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Barkerville (B.C.)
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A view from the inside : [3 parts]

SUMMARY: Three parts of a radio program entitled "A View from the Inside", by Robert Cummings of Prince George radio station CJCI. The three parts focus on the history of Prince George and Barkerville.;

A.F. Buckham personal and professional papers

Consists of three series. Series A: Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Limited papers collected by Buckham; Series B: Buckham's official papers produced in his employment by the Geological Survey of Canada, and the British Columbia Public Service; and Series C: Buckam's private papers. Maps transferred to Map accession M845025. Alexander Fraser Buckham was born in Edmonton, Alberta on April 29, 1914. He obtained a Bachelor of Science in mining engineering from the University of Alberta in 1935 and Master of Science in geology from the same university in the following year. From 1936 to 1939 he worked on a Doctorate in Geology at the University of Wisconsin, however he never completed work on this degree, as he returned to Canada to join the Geological Survey in the summer of 1939. He remained with the Geological Survey for ten years specializing in the coal resources of western Canada. This work resulted in his being offered the position of Chief Geologist with Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Limited (C.C.(D)L.) at Cumberland, B.C. in 1949. He remained with Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Limited until the shut-down of Vancouver Island operations in 1960. He then worked with the Government of British Columbia. In this capacity he advised in the restoration of Barkerville and did geological work in connection with construction of main roads. Mr. Buckham had a keen interest in local history as well as geology. This resulted in his preserving many Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Limited records from destruction and building a historical and geological archives parallel to his career. A list of publications transferred to the Northwest Library Collection is available at the end of this finding aid.

A.H. Maynard collection

  • PR-1258
  • Collection
  • [between 1896 and 1932]

The collection consists of four discreet collections of photographs, the bulk of which are lantern slides. The majority of the fonds consists of several sets of lantern slides, the bulk of which contain photographic subject matter dating from 1868 to 1930. The photograph collections are attributed to Albert Hatherly Maynard, son of early pioneer photographer Richard Maynard (1832-1907). Within lantern slide collections, slides from creators of other distinct lantern slide collections (likely Charles Frederick Newcombe and William A. Newcombe), appear to be included. A small number of flexible negatives are also included in one of the accessions.

A large number of lantern slides depict scenes of the Fraser River gold rush era of the 1860s, in the regions of Yale to Barkerville, Quesnel and Cottonwood in the interior of British Columbia. Many of the reproductions of photographs featured in the lantern slides in this collection are attributed early pioneer photographer’s works including those created by Richard Maynard during the 1860s and A.H. Maynard’s works produced in the 1920s. It also includes the photographic works of other early B.C. photographers including Frederick Dally (1838-1914), likely Louis A. Blanc who documented similar subjects as the Maynards particularly Barkerville, the Cariboo and the Cariboo Roads in British Columbia during the period before and after the Fraser River gold rush of the 1860s. A small number of photographic works by Frederick Dundas Todd (1858-1926) and F. [Dewitt] Reed are also contained within several of the slide collections.

