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The Olsson Student

Set of 10 gouache and ink drawings with text alongside each drawing. The series depicts Emily Carr entering Tregenna Wood, at St Ives, to sketch. She is watched by fellow art students Noel Simmons, Arthur Burgess, Hilda Fearon, Will Ashton and Marion Horne (who appear in the final image) as she heads into the woods. Sketches and text are a cumulative depiction, a new item of clothing or accoutrements is added each scene visually and in words..


Series consists of sketchbooks created by Jean Donald Gow between 1920 to 1954.


One sketchbook with 9 pages of drawings both watercolour and graphite. All are untitled so titles are based on subject matter. Originally the sketchbook would have held many more pages. The back cover is not extant.


One sketchbook with 34 drawings by Emily Carr. The drawings are in the main abstract forest and tree designs and dating from 1930 to 1939.

Sister And I From Victoria To London Memoirs Of Ods And Ends

One illustrated journal or "funny book" titled "Sister and I From Victoria to London Memoirs of Ods and Ends" by Emily Carr covering her trip from Victoria B.C. to London, England en-route to art studies in France. The images depict humorous events as the sisters travel by rail across Canada to Quebec City where they board The Empress of Ireland across the Atlantic Ocean to Liverpool, and then on to London. Places in Canada include Victoria, Vancouver, Sicamous, Glacier House, Edmonton, Calgary, Medicine Hat, Winnipeg, Montreal, Quebec City.

Rithet family personal papers and business records

Series consists of correspondence and letterbooks of R.P. Rithet, Elizabeth (Munro) Rithet (wife of R.P.R.), John Rithet, W.J. Munro, 1868-1915; miscellaneous notebooks and papers of various members of the Rithet family; ledgers and cash books of Welch, Rithet and Co., 1863-1879 with sundry time sheets, 1944; indentures, 1860-1897; sealing captain's assignments with R.P. Rithet and Co. concerning indebtedness and bill of sale of various schooners.

Records regarding Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition

The series consists of records relating to The "Province" Exploring Expedition of Vancouver Island, 1894 and 1896.

The first expedition, sponsored by the Province newspaper was led by the Rev. William W. Bolton and explored Vancouver Island from Cape Commerell to Woss Lake in the summer of 1894. The second, which was organized by John William Laing but led by Bolton, explored the area between Woss Lake and Alberni in 1896.

The series consists of Bolton's pencil journals covering the 1894 expedition (2 vols.); a scrapbook of clippings from the Province of Bolton's journal entries, 1894 and 1896, with introductions and some additional articles; transcripts of the Province articles; and a notebook listing photographs taken and giving barometer, thermometer, and pedometer readings.

The series also includes three maps that were originally stored with the scrapbook and ten water colours by T.B. Norgate which were physically part of the scrapbook.

Provincial poster collection

Series consists of posters created by various B.C. government ministries. Topics and events include, but are not limited to, centennial and bicentennial celebrations, travel within the province, Expo 86, venereal disease prevention, drinking-driving counterattacks, trades' skill profiles, birds, animals, and environmental protection.

Pringle family correspondence

The series consists of letters from Alexander David Pringle to his wife and his father in England, describing his journey from England and his life in Hope; letters of his wife, Marie Louisa Pringle, to Pringle's relatives and to her brother in England; outline notes of a book on B.C. [drawn up by M.L. Pringle for A.D. Pringle?]; pen and ink sketch of interior of rectory, Hope, 1859; post card, 1909, with picture of "Church of England, Hope, B.C.".

Personal and business papers

The series chronicles the whole of Cotton's life and reflects his many interests and activities. Records include: diaries, daybooks, school report cards, undergraduate papers, and personal correspondence inward plus letters written by Cotton while serving with Canadian Army overseas, 1940-1945, financial records, business correspondence, and project files relating to Cotton's work as architect and interior designer, along with notes, reports letters, and sketches relating to heritage buildings in British Columbia (primarily in Victoria).


One sketchbook with 43 drawings by Emily Carr. The drawings appear to have been created on her 1929 trip up the west coast of Vancouver Island to Nootka Sound and another in 1930 to Quatsino Sound. They include sketches of landscapes, settlements, beaches, and stylized interpretations of forests and trees, along with a handful of copies she made of First Nations designs on the Captain Jack pole at Yuquot. Several pages have notations about colour, geographical locations or descriptions of scenery.

