. Blanc who documented similar subjects as the Maynards particularly Barkerville, the Cariboo and the Cariboo Roads in British Columbia during the period before and after the Fraser River gold rush of the 1860s. A small number of photographic works by Frederick Dundas Todd (1858-1926) and F. [Dewitt] Reed are also contained within several of the slide collections.

Accessions 198203-025 and 198203-065 consist of slide compilations that depict a visual narrative of the history of Barkerville, the Cariboo Road and Cariboo region in the B.C. interior during the period of the 1868 Fraser River gold rush era and sixty years later in the 1920s. The bulk of the scenes of the gold mining resource industry, as well as views of transportation roads and routes along the journey to the goldfields. To a lesser extent views of other resources industries (forestry, agriculture, fishing and farming/ranching) are depicted against the nature and lands of the B.C. interior. Mining towns within the Lighting Creek and Williams Creek Districts, including Barkerville (before and after the fire of 1868), Richfield and Cameronton are represented, as well as other scenes representing the following views of gold mining operations: claims sites, posed group portraits and likenesses of miners, equipment and the production activity of early mining technology of associated mining companies, businesses and partnerships in the area. Photographs of mining claims and claims sites and the miners and labourers involved at Mucho Oro, Aurora Gold, Minnehah, Never Sweat; The Rankin Company (Grouse Creek), Ne’er do Weel (Grouse Creek) and the Canadian Grouse Company (Grouse Creek) are included in the sequences. Imagery along and of the Cariboo Road(s) are described as depicting various views, scenes and activities including: freight and trade transportation, transportation methods and transportation routes (ox pack teams, gold escorts; steamer “Reliance” and Fraser River crossings; travelers); views along the Cariboo Road(s) that include the geological terrain of the Fraser River (its river banks and surrounding forested and arid landscapes) at various points along the route to the goldfields including the Fraser Canyon and Lady Franklin Rock; examples of civil engineering as such as bridges; homes and ranches as well as accommodations such as roadhouses and hotels (70, 83, 108 and 150 Mile Houses, Pioneer Hotel, Van Winkel Hotel at Stanley, Colonial Hotel at Soda Creek and the Hastings Hotel) and businesses (Masonic Hall at Barkerville) in colonial service towns and mining communities and settlements. Indigenous communities do not appear to be identified in lantern slide captions, though the geographical regions documented in slides reflect many traditional Indigenous territories in which the Fraser River gold rush traversed and was situated. It appears that traditional Indigenous fishing methods are present in some views, likely in those of the Fraser River. Several photographs of geological specimens (gold nuggets) are included within the set. There appear to be very limited images of regional wildlife. There are a small number of group photographs reflecting the diverse population of gold miners, pioneers and travelers of the Interior B.C. (“Crew of SS "Nechacco"), including women and children. The views from the 1920s, appear to reflect A. H. Maynard’s trips to Barkerville, the Cariboo Road(s) and the Cariboo region. Finally, there are several views described as from the period in between 1868 and the 1920s. These slides depict views including those of the Fraser Valley region by F. Dundas Todd, a surveying team in “East Kootenay” and a few images described as the Okanagan.

A smaller collection of lantern slides (accession 198203-066) feature a random mix of Fraser River gold rush era views, military subjects, theatrical entertainment and other topics. Many slides appear to be images reproduced from works of art, books and other published materials. Documentation of theatrical productions include images of scenes and portraits from Shakespearean plays (Macbeth, Othello, A Winter’s Tale), as well as Anne Hathaway's cottage. It also includes documentation of the destruction of religious institutions during World War I, primarily in Ypres. Some of these slides indicate “mounted by Edgar Fleming, Victoria, B.C.”

Another collection of photographs (accession 198201-068) consist of 107 black and white flexible film negatives depicting Canadian and American views taken between the period of May and June 1914. These include views include of Bowmanville, Toronto and Niagara, Ontario in May 1914; Rochester and New York, New York in May and June, and the "Rio Grande" in Colorado in June of the same year. Photographs of American destinations such as San Francisco, Philadelphia, Atlantic City including Freemount Park, Salt Lake and [Ogden], Denver and Washington, DC are here. Several locations on Vancouver Island identified as Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay also housed in this group of photographs. This unit also includes film negatives described as “C.P.R.y [Railway] 1914”. 25 copy prints were made from these negatives due to deterioration of original film negatives.16 images of Bowmanville and Toronto in May 1914 and 9 images of Vancouver Island including Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay are available.

Maynard, Albert Hatherly

Alan LeMarquand interview

RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), [1982-05-14?] SUMMARY: Recollections of family life on B.C. whaling stations: Rose Harbour, Naden Harbour, and Kyuquot -- and later, Bay City, Washington. Father, Captain George Le Marquand, later became general manager of Consolidated Whaling Company. Some material about Consolidated Whaling Company. Biographical notes on Chinese boss Kong Sing Wing (?), as well as on fireman Mike Benson.

[Alberni digs] : [television spot]

Television shorts. Television spot featuring an archaeological dig in the Port Alberni area. Located near one of MacMillan Bloedel's mills, the dig was carried out with the company's financial support, under the direction of Denis St. Claire. Archaeologists are seen at their various tasks in the excavation, documenting artifacts, etc. The site appears to relate to the whaling tradition of the West Coast people.

