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Daniel Lawrence McMullan fonds

  • PR-2337
  • Fonds
  • 1928-1946

The fonds consists of three photograph albums created by Donald Lawrence McMullan between 1928 and 1946. The photographs document his work on forest survey teams for both the provincial and federal governments, as well as surveys conducted by logging and railroad companies.

The first two albums contain photographs from several survey jobs, arranged chronologically. They are divided into sections with an introductory page and a cartographic drawing showing where the particular survey took place. The photographs are usually dated with captions and are as follows:
Album 1 (1928-1933)
Amiskwi and Beaverfoot survey, 1928, Forest Service, Dept. of the Interior, Canada
P.G.E. resources survey, 1929, Forest Resources Branch, British Columbia
Preliminary survey of a proposed logging railroad, 1930, Bloedel, Stewart & Welch Ltd. logging company
Elk Forest survey, 1930, British Columbia Forest Service
North Kamloops Survey, 1931, British Columbia Survey Branch
Railway belt survey, 1932, British Columbia Forest Service
Railroad logging operation, 1933, Industrial Timber Mills Ltd.
Album 2 (1934-1939):
Surveys for logging railroads, 1934-1935, UBO Industrial Timber Mills Ltd.
Kettle Forest Survey, 1935, British Columbia Forest Service
E&N Survey, 1936-1937
Harrison Survey, 1939

The third album, created between 1940 and 1946, contains photographs from McMullan's later career and show general forestry activities on Vancouver Island, mainland British Columbia, Yukon and Alaska. Captions and dates are inconsistently applied.

The fonds also includes a copy of McMullan's thesis entitled "The Work of the Surveys Division: British Columbia Forest Service" written in 1932 during McMullan's studies at the University of British Columbia. This thesis is illustrated with five b&w prints and an annotated map. Also included in the fonds is a notice of permanent appointment to the British Columbia civil service dated March 25, 1937 with attached salary schedule and a letter to McMullan dated January 20, 1938 regarding a new classification grading system for Foresters.

McMullan, Daniel Lawrence

Lawrence Boulton fonds

  • PR-1240
  • Fonds
  • 1886-1970

The fonds consists of records relating to the B.C. Forestry Service and Boulton's antiquarian interest in forestry, including reports, minutes, records of timber sales and a book in Chinese.

Boulton, Lawrence, 1922-1973

Special use permits

  • GR-3582
  • Series
  • 1889-2011

This series consists of special use permit files relating to forest lands. The Forest Branch, and its successor agencies, approved these permits to give municipalities, companies and individuals the authority to use Crown forest land for a variety of land uses. Some of the permitted uses include logging, recreation, agriculture, fisheries and housing.

The records date from 1889-2011 and were created and maintained by the Victoria Forest Office. The records deal with all regions of the province. The records are arranged by special use permit number which consists of the prefix S, or SUP, and a sequential number. Note that this order may not be exact, particularly for later records.

The files contain copies of the permit, applications for a permit, correspondence, sketches and maps of the area covered by the permit, receipts for the lease payments, reports, and clearance forms. Some documents in the file have been stamped with 6-7 digit correspondence register numbers and references to the “O” lands file number.

The ministry maintained a register and index that provides additional information for each file. This index listed the following information: file number, district, forest, applicant/holder, function, location, atlas reference, date received, date cleared and comments. Although the original registers have not been transferred to the archives, the ministry provided the archives with scans of the registers.

There were multiple government offices responsible for managing these records between 1931 and 1992.

The following ministries and offices were responsible for the creation of these records:
1931-1945 Forest Branch (1931-1945)
1945-1979 Forest Service (1945-1979)
1979-1986 Ministry of Forests (1979-1986)
1986-1988 Ministry of Forests and Lands (1986-1988)
1988-2005 Ministry of Forests (1988-2005)
2005-2010 Ministry of Forests and Range (2005-2010)
2010-2011 Ministry of Forests, Mines and Lands (2010-2011)

The records have been classified as 19570-25 of the Forests ORCS (schedule 881261).

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests, Mines and Lands

Forest Service personnel photographs

  • GR-3437
  • Series
  • 1913-1982

The series consists of Forest Service personnel photographic prints and negatives created by the British Columbia Forest Service between 1913 and 1982. The photographs are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the employee. The photo prints are mounted on cards which contain the title, the Oxford Forest classification number, the Forest Service photo number, the photographer's name and the date the photo was taken. The negatives are arranged alphabetically. The negatives have been removed from the original glassine negative envelopes which often have notes written on them.