Accessions 198203-025 and 198203-065 consist of slide compilations that depict a visual narrative of the history of Barkerville, the Cariboo Road and Cariboo region in the B.C. interior during the period of the 1868 Fraser River gold rush era and sixty years later in the 1920s. The bulk of the scenes of the gold mining resource industry, as well as views of transportation roads and routes along the journey to the goldfields. To a lesser extent views of other resources industries (forestry, agriculture, fishing and farming/ranching) are depicted against the nature and lands of the B.C. interior. Mining towns within the Lighting Creek and Williams Creek Districts, including Barkerville (before and after the fire of 1868), Richfield and Cameronton are represented, as well as other scenes representing the following views of gold mining operations: claims sites, posed group portraits and likenesses of miners, equipment and the production activity of early mining technology of associated mining companies, businesses and partnerships in the area. Photographs of mining claims and claims sites and the miners and labourers involved at Mucho Oro, Aurora Gold, Minnehah, Never Sweat; The Rankin Company (Grouse Creek), Ne’er do Weel (Grouse Creek) and the Canadian Grouse Company (Grouse Creek) are included in the sequences. Imagery along and of the Cariboo Road(s) are described as depicting various views, scenes and activities including: freight and trade transportation, transportation methods and transportation routes (ox pack teams, gold escorts; steamer “Reliance” and Fraser River crossings; travelers); views along the Cariboo Road(s) that include the geological terrain of the Fraser River (its river banks and surrounding forested and arid landscapes) at various points along the route to the goldfields including the Fraser Canyon and Lady Franklin Rock; examples of civil engineering as such as bridges; homes and ranches as well as accommodations such as roadhouses and hotels (70, 83, 108 and 150 Mile Houses, Pioneer Hotel, Van Winkel Hotel at Stanley, Colonial Hotel at Soda Creek and the Hastings Hotel) and businesses (Masonic Hall at Barkerville) in colonial service towns and mining communities and settlements. Indigenous communities do not appear to be identified in lantern slide captions, though the geographical regions documented in slides reflect many traditional Indigenous territories in which the Fraser River gold rush traversed and was situated. It appears that traditional Indigenous fishing methods are present in some views, likely in those of the Fraser River. Several photographs of geological specimens (gold nuggets) are included within the set. There appear to be very limited images of regional wildlife. There are a small number of group photographs reflecting the diverse population of gold miners, pioneers and travelers of the Interior B.C. (“Crew of SS "Nechacco"), including women and children. The views from the 1920s, appear to reflect A. H. Maynard’s trips to Barkerville, the Cariboo Road(s) and the Cariboo region. Finally, there are several views described as from the period in between 1868 and the 1920s. These slides depict views including those of the Fraser Valley region by F. Dundas Todd, a surveying team in “East Kootenay” and a few images described as the Okanagan.

A smaller collection of lantern slides (accession 198203-066) feature a random mix of Fraser River gold rush era views, military subjects, theatrical entertainment and other topics. Many slides appear to be images reproduced from works of art, books and other published materials. Documentation of theatrical productions include images of scenes and portraits from Shakespearean plays (Macbeth, Othello, A Winter’s Tale), as well as Anne Hathaway's cottage. It also includes documentation of the destruction of religious institutions during World War I, primarily in Ypres. Some of these slides indicate “mounted by Edgar Fleming, Victoria, B.C.”

Another collection of photographs (accession 198201-068) consist of 107 black and white flexible film negatives depicting Canadian and American views taken between the period of May and June 1914. These include views include of Bowmanville, Toronto and Niagara, Ontario in May 1914; Rochester and New York, New York in May and June, and the "Rio Grande" in Colorado in June of the same year. Photographs of American destinations such as San Francisco, Philadelphia, Atlantic City including Freemount Park, Salt Lake and [Ogden], Denver and Washington, DC are here. Several locations on Vancouver Island identified as Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay also housed in this group of photographs. This unit also includes film negatives described as “C.P.R.y [Railway] 1914”. 25 copy prints were made from these negatives due to deterioration of original film negatives.16 images of Bowmanville and Toronto in May 1914 and 9 images of Vancouver Island including Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay are available.

Maynard, Albert Hatherly

Alfred Drinkell interview

CALL NUMBER: T0314:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Alfred Joseph Drinkell tells some stories about the history of the Dog Creek area of the Cariboo, from 1860 to 1914. Drinkell discusses his arrival in BC in 1911. He describes the ranches he worked at around Ashcroft, Joseph Smith's place, and his financial problems and life before he came to BC. He tells anecdotes about Judge Begbie. He tells a story about Samsome, a local doctor, and the legendary packer Jean Caux ("Cataline").

TRACK 2: Drinkell relates the story of Cataline's last trip and describes many trails in the area. He speaks of Joy Sim, a Chinese doctor, and pioneer medicine. He discusses some of Cataline's packers: Robbins, Wiggins Dan Smith, and the first settlers in the area. He describes the Hudson's Bay Trail, freighting, roads in the area, stories about Phil Grinder of Jesmond, a local school teacher, and educated people.

CALL NUMBER: T0314:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Drinkell describes the early days of Ashcroft, the Chinese in the area, two anecdotes: the Wright of the Dog Creek Ferry and the Stobie of the Gang Ranch. He offers the background of the Gang Ranch and describes cattle drives, the Duke Of York, a Barkerville bartender, and local Indians.

