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Canadian Pacific Railway Company
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William M. Sloan fonds

  • PR-2376
  • Fonds
  • 1883-1994

The fonds consists primarily of the professional records of Bill Sloan, and document his career in the forestry industry—especially as it related to land management for Canadian Pacific and the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway. Many of the records appear to have been collected by Sloan either because of his personal interest in the topic or for his professional work, and as such, many of the records fall outside of the time frame of Sloan’s professional career.

The records have been described in two series: MS-3341, Professional papers; and MS-3342, Photographs.

Sloan, William McDougal , 1919-2010

Technical drawings, map, and construction specifications for BCCSS ships

The series consists primarily of technical drawings of ships and shipping infrastructure owned by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, British Columbia Coast Steamship Service (BCCSS), Canadian Pacific Navigation Company, Canadian National Steamship Company, Canadian Pacific Steamship Ltd., and Columbia and Kootenay Steam Navigation Company.

Technical drawings depict decks, accommodation areas, rigging, dining saloons, cabins, ship sections, and machinery such as propeller shafts.

The majority of the drawings were created by the BCCSS. Marsh organized these drawings in 27 rolls. Each roll contained multiple drawings and was dedicated to a single ship or a select group of ships.

The single map in the series depicts Newcastle Island, where the Canadian Pacific Railway Company built a resort in the 1930s.

The construction specifications, dating from 1920, are for BCCSS ship Princess Louise II.

The records were donated directly to BC Archives by Earl Marsh in 1988.

BC Archives has retained all records in the series.

Scrapbooks, Canadian Pacific Railway Company records, and subject files

The series consists of scrapbooks and subject files created by Earl Marsh together with original records, primarily from the Canadian Pacific Navigation Company, the British Columbia Coast Steamship Service (BCCSS), and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Created predominantly from 1900 to 1975, the records document the history of these companies and maritime history in general for British Columbia, Washington State, and Alaska.

The series consists of records about the following companies: Canadian Pacific Navigation Company; the BCCSS; the Canadian Pacific Railway Company; British Columbia Lake and River Service; Canadian Pacific Steamships Limited; Canadian National Steamship Company; Union Steamship Company of British Columbia; Washington State Ferries; Puget Sound Navigation Company; Black Ball Ferries Ltd.; Black Ball Transport Inc.; British Columbia Ferry Corporation; and Alaska Steamship Company.

Marsh maintained some of the records in scrapbooks dedicated to particular subjects. He also kept subject files which had titles and contents similar to scrapbooks. Scrapbooks and subject files about the BCCSS were typically arranged in rough alphabetical order. Additionally, Marsh kept records from the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and its subsidiaries in binders. These records, as well as scrapbooks that were not about the BCCSS, were grouped according to subject. All materials were arranged according to documentary form. For example, all of Marsh’s scrapbooks were kept separate from his subject files.

The scrapbooks and subject files assembled by Marsh include, but are not limited to, the following documentary forms: photographs; BCCSS financial records, correspondence, and reports; promotional materials for ships and cruises; newspaper and magazine clippings; ticket stubs from ships; sale agreements for ships; engineers’ reports; and insurance adjusters’ reports. Other Canadian Pacific Railway Company documents include, but are not limited to, contracts, financial records, annual directors’ reports, staff records, engineers’ reports, insurance adjusters’ reports, passenger lists, rate and schedule announcements, menus, employee newsletters, and ship schedules.

This series makes up the majority of the records in the collection.

Marsh gathered the bulk of the records between 1964 and 1973.

BC Archives has retained all records in the series with the exception of duplicates of menus, a file of newspaper trivia clippings, and six sexually explicit, photocopied comics.

Earl Marsh collection

  • PR-2362
  • Collection
  • 1868-1999; predominant 1922-1975

The collection consists of the records gathered by Earl Marsh, who intended to preserve the history of the British Columbia Coast Steamship Service (BCCSS) and the maritime history of British Columbia generally. He primarily collected records from BCCSS employees and their family members, as well as libraries and archives.

The collection also consists of the employment records of Earl Marsh, personal correspondence pertaining to his collecting activities, and records Marsh probably used in his position as accountant for the BCCSS.

Marsh accumulated the bulk of his collection between 1964 and 1973, during the last years in which the BCCSS provided passenger services. The records themselves were created between 1868 and 1999, with the majority created between 1922 and 1975. Records in the collection pertain primarily to the province of British Columbia, Washington State, and the state of Alaska.

