Indian huts and shelter tents amongst the pine tree stumps of "Stump City" alias New Westminster, Fraser River. B. Col. Ooolachins, or Candle Fish drying. Indian children squatting. Savage Indian who came out with his gun and threatened to shoot me if I did not clear out. [In pencil]: Indians encamped at New Westminster. No. 51
Comox [Indian village]
[Indicated by arrows]: Herrings drying. Hut of mats. Indian man. Indian woman in blanket. Three canoes. A cove in Esquimalt Harbour, Vancouver Island, shewing [sic] an Indian family encamped during the herring season.
Indian lodge Victoria Harbour. [Songhees village] These huts are built of slabs of cedar wood, which is durable and splits easily.
Fraser River. Oolachons [oolichan] drying - basket cradle - rush house for a family of eight. Candle fish. Rush mats for sleeping on, and lice to keep them awake.
Indian Totem, and Chiefs House at Comox. Vancouver Island.
[Crossed out] Harrison River [Replaced with] Musquiam [Musqueam]] Indians encamped at New Westminster, Fraser River. B.C. Indian woman in tent examining a childs [sic] head for live stock, and cracking the captured ones between her teeth, but moved in her efforts, which has blurred the otherwise pretty picture - a solemen [sic] fact. F. Dally.
An Indian encampment on the Fraser River. Encampment of Scachett [sic] [Skagit?] Indians at New Westminster Fraser River Brit. Columbia who came to celebrate the Queens [sic] Birthday and engage in the Canoe Races on that occasion. The blurred figures of an Indian woman, and child, the first separating the childs [sic] hair whose head is resting against the womans [sic] knees, catching the lice, and cracking them between her teeth; I have seen this done very many times F. Dally.
Comox Indian Village, north east coast Vancouver Island. No. 24
Indian Lodge. Fraser River. B. Columbia
The entrance of an Indian house. Nanaimo
Songish [Songhees] Indian Village Victoria Harbour. Vancouver Island. Brith. [sic] Columbia. 1864
Indians encamped. Indian hut at Chapmans [Chapman's] Bar, Fraser River, Brit. Columbia. no. 47
Indian house. Songish [Songhees] Rancherie. Victoria V.I. [Vancouver Island].
Burrards [Burrard] Inlet. British Columbia. When I was taking this photograph the boy imitated all my movements with an empty beer bottle and a coat over his head as if he was doing the same thing.
Comox Indian Village [East Coast] Vancouver Island.
Indians encamped. Fraser River. Do not go near an encampment after the inhabitants have left it, for fear of vermin.
Native woman examing a child's head (which moved) for native runners and immolating them when found between her teeth. Mosqueem [Musqueam] Indian encampment on the Fraser River. Queens Birthday Visitors 1865.
Peace and Plenty. Indian family and hut, 6 feet by 8 ft. where 6 adults and a family of two, reside in comfortable and affluent (indian) circumstances. Fraser River.
Quatseeno [Quatsino] Indian Village, Vancouver Island. This is the best part of the country for obtaining flat head skulls. Indians squatting down out [of] their ranches. Drying stands in the foreground for fish, berries etc. Quatseeno Indian Village, Quatseeno Sound on the west coast of Vancouver Island. The Indian skulls at this village are greatly deformed by flattening during infancy....
The Ahousett [Ahousaht ] Indian Village Clayoquot Sound Vancouver Island (west coast). No. 100
Candle fish, on sticks drying. Harrison River Indians encamped at New Westminster, Fraser River on the Queen['s] Birthday (1868) six different abodes. Shewing [sic] on the left of the photo a number of Oolachins (or candlefish) drying in the sun, also baby in basket cradle in front of the man standing up. [On reverse]: An indian encampment on the Fraser River (Harrison River Indians) British Columbia.
Harrison River Indians encamped; Indian basket cradle in front of the man standing upright; sticks and matting to form their tents; Oolachins or the candle fishes drying on sticks; the place where they had encamped was dangerous to stand about on, as for days afterwards the grey-backs (lice) were quite numerous and very hungry, as I can personally testify to, to my annoyance and disgust. Lo the poor Indian!! Have you used Pear's [Pears'] Soap? F.D.
Esq. [Esquimalt Harbour]
An Indian encampment Esquimalt Harbour [On reverse]: Indians encamped in a small cove, showing the rush mat habitation, mode of drying herrings, Chinook-shaped canoes, by the landing stage Esquimalt harbour, Vancouver Island.
[In pencil]: Indian distribution feast by the Songish [Songhees] Indians Victoria Harbour V.I. [Vancouver Island] No. 11. [ In ink]: View of a great Potlach [potlatch] when over $3000 and 200 blankets with ten guns were given away. The night before the distribution the invited guests assemble in one of the largest huts, and the Indians who are going to give away goods and presents on the morrow, tear up a blanket and call out the name of one of the visitors present, and give him a strip or shred of the blanket which is to be given up when he receives a present, in exchange for the shred of blanket. I was present at a great Potlach when living in Victoria V.I. Fredk. Dally.
[In pencil] Indians encamped on the Fraser River. [In ink] Harrison River Indians encamped on the Fraser River - May 24th 1869.