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Archival description
Only top-level descriptions Indians--Government relations--British Columbia
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Water rights records

  • GR-0835
  • Series
  • 1902-1925

This series consists of letters inward to the Chief Commissioner of Lands, the Deputy Commissioner of Lands and the Minister of Lands regarding water rights generally, 1902-1912. These letters were transferred to Water Rights Branch files from Lands files and do not appear on the microfilm of Lands letters inward. Letters are arranged chronologically.

The series also includes a page regarding the disposition of Indian water rights by Board of Investigation from 1921-1925.

British Columbia. Water Rights Branch

Provincial Game Warden records

  • GR-0446
  • Series
  • 1905-1922

This collection is comprised of records relating to the development, implementation and administration of game management policies in British Columbia, 1905-1922. It includes correspondence, reports, vouchers and licences, as well as information regarding firearms regulation and prosecutions under game laws.

Researchers will find these records particularly useful for tracking the development and implementation of early provincial game management policies. General correspondence and reports from Deputy Game Wardens throughout the province contain information regarding the status of game in various areas over time. Difficulties in enforcing policies such as regulation of trophy hunters and the need for firearms licences are documented in these materials. Development of the game base as an economic resource through payment of licence fees, and international promotion of the province as a sportsperson's centre, were key components of A. Bryan Williams' approach to game management and the results of this can also be studied in these records. Conflicts between the provincial approach to the game resource and that taken by some Indigenous peoples can be studied in this collection. Many of the Deputy Game Wardens saw military service abroad during World War I and the records include some relevant correspondence.

This collection was compiled from several sets of Provincial Game Warden records that were transferred to the Provincial Archives of B.C. at various times.

See Table of Contents below for a general sense of the collection organization and finding aid for a detailed file/item list. The contents of some files are listed in a hardcopy index (i.e. an item list) available in the reference room. Please note that not all files are completely itemized.

A. Indexes : Box 1

B. Correspondence : Boxes 2-117
(1) Personal and semi-official correspondence of A. Bryan Williams, Provincial Game Warden : Boxes 2-4
(2) Correspondence out : Box 4
(3) Letterbooks of correspondence out : Boxes 5-11
(4) General correspondence inward and outward : Boxes 12-94
(5) Correspondence re: firearms licences : Boxes 95-117

C. Deputy Game Wardens : Boxes 118-149
(1) Monthly reports Boxes : 118-126
(2) Correspondence Boxes : 127-149

D. Returns re: firearms licences : Boxes 150-158

E. Vouchers : Boxes 159-161

F. Licences : Box 161

G. Prosecutions : Boxes 162-166

H. Miscellaneous : Boxes 166-167

British Columbia. Provincial Game and Forest Warden

Report on certain areas of the law relating to Indians in British Columbia

  • GR-1439
  • Series
  • 1975-1976

This series contains a report written in 1975, giving an overview of certain areas of the law relating to Indians in British Columbia, concentrating on Indian hunting, trapping and fishing, but also including material on a constitutional outline, the issue of Aboriginal Rights in British Columbia, Treaty Rights, Applicability of Provincial Laws on Reserves, miscellaneous notes and conclusions. The report includes a table of cases, a 1976 addendum, and references.

British Columbia. Fish and Wildlife Branch

Northern Interior resource management plans and aboriginal liaison files

  • GR-4003
  • Series
  • 1990-2014; predominantly 1999-2010

This series consists of resource management plans (RMPs) and aboriginal liaison files from the Northern Interior and surrounding region. Most records date from 1999 to 2010. These records document the creation of various kinds of land and resource management plans, as well as the government’s related consultation and relations with Indigenous groups. Many files relate to Old Growth Management Areas (OGMAs) and other forestry resources.

This series includes a wide variety of types of records and subjects. Each records type has been assigned an ORCS number from the Resource Management ORCS (schedule 144100). This number is included at the beginning of each file code in the finding aid. These are the file numbers used by the creator. In order to search for a particular file type, try searching for all or part of the ORCS number in the finding aid. The following types of files are included in the series:

Aboriginal liaison case files document the government’s resource management involvement with First Nations groups and consultation with respect to resource management plans. Each file documents consultation and communication with a particular First Nation, Tribal Council or other Indigenous group regarding a variety of issues and practices related to resource management and use. Many files document the creation and finalization of various kinds of agreements between the Ministry and First Nations groups. Files also include the planning and execution of joint projects, workshops and meetings to consult First Nations about the creation of resource management plans or to address specific resource management issues. Classified under ORCS number 17020-20.