The main subject of Earl Marsh’s collection is the BCCSS. Marsh was interested in the practical operations of the organization and its regional context, so his collection includes records about the BCCSS’s privately-owned competitors, other branches of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company engaged in shipping, and the establishment of government ferry services in British Columbia.

Operational records of the BCCSS provide insight into the lives of crew members who worked on ships, the financial state of the company, the design and construction of ships and shipping infrastructure, coastal weather and tide patterns, and significant shipwrecks.

As an employee of the BCCSS, Marsh had a special interest in crew members. The records reveal the job duties, union contracts, and company guidelines that shaped the lives of the workers. In addition, Marsh’s collection contains a small selection of records about the Chinese Canadian crew members of BCCSS ships. Many of these workers were employed at the time of the Chinese Exclusion Act and experienced systematic discrimination by their employer.

Marsh was also particularly fascinated by the passenger services offered by the BCCSS on their line of 32 “Princess” steamships. Prior to the First World War, Princess ships represented the height of elegance and efficiency in coastal transportation. Marsh gathered numerous photographs, menus, deck plans, and newspaper clippings that convey some of the glamour of passenger travel aboard these ships.

The records originated with different creators. The majority of the records were created by the Canadian Pacific Navigation Company, which was eventually taken over by the BCCSS, the BCCSS, and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Some records were created by other branches of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, such as the British Columbia Lake and River Service.

Documentary forms include scrapbooks about the BCCSS, subject files, scrapbooks about other shipping companies, original BCCSS volumes such as log and time books, ephemera and photographic negatives, files of personal records, and rolls of technical drawings. Records were originally arranged in groupings according to their subject (often indicated in a folder title) and documentary form. Within some subject groupings, Marsh arranged files alphabetically.

The subjects of BCCSS-related scrapbooks include the numerous ships in the Princess line, staff members, and other aspects of the organization's history. Among many other material types, the scrapbooks contain news clippings, original company correspondence and financial records, photographs, and technical drawings. Marsh arranged these scrapbooks in rough alphabetical order.

Marsh maintained subject files on numerous ships in the Princess line, BCCSS staff members and history, and the history of other shipping companies, including the Puget Sound Navigation Company and Black Ball Ferries Limited. He kept his files on BCCSS ships in rough alphabetical order.

Marsh’s scrapbooks about non-BCCSS companies cover other branches of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and organizations based in Washington State and the state of Alaska. These scrapbooks were not maintained in any discernible order.

Marsh maintained log books and time books from the Canadian Pacific Navigation Company and BCCSS; however, few complete sets of log books and time books exist for various ships. He also collected road maps and ephemera such as post cards, along with photographs, negatives, and slides, in random order in shoeboxes.

Marsh included his own personal correspondence and employment records in the collection. These materials were originally received in labelled files.

Marsh kept technical drawings in large rolls. Often, a roll featured upwards of 20 drawings of a single ship.

The archivist arranged the collection in six series that reflect Marsh’s original order:

MS-3254 - Scrapbooks, Canadian Pacific Railway Company records, and subject files
MS-3255 - Ship log books
MS-3256 - Time books
MS-3257 - Personal correspondence, employment records, and journal
MS-3258 - Photographs, road maps, and ephemera
MS-3259 - Technical drawings, map, and construction specifications for BCCSS ship Princess Louise II

Marsh, Earl John

Across Canada in fifteen minutes

Travelogue. Travel film of sights from a train trip across Canada, including footage of Nova Scotia, St. John, St Andrew's, Quebec City, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Niagara Falls, Hamilton, Georgian Bay, a Great Lakes steamboat, Fort William, Kenora, Winnipeg, Regina, Saskatoon, Bassano Dam, Calgary, Edmonton, Banff, and Lake Louise. B.C. footage includes: the Spiral Tunnels at Field (with train passing through); Field; open-topped railway observation car with sightseeing passengers; Glacier; Mt. Sir Donald; Albert Canyon; train en route in Fraser Canyon; Vancouver (street scenes, Hotel Vancouver, Stanley Park, English Bay bathers); CPR steamers en route to and at Victoria; Legislative Buildings; Empress Hotel.

