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Morice, A.G. (Adrien Gabriel), 1859-1938
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A.G. Morice fonds

  • PR-1598
  • Fonds
  • 1892-1895

The fonds consists of copies of outward correspondence of A.G. Morice.

Morice, A.G. (Adrien Gabriel), 1859-1938

Ann Rottacker interview : [Orchard, 1964]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Ann Rottacker describes her father, Alexander Campbell Murray, who was the Hudson's Bay factor at Fort St. James. She describes various offices he held, and the story of him joining the; HBC and crossing the country from Winnipeg. She describes Fort St. James and events of her childhood at the post; the school; Indians; the church; Father A.G. Morice; and the naming of Honeymoon Island and Mount Pope. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Ann Rottacker interview : [Reimer, 1976]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Fort St. James, 1862-1914 PERIOD COVERED: 1862-1914 RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1976-10-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Ann A. Rottacker discusses her background: born 1896 in Fort St. James; father, Alexander C. Murray, was the Hudson's Bay Factor; details about father. Fort St. James described: domestic; details; fur trade; relations between Indians and A.C. Murray. Elementary school in Fort St. James. Mrs. Rottacker at school in Victoria for four years. Mrs. Rottacker spoke Carrier as a child. Father A.G. Morice described. Cataline (Jean Caux) described. Travel. Father was at Fort St. James from 1862 to 1914. TRACK 2: Father travelled by snowshoe from Lower Fort Garry to Fort St. James in 1862.; Mrs. Rottacker sings briefly in Carrier. Kitchen garden at Fort St. James described. More on childhood. Route travelled between Fort St. James and Victoria in about 1905. Details of diet. HBC "open house" for Indians described. Clothing described.

Constance Cox interview

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 1 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox (nee Hankin) begins this tape with a story about her uncle Charlie Hankin (partner of Billy Barker) and his promise to Josephine, the dance hall hostess at Barkerville, about her burial. A story is told about Isaac, a Babine Indian, who was awarded medals from the Humane Society and the Catholic Church. She talks about the background to the "Skeena River Rebellion" of the 18;80's. TRACK 2: This tape continues with the "Skeena River Rebellion", a childhood story about measles, Constance Cox's childhood at Hazelton, her family, the Manson Creek gold rush -- 1870, Indian women packers into Manson Creek, Cataline, Erza Evans and mining on Manson Creek.;

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 2 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox relates the following legends: the legend of the Sunbeam which is depicted on a Chilkat Blanket from Kitwanga and the adoption of the fireweed as the clan symbol at Kispiox; the; Frog legend depicted on a totem pole at Kitwancool and a Haida legend depicted on a totem pole about cruelty to animals. Indian foods and cooking methods are discussed. TRACK 2: Constance Cox continues with her discussion about Indian foods, collecting sap from evergreens, berries, wild vegetables, medicinal preparations, an incident while nursing for Dr. Wrinch at Hazelton concerning a women with cancer and another nursing story.

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 3 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox relates a story about an Indian woman called "Emma". She continues with a story about Captain Fitzgerald (Gold Commissioner) who was taken prisoner at Kitseguecla (Skeena Crossing) and the subsequent trial (1871). She speaks about the first Reserve Commissioner Peter O'Reilly, the reaction to reserves in Kispiox, A.W. Vowell, the next Reserve Commissioner, and the Kitwancool Indians. TRACK 2: Constance Cox continues speaking about A.W. Vowell and the Reserve Commission at Kitwancool, the Kitwancool Indians, "Kitwancool Jim" and the Kitwancool totem pole histories. She speaks about the Collins and Yukon Telegraph lines, building the lines, the operators and linesmen and the visit of a "globe-trotting" woman -- Thea Francis (1920?).

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 4 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox relates her childhood memories of a canoe trip up the Skeena River (ca.1900). She speaks about Bishop Ridley, the Diocese of Caledonia, Metlakatla, Haida canoes, incidents along; the canoe journey, towing canoes upriver, dangers along the Skeena, villages, the "Mount Royal" paddlewheeler and Haida children learning canoe skills. TRACK 2: This tape begins with a description of a totem pole raising ceremony at Kitwancool, tragedies of the "Trail of '98", Rev. Harold Alfred Sheldon (c.1884), the Inverness Cannery and her father's business interests, Father Morice and his work with the Carrier Indians and the visit of the Catholic Bishop (Bishop Dontonwell?).