Mount St. Mary Hospital records

Series consists of records related to Mount St. Mary Hospital in Victoria, during the time that the Sisters of St. Ann administered and staffed the institution.

Mount St. Mary Hospital was founded in 1941 as a home for “the aged and infirm and chronic cases” as an adjunct to the nearby St. Joseph’s Hospital. The land on which the hospital was built was purchased in 1939 from the Roman Catholic Diocese of Victoria, and that same year the Provincial Government announced a grant of $50,000 to the Sisters for the construction of the facility. The first building was completed in 1941.

In 1965, Mount St. Mary Hospital was asked to initiate an extended care program. A Board of Management was formed in 1967 and the constitution and bylaws were approved in 1968. The board consisted of nine members, six appointed by the Sisters of St. Ann, one appointed by medical staff and one by the City of Victoria. In 2003, the old Mount St. Mary Hospital on Burdette Street was demolished and the new Mount St. Mary on the corner of Fairfield Road and Quadra Street opened. From September 1990, Mount St. Mary Hospital has been owned and operated by the Marie Esther Society.

The records in this series are arranged into five subseries: A. Administration; B. Board of Management and Committees; C. Finance; D. Patient records; E. Photographs, artworks, and moving images.

London Student Sojourn

The London Student Sojourn contains 21 illustrations depicting boarding house life at Mrs Dodd's, 4 Bulstrode Street, London, England. The illustrations are painted directly onto the right hand pages and accompany detailed verses typed on paper glued to the left hand pages. The verses and illustrations describing the boarders, aspects of communal living, commeraderie as well as personal or situational discord. Two typed pages of the preface and the 21 left hand pages are not

Lightning Creek correspondence and reports

  • GR-0199
  • Series
  • 1909-1932

The series consists of correspondence and reports created by the Dept. of Mines between 1909 and 1932 re Lightning Creek Gold Gravels and Drainage Company Ltd. and the activities of Charles Henry Unverzagt.

4 blueprint maps were transferred to the Map Division and given individual item level numbers:
CM/A2066: Section six (6) Lightning Creek drill map, Wingdam, B.C.
CM/A2067: [Map of the Cariboo Mining District] / drawn by E. Hence, 35 B'way, N.Y. City
CM/B2038: Plan of lease holds and real estate claims, Lightning Creek owned by the late Cariboo Consolidated Ltd. (excepting the Gladstone R.E) and purchased by L.A. bonner about 1907 / traced by Vancouver Map & Blue from original prepared by Cariboo Consolidated Ltd.
CM/B2039: Map of Lightning Creek, Cariboo, B.C. showing properties and concessions of the Lightning Creek Gold, Gravels and Drainage CoY Ltd. / E. Kingscombe Arch. Vancouver, B.C.

A promotional poster was transferred to the Visual Records Division and given the item number PDP09743.

British Columbia. Dept. of Mines. Deputy Minister


One sketchbook containing 54 pages of drawings or sketches by Emily Carr. The drawings and watercolour sketches principally relate to her 1928 trip to the Gitxsan villages of Gitanyow (Kitwancool), Gitwangak (Kitwanga), Kispiox and other locales in the vicinity and include images of totem poles, villages and landscapes, her renditions of First Nations design motifs.

Kendall & I [funny book]

MS-3326 consists of one funny book, created by Emily Carr in 1901. The funny book is comprised of seven pairs of works, which consist of graphite and ink drawings with accompanying hand-written verse. The work details the shared adventure of Carr and her friend, Hannah Kendall, as they attempted to view the funeral procession of Queen Victoria in London, February 2, 1901.

Each pair of works has been described at the item level.

Journalism and essays

Series consists of articles, typescript drafts, essays, biographies, notes, clippings, etc. relating to Alaska, the history of British Columbia, historic sites in British Columbia, Indigenous people of British Columbia, the pelagic sealing industry, etc. The series also includes invitations to events and 124 black and white photographs, mostly of Smith's time in Japan and China.