Stan Humphrey fonds

  • PR-2322
  • Fonds
  • 1905-1973

The fonds consists of records documenting the professional career of Stan Humphrey. As a train dispatcher for the E&N Railroad, the records relate to his work as an employee for the E&N and primarily his union work for the Order of Railroad Telegraphers. The records include minutes, correspondence, timetables, constitutions, and human resources records as well as 8 black and white prints. In addition, there is an sound recording of the last morse code messages via telegraph dispatched by Humphrey at the Esquimalt Station on July 12, 1973.
There are also some historic E&N records that Humphrey collected that date from 1905.

Humphrey, Stanley Norman

Donald MacLachlan fonds

  • PR-2303
  • Fonds
  • 1886-2011

The fonds consists of records documenting the professional and personal life of Donald MacLachlan. The predominant theme of the records is MacLachlan's involvement in the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway, its history, operations, and advocacy when threatened with closure. The records contain textual material, photographs and plans, maps and drawings both created and collected by MacLachlan.

MacLachlan, Donald F.

Bordertown Publishing collection

  • PR-2282
  • Collection
  • 1886-1966 ; predominant 1920s-1950s

The collection consists of photographic negatives that mainly depict railway operations in western Canada, particularly British Columbia, from 1886 to 1966. The collection was accumulated from photographs shot or collected by Albert Paull, Roy Jennings and P.H. "Spike" Brown, as well as some other private collectors. These photographs document the history, equipment and operations of the Canadian Pacific Railway, Canadian National Railways, Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway, and Pacific Great Eastern Railway. A wide range of subjects is depicted, including locomotives (steam, electric and diesel), rolling stock, snow plows, stations, water towers, trestles, bridges, right-of-way scenes, and interior views. In addition, there is a small group of industrial subjects, including images relating to the National Harbours Board, various collieries, the Victoria and Sidney Railway, and a number of lumber companies on Vancouver Island. The negatives are organized in five alpha-numeric series, using prefixes that indicate the subject railways -- CP, CN, EN, and PGE -- and IND (for industrial and miscellaneous subjects). The collection also contain a small amount of textual material, including two copies of Bordertown's published "Catalog No. 1" and two typescript copies of the complete Bordertown collection index, prepared in 1979. (See "Finding Aids", below.)

Bordertown Publishing

Between ourselves : The Luck of La Chance ; Folk songs

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating fr;om different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. The first part of this episode [archived as T2463:0001] is "The Luck of La Chance" by Imbert Orchard, a special documentary presentati;on about the 1910 avalanche on Rogers Pass, which took an estimated sixty lives. It is a personal account of the disaster by Bill La Chance, the sole survivor. Other voices heard include: Mr. and Mrs;. Philip Parker, Andy Gray, Doug Abrahamson, and G.H. Williamson. The second part of the this episode, "Folk Songs", is a collection of folk songs, including some from B.C.. The vocalists include: Cla;ire Klein, Bud Spencer, and James L. Johnson, with conductor Bud Henderson.f@!NYKlein, Claire singer ;f@!NYSpencer, Bud

singer ;f@!NYJohnson, James. L

sing;erf@!NYHenderson, Bud ; conductor;

Bill Bennett : [press conference, January 9, 1979]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bill Bennett: Discusses CPR's proposed takeover of MacMillan Bloedel RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1979-01-09 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: At a press conference in Victoria on 9 January 1979, Premier Bill Bennett discusses Canadian Pacific Investment's proposed takeover of Macmillan Bloedel. Also heard are NDP MLA Charles Barber, commenting on foreign ownership in BC, and Jim Nelsen, Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, on Liquor Board regulations. [TRACK 2: blank.]

[Kamloops] : [footage and out-takes]

Footage. Various shots of commercial activity and social life in and around Kamloops, including: high-angle views of the main street and store fronts; high school classroom and office interiors; students outside school and enroute to Kamloops Athletic Association, where they take part in gymnastics; sandwich shop storefront and window display; Kamloops Motor Co. Limited (car dealership and service station); farming scenes; cattle; a dairy operation (including milking machines, milk processing and bottling); Silver Tip Bottlers soda pop bottling plant and delivery truck; more storefronts; Palm Dairies Limited; pool hall interiors (game in progress); White Way Laundry & Dry Cleaners (lots of interior shots -- washing, drying, pressing, etc.); panoramic views; bus depot and departing bus; beer parlour interiors (with card game); the Kamloops Indian Residential School (showing children at play on the school grounds); fire engines; arrival of CPR train at railway station (with large steam locomotive #2707); warehouse; log boom; camping and trail riding scenes (mostly b&w), ending at a dude ranch (?); panoramic view of Kamloops and surroundings (b&w); CPR engine #2703 and train departing (b&w); fishing on lake (b&w).