The series also consists of a list of photographs of Forest Service personnel.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Forest Service photographs

  • GR-3426
  • Series
  • 1911-1984

The series consists of photographic negatives, prints, and transparencies created by the Ministry of Forests and its predecessors including the Forest Service and Forest Branch. Series documents forest service personnel and activities relating to forest planning, protection and inventory; engineering; rangelands management and use; recreation resource management and use; research; and timber harvesting. Subjects often relate to specific forest districts, and include trees and other botanical specimens (specific species and their characteristics), stands and forests, aircraft and watercraft, buildings and facilities (such as mills, nurseries and laboratories), employees, equipment and tools, experimental projects, forest fires and fire control, geographic features (such as mountains and rivers), logging practices, pests and diseases, railways and roads, tree planting, wildlife, and vehicles. Records' arrangement based on original Forest Service numbers. These numbers reflect some arrangement by subject matter. The records include Forest Service numbers: FS00001 - FS25983.

The photographs are arranged numerically by FS number. The photo prints are mounted on cards which contain the title, the Oxford Forest classification number, the Forest Service photo number, the photographer's name and the date the photo was taken. The negatives are arranged numerically. The negatives have been removed from the original glassine negative envelopes which often have notes written on them.

The series also consists of various lists and indexes of Forest Service photographs.

British Columbia. Forest Service

FSTS slides

  • GR-3398
  • Series
  • 1972

The series consists of 23 coloured slides taken by the British Columbia Forest Service in 1972. The slides show Forest Services staff at work.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Forest recreation slides

  • GR-3397
  • Series
  • Mar 1984

The series consists of a slide show created by the British Columbia Forest Service in 1984. The slides show various forest recreation sites in British Columbia and the types of activities associated with them such as camping, swimming and fishing. The slide show is accompanied by an audio cassette tape.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Project 87 photographs

  • GR-3283
  • Series
  • 1929-1981

Series consists of photographs created or acquired by the British Columbia Forest Service for Project 87. In 1981 the Ministry of Forests began Project 87 to research its history as a basis for the 75th anniversary in 1987. Ministry staff collected photographs from both within the ministry and externally from museums, ex-staff and forestry associations, to provide details on the activities of the Forest Service.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Forest Service district invoices

  • GR-3181
  • Series
  • Microfilmed 1953 (originally created 1914-1952)

The series consists of invoices for building rentals, timber mark hammer purchases, and other items for forest districts handled by the central records office of the Forest Branch and later the Forest Service in Victoria. Records are arranged by forest district and then by invoice number. Invoices numbers are assigned chronologically. The records include: Kamloops (number 1 to 400, 1921-1931); Victoria (number 1 to 4400, 1914-1951); Vernon (number 1 to 155, 1921-1925); Cranbrook (number 1 to 39, 1921-1926); Nelson (number 1 to 2399, 1921-1951); Prince George (number 1 to 1300, 1921-1926); Prince Rupert (number 1 to 2800, 1918-1951), Williams Lake (number 1 to 81, 1920-1932) and Vancouver (numbers 1001 to 2000 and 4001 to 16442, 1929-1952).

British Columbia. Forest Branch

Forest Service scale and royalty invoices

  • GR-3180
  • Series
  • 1912-1975

The series consists of scale and royalty invoices created by the Forest Branch and its successor the Forest Service between 1912 and 1975. Depending upon the district, these records are either duplicate or triplicate copies. For some districts, invoices were to be paid at the Victoria Office, for others at the appropriate district office.

The records are arranged by forest district, and then numerically by account number. Records are available for the following forest districts: Vancouver, January 1913 to August 1976; Cariboo, September 1972 to November 1974, Nelson, April 1925 to February 1975, Williams Lake (also known as Cariboo), January 1913 to January 1932; Kamloops, February 1913 to March 1975; Vernon, February 1913 to March 1925; Cranbrook, October 1912 to March 1925; Prince Rupert, April 1913 to October 1974; and Prince George, March 1914 to June 1952. Account numbers are assigned chronologically within each forest district. However, when numbers became too large and unwieldy the account numbers were started over again at one.

The province collects royalties on all logs cut in the province. Over time the royalties owing have been calculated in different ways. Prior to 1894, each licensee or leasee provided a monthly written account to government of the number of trees cut on a particular property. This count was referred to as "stumpage" and fees were based on the numbers remitted. In 1894, the enactment of the Official Scaler's Act (SBC 1894, c. 35) resulted in the appointment of official scalers. Scalers followed scaling rules to measure the volume of logs cut and were usually employed by the provincial government. Scalers also determined the species and quality, or grade, of the logs. This information was then used to determine royalties owing to government.

