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Item First Nations reserves--British Columbia
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Anthony Walsh interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): An Okanagan visit RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969 [summer] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This interview by Imbert Orchard was conducted in the summer of 1969 and given the title "An Okanagan Visit". It deals with Mr. Anthony Walsh's teaching career at Inkameep Reserve School whe;re he encouraged arts and culture in First Nations students. He discusses coming back to the Okanagan after leaving in 1942; the vineyards on Inkameep reserve; the decline in students since the 1950s;. He states that Chief Baptiste George's death in the 1950s led to slippage in the natives' quality of life; and discusses the impact of Alcoholics Anonymous. Mr. Walsh describes changes in the Okana;gan and the appeal of different places; his own life; his enjoyment of solitude and his creative endeavors. Mr. Walsh criticizes white people; comments on inspections of his work by the federal gover;nment, and notes how he was able to win the confidence of the children. Mr. Walsh recounts his own background, including upbringing in Ireland and Scotland; how he acquired his teaching position; his; abilities as an art teacher, and his desire to give a sense of the past to the children of the Okanagan. [TRACK 2: blank.];

Tommy Lick interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-10-25 SUMMARY: Mr. Tommy Lick discusses the status of the Indian reservation; selling or trading salmon and furs in Kamloops; salmon in the river; French settlers in the Cariboo; the barn at Spences Bridge; Indian names and languages; status of the reservation Indians; chiefs and priests; broken promises to Indians.

Anthony Walsh interview

Tape summary: T1071:0001 Mr. Anthony Walsh discusses his experiences as a teacher at Inkameep Reserve School near Oliver, 1932 to 1942. He explains how he started teaching; the origin of his interest in Indian culture; his impressions of Inkameep reserve; early work with the Indian children; an Inkameep Christmas card; European interest in the Inkameep artwork; the nature of the children's art; native reactions; to white culture; the children's creative work; the school system; teaching at 6 Mile Creek; approaches to art; conditions on the reserve; why he went to Inkameep and then stayed; a description of Inkameep and the influence of the Old Chief. TRACK 2: Mr. Walsh discusses the North Okanagan reserve; the character and traditions at Inkameep; rock paintings; the school; Indian stories as drama; beginnings of school plays; costumes and masks; performances; evaluation by children of plays; reactions; "Tortoise and Hare" play; the children's reaction to school at various ages; and Chief Baptiste George.

CALL NUMBER: T1071:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Children's drama, dance, and art on Inkameep Reserve, 1932-1942 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1962-07-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Walsh discusses how Indian cowboys sang native songs; a contest to collect Indian songs; the development of dances from movements of animals such as the deer dance and butterfly dance; native art forms; a description of costumes; recitals; impression on white people; a "radio studio" at the school; recording at CBC Vancouver; a recital at the opening of Thunderbird Park in Victoria; ;art exhibitions in BC and abroad. TRACK 2: Mr. Walsh discusses the Inkameep nativity play; the story of the play; white interests; the Okanagan Arts and Crafts Society; leaving Inkameep; the effects; of war and how the school closed; the effects of the Inkameep experiment; the conditions on the reserve at the time of the interview; a growing understanding by white people; present problems and how; cooperation with white people is essential.;

CALL NUMBER: T1071:0003 track 1 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A visit with Emily Carr, and experience as a teacher on an Indian reserve RECORDED: [location unknown], 1962-07-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Anthony Walsh discusses his visit with Emily Carr in 1939 or 1940, and their discussion of art and native culture; reflections on his Inkameep experience as the "richest part of my life"; the teacher/pupil relationship; growth from early failures; relations with adult Indians; a comparison of Okanagan Indian culture to other Indian cultures; how Okanagan culture has changed.

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