Resource management plan referral case files relate to the review of plans submitted by organizations outside government, such as industry, First Nations, non-profit groups, and other government bodies. Classified under ORCS number 17490-20.

Land and Resource Management Plans (LRMPs) are sub-regional integrated RMPs. They are large scale and cover a number of resource sectors (a discrete natural or social resource such as tourism, forestry or mining). Regions are divided into smaller management areas called sub-regions. Records may relate to the development, including research, consultation with interested parties and creating terms of reference; implementation; monitoring to determined if the plans objectives are being met; and amendment of LRMPs over time. Similar steps are used for all RMPs in this series. Includes LRMP files for Mackenzie, Prince George, Fort St. James, Vanderhoof, and Kalum. Classified under ORCS numbers 17550-02, 17550-25, 17550-50 and 17550-60.

Landscape unit plants relate to the development, implementation, monitoring and amendment of landscape unit RMPs. Landscape unit plans often result in a set of legally binding resource management goals called 'landscape unit objectives'. These objectives are measurable goals defined by a geographic area, a specific timeframe and an individual resource or use of a resource. Classified under ORCS numbers 17580-55, 17580-25 and 17580-03.

Sustainable resource management plans (SRMPs) cover a relatively small area (usually under 100,000 hectares), referred to as a landscape unit, and address multiple resource management issues in the area. An SRMP is divided into chapters, with each chapter providing the planning for a specific resource value. Records relate to the development, implementation, monitoring and amendment of sustainable resource management plans (SRMPs). This series includes records related to the Fort St. James, Mackenzie, South Trench, Prince George Timber Supply Area, Interior Cedar Hemlock Biodiversity Project, McBride Valemount, Robson Valley and Slim/Dome SRMPs. Classified under ORCS numbers 17730-02, 17730-20, 17730-25 and 17730-30.

Many files relate to a particular Indigenous group, mostly from the Northern Interior region of BC. These include (outdated names used in the records are listed in brackets): Carrier Sekani Tribal Council, Cheslatta Carrier Nation, Gitxsan, Iskut, Lake Babine Nation, Lheidli T’enneh, Lhoosk’uz Dene, Lhtako Dené (Red Bluff), Nadleh Whut’en, Nak’azdli, Nakawē (Saulteau), Nazko, Nisga’a, Saik’uz, Simpcw (North Thompson), Stellat’en, Takla Lake, Tl’azt’en, Tsay Keh Dene, Tse’khene (Kwadacha and McLeod), Tsq’escen (Canim Lake), Ulkatcho, Xat’sūll (Soda Creek), and Yekooche.

Record types include approved plans, terms of reference, objectives, consultation case files, First Nations consultation files, implementation files, planning team records, development case files, correspondence, memoranda, maps, photographs, data, and reports.

British Columbia. Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management

Aboriginal liaison and First Nations consultation case files for the Cariboo Region

  • GR-3902
  • Series
  • 1985-2008

This series consists of Aboriginal liaison and First Nations consultation case files, primarily for the Cariboo region, from 1985-2008. These records document the Ministry of Environment and its successors' resource management involvement with First Nations groups and consultation with respect to resource management plans. Each file documents consultation and communication with a particular First Nation, Tribal Council or other Indigenous group regarding a variety of issues and practices related to resource management and use. File may be related to land claims, land use planning, the creation of sustainable resource management plans (SRMPs) and sub-regional area plans, or specific resource management and land management issues, including forestry, water rights, wildlife management and hunting, mining, protection of parks and cultural sites, and the creation of roads.

The files in this series were titled and organized in most instances as case files, based on the name of the First Nation involved in the consultation process. Many files document the creation and finalization of various kinds of agreements between the Ministry and First Nations groups. Files also include the planning and execution of joint projects, workshops and meetings to consult First Nations about the creation of resource management plans or to address specific resource management issues.

Files may include correspondence, reports, memorandums of understanding, agreements, financial records, business records of the relevant indigenous group, consultation protocols, maps, and newspaper articles and government responses to them.

