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Archival description
Newcombe, Charles Frederic
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A.H. Maynard collection

  • PR-1258
  • Collection
  • [between 1896 and 1932]

The collection consists of four discreet collections of photographs, the bulk of which are lantern slides. The majority of the fonds consists of several sets of lantern slides, the bulk of which contain photographic subject matter dating from 1868 to 1930. The photograph collections are attributed to Albert Hatherly Maynard, son of early pioneer photographer Richard Maynard (1832-1907). Within lantern slide collections, slides from creators of other distinct lantern slide collections (likely Charles Frederick Newcombe and William A. Newcombe), appear to be included. A small number of flexible negatives are also included in one of the accessions.

A large number of lantern slides depict scenes of the Fraser River gold rush era of the 1860s, in the regions of Yale to Barkerville, Quesnel and Cottonwood in the interior of British Columbia. Many of the reproductions of photographs featured in the lantern slides in this collection are attributed early pioneer photographer’s works including those created by Richard Maynard during the 1860s and A.H. Maynard’s works produced in the 1920s. It also includes the photographic works of other early B.C. photographers including Frederick Dally (1838-1914), likely Louis A. Blanc who documented similar subjects as the Maynards particularly Barkerville, the Cariboo and the Cariboo Roads in British Columbia during the period before and after the Fraser River gold rush of the 1860s. A small number of photographic works by Frederick Dundas Todd (1858-1926) and F. [Dewitt] Reed are also contained within several of the slide collections.

Accessions 198203-025 and 198203-065 consist of slide compilations that depict a visual narrative of the history of Barkerville, the Cariboo Road and Cariboo region in the B.C. interior during the period of the 1868 Fraser River gold rush era and sixty years later in the 1920s. The bulk of the scenes of the gold mining resource industry, as well as views of transportation roads and routes along the journey to the goldfields. To a lesser extent views of other resources industries (forestry, agriculture, fishing and farming/ranching) are depicted against the nature and lands of the B.C. interior. Mining towns within the Lighting Creek and Williams Creek Districts, including Barkerville (before and after the fire of 1868), Richfield and Cameronton are represented, as well as other scenes representing the following views of gold mining operations: claims sites, posed group portraits and likenesses of miners, equipment and the production activity of early mining technology of associated mining companies, businesses and partnerships in the area. Photographs of mining claims and claims sites and the miners and labourers involved at Mucho Oro, Aurora Gold, Minnehah, Never Sweat; The Rankin Company (Grouse Creek), Ne’er do Weel (Grouse Creek) and the Canadian Grouse Company (Grouse Creek) are included in the sequences. Imagery along and of the Cariboo Road(s) are described as depicting various views, scenes and activities including: freight and trade transportation, transportation methods and transportation routes (ox pack teams, gold escorts; steamer “Reliance” and Fraser River crossings; travelers); views along the Cariboo Road(s) that include the geological terrain of the Fraser River (its river banks and surrounding forested and arid landscapes) at various points along the route to the goldfields including the Fraser Canyon and Lady Franklin Rock; examples of civil engineering as such as bridges; homes and ranches as well as accommodations such as roadhouses and hotels (70, 83, 108 and 150 Mile Houses, Pioneer Hotel, Van Winkel Hotel at Stanley, Colonial Hotel at Soda Creek and the Hastings Hotel) and businesses (Masonic Hall at Barkerville) in colonial service towns and mining communities and settlements. Indigenous communities do not appear to be identified in lantern slide captions, though the geographical regions documented in slides reflect many traditional Indigenous territories in which the Fraser River gold rush traversed and was situated. It appears that traditional Indigenous fishing methods are present in some views, likely in those of the Fraser River. Several photographs of geological specimens (gold nuggets) are included within the set. There appear to be very limited images of regional wildlife. There are a small number of group photographs reflecting the diverse population of gold miners, pioneers and travelers of the Interior B.C. (“Crew of SS "Nechacco"), including women and children. The views from the 1920s, appear to reflect A. H. Maynard’s trips to Barkerville, the Cariboo Road(s) and the Cariboo region. Finally, there are several views described as from the period in between 1868 and the 1920s. These slides depict views including those of the Fraser Valley region by F. Dundas Todd, a surveying team in “East Kootenay” and a few images described as the Okanagan.

A smaller collection of lantern slides (accession 198203-066) feature a random mix of Fraser River gold rush era views, military subjects, theatrical entertainment and other topics. Many slides appear to be images reproduced from works of art, books and other published materials. Documentation of theatrical productions include images of scenes and portraits from Shakespearean plays (Macbeth, Othello, A Winter’s Tale), as well as Anne Hathaway's cottage. It also includes documentation of the destruction of religious institutions during World War I, primarily in Ypres. Some of these slides indicate “mounted by Edgar Fleming, Victoria, B.C.”