Three scales were accepted for use in the province: British Columbia Board Foot Log Scale (BCFBM), Scribner's Decimal C and Doyle Log Rules. In 1915, only the British Columbia Board Foot Log Scale as accepted (Timber Royalty Act, SBC 1914, c. 76, s. 17). This scale estimated the amount of lumber that could be produced from a log, in board feet. The Forest Act (SBC, 1912 c. 17) provides the legal authority for the government's administration of scaling and requires that all logs be scaled before manufacture or shipment. The act is also used as the authority to determine which is the accepted scale. In 1946, the British Columbia Cubic Scale was introduced. This scale measured the volume of the log in cubic feet that might be ~suitable~ for the manufacture of lumber. In 1952, all measurements had to be done using the cubic scale.

A significant change occurred in 1965 when the BC Firmwood Scale Cubic Scale was adopted. This scale measured the net firmwood content of the log and was unrelated to its use for lumber. The purpose of this scale was to serve the government's requirements to assess fees and track the volume of harvests for statistical use and planning. By 1972, all other scales were discontinued. In 1978, a metric cubic scale replaced the imperial cubic scale. There are two primary methods of scaling used in the Province: piece scale and weight scale. Piece scale involves the measurement of each log harvested. This method is normally used in coastal areas where the logs are larger and not uniform in size. Weight scale is a sampling method where selected loads of logs over a period of time are piece scaled and this data is then used to estimate the volume of all other weighed loads. This method is used primarily in the interior of the Province and was introduced in 1963. It is used primarily for large volumes of smaller logs that are uniform in size. Other scaling methods may be used for small volumes of special products, for example, Christmas trees or fence posts.

British Columbia. Dept. of Lands

Duncan Forest District records

  • GR-1734
  • Series
  • 1954-1977

This series contains published forest management manuals, guides, tables, and studies from the Duncan Forest District. Records include lookout man's diaries, 1972-1974, files concerning the closure of Mt. Prevost and Mt. Hooker lookouts, British Columbia Forest Products, Maquinna T.F.L. no. 22 and annual reports, 1969-1972.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Dominion timber marks register

  • GR-1501
  • Series
  • 1949-1954

The series consists of a timber mark register created by the Canadian Department of the Interior from 1949-1954.

Canada. Department of the Interior

Dominion timber berth licenses

  • GR-1500
  • Series
  • 1931-1951

The series consists of Dominion Lands Branch timber berth licenses created by the Canadian Department of the Interior from 1931 to 1951.

Canada. Department of the Interior

Dominion timber berth administration files

  • GR-1499
  • Series
  • 1896-1932

The series consists of Dominion Lands Branch timber berth administration files created by the Canadian Department of the Interior from 1896 to 1932. Timber berths were an area based system of timber tenure established by the Dominion (Federal) Government in 1872. Most of the records are on microfilm and arranged by land district and section. Records from the following land districts are included: New Westminster, Kamloops and Revelstoke.

The series also includes several paper files of similar records which were likely transferred to the custody of the Provincial government after the return of the railway belt. The records are primarily homestead inspection reports for timber berths. Other records include correspondence, applications, statistics on timber volumes and maps. The records are in no discernable order; they contain a variety of dates, names and timber berth numbers. Some of these records may be duplicated on the microfilm in this series.

Canada. Department of the Interior

Forest Service course materials

  • GR-1455
  • Series
  • 1958-1962

This series contains course materials and student's notes by Gary Huva, later ranger at Blue River (R.D. 18, Kamloops Forest District), from the Forest Service Ranger School at Green Timbers, Surrey, B.C.

British Columbia. Forest Service Ranger School

Forestry field diaries

  • GR-1454
  • Series
  • 1964-1965

This series contains official field diaries kept by Forest Assistant Ronald Bradley and Technical Field Officer R. Craigdallie while posted to the Barriere Ranger District (RD 3) from April 1964 through March 1965.

British Columbia. Kamloops Forest District (1913-1978)

Forest Service vessels files and logbooks

  • GR-1451
  • Series
  • 1921-1971

This series contains log books of Forest Service launches "M.V. Salt Mist" and Landing Craft (L.C.) No. 5, as well as materials relating to the construction, maintenance and registration of Forest Service vessels. Although the earliest records date from 1921, some of the vessels had been in Departmental Service as early as 1913. The series alsoincludes a file of 10 b&w photographs of a boat launch and marine station building.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Project 196 records

  • GR-1382
  • Series
  • 1959

This series contains project files from the Mitchell River Bridge, Invermere Ranger District, Project 196. Types of records includes photographs and brief construction history.