Most files regard a particular indigenous group, mostly from the Cariboo and surrounding region, including: 'Esdilagh (Alexandria Band), Alexis Creek, Tl'etinqox Government (Anaham), Llenlleney'ten (High Bar), Bonaparte, Tsq’escen (Canim Lake), Stswecem’c/Xgat’tem (Canoe Creek), Carrier-Sekani Tribal Council, Carrier Chilcotin Tribal Council, Cariboo Tribal Council, Northern Secwēpemc te Qelmūcw (NStQ or Northern Shuswap Tribal Council), Esketemc (Alkali Lake), Hamatla Treaty Society, Homalco, Lhoosk’uz Dene (Kluskus), Lheidli-Tenneh, Nazko, Nuxalk Nation Government, Lhtako Dene (Red Bluff), Saik’uz, Skeetchestn, Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, Xat’sūll (Soda Creek), Simpcw (North Thompson Indian Band), Yunesit'in Government (Stone Indian Band), Tsilhqot’in National Government, Tl'esqox (Toosey First Nation), St'át'imc, Ts'kw'aylaxw, Ulkatcho Nation, Whispering Pines/Clinton, T'exelc (Williams Lake Indian Band), and Xeni Gwet’in First Nations. Other Indigenous groups may be mentioned within files.

Note that some of these files were reviewed as part of the following litigation: Xeni Gwet’in First Nations Government v. Her Majesty the Queen et al.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:
Ministry of Environment (1988-1991)
British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks (1991-2001)
British Columbia. Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management (2001-2005)
British Columbia. Ministry of Agriculture and Lands (2005-2010)

Records in this series are covered by ORCS 17020-20 and 17730-25 of the Resource Management ORCS (schedule 144100).

British Columbia. Ministry of Agriculture and Lands

Royal Commission on Indian Affairs photograph albums

  • GR-3477
  • Series
  • 1913-1916

The series consists of three photograph albums created by the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs between 1913 and 1916. The albums may have been created as display or presentation albums for specific commissioners. Many of the photographs in the albums duplicate each other and were also used in the published report of the commission.

Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia (1913-1916)

Notes on Indian land question, British Columbia

  • GR-0631
  • Series
  • ca.1974

This series consists of a typed document entitled "Notes on Indian Land Question, British Columbia" Prepared by David Borthwick. Consists of 3 typescripts:

a. 15 pp. (with handwritten annotations)
b. 13 pp. (p. 1 had additional section taped on)
c. 13 pp. (photocopy of b without text obscured by taped section)

British Columbia. Dept. of the Provincial Secretary

Minutes of decision of Joint Indian Reserve Commission

  • GR-2982
  • Series
  • 1876-1980

Minutes of decision of Joint Indian Reserve Commission (1876-1878) of governments of Canada and British Columbia and of the Indian Reserve Commission (1878-1907) of the government of Canada regarding allotment of Indian reserves in British Columbia. Records consist of correspondence, memoranda, reports and coloured maps. Includes an item level precis of each document, created by the Dept. of Lands and dated 1980, for each box.

Although these records are called Joint Reserve Commission records, they probably form part of the British Columbia Department of Lands and Works fonds. Most of the records are stamped with the Lands and Works Dept. stamp and also have Lands and Works file numbers assigned.

This finding aid consists of a box and item list, which includes the item numbers and maps contained within each file. An item level precis of each document, created by the Dept. of Lands and dated 1980, is in the first file of each box.

At some point, the department stored the maps separately in binders and created a list arranged by "binder/map" numbers. Although the maps were reintegrated into the files before they were transferred to the BC Archives, the map list (in box 6, file 11) is still arranged by the old binder/map numbers. A conversion list from binder/map number to box, file and number is provided at the end of the finding aid.

Map conversion list [no binder 7 existed]

British Columbia. Ministry of Lands, Parks and Housing

Letterbooks and other material

  • GR-2043
  • Series
  • 1881-1948

Records of British Columbia Indian Agencies; letterbooks, letters inward, subject files, general administration files, agents' journals, constable's reports, agricultural and industrial statistics, correspondence re Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia (1913-1916). Includes Alert Bay (1891-1909, 1913-1914), Babine (1888-1905), Bella Coola (1915-1921), Cowichan (1881-1948), Kamloops (1888-1915), Kootenay (1906-1919), New Westminster (1897-1922), Queen Charlotte (1888-1923), Stuart Lake (1910-1919), and West Coast (1895-1920) Indian Agencies. From volumes 1325-1328, 1336-1392, 1442-1449 1451-1495, 1563-1567, 1583-1591, 1648-1654, 1658-1665, Record Group 10.

Canada. Department of Indian Affairs

First Nations issues : topical files

  • GR-3548
  • Series
  • 1989-2008

The series consists of meeting minutes, reports, presentations, correspondence, work plans, briefing notes, and summaries of court decisions. The records were created between 1989 and 2008 by the Local Government First Nations Relations section of the Ministry of Community Services and are arranged alphabetically by topic. The records document the relationship between the provincial government and First Nations representatives, and provide evidence of the overall approach for developing effective working relations between the two. The series includes several files on Aboriginal litigation, and includes records citing the Delgamuukw case. The series consists of records dealing with capacity building, amendments to reserve land and boundary extensions, First Nations taxation, the Economic Measures fund, treaties and planning. The series is covered by BC ORCS schedule 126379 (Local Government Services), secondary 55500-40.