Another collection of photographs (accession 198201-068) consist of 107 black and white flexible film negatives depicting Canadian and American views taken between the period of May and June 1914. These include views include of Bowmanville, Toronto and Niagara, Ontario in May 1914; Rochester and New York, New York in May and June, and the "Rio Grande" in Colorado in June of the same year. Photographs of American destinations such as San Francisco, Philadelphia, Atlantic City including Freemount Park, Salt Lake and [Ogden], Denver and Washington, DC are here. Several locations on Vancouver Island identified as Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay also housed in this group of photographs. This unit also includes film negatives described as “C.P.R.y [Railway] 1914”. 25 copy prints were made from these negatives due to deterioration of original film negatives.16 images of Bowmanville and Toronto in May 1914 and 9 images of Vancouver Island including Victoria, Saanich and Mill Bay are available.

Maynard, Albert Hatherly

Commission on the Provincial Lunatic Asylum, 1894

  • GR-0482
  • Series
  • 1894

This series consists of records of the Commission on the Provincial Lunatic Asylum, 1894, Commissioners, Dr. Edward S. Hasell (Chairman) and Dr. Charles F. Newcombe. Records consist of the Commissioners' handwritten, signed report (and a typescript copy), exhibits and transcripts of evidence presented at the proceedings.

British Columbia. Commission on the Provincial Lunatic Asylum, 1894

Henry Muskett fonds

  • PR-0519
  • Fonds
  • [ca. 1902]

The fonds consists of photographs and a diary kept by Henry Muskett while accompanying Dr. C.F. Newcombe on a biology project in Alaska, on the Queen Charlotte Islands and on the B.C. mainland.

Muskett, Henry, d. 1947

Muskett, Henry Joseph S., d. 1947. Victoria; Private Secretary, Government House, Landscape Architect.

Diary, June 23 - October 3, 1902, kept by Muskett when he accompanied Dr. C.F. Newcombe who was collecting botanical specimens for the Field Columbian Museum, Chicago, East Coast, Prince of Wales Island (Kasaan Bay), Alaska, Queen Charlotte Islands, and mainland of BC. There is also one loose folded sheet containing four diary pages, 12th - 14th (month not noted) covering stay at Banff on way to Vancouver. Diary also contains "Story of totem pole near Massett", "Story of pole at Massett", "Story of pole at Kayan - second part". Loose pages contain notes on distances between Skidegate and various points and "net making from fireweed". Four photograph albums transferred to Visual Records accession 198602-11.

Presented by Arthur H. Muskett (son), Victoria, 1986.

Muskett, Henry, d. 1947

Newcombe family fonds

  • PR-0356
  • Fonds
  • 1870-1955

The fonds consists of correspondence, subject files, accounts, and annotated books relating to the Newcombe family's interest in ethnology as well as the papers of C.F. and W.A. Newcombe and other members of the family. Fonds includes photographs of views of Victoria and of northwest Washington State and maps of various areas in B.C.

Newcombe (family)

Newcombe family papers

Correspondence, notebooks, subject files, accounts, annotated books, etc., of C.F. Newcombe and his son W.A. Newcombe, reflecting their interest in the ethnology, natural history and history of British Columbia. Newcombe family papers. The G.T. Emmons collection, consisting of correspondence, notes and manuscripts, mainly on the Tlingit Indians. Maynard family papers, consisting of diaries and papers of Richard and Hannah Maynard, Victoria photographers, and their son Albert. Papers of Emily Carr, and re her estate, of which W.A. Newcombe was an executor.

Volumes 21 to 30 were arranged by the BC Archives in 1975.

Volumes 31 to 59 were arranged by the Royal BC Museum, ca. 1970. BC Archives volume and file numbers have been added to the these volumes.

Volumes 239/240 were Found In Collection in the Archives in 2022 and added to the collection.

  • An asterisk beside a file number indicates that the file contains letters to or from both C.F. Newcombe and W.A. Newcombe.

Table of Contents: Box/file

Table of Contents: Microfilm reels

Detailed box and file list

Robert Brown papers

Robert Brown (1842-1895) was a naturalist who took part in several expeditions and in 1864 he was appointed Commander of the Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition. The records consist of the journal and catalogue compiled while botanist for the British Columbia Botanical Expedition, 1863-66; journals kept as commander, Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition [VIEE], 1864-65; memoir on the geography of Vancouver Island, 1868; The land of the Hydahs, 1866; journals kept by A. Barnston, J. Buttle, T. Lewis, R. McDonald, J.Meade, F. Whymper during the VIEE in 1864 [vols. 1 and 2]; Vancouver Island Exploration Committee papers, including minute book, 1864-1865, correspondence, applications, bills and receipts, orders and reports issued by Brown; private correspondence, 1865-1895 [vol. 3]. Included in volumes 4 and 5 are transcripts of the VIEE journals, and some transcripts of Robert Brown's material. Two items were transferred to the BC Archives Library. A copy of volume 1, file 7 is catalogued as NWp 580 B862c ( previously NWp 581.9711 E96). A portion of the Catalogue of animals, plants, seeds, minerals collected by Robert Brown (from volume. 1, file 11), published in The Farmer, May 16, 1866 is catalogued as NWp 580 B862c. Both items were filmed by the Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions (CIHM no. 16844 and no. 16588 respectively). The originals could not be located as of October and August 2010. The Robert Brown records were microfilmed by the BC Archives in 1986. At that time, volume 1, files 7 and 9 were noted as missing.