TRACK 2: Drinkell discusses cowboys, social life and Christmas. Then he mentions Indian-White relationships and a story about Indians and the law. He discusses the Chilcotin and Shuswap Indians, problems with the reserve system, Chinese settlers in the Dog Creek area, and the importance of Chinese in the area. Finally, Drinkell tells the story of five Indian women who killed themselves over a white man, and how nails and gold dust were used as money.

Alice M. Earley interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], [1955?] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Alice M. Earley talks about coming into the Cariboo from Victoria in 1884; the journey by steamboat, train, and horse-drawn wagon to Quesnel, where she had been hired to teach. The Conco;rd stages. She describes Quesnel in the 1880s: the town; the fur traders; pack trains; the Klondike gold rush of 1898; the telegraph line; a plot by the Chilcotin [Tsilhqot'in] people; Barkerville; Sir Matthew Baillie Begbie; the school teacher; coins; prices and automobiles of a later era. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Archie Phelps interview

CALL NUMBER: T0388:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Archie Phelps RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Captain Archie Phelps describes how he was born in Barkerville, his grandparents (grandfather Edward R. Phelps -- died 1885) arrived in Victoria in 1849 after the California gold rush, other grandfather Robert Coultson was friend with Governor Seymour, his father William Henry Phelps was the first teacher at Mayne Island and eventually to Barkerville, a description of the school in 1884, the differences between the schools at Mayne Island and Barkerville, details on Barkerville, the family's move to Pender Island including what life was like there, the wharf at Port Washington, people at Pender Island including the school and teachers there, how he became a steward on the ferry at age 15, and then a ship builder in San Francisco, anecdotes about the ferries including one where Indians attacked a ferry and another where an Islander was lost coming back from Skagway, his work on a tugboat, and details on what tugs were like in those days. TRACK 2: Captain Phelps continues by describing working on a tow boat called the "Pilot" in 1911 when there were not many sailing ships, how he became a cook on a CPR ship called the "Princess Ina", Port Simpson, taking Indians to work at canneries, the influence of the Scots on place names, more on Port Simpson and the Indian village there, navigation and fog, an anecdote about a problem in a lighthouse, details about Porlier Pass and foghorns.

CALL NUMBER: T0388:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Archie Phelps RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Phelps discusses several wrecks and ships, how pioneers were the only ones who traveled and Indians had to travel second class, Indian potlatches, how sheep were transported by boat, a massacre which resulted in two Indians being hanged, rough seas at Jervis Inlet, how the "Princess Irene" ferry was built for the Nanaimo run, how he became a CPR Captain in 1925 including several boats he worked on, and deep sea sailing versus coastal. TRACK 2: Blank.

Bapty, Walter, 1884-1973. Victoria; Soldier and Physician.

"Memoirs." Recollections of author's boyhood in London, Ontario, studies at Ontario Agricultural College, and medical training at the University of Western Ontario, reminiscences of his career as medical practitioner in Alberta (1906) and Victoria (1907-1940). MS includes detailed account of author's military career - notably his service in South Africa (1899-1900) with Canadian Artillery and the Canadian Scouts; in Victoria (1907-1914) with 88th Fusiliers and Victoria Independent Squadron of Horse; and in Europe (1915-1918) with 2nd Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, and 102nd Battalion (North British Columbians). Additional reminiscences of author's inter-war service with 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish Regiment), and of his postings with 2nd Battalion (Canadian Scottish) [1940-1942] and Canadian Army Medical Corps. [Folders 1-3]. Bapty's first-hand account of battles of Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele, regimental diary of 2nd Battalion, Canadian Scottish (1936-1942), pamphlet on regimental colours of 30th Regiment (BC Horse), correspondence dealing with soldiers' morale, and memoranda (1942) pertaining to British Columbia coastal defence included in collection [microfilm]. Unit also contains accounts of holiday expeditions to Barkerville (1927) and Forbidden Plateau (1936), plus eulogies and newspaper clippings concerning Bapty's career [Folders 4-7]. For photograph of author in South African War see Visual Records (Accession No. 95251).

"Memoirs" presented by Mrs. David Williams (daughter), M.D., Duncan, 1981.

Bapty, Walter

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