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Haida Gwaii (B.C.) Haida
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Haida Gwaii Forest District studies

  • GR-3907
  • Series
  • 1979-2003; predominant 1990-2003

This series consists of reports and studies created as part of the planning of forest resources, often as part of planning timber sale areas (TSAs). Most files were created between 1990 and 2003. Most reports are prepared by private contractors hired by the Ministry. Culturally modified tree (CMT) reports were conducted by the Haida Nation.

Files are arranged in the order received by the Archives. Most files relate to studies done for a particular TSA or other area. Files may include additional types of reports related to the same area, even if not specifically listed in the file title, or a similar type of report for multiple locations.

The series contains studies such as: terrain stability assessments, reconnaissance studies, wildlife surveys or studies, culturally modified tree surveys, site plans, stream classification, hydrology studies, geological studies and engineering reports for site access construction projects.

Many files are layout studies which plan how an area will be used, including, cut block boundaries, harvest method, access routes, site plans, silviculture prescriptions and impacts on nearby bodies of water.

There are also reports utilized in the Haida Land and Resource Planning program (LRMP) process; these files include documents regarding creation of reports and background information used in workshops and consultation.

Records include final reports, photos, aerial photos, maps, correspondence, statistics, field notes, tables, land profiles, and floppy disks containing electronic records. One file contained a sample of tree cores.

This series is classified under ORCS number 12090-20, 12440-25, 18920-30 and 19400-20 of the Ministry of Forests schedule (881261).

British Columbia. Haida Gwaii Forest District

Struggle for an empty land

SUMMARY: A 55-minute program for CBC Ideas (edited down from a two-hour regional special) about the confrontation on Lyell Island in the Queen Charlottes and the Haida blockade of logging operations there. The; Haida, led by Miles Richardson, were confronting loggers working for local contractor Frank Beban, who was under contract to Western Forest Products. The blockade led to dozens of arrests and focused; international attention on the dispute.;

Because it's home

The item is a composite print of a travel film from ca. 1973. Not a travelogue per se, but a look at the quality and pace of life in the Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii), with scenes satirizing the behaviour of an uninformed visitor, "Joe Tourist." Footage of Haida carvers and their work (jewellery and argillite carvings), beaches, an abandoned whaling station, a shipwreck, aerial views, general scenery.

Klahanie : pole raising, QC : [film sound : tapes 4 & 5]

CALL NUMBER: T4255:0158 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Klahanie - pole raising, tape 4 : speech by William Matthews (Chief) ; Carey interview, part 1 SUMMARY: These tapes appear to be copies of the location film sound recorded at a totem pole raising on Haida Gwaii [Queen Charlotte Islands]; the film was being shot for the CBC series "Klahanie". According to the tape; box labels, tape 4 includes a speech by Chief William Matthews and part 1 of an interview with [Neil and/or Betty?] Carey.

CALL NUMBER: T4255:0159 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Klahanie - pole raising, tape 5 : Carey interview, part 2 SUMMARY: These tapes appear to be copies of the location film sound recorded at a totem pole raising on Haida Gwaii [Queen Charlotte Islands]; the film was being shot for the CBC series "Klahanie". According to the tape; box labels, tape 5 includes part 2 of an interview with [Neil and/or Betty?] Carey.

Carol and James Stewart-Burton interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): The Stewart-Burton's life in the Queen Charlotte Islands and their impressions of its present state PERIOD COVERED: 1921-1969 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: James Philip Stewart-Burton discusses his coming to the Queen Charlotte Islands in 1924, settlement and settlers in the Tow Hill area, road construction, the clam cannery at Tow Hill, settlement east of Masset, Jimmy White at "Oeander", Nadu and the Masset settlement. Carol Claudette Stewart-Burton speaks about her family and coming to the Queen Charlotte Islands in 1921 and Sangan River. TRACK 2: Carol Stewart-Burton continues speaking about a family holiday in 1918, constructing the family home and furniture, the family farm, the Tow Hill area, "Sangan Grange", work in canneries, the clam cannery at Tow Hill, living in Masset, Jimmy White, Cape Ball, activities on the island and the growth of Masset. James Stewart-Burton discusses the changes in Masset, sport fishing, residents;, education, population, Indian population and town facilities.