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 5 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This tape provides a continuation of Constance Cox's recollection of the visit of the Catholic Bishop to the Carrier Indians at Babine, more details about Father Morice's work -- his book and; map, his relationship with the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort St. James, a description of the destruction of his printing press, Father Morice's penance and later years, incidents at Fort St. James and; the HBC factor at Fort Fraser, Mr. Sinclair. TRACK 2: Constance Cox continues with more recollections about Mr. Sinclair and his grave at Fort Fraser. She speaks about the destruction of Indian culture, the language of the Tsimshian, Gitksan and Carrier Indians, the white settlers who learned the native languages, her role as an interpreter, the Gitksan language, the "White Cross Society", native art, totem carving past and present, erection of a new totem pole and the legend of the Kispiox -- House of the Beaver.

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0006 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 6 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: The legend of the Kispiox -- House of the Beaver is continued on this tape. Constance Cox provides additional information about the Gitksan language, her background in native languages, the Methodist missionary at Hazelton -- Mr. Matheson (1871), the Anglican missionaries (1880), the "Queek", the Gitksan as carvers and designers and the dispute over ownership of the Bulkley Canyon c.1900.; TRACK 2: This tape continues with a description of the dispute over the Bulkley Canyon, a Gitksan artist -- Gisemax (sp), other Hazelton incidents, and a story about the group of American miners and adventurers under Mr. Gryder that arrived in Hazelton under the false assumption that gold had been discovered.

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0007 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 7 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox remembers her father, Thomas Hankin, his background, his coming to British Columbia (1857) as a Hudson's Bay Company factor and establishing the Hudson's Bay Post at the Skeena-Bulkley junction, his first encounters with the Indians, the song of the "iron kettles", his staking of the town site of Hazelton (1858), the 1870 Manson Creek Goldrush, story of a greenhorn and the naming of Frying Pan Mountain, William Manson and miners drowned in Kitselas Canyon. She continues with Thomas Hankin's business interests, his role in the Masonic order, Constance Cox's education, her step-father -- R.E. Loring, The Inverness Cannery, Thomas Hankin's death, his brothers -- Phillip and Charlie Hankin and the Hudson's Bay Company fur trade. TRACK 2: Constance Cox recounts childhood memories, Simon Gunanoot as a child, the Trail of '98 -- May to October 1898, Cox as nurse and doctor to Indians and 98'ers, stories and incidents, the story of the murder of Sir Arthur Curtis, Tom Hankin Jr. losing cattle on Poison Mountain and patients at the dispensary.

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0008 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 8 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: The trail of '98 patients at the Hazelton dispensary and the rescue and nursing of Frank Farling is recalled by Constance Cox. She relates a personal anecdote about a "love letter" and Moosekin Johnny's Restaurant. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Dr. Charles McDonnell interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Early Vancouver medical history, 1862 - ca. 1914 : a slide presentation and lecture RECORDED: West Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-14 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. McDonnell discusses his interest in medical history; historian Father Morice; BC in 1862; Vancouver families, the Moodies, Greenhorns, McLearies; lumber mills exporting to Australia in 1864; Stamp and Rogers mill owners; BC wood in the palace at Peking; medical care in BC from 1862 to 1867; Vancouver, "drugs only or go to Victoria"; Vancouver nurse Emily Patterson canoeing to patients; 1869 to 1870; Dr. Black of New Westminster; liquor problems in Vancouver; Dr. Black killed by his horse in 1871 en route to a patient in Vancouver; his funeral; Dr. True replaced Dr. Black; introduction of contract medicine in Vancouver; Premier G.A. Walkem. TRACK 2: Dr. W.W. Walkem as ornithologist; the great Vancouver fire of 1886; four doctors present; Dr. Duncan Bell-Irving and the intermarriage of medical families; the story of Dr. Breckingdale's death in 1912; Dr. Large's success; Dr. McGuighan becomes mayor in 1904; also was an alderman; treasurer of College of Physicians and Surgeons; president of the Vancouver Medical Association; Dr. Lafevre ran the CPR hospital, which was the only hospital in Vancouver until 1898; Lafevre as businessman, died in 1906.

Fort St. James, Hagwilget and Moricetown : [CFPR interviews]

CALL NUMBER: T1061:0001
SUMMARY: These tapes comprise a series of unedited interviews with residents of Fort St. James, Hagwilget and Moricetown, recorded by CBC producer Norman Newton.
TRACK 1: DONALD GRAY, Sun Chief at Hagwilget, tells legends of Carrier prophet "Bini", as well as the origin of Saskatoon berries, and the relationship between men and animals. He then sings several songs and explains their meanings. DAVID DENNIS of Moricetown sings a song about "Bini", then a love song that he composed. LIZETTE HALL, a member of the Fort St. James Historical Society and the great-granddaughter of the famous Carrier Chief Kwah, tells the story of the first missionary, as told to her by her father. The Natives were afraid of him because, after seeing him lighti a match, they understood him to be a man made of fire.
RACK 2: Mrs. Hall continues by telling the story of how her father was first baptized at the age of four by Bishop Demers, and the impact of the missionaries on the community. She discusses her father's view on religion be;fore the white people came. Then JOHN PRINCE, who is the Catholic native chief, sings a song composed by Father Morice, and explains the song; then continues to sing several more songs. Mr. Prince tells several more stories, including how the first missionaries arrived, why the HBC named the local natives Carrier, and why natives no longer trap. John Prince expresses his regret at the loss of "old fashioned ways" and the negative impact of contact with "whites". Then he recalls his experiences as a child with Father Morice. This is followed by several more songs, and Prince's discussion of the conversion of the Carrier to Christianity. He adds that most natives are no longer interested in the church, and describes the difference among church law, state law and the Carrier religion.

