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Chilcotin Region (B.C.) Frontier and pioneer life--British Columbia
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Gay Bayliff interview : [Orchard, 1964]

CALL NUMBER: T0368:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Gabriel T.L. Bayliff talks about his father's experiences in the Chilcotin and various aspects of life in the region. The interview begins with a discussion about how Bayliff's father came to BC and his early experiences on ranches in the Nicola Valley. He worked for Bill Roper at Cherry Creek. His father wrote a paper on ranching. Mr. Bayliff describes the people of the Chilcotin. His father teamed up with Norman Lee to start a ranch in 1887. There is talk of the local Indians, Alexis Creek, Ashcroft, his parent's marriage and his mother's reaction to the country, the Hamilton family and young British people in the area.

TRACK 2: Mr. Bayliff discusses play and work, travel and the mail service. He mentions Benny Franklin, a well-known early settler. He goes on to discuss the acquisition of land, Graham and his ranch at Tatla Lake, gold prospecting, stories about Chinese settlers, Becher's stopping house at Riske Creek and his father's experience on a pack train.

CALL NUMBER: T0368:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bayliff comments on Norman Lee's ranch near Redstone. He explains the place names of: Bull Canyon, Chilco and Chezacut. He discusses the Indian battle at Bull Canyon and "Salu's leap". He talks about people killed by Chilcotin Indians, the Hance family, and purchases of local cattle during the building of the Grand Trunk Pacific. [TRACK 2: blank.]


Diaries of H.E. Church, 1890-1933; account book and personal papers of R.H. Church, 1927-1969; business papers re the Church ranch; papers of the Big Creek Stock Breeders Association, 1923-1969. H.E. Church emigrated from England to Canada in 1886. He homesteaded on Sheep Creek in Southern Alberta from 1887 to 1897, farmed at Comox, B.C. from 1897 to 1902, and in 1903 moved to Big Creek, B.C.

Joe Clemine interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Joe Clemine recalls some aspects of Indian life in the Dog Creek - Alkali Lake area, 1860 to 1920. Clemine discusses his family background and the land they lived on. He describes the Indian attitude toward land. He speaks of his grandfather, and how he used to raise horses. He describes packers and pack trains in the area. He offers a detailed description of the Alkali Lake Reserve and the 1862 smallpox epidemic. He discusses his school days at Mission School and the conditions of life for Indians at school.

TRACK 2: Mr. Clemine discusses Native schools in the 1960s. Then he discusses the Indian way of life: hunting, food, clothes, houses, stories of various altercations between Indian tribes, and the Indian religion.

People in landscape : series 3 : Fraser River country

The sub-series consists of episodes from the third series of "People in Landscape", a radio program about people and places in British Columbia history that aired from 1968 to 1972. It was based on oral history interviews by Imbert Orchard, who also wrote, produced and narrated the programs. The third series (1970-1971), sub-titled "Fraser River Country," dealt with life along the Fraser River and its tributaries from the gold rush years to the present day.

People in landscape : Tales of the ranches : [parts 1, 2 & 3]

CALL NUMBER: T2442:0001 track 1
SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Tales of the ranches : part 1
SUMMARY: In the first of three episodes, this program tells the story of how Harry Marriott came to B.C. and worked on the Gang ranch, and the early history of the ranch, with anecdotes mainly told by Marriott. Also discussed: the early history of ranching in B.C., the Harper Brothers, the Gang Ranch, Carl Wycott, the Big Bar country, and old Phil Grinder. Voices heard include: Harry Marriott, Harry Coldwell, Tom Carolan, Albert J.Drinkell, and Henry Castillou.

CALL NUMBER: T2442:0001 track 2
SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Tales of the ranches : part 2
SUMMARY: The second of three episodes. More stories about the Gang ranch, Carl Wycott, Harry Marriott, the Big Bar country and old Phil Grinder. The voices heard include Harry Marriott, Harry Coldwell, TomCarolan, Albert J. Drinkell, and Henry Castillou.

CALL NUMBER: T2442:0002 track 1
SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Tales of the ranches : part 3
SUMMARY: The third of three episodes. The beginnings of Harry Marriott's own ranch at Little Big Bar. The Chisholm boys and their lonely ranch. Marriott recalls his life on the O.K. Ranch at Big Bar Creek. Harry Marriott, Mrs.Catherine Christy, Gus Haller, Tom Carolan, Albert J. Drinkell, and Harry Coldwell recall life on other Cariboo ranches at the turn of the 20th century. [TRACK 2: blank.];

Percy Hance interview : [Orchard, 1964]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Percy Hance talks about some aspects of life around Hanceville in the Chilcotin, 1870 to 1920. Mr. Hance tells the story of how his father, Orlando Thomas Hance, came to the Chilcotin, started a store, took up land, built a mill and met his wife, Percy's mother. Hance discusses Indians in the area, a story about George Meyers, his father's fur trade and his store. Mr. Hance describes other early ranches in Chilcotin, Becher's at Riske Creek, Christmas in Hanceville, winters, childhood, names of settlers in the area, a story about a remittance man, round-ups, and changes in range land.

TRACK 2: Mr. Hance describes cattle, dances and social events. Then Hance discusses driving the mail, Indians at Anahim Lake and at Hanceville, cattle drives to Ashcroft. Finally, Mr. Hance describes how he used to keep the jail, and law and order in Chilcotin.