British Columbia. Ministry of Community Services

Edited typescript of an interview of the Executive Council

  • GR-3074
  • Series
  • 1911

Edited typescript of an interview of the Executive Council (Premier McBride, Hon. Dr. Young, Hon. Price Ellison, Hon. Thomas Taylor and Hon. A.E. McPhillips) with Indians, Chief B.P. Kelly from Hartley Bay, Chief John Chilheetsa of Douglas Lake and Sub-chief George Quakatston of the Cowichans representing all Indians of the province. The Indians make an appeal for justice regarding ownership of the land. McBride responds. J.A. Teit acts as interpreter. [From 1975-1998 this was called Add.MSS. 115.]

British Columbia. Executive Council

First Nations issues files

  • GR-3543
  • Series
  • 1955-2008 (predominantly 1991-2008)

The series consists of correspondence, briefing notes, reports, copies of court orders and studies created or received by the Local Government First Nations Relations section of the Ministry of Community Services. The records were created between 1955 and 2008, although the records predominantly date from the early 1990s onwards. The series is divided into three subseries : band issues files, local government case files, and First Nations organizational files. The division was made based on the original classification scheme assigned to the records by the creator.

The first subseries (containers 956965-0001 to 956965-0003) consists of band issues files. The records are arranged alphabetically by First Nations band name. Researchers should note that the creator used the official First Nations band names (for example, “Tsilhqot’in” rather than “Chilcotin,” and “Snuneymuxw” rather than “Nanaimo”). The records consist of correspondence, briefing notes, legal records, and press releases and provide evidence of the effect that actions of local First Nations bands had on non-Aboriginal municipalities, organizations, and individuals. Many of the files relate to taxation matters under the Indian Self-Government Enabling Act (RSBC 1996 c. 219). The subseries is based on Local Government Services ORCS (schedule 123679), secondary 55500-20.

The second subseries (container 956965-0003) consists of local government case files and provides evidence of the effect that the actions of local governmental bodies (i.e. municipalities, villages, and districts) had on First Nations bands. The records are arranged alphabetically by municipality name. The subseries is based on Local Government Services ORCS (schedule 123679), secondary 55500-30.

The third subseries (container 956965-0003 and 956965-0003) consists of First Nations organization files. These records provide evidence of the work of organizations such as the Indian Taxation Advisory Board and First Nations Financial Association. The files are organized in alphabetical order by the name of the association or board. The subseries is based on Local Government Services ORCS (schedule 123679), secondary 55500-50.

Electronic records from both the floppy disk and the CD ROM were printed and placed into their respective files. The Excel spreadsheet on the floppy disk did not appear to have been filled out, and instead appears to be a template. There did not appear to be any formulas or functions in the cells. The workbook is divided into 8 spreadsheets : specific targeted programs, roll-up of targeted programs, branch consultation costs, roll-up of consultation costs, interim measures by objective, roll-up of interim measures, branch resources for treaties, and division resources for treaties.

British Columbia. Ministry of Community Services

Aboriginal Healthy Living records

  • GR-3896
  • Series
  • 1993-2010

This series consists of records of the Aboriginal Healthy Living group and related records created from 1993-2010. Records include committee files, executive records, treaty negotiation records related to health issues, and aboriginal health education and research files.

Committee files include correspondence, presentations, terms of reference, records of decision, and other records. Committee files relate to the Provincial Aboriginal Social-Economic Strategy, Aboriginal Health Transition Fund Adaption Committee, Aboriginal Health Leads Committee, Aboriginal Health Network, Aboriginal Health Transition Fund Workshop Subcommittee, and Aboriginal Reference Group Meetings.

Executive records include briefing notes, referral replies and issues records.

Treaty negotiation case files relate to the negotiation of health related agreements with First Nations outside of the B.C. Treaty Commission process and the negotiation of formal pre and post treaty agreements. Records may relate to the identification and negotiation of the Ministry's responsibilities for the delivery and provision of certain health programs and services, the definition of new authorities for First Nations over the design and delivery of health programs and services, and the establishment of inter-ministerial and/or inter-governmental agreements. Files relate to Nisga’a pre-treaty agreements related to MSP and treaty negotiations, as well as the ʔaq̓am (St. Mary’s Indian Band) Community Care Home interim agreement and Maa-Nulth First Nations Treaty Society negotiation.