CALL NUMBER: T1061:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. ALEX McKINNON, a native sawmill worker at Fort St. James, discusses Carrier history, beginning with the arrival in 1842 of Catholic priest Father Demers and his half-breed Cree interpreter. He describes the native population at Fort St. James and their customs, and how the priest imposed monogamous marriages, including the story of a man who loved both of his wives but was forced to sell one. Then he describes later priests, and more on the life of native people at Fort St. James. Mr. McKinnon recalls an experience in 1946, when he was invited by Andy Paul, of the North American Brotherhood of Indians, to join him in Ottawa to speak on what natives wanted; problems with schools; how he was received in Ottawa. Then CHIPMAN WELLS, boat builder at Fort St. James, describes Fort St. James when he arrived in 1924, and his experiences as a boat builder. He continues to describe Stuart Lake; Fort St. James, and the impact of "whites" upon natives. TRACK 2: EVELYN M. HOY of the Fort St. James Historical Society tells the story of the murder of two German prospectors in 1930. The subsequent inquiry focused on native suspects, until the arrest in Alberta of a former companion of the prospectors. After several trials, he was acquitted. A few years later, he was arrested for possession of firearms and deported back to Germany. Mrs. Hoy was told that the German government, then controlled by the Nazi party, shot him for murder of three other people.

CALL NUMBER: T1061:0002 track 2 item 02 SUMMARY: After the last interview, there are some fragments of CBC Radio programs that were present on the tapes before the interviews were recorded over them. These begin with a musical excerpt from the program "Records for You" and an advertisement for the Devonshire Hotel in Vancouver. This is followed by an advertisement for the Grand Cafe in Prince Rupert, and an excerpt from the program "Talk of the; Town", described a "weekly sound picture of the city of Prince Rupert". This excerpt contains an interview with Tommy Black, Rotary Club past president and manager of the Northern BC Power Company, about the history, principals and goals of the Rotary Club. He mentions some accomplishments of the Prince Rupert local including helping start the nurses home, the public library, the Civic Centre,; and homes for seniors. The program concludes with an announcement of upcoming shows, including an interview with George Wilkins of Port Edward about his experience sailing from Honolulu to Tahiti, and with Eva Kirkwood Hackett about her long career in theatre.

Frank Swannell papers

The records include: diaries, field books, scrapbooks and subject files containing notes and correspondence covering Swannell's career as a surveyor in Northern British Columbia, his army service in the First World War in Europe and Russia and his later travels in British Columbia, Europe and Asia. The diaries and field books are profusely illustrated with photos.

John Prince interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-09-14 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. John Prince, born March 3, 1886, a member of the Carrier tribe, recalls Indian life with stories and songs, including anecdotes about the first white men, the first priests, stories about the legendary figure Astace, the Hudson's Bay Company, the Catholic priest Father Morice, and A.G. Hamilton, an HBC trader who sold the Indians liquor. TRACK 2: Mr. Prince goes on to sing and tell more Carrier stories, sing hymns in his Native language, and describe a throwing-stick game.

Lizette Hall interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-09-14 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Lizette (Mrs. Ralph Hall), a woman from the Carrier tribe, discusses her father, Louis Billy Prince, who was born in 1864 on the east side of Stuart River. His father was a chief until a bishop removed him; she describes the circumstances around that. She describes her great-grandfather, Kwah, who lived to a very old age and was a nobleman. The people who lived on the reserve. Stories about their first encounters with huns and with white people. Mrs. Hall tells the story of how Sir James Douglas' life was threatened after a when the Native man was killed by two HBC workers near Fort George; the incident ended peacefully. She discusses the first priest in the area, named Father Nobili. Her recollections of Father Morice; he returned to the area in 1924 and was surprised at seeing the advancement of the Carrier people. Father Marshall, who came before Father Morice and other priests. TRACK 2: Mrs. Hall continues with a story about Father Morice and a printing press he left behind. Her recollections of Father Coccola, who ran the place with an iron hand, and the effects of his racial beliefs on the people. She discusses the Hudson's Bay Company and its relations with Indians.; Catholic influences on education, and the focus on the spiritual needs of the Natives rather than their bodily needs. The first public school in 1913, which was not run by the Church, lasted three years. Her experiences at the Catholic residential school; the loneliness that resulted from being taken from parents; penalties imposed for speaking their native language; the unsanitary conditions and; food served. The school's aim "to eradicate culture"; how Indian culture was practiced in private. Mrs.Hall relates some stories about the legendary figure Astace. She offers meanings and pronuciations of Indian names. Finally, she discusses Indian village life in the old days, including how winters were spent, and the raids by the Chilcotin people.