Agnes Mathers interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Agnes Mathers recounts her parents arrival in Skidegate and early Skidegate. She talks about the community, the family farm at Sandspit, other residents, community life, school picnics -- 24th May, 3rd June, 1st July, activities, family life, school, her teaching career, communication, early residents, the airstrip development and changes in Sandspit. TRACK 2: Miss Mathers continues wit;h comments about the expansion of Sandspit, logging camps, the transient nature of residents, local schools, transportation, mail trip with uncle at age 14, her job as Postmaster, plank roads, Indian ;residents of the community, islands and the outside world.

Lavina Lightbown and Oliver Adams interview

CALL NUMBER: T1172:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Oliver Adams and Lavina Lightbown : decline of Haida culture PERIOD COVERED: 1921-1969 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Lavina Lightbown from Masset begins this interview with recollections about her early days at the Coqualeetza School. She talks about village life, culture of Masset, changes over the years, totem poles, the community house, Old Masset and New Masset. TRACK 2: Oliver Adams comments on the changes in the culture at Masset, leadership, problems with youth, education, the Haida race, misconceptions and portrayals of the Haida and Indian Affairs. Lavina talks about the problems that arise from "Indian trust" in financial matters and contracts. Oliver continues with recollections about t;he Haida fishing fleet, trust and contracts and economic decline. Oliver talks about the longhouse structure and life of a Haida family, Haida houses and the change in family life.

CALL NUMBER: T1172:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Oliver Adams and Lavina Lightbown : Decline of Haida culture RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Oliver Adams was born in Masset, 1914, he talks about Masset and Haida, growing up in Masset, his education, his father's education at Metlakatla, religious differences between Skidegate and Masset, Indian beliefs, cultural and religious confusion, family and communal life, the Haida language, the fear of becoming "cultural curiosities", the loss of the cultural connection to the past and; living in harmony with nature. TRACK 2: Oliver Adams and Lavina Lightbown speak about family homes, elders in the community, communication between the generations, teenagers, family and community life.

Drying herring eggs, Queen Charlotte Islands

RECORDED: [location unknown], [1969?] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This tape was recorded on a windy beach in the Queen Charlotte Islands. An unidentified Haida woman is interviewed about the process of collecting and drying kelp for the herring spawn; and various methods used to prepare it to eat. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Queen Charlotte School interviews

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Queen Charlotte School interviews with teenagers RECORDED: Queen Charlotte City (B.C.), 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This tape includes interviews with several students at the Queen Charlotte School. Alfred Collinson discusses his carving in argillite, Haida traditions and heritage. (This section appears to; follow from track 2 below, i.e. continuing the interview with Alfred Collinson). Janice DeBucy talks about disadvantages and advantages of living on the island. Russell Jeannotte speaks about his views about living on the island and his educational plans. The students discuss various issues including integration and the Haida culture. Another unidentified student (Randy Brown?) speaks about his feelings about living on the island. TRACK 2: This tape consists of interviews with students at the Queen Charlotte School. Alfred Collinson and Tommy Green discuss life on the island, Haida people, education and activities. Melvin Hutchinson and Jerry Jones talk about education and living on the island. Alfred Collinson speaks about learning the skill of argillite carving from his grandfather, Arthur Moody, and his uncle, Rufus Moody. He speaks about locating the argillite, carving and designs. (This interview appears to be continued on track 1).

Claude Davidson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Claude Davidson discusses various aspects of argillite carving RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Claude Davidson recalls his beginnings as a carver, his influences and techniques, inspirations, methods and styles of his carving and his present day role as teacher. He continues with a discussion of the history of argillite carving and some of the early carvers. TRACK 2: Claude Davidson discusses the process of locating and extracting the argillite slate, inherent problems with the material, types of pieces he designs, the expense of the materials and craftsmanship.

Florence Davidson interview : [Orchard, 1969]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Florence Davidson's family heritage : the Edenshaws and Davidsons PERIOD COVERED: 1883-1969 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Florence Edenshaw Davidson talks about her father -- Charles Edenshaw, Chief of the Eagles, her family history, Albert Edward Edenshaw -- her grandfather, education and training of the chief, comments on marriage and her own arranged marriage, her husband -- Robert Davidson Sr., living in early Masset, the village church, her wedding celebration and her ancestors who were artist carvers. TRACK 2: Florence Davidson continues speaking about her father's hunting and carving, the beginning of his argillite carving, other family members, effects of the missionaries, loss of customs, hereditary chiefs and Haida dancing.

Thomas Deasy records

Correspondence, 1901-1934; drafts of articles relating to British Columbia Indians, the Victoria Fire Department, and early British Columbia history, undated; poetry; newspaper stories re Victoria Fire Department and fire fighting in British Columbia generally; typescript of an address by W.H. Keary re New Westminster history, 1926; tickets, invitations and ephemera to firemen's balls, fairs, Douglas Day, 1927, etc. Includes letters written as Indian Agent, Queen Charlotte Agency, 1910-1924 and correspondence re the collecting of Indian art.