Alex Pouttu interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dreams of freedom : Alex Pouttu RECORDED: Sointula (B.C.), 1982-02-11 SUMMARY: Alex Pouttu discusses: born in Sointula, 1907; father was one of first colonists; fishing and logging; father built own house, it's still there now; school; started working, 1923 in logging camp; worked in 34 different logging camps on the coast; fishing; farming; weather; plays; Finnish organization; war experience; carving; good place to grow up. (End of interview)

Alfred B. Williams interview : [Fish, 1979]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dreams of freedom : Alfred Williams RECORDED: Sointula (B.C.), 1979-08 SUMMARY: Alfred Williams discusses his early life at Sointula: life at Sointula; Rivers Inlet; Darby Channel; Ocean Falls; Johnstone Straight; Malcolm Island; Rough Bay; Fort Rupert; Bull Harbour; hoochies; humpies; highliner; Finnish Organization.

Alfred B. Williams interview : [Fish, 1982]

CALL NUMBER: T4031:0018 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dreams of freedom : Alfred Williams RECORDED: Sointula (B.C.), 1982-02-10 SUMMARY: Alfred Williams discusses: his background- third generation Finnish-Canadian, born 1921, mother's family was one of original groups that came to Sointula; father came from Lake Superior when he was 6 years old; educated himself through books he ordered on subjects he was interested in; worked on construction of store and school; honesty was an important value in the community; always interested in politics; getting involved with the Finnish organization when he was young. Mrs. Williams comments on hearing about Iso aiti "Great Mother", even though her family lived in Vancouver. Alfred Williams discusses: Finnish culture; getting into trouble at school; getting his own boat in 1938; difficulties of this lifestyle; food and diet. CALL NUMBER: T4031:0019 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dreams of freedom : Alfred Williams RECORDED: Sointula (B.C.), 1982-02-10 SUMMARY: Alfred Williams: first time he went to Cape Scott; fishing gear; politics; characters of the time; goals of community founders- individuals not radicals, haven for communists; people involved in the war effort; differences between the old days and now in the area; Fraser River backyard boats; description of the fishing operation. CALL NUMBER: T4031:0020 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dreams of freedom : Alfred Williams RECORDED: Sointula (B.C.), 1982-02-10 SUMMARY: Mrs. Williams discusses what life was like when she first went up to Sointula: people did not know she was Finnish; everyone knew everyone; much more communal lifestyle in Sointula -- no hurry, lots of friends; seeing grouses. (End of interview)

Alfred Carmichael business records

Alfred Carmichael was a Victoria based entrepreneur and writer.

Consists of correspondence, minutes, reports and agreements of the Saseenos Water, Light and Power Co., documents pertaining to the B.C. Oil and Coal Development Co., Cameron Lake Timber, the Fraser-Cariboo Gold Syndicate, Port Alberni Syndicate, coal mining on Vancouver Island, mining leases in the Horsefly River area and property in Victoria, B.C. Maps transferred to cartographic records as accession M889153. Photographs transferred to Visual Records accession 198702-8.

Carmichael, Alfred, 1874-1963

Alfred Carmichael papers

Correspondence; research notes for articles and books; diaries and narratives; financial papers; clippings of articles and reviews; and samples of paper produced by B.C. Paper Manufacturing Company, Alberni, 1894. Narrative of a journey from Ucluelet to Village Island, 1896, also on microfilm. Photographs transferred to Visual Records accession 198702-6.

Carmichael, Alfred, 1874-1963

Alfred Williams and Olavi Anderson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dreams of freedom : Alfred Williams and Olavi Anderson RECORDED: Sointula (B.C.), 1979-08 SUMMARY: Alfred Williams and Olavi Anderson discuss: Suquash mine; Rough Bay; Kaleva; Toivo Aro; Pulteney Point; Keisler; Hylton brothers; Mandie.;

Alice Joyce interview

CALL NUMBER: T0965:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-08-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Alice Joyce, wife of Edward Joyce, is a native woman. The interview begins with a discussion about arranged marriages. Then she recalls her first school experience at the Alert Bay Home including what life was like there. She proceeds to recall Indian agent William Halliday, whom she felt was very mean; her father Amos Johnson; her Uncle Billy Johnson; and Missionary Westbury. Sh;e discusses the abolition of Indian religion and customs followed by a description of potlatch and Hamatsa ceremonies. TRACK 2: Mrs. Joyce describes Alert Bay circa 1920; housing; the food and diet ;of her people; the use of seaweed; family crests on totems; her family's house; a legend of a young man who could change his form; a two-headed dragon crest; an Indian interpretation of death as "going home"; education; and marriage.;

CALL NUMBER: T0965:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-08-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Joyce recalls the many dances she participated in; a comparison to dances of other cultures; a description of the masks; musical instruments; and a discussion of songs and dancing. [TRA;CK 2: blank.]

Allan D. Taylor film collection

The collection consists of video copies of 36 film items from the Allan D. Taylor collection held by Library and Archives Canada. These selected items (mainly newsreel footage and out-takes) depict British Columbia events, leisure activities, scenery and cityscapes in Victoria and Vancouver, on Vancouver Island, or in the Interior (for example, Kamloops and Lillooet), during the period 1907-1931. Several items filmed during World War One show events related to the war, including the departures of various military units for the conflict. The collection includes at least one item fillmed by Vancouver filmmaker A.D. "Cowboy" Kean, and a few others that are attributed to him.

Taylor, Allan D., 1916-1999

Alma Sloman interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-09-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Sloman recounts her father, Jacob Arnet, coming to Clayoquot, circa 1893, from Norway; early fishing and processing of fish; pre-emptions; boat building; Indians; seasonal migration of Indians; Indian sealers; early Clayoquot; transportation; sawmill; family life; Methodist missionaries and Tofino in 1911. TRACK 2: Mrs. Sloman continues with her description of early Tofino; naming; of the community; life at Ucluelet; schooling; George Fraser; her family's return to Tofino; family life; their floating summer house; canneries; children from the Indian reserve; shipwreck; Long Beach; mail delivery; CPR passenger ships; Clayoquot; Walter Dawley; early tourism and fishing.

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