Newcombe family papers

Correspondence, notebooks, subject files, accounts, annotated books, etc., of C.F. Newcombe and his son W.A. Newcombe, reflecting their interest in the ethnology, natural history and history of British Columbia. Newcombe family papers. The G.T. Emmons collection, consisting of correspondence, notes and manuscripts, mainly on the Tlingit Indians. Maynard family papers, consisting of diaries and papers of Richard and Hannah Maynard, Victoria photographers, and their son Albert. Papers of Emily Carr, and re her estate, of which W.A. Newcombe was an executor.

Volumes 21 to 30 were arranged by the BC Archives in 1975.

Volumes 31 to 59 were arranged by the Royal BC Museum, ca. 1970. BC Archives volume and file numbers have been added to the these volumes.

Volumes 239/240 were Found In Collection in the Archives in 2022 and added to the collection.

  • An asterisk beside a file number indicates that the file contains letters to or from both C.F. Newcombe and W.A. Newcombe.

Table of Contents: Box/file

Table of Contents: Microfilm reels

Detailed box and file list

Regional Director of Indian Affairs for BC (J.V. Boys) papers

Publications and reports by the Department of Indian Affairs, from the office of Jefferay Vincent Boys as Regional Director of Indian Affairs for British Columbia and the Yukon. Materials concern Indian Reserve lands in B.C., the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for British Columbia (1913-1916), Indian education, taxation and public expenditures on B.C. Indians, the Indian Act and regulations regarding land use on Indian reservations. Also included is an original hand-written letter to Father Morice from R.E. Loring, dated March 30, 1894.

Photocopies 1881-1972 27 cm

Publications and reports by the Department of Indian Affairs, from the office of Jefferay Vincent Boys as Regional Director of Indian Affairs for British Columbia and the Yukon. Materials concern Indian reserve lands in British Columbia, the Royal Commission on Indians for British Columbia (1913-1916), Indian education, taxation and public expenditures on British Columbia Indians, the Indian Act and regulations regarding land use on Indian reservations. Also included is an original handwritten letter to Father Morice from R.E. Loring, dated March 30, 1894.

Acquired from Jefferay Vincent Boys.

Source: MS Finding Aids

Acquired from Jefferay Vincent Boys.

Finding aid: file list.

Richard Walker interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1971 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Richard "Dick" Walker offers his impressions of BC upon arriving on Halloween 1961 [?]. Then, he discusses his involvement with the Summer Institute of Linguistics, with a specialization on; the Carrier language, Moricetown being the dividing line between Carrier and Coastal languages. He describes living at Fort St. James and coping with his first "cold" winter. He further discusses the Summer Institute of Linguistics programs and the reasons for saving the Athapaskan and Carrier language. He also discusses Christianity, including various translations of the scriptures. TRACK 2: ;Mr. Walker continues his discussion of Christianity and notes a shift in the priorities of missionaries from physical life to spiritual life, as well as philosophical difficulties in the work of missionaries. He discusses the Carrier language and what it reveals about native culture; languages in general; more on Athapaskan life and language; and Father Morrice.

William Brennan interview

CALL NUMBER: T0667:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. William Brennan discusses his early years; coming to Kamloops because of lung troubles; Kamloops described; cattle drives to the railroad; joined survey for CNR along the North Thompson; driving logs down river. TRACK 2: Brennan describes cattle drives from Nicola country; cows; horses; Sam Pau, who was an Indian cowboy; an incident with cattle on a bridge; pre-war Englishmen in BC; Fruitlands Company buying up ranches; Roper of Cherry Creek; Bill Miner trial and escape; Bill Miner's life as a prospector and church supporter; and Bill Fortune's comments.

CALL NUMBER: T0667:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Brennan continues with anecdotes about Bill Fortune and his wife; Bill Miner stories; Haney brothers train robbery; remittance men in Kamloops; Rideau school at Musian Flats; Father Morice and Father Le Jeune, who gave Indian names to CPR stations. TRACK 2: Talented priests; Indian quest in Red River rebellion; passion play; Indians then and now; Father Le Jeune's Chinook newspaper;, "Kamloops Wawa"; the Indian schools then and now; more on Bill Fortune and ranches.