Deasy, Thomas, 1857-1936

Agnes Russ and Grace Stephens interview : [Fortune, 196-?]

RECORDED: Skidegate (B.C.), [196-?] SUMMARY: TRACK 2: In a [filmed] interview with Bob Fortune, Grace Stephens translates for her mother, Agnes Russ. Mrs. Russ speaks about Haida slavery, her longevity, the Queen Charlotte Island villages, the duties of slaves, present-day Skidegate, the smallpox epidemic, her girlhood, the family house, cooking and storage of food, potlatches, and argillite carvings.

Between ourselves : Far western islands

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating from different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. This episode is about the Queen Charlotte Islands, past and present, including the Haida, their canoes, and settlements, and way of life; the arrival of the white settlers and missionaries; and the people who live there today. The voices heard are: Grace Stevens, Janice de Bucy, Mike and Barbara Reynolds, Neil and Betty Carey, Eric Ross, Knut Fladmark, Tom Moran, Arthur Husband, T.L. Williams, Bert Robertson, Joseph Weah, Chief William Matthews, and Dr. Peter Kelly.

Henry Kreager interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Father Kreager's comments on the problems facing the Haida on the Queen Charlotte Islands PERIOD COVERED: 1969-1969 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This tape begins with the sounds of the church bell, a wedding congregation and traffic at Masset Mission Church. Father Henry Ross Kreager continues the interview by speaking about the Masset village, educational choices, revival of the past, seasonal changes in the village, leadership, inter-racial relationships and social problems in the community. This tape ends with harbour sounds -- birds, boats, motors, and waves along the shore at Masset. [TRACK 2: blank.]

People in landscape : Aspects of Haida life

SUMMARY: In this program, Haida people talk about their lives today (in the 1960s) and the ways in which the coming of white settlement has changed Haida culture. The voices heard are: Lavina Lightbown, Oliver Adams, Solomon Wilson, and John Williams.

People in landscape : The Agnes Russ story

SUMMARY: The story of Agnes Russ, granddaughter of a Haida chief. She was born in the 1850's and married to a young chief who died, and later married Amos Russ, also the grandson of a Haida chief and a Methodist missionary. She tells stories of her long life with the aid of her daughter, Grace Stephens, and another Haida missionary, her son-in-law, Dr. Peter Kelly.

People in landscape : The Haida villages

SUMMARY: The history of the Haida people in the Queen Charlotte Islands. Includes: stories and legends from their ancestors; visits to Masset, and to Moresby and Anthony Islands; and descriptions of the old viillage sites with their remaining artifacts. Voices heard include Knut Fladmark, Dr. Peter Kelly, Betty Carey, Neil Carey, Gray Stephens and John Williams.

Reports on Queen Charlotte Islands

The file consists of reports written by James Deans and sent to Israel Wood Powell regarding resources, Indigenous villages and practices in Haida Gwaii.

Powell, Israel Wood

Robert William Torrens fonds

  • PR-2402
  • Fonds
  • 1858-1865

The fonds consists of correspondence and reports written by and about Robert William Torrens between 1858 and 1865. In 1859 and 1865, Torrens took part in several different expeditions that took him to Haida Gwaii, along the Nass River, through the area of Clayoquot Sound, and to Bear River. During these trips, he interacted with many local Indigenous populations, and wrote about these encounters in his reports. The fonds also includes several letters of recommendation for Torrens and his 1865 oath of office for the position of stipendiary magistrate for the colony of Vancouver Island.

Torrens, Robert William (1826-1887)

Those born at Masset, a Haida stonemoving and feast : an ethnographic account : part 1 and part 2

Ethnographic film. An account of the Masset Band, and a personal record of Professor Mary Lee Stearns' involvement with the band. Part 1 deals with the ethnography of the Masset people, including their social structure, economy and art. In preparation for Part 2, the death ceremonies are also discussed. Part 1 concludes with the ritual moving of a memorial stone. Part 2 begins with the same scenes -- the moving of the memorial stone of Peter Hill (1890-1971), a Masset band member. The remainder of the film shows the preparations for and the actual giving of a memorial feast. The film concludes with a speech by hereditary chief William Matthews, and Professor Stearns' own narration, explaining the significance of the events from an ethnographer's viewpoint.

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