Coquihalla by rail and Vancouver waterfront

The item is an amateur film reel containing two brief films. The first records a train trip along the Canadian Pacific Railway's Coquihalla route taken around 1955. Brief shot at the end of the film shows a ship caught against Second Narrows Bridge, Vancouver, being pulled away by tugboats. The second shows Vancouver waterfront, rail yards, and longshoring and shipping activity, ca. 1933.

Reid Johnston interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Railroading in B.C. : Reid Johnston RECORDED: [location unknown], 1980-01-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In an interview with Robert Turner, Reid Johnston discusses his memories of railroading: background -- born 1893 in Washington state; spent much of his early life in California; became office boy at Nakusp for the CPR at age 16; after a year, he became a station agent at Halcyon Hot Springs for 8 years; then worked in telegraph agency in Kelowna, then Penticton; becoming a brake man; returning to being dispatcher at a number of different stations; retiring in Summerland; becoming magistrate; became president of CPR pioneers association; describes operation at Nakusp, Hotsprings, Penticton braking experience, job at Nicola, night shift in Merritt; his love of telegraphing; living in a box car at Beaverdell; anecdote about mixed-up caskets in Summerland. TRACK 2: Mr. Johnston discusses: working at Coalmont; disaster at Coalmont after he left were 13 men were killed; working at Summerland -- Japanese community, large amounts of fruit being shipped, mostly handled passenger traffic; he had 1200 employees under his jurisdiction at one point; union politics; jobs in railroading dropped severely in later years; opinion of CPR as employer; later life; sale of property; story of a robbery of a safe in Summerland. (End of interview)

John Davies interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Railroading in B.C. : John Davies RECORDED: [location unknown], 1980-09-17 SUMMARY: John Davies, a former CPR shop foreman, discusses: railroad shop practices; machinist apprentices; all components of steam locomotives required attention at specific intervals; describes different roundhouses in B.C.; class two repairs were much more extensive than class three ones; job was to keep the traffic moving through the roundhouse; foreman was very connected to floor of shop but also to office demands; Revelstoke shop maintained a large number of locomotives. (Rest of interview is not transcribed).

Wally Huffman interview

CALL NUMBER: T3809:0001 RECORDED: North Vancouver (B.C.), 1980-01-24 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In an interview with Robert Turner, retired CPR locomotive engineer and fireman W.F. Huffman discusses: wiping and firing out of Grand Forks; learning the trade and operating during the Depression years. TRACK 2: W.F. Huffman discusses: coal firing a locomotive; move to Revelstoke to operate oil burners; operations out of Revelstoke; company pensioners; bidding for jobs; engineering exams and requirements.

CALL NUMBER: T3809:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Railroading in B.C. : W.F. Huffman RECORDED: North Vancouver (B.C.), 1980-01-24 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: W.F. Huffman discusses: operations on Arrowhead branch; helpers out of Beavermouth; comments on 5900s, 2800s, and other power differences with the coming of diesels. (End of interview)

Marjorie Parker interview

CALL NUMBER: T2628:0001 RECORDED: Revelstoke (B.C.), 1977-01-25 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Family background; oriental population; characters up the Big Bend, ca. 1920; pack trains and prospecting up the Bend; early Revelstoke history; CPR; churches; business; red light district. TRACK 2: Prospectors in the 1920s; school in Revelstoke, A.E. Miller; entertainment; making of the film "Silent Barriers" [i.e., "The Great Barrier"]; first marriage and personal experiences up the Bend; work and interests outside the home; father's jobs; CPR strike 1902; ice cutting on the Columbia; south country communities.

CALL NUMBER: T2628:0002 RECORDED: Revelstoke (B.C.), [date unknown] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: More on A.E. Miller; natural disasters; more on father's jobs -- surveying, cattle ranching, dairying, forest ranger; Indians; hobo jungle around 1915; family history; building of Connaught tunnel; snake rooms in old hotels; formation of the Revelstoke Art Club. [TRACK 2: blank?]