British Columbia. Nelson Forest District (1913-1978)

Civil service specifications and other material

  • GR-1380
  • Series
  • 1959-1978

This series contains records related to civil service specifications for positions in the B.C. Forest Service. Information captured in the records includes job classifications and descriptions for foresters, forest agrologists, surveyors, carpenters, clerks, forest assistants, conservation officers, and other positions with the Forest Service.

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests (1976-1986)

Copies of briefs submitted to the Royal Commission on Forest Resources (1955-1957)

  • GR-1379
  • Series
  • 1955-1957

This series contains copies of briefs submitted to the Royal Commission on Forest Resources (1955-1957). The records include submissions missing from Royal Commission's records (see GR-0668), duplicates containing supplementary material, notations, remarks, or amendments not found with the originals, and submissions in a different format than that with the original.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Scrapbooks

  • GR-1375
  • Series
  • 1959-1964

This series contains 2 volumes of newspaper clipping scrapbooks regarding forests and forestry activities of the Minister and Chief Forester, and other forest-related topics. The scrapbooks were maintained by the Public Relations and Education Division.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Papers relating to forest growth and forest pathology

  • GR-1370
  • Series
  • 1940-1954

This series contains miscellaneous papers relating to forest growth and forest pathology. The first file contains a copy of 'What forest trees tell about climate and soil', by G.A. Pearson, 1940. The second file contains a copy of 'Lumber recovery from second-growth western hemlock', by C.F. McBride, 1951. The series also includes a literature review of the dwarf mistletoes by Job Kuijt, 1954 and an interim report on studies on the characteristics and ecology of the root system of second growth Douglas fir, by R.G. McMinn, 1954.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Papers of Project 87

  • GR-1366
  • Series
  • 1981-1983

This series contains miscellaneous papers of Project 87. This project was established in 1981 to do research in preparation for the 75th anniversary of the Forest Service in 1987 and to facilitate transfer of archival records to the Provincial Archives. This series consists of papers and reports prepared, coordinated, or collected by the project. Contents are: (1) Working Paper No. 7, Historical headquarters staff and organizational tables, 1888-1979. (2) Catalogue of Original Timber Leases, 1870-1906, prepared by A. Lazenby. (3) Early history of the B.C. Forest Service, by D. Climenhaga. (4) Forest protection a government responsibility, a draft by Stephen Gray. (5) Protection as conservation - Safeguarding B.C.'s forests from fire, 1874-1921, by John Parmenter.

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests (1976-1986)

Correspondence subject indexes

  • GR-1365
  • Series
  • 1918-1983

This series contains subject indexes to the "O Series" of correspondence, ca.1918-1972 and two file directories, 1979-1981 and 1983. Box 1 contains a photocopy of an alphabetical card index to the "O series" of correspondence. Box 2 contains a file directory (updated to 1972) for "O Series" correspondence files arranged as general files, working plans, engineering, farm woodlot applications, public sustained yield units, tree farms and tree farm licences and a Forest Service file directory, 1979-1981 and a Ministry of Forests file directory, 1983. Indexes to forestry correspondence, 1918-1983

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests (1976-1986)

Operational records

  • GR-1364
  • Series
  • 1925-1965

Series consists of operational records relating to reforestation, mensuration, pathology, volume studies, personnel, financial and engineering matters.

Aleza Lake Experimental Station

Research Division records

  • GR-1363
  • Series
  • 1962-1967

This series contains records of the Research Division of the Forest Service. Records include a report (carbon copy) on regeneration surveys carried out in 1962 by M. Crown, Forester-in-Training on Vancouver Island and on the Sechelt Peninsula, illustrated with hand coloured whiteprint map and a study of the survival rate of trees planted in the Southern Interior, an in-service reforestation report by M.B. Clark.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Course material

  • GR-1362
  • Series
  • 1936-1964

This series contains materials for a high school vocational correspondence course in forestry designed in cooperation with the Dept. of Education. File 1 contains the original 1936 course with Paper 20 (Protection) revised as in 1940; Files 2-4 contains the course as revised in 1953; Files 5-8 contains the course as revised in 1964.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Guest register

  • GR-1361
  • Series
  • 1962

This series contains a guest register of those wishing good health to a convalescing colleague on the occasion of the 50th anniversary celebration of the Forest Service.

British Columbia. Forest Service

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