There are also Aboriginal health research project files on: First Nations Chief Health Committee Terms of Reference, the Special Cabinet Meeting on August 17, 2002 with First Nations Summit, and Status Indian Health Utilization database.

Ministries responsible for the creation of this series, and their dates of the responsibility, are:
Ministry of Health (1976-2001)
Ministry of Health Services (2001-2005)
Ministry of Health (2005-2008)
Ministry of Health Services (2008-2011)

Records in this series are covered by ARCS 200-20, 280-20 and 280-30, and ORCS 70150-20, 70180-30, 70180-40, 70020-30, 70120-00 and 70120-50 of the Aboriginal Health Program ORCS (schedule 128755). Records have been selected for full retention.

British Columbia. Ministry of Health Services (2008-2011)

Aboriginal policy and program development files

  • GR-3899
  • Series
  • 1995-2003

This series consists of Aboriginal policy development files, 1995-2003. Files document the development of the provincial government's aboriginal socio-economic policy, as well as socio-economic issues of concern to the Metis, off-reserve, and non-status indigenous political organizations addressed at tripartite policy tables. Records include reports, cabinet submissions, correspondence, reference materials, records of decision, conference and committee records, work plans, agendas, briefing notes, agreements, and memorandums of understandings. Files are arranged by file number and generally grouped by subject.

Records regard the Vancouver urban development agreement focusing on the Downtown Eastside, the creation of a National Aboriginal Youth Forum, best practices in creating a National Aboriginal Youth Strategy, Federal Provincial Territorial Aboriginal Forum and steering committee, Provincial Aboriginal Social-Economic Strategy, Tripartite Self-Governance Negotiations with the Metis Provincial Council and United Native Nations, and Urban Aboriginal Strategy.

Records in this series are covered by ORCS 32050-30 of the Aboriginal Programs and Services ORCS (schedule 143921).

British Columbia. Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs

Minutes and other material

  • GR-1198
  • Series
  • 1888-1896

This series contains minutes from the Executive Council meetings. Records of interest in this series include minutes "relative to the Indian troubles on the Skeena River," from 1888.; dispatches, reports, and correspondence concerning the relocation of Songhees Indian reserve, 1893-1896. The series also includes a copy of the Report on British Columbia for Royal Colonial Institute (for use in British elementary schools), 1884.

British Columbia. Executive Council

Correspondence and other material

  • GR-1197
  • Series
  • 1893-1897

This series contains official correspondence, reports, and related papers of Premier John H. Turner. Records include correspondence pertaining to provincial railway charters (1893-1897), agriculture, and mining; also includes B.C. Agent-General's Report (1895), applications for employment, and miscellaneous letters.

Papers in this series are those of the Honourable John Herbert Turner (1833-1923), premier of British Columbia from 4 March 1895 to 8 August 1898. Since Turner's administration was characterized by rapid industrial development (notably in railways, mining, and agriculture), and by no little political controversy, his official papers are especially valuable.

Most of the reports and correspondence in GR-1197 originated while Turner was the province's chief minister and, as such, they have been included in the archive's collection of Premier's Papers. As will be seen, though, some of the papers pertain to Turner's tenure as Minister of Finance and Agriculture, a portfolio he held from 1887 to 1898.

GR-1197 may be regarded as a supplement to GR-0441 (British Columbia - Premier: 1883-1933), Series II, volumes 2-13, which also contains official correspondence of Premier Turner. Researchers may find that Volume 354 of GR-0441 (Index to Official Correspondence, 1895-1897) will assist them in locating other related records.

British Columbia. Premier

Provincial Secretary executive records

  • GR-0285
  • Series
  • 1949-1975

The series consists of correspondence from various members of the Royal family expressing gratitude for arrangements made for them during visits to B.C. (1959 to 1971), certificates, reports of various royal commissions and commissions of inquiry, and minutes of various committees on which Mr. Wallace served in his capacity as Deputy Provincial Secretary.

The series also includes a photograph album of the opening of the Hope-Princeton Highway in 1949 and other photographs.

Office of the Deputy Provincial Secretary

Moses v BC and Canada : reasons for judgement

  • GR-0272
  • File
  • 1977

The file consists of a photocopy of reasons for judgement in the case (43319/75) of Donald Moses et al (other members of the Lower Nicola Indian Band) versus Canada and British Columbia, May 5, 1977.

British Columbia. Supreme Court (Vancouver)