John Middleton interview

CALL NUMBER: T1392:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Railroading in the early days RECORDED: Revelstoke (B.C.), 1975-02-18 SUMMARY: Family background; early railroading and other jobs; comments and events; comments on the Connaught Tunnel and the Spiral Tunnels; change from coal to oil as fuel for engines; change from steam to diesel; women's suffrage movement; anecdotes and comments on Revelstoke life; prohibition years; Arrowhead branch line; river boats.

CALL NUMBER: T1392:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Railroading in the early days RECORDED: Revelstoke (B.C.), 1975-02-18 SUMMARY: Information on Mrs. Middleton; miscellaneous information on snow removal; caribou in Revelstoke, mountaineering; royal trains; gold trains; comments on mining east of Revelstoke; farming in the south area; Kootenay development; Williamson's Lake; today's transportation.

Joris Daem interview

CALL NUMBER: T1391:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Revelstoke, 1917-1975 RECORDED: Revelstoke (B.C.), 1975-02-17 SUMMARY: Parents background; childhood; description of Revelstoke; houses lived in; chores; play; school days; size; subjects; anecdotes; extracurricular activities; public health; facilities; anecdotes; epidemics; churches; jobs; travels in the U.S. and Canada from 1928 onward; speakeasy; travel service; bus driver, bodyguard, organised Young Liberals in 1933; truck driver; Depression in Revelstoke; more on jobs and travel; farming in Wigwam; assistant park warden; utility man for provincial government.

CALL NUMBER: T1391:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Revelstoke, 1917-1975 RECORDED: Revelstoke (B.C.), 1975-02-17 & 03-07 SUMMARY: Working on the CPR from 1945 onward; anecdotes and incidents; changing from coal to bunker fuel; change from steam to diesel; structure and method of local government; provincial and municipal law enforcement; personal involvement in civic organisations; comments on the Columbia River Treaty; how Revelstoke has developed as a city.

Jack Dale interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Tofino-Clayoquot : Jack Dale RECORDED: [location unknown], 1979 SUMMARY: In an interview with Bob Bossin, Jack Dale discusses: why people came out from England to Vancouver Island in the early twentieth century (because the CPR was promoting land speculation); Vargas Island was advertised, and 14 families went there; CPR was owned by men who used to be involved in railroading in Great Britain; in Canada, people got land from the government, but CPR was very involved in the process; the steamship "Maquinna"; CPR a very capitalist organization; government repossession of settlers' land if taxes were not paid; story about Fred Tibbs; working class nature of many settlers on Vancouver Island's west coast.

Andrew J. Onderdonk fonds

  • PR-1803
  • Fonds
  • [ca. 1881]

The fonds consists of photographs depicting the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, Pacific Section, including views of landscapes, tunnels, structures, construction workers, First Nations along the route, and portraits of the Onderdonk family, business associates, and friends.

Onderdonk, Andrew J., 1848-1905

[Bennett - CP lands]

News item. Premier Bennett at a press conference. He says the CPR made a contract, years ago, with provincial government to run the E&N line "in perpetuty," even though the CPR has sold most of the land through which it runs. Traffic on the northern part of the line is increasing, Bennett says, as are the gross revenues. If service was discontinued, there would be a big increase in highway traffic, so its necessary to hold the CPR to its obligation.

[E&N takeover]

News item. The CPR wants to abandon the E&N railway line because two trestles need extensive repair. Unidentified spokesman says BC government is willing to buy the line if the CPR will return all the free land it received when the line was first put in.

Patrick O'Farrell fonds

  • PR-1641
  • Fonds
  • 1900, 1912-1933

The fonds consists of O'Farrell's correspondence relating to his work with the CPR.

O'Farrell, Patrick

A.I. McLean fonds

  • PR-1594
  • Fonds
  • 1877

The fonds consists of McLean's survey book for a survey near Edmonton.

McLean, A.I.

George A. Keefer fonds

  • PR-1589
  • Fonds
  • 1881-1884

The fonds consists of copies of outward telegrams of George A. Keefer pertaining to progress reports on railway construction.

Keefer, George A.

C.F. Hanington fonds

  • PR-1580
  • Fonds
  • 1874-1876 [Photocopied 194-?]

The fonds consists of Hanington's letterbook.

Hanington, C.F.

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