John Douglas Leechman papers

John Douglas Leechman, anthropologist and author, was born in London, England on December 20, 1890. Educated in the United Kingdom, Egypt and Switzerland, Leechman emigrated to Canada in his youth, served with the Canadian Mounted Rifles in the First World War and, after demobilization in 1917, apprenticed at the Victoria Public Library. In 1918, Leechman enrolled at the University of Washington to pursue a degree in Library Science but left the university prior to completing his degree. In 1924, while residing in Victoria, he applied for and won a position with the Anthropology Division of the National Museum of Canada in Ottawa, where he remained until 1955. During his thirty one years in Ottawa, Leechman spent part of his free time teaching evening courses in journalism at Carleton University and acquiring his BSc., M.A. and Ph.D. degrees. In 1955 Leechman left the National Museum to become the first Director of the Glenbow Foundation in Calgary. He retired from this position in 1957, moved to Victoria and was shortly thereafter engaged by the Federal Government to aid in the restoration of Fort Langley and Fort Prince of Wales. When asked of his recreational activities and favorite pastimes, Leechman replied "writing". His years teaching journalism at Carlton and his extensive bibliography of about five hundred titles, attest to his leisure time pursuits. Leechman's co-authorship of the Dictionary of Canadianisms (1967), his activities, since 1968, as a Canadian consultant for the Oxford English Dictionary and his compilation of an extensive glossary of fur trade terms, found within this body of papers, are further testimony to his recreational pursuits and lexicographical interests. Dr. Leechman, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, died in Victoria in 1980. The bulk of the records consist of Leechman's theses dealing with native peoples and literature, his personal correspondence files (1925-1978) and typescripts of material submitted for publication including articles, books, radio scripts, and reviews. The records also include an extensive unpublished glossary of fur trade terms, the "Dictionary of Canadian English" which never appeared in print as a unit but became part of the Dictionary of Canadianisms; glossary notes for the Oxford English Dictionary and journalism lecture notes. Historical subject files which include material relating to Fort Langley, domestic files, diplomas, certificates, and some of his wife Ruth's general correspondence and committee files have been preserved. The records also contain some archaeological field notes relating to Leechman's study of the Cape Dorset Inuit culture as well as his field notes of archaeological sites in B.C. and the Yukon. Artwork comprising 157 pieces was removed from the fonds in 1987 and moved to the PDP collection under the PDP number 06180. In 2023 they were intellectually moved back to the fonds and added to this description. The artworks consist of drawings of Indigenous tools, botanical subjects and Indigenous peoples; many of which were used for the books, 'Edible Wild Plants' and Native Tribes of Canada'. Some of the artworks were done by artist Ted Noram. The BC Archives library has catalogued some of Leechman's publications.

Indian Designs from Boas

One sketchbook with 30 drawings by Emily Carr. The drawings are of First Nations designs and landscapes including Alert Bay dating from 1930 to 1939. The drawings are copied from illustrations in Franz Boas, Primitive Art, published in Oslo, Norway, 1927. Carr copied them as a means of familiarizing herself with the forms and artistic conventions of First Nations monumental art of the Northwest Coast of British Columbia. Information matching each sketch to a page in Primitive Art was provided by Carr scholar Dr Gerta Moray and is filed in the documentation file for PDP05647.

Flora Alfreda Hamilton Burns papers

Flora Alfreda Hamilton Burns (1891-1983) was a freelance writer based in Victoria. This collection contains her research notes and correspondence and also material relating to her family. Her maternal grandfather, W.J. Macdonald, arrived in Victoria to work for the Hudson's Bay Company in 1851. He later became the mayor of Victoria, a member of the legislative assembly and finally a senator. Her father, Gavin Hamilton Burns, was the manager of the Bank of British North America in Victoria between 1889-1901. Her mother, Mrs. Gavin (nee Flora Alexandrina Macdonald) Burns, was a close friend of Sophie Pemberton (Beanlands/Dean Drummond). Emily Carr was a friend of both Flora Hamilton Burns and her mother. There are letters in this collection from the artist Sophie Pemberton to Flora Alexandrina Burns during her travels to California (1902), Europe (1902-1904) and later, her residence in England. The close friendship between the two results in a very informative correspondence. The letters from Emily Carr are equally interesting, revealing details of the artist's life and travels (1924-1943). The collection also includes a letter from Edith Carr to Mrs. Flora Burns (1891) and a letter from Lizzie Carr to Miss Flora Hamilton Burns (1924). Flora Hamilton Burns published a number of articles on Emily Carr and participated in exhibitions and other projects to commemorate the artist. Notes and drafts for the articles and other projects are in this collection. Boxes 3 and 4 of the collection contain material relating to Flora's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Gavin Burns. Their correspondence provides a glimpse of life in Victoria in the 1890s. Mr. Gavin Burns' notes on the history of the Bank of British North America are also included. Earlier accessions of Miss Burns papers include Add. MSS. 317 and MS-2663.

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