Dan Lee interview : [Orchard, 196-]

RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: Mr. Dan Lee, of Hanceville in the Chilcotin, tells the story of his father Norman Lee and his journey from England in 1887, early work, going into the fur trading business with Hugh Bayliff, roads in the area, the fur business, the Lee Ranch, mail delivery, comments on the local Indians, Mrs. Hance and other early white women of the area, the Bechers and their stopping house at Riske Creek.

Albert Franklin interview

CALL NUMBER: T0613:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Albert Veranous Franklin remembers life at Tatla Lake before 1900. Mr. Franklin recalls his family background, his father, Benny Franklin, the move to Tatla Lake, the reasons, the journey, the purchase of the homestead and establishing a store, getting supplies from Ashcroft, trading with the Indians, the smallpox epidemic among the Indians, excursions to Bute Inlet, the Waddington Massacre, Chilcotin Indians and more, and the massacre and the aftermath.

TRACK 2: Franklin continues with more on the Waddington massacre, the story of the introduction of smallpox among the Indians as told to Franklin by John Hickory McLean, who was a member of the Waddington party, the effects of smallpox, names of early settlers, stories of life at Tatla, an anecdote about seeing the ghost of a dead Indian woman, the new road from Alexis Creek to the Nazko Valley, an account of the Indian game of Lahal, and moving to Nazko from Tatla.

CALL NUMBER: T0613:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Franklin discusses the move to below Anahim Rancherie, Norman Lee, partnerships in the Chilcotin, Indian-White intermarriage, the Franklin homestead, an account of his father's death and burial, his father as Justice of the Peace, his mother, Marie Forest, the move into the Chilcotin in 1889, early days at Tatla Lake, the reasons for moving to the lake from Nazko, and Indian agitation.

TRACK 2: Franklin tells the story behind Indian agitation, a trip to Skeena River, early days at Bute Inlet, his father's excursions between Bute Inlet and Tatla Lake, life after leaving the Chilcotin in 1903, the trip from Tatla Lake to Bute Inlet and back, 1892 or 1893, and place names.

Dennis Walker interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-08-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Dennis Walker recalls the journey from England to Vancouver with his parents in 1892, and their eventual move to the head of Bute Inlet; his father's name was William George Walker. He ;then describes building a homestead; the slow influx of other settlers; the growth of the community around Mr. Walker's original home site; social events in the community of Bute Inlet; various attempts by his father to sell farm produce in Vancouver; the problems which arise from being so far from the market; and stories of other families in the town. TRACK 2: Mr. Walker continues by describing; a trip with other youths up the Southgate River to the Chilcotin; a description of the salmon spawning season; comments on wildlife in the area; the death and burial of three Walker children; the destruction of the township by fire; an anecdote about original settler Tony Bernhardt; the death of Shorty Hibbs at the hands of the Indians; comments on coast and interior Indians; the unused Mallard Company Tannery; the climate and physical setting of the township; his father's departure for work in Vancouver; the gradual departure of the other settlers when the railroad failed to materialize; and; his travels through BC, especially Barkerville, as a machinist.

Rene Hance interview : [Beck, 1973]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1973 SUMMARY: Rene Hance's father, Tom [Orlando Thomas] Hance, was the first white settler in the Chilcotin area in 1879. Rene was the local coroner, lay judge and magistrate for many years. He talks about Hanceville, the ranch, store, post, office, and the local Chinese community. Routes into the area via Soda Creek, 150 Mile House, Sheep Creek Bridge. Bob Henderson, who had the first store in Williams Lake. Criminal cases involving local Indians. Polo players. Local characters. Supplies came in every six months; freight teams via Gang Ranch.

Rene Hance interview : [Roberts, 1967]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Hance Ranch, Chilcotin : 1879 - early 20th century RECORDED: [location unknown], 1967 SUMMARY: An oral history interview with Rene Hance, whose father, Tom [Orlando Thomas] Hance, was the first white settler in the Chilcotin area in 1879. Chinese buildings near Hanceville. Visiting the Chinese. The ranch at Hanceville. Origins of Riske Creek. Life of the ranch. Other ranchers: Lee, Tretheway. Crime and punishment in the region. Mail service. Indian-white relations.

From the mountains to the sea : Roads to the sea

SUMMARY: "Roads to the Sea", number 11 in the series, discusses journeys across the Chilcotin Plateau; the Indian "grease trails"; Alexander Mackenzie; horse and buggy roads; and a trip down the Homathko Valley to Bute Inlet. The Bryant family's journey to Tatla Lake. Lord Tweedsmuir's visit to the Bella Coola Valley. Voices heard include: Phyllis Bryant, Caroline Moffat, Alfred Bryant, Tom Carolan, and Albert Franklin.

People in landscape : Winter scenes

SUMMARY: This program was broadcast as a special for the Christmas season. It features pioneer recollections about winter time in the Fraser Valley and northern B.C. Not all the voices heard are identified, but they include Martin Starret, Pan and Betty Phillips, and Sarah Bourgon.

Gay Bayliff interview : [Bjornson, 196-]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A Chilcotin pioneer RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Gabriel (Gay) Bayliff recalls how his father settled at the Chilancoh Ranch near Alexis Creek in the Chilcotin, and early days in the area. His father came from England, ca. 1880. Early work on ranches. Teaming up with Norman Lee to start ranch. Bull Canyon. Mother's medical experiences and riding skill. Polo teams. Cattle drives to Ashcroft. Stores in Ashcroft. Railway survey through the Chilcotin. Chinese labourers. Changes in the Chilcotin. [TRACK 2: blank.]