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Floods--British Columbia
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Water volume runoff forecasting files

  • GR-4241
  • Series
  • 1919-1983

This series consists of water volume runoff forecasting files created by the Water Rights Branch and its successor, the Water Management Branch. Data in the files on water flow and water volume was collected from 1919-1983, but the majority of the records were created from around 1936-1977. Records relate to forecasting river flows and water levels during floods or times of drought. They cover major rivers, reservoirs and lakes from around the province. Records include reports, studies, data, charts, histograms, working notes, and information on the equations and procedures used to create forecasts.

The records are primarily arranged by file code, which correspondence to a particular geographical location and/or study. Records without file codes are arranged alphabetically by the name of the body of water.

These records can be scheduled under Environment ORCS 35250-70.

British Columbia. Water Management Branch

Claimant case files - floods

  • GR-4185
  • Series
  • 1972 - 2001

This series consists of the administration of financial claims for damage from flood made by victims to the Provincial Emergency Program (PEP) through the Disaster Financial Assistance Program. Those impacted by flood may apply to the province for Disaster Financial Assistance (DFA) where the losses could not be insured or where other programs are not available. Disaster financial assistance helps to replace or restore essential items and property that have been destroyed or damaged to pre-disaster condition. Assistance is available to qualifying home-owners, residential tenants, small businesses, farm operators, and not-for-profit charitable organizations. These records were created and received between 1972 and 2001 by PEP. The records cover the details of each claim, the determination of eligibility, as well as records relating to appeals and disbursements. This series documents disaster relief from flood damage in British Columbia under the Emergency Program Act (RSBC 1996, c.111).

The series is arranged mainly by claimant name (individual or business). It includes correspondence, claims forms, copies of cheque requisitions, photographs of damage to properties, journal vouchers and other financial records, and maps/plans. The records are classified under secondary 68855-20 of the Emergency Management Services ORCS (schedule 120776).

British Columbia. Provincial Emergency Program

Cornelius Kelleher interview

The item is a recorded interview with Mr. Cornelius "Corny" Kelleher. Tape 1: Kelleher recalls his father, Mortimer Kelleher, Mortimer's early days in British Columbia, and his settlement in Mission City in 1868. He speaks about the mills in Mission City; the Oblates of Mary Immaculate Mission [OMI] settlement of the mission in 1862; First Nations people at the mission; construction and location of the mission buildings; the Sisters of St. Ann convent; his father's work for the mission; the Kelleher family farm; Passmore family; other settlers in the Mission area; childhood at Mission school, surveying for the CPR in 1882; clearing and construction for the CPR; first passenger trains in 1886; steamboats.

Tape 2: Mr. Kelleher discusses steamboat service; construction and maintenance of the dikes at Matsqui Prairie; Matsqui Land Company; the Maclure family; early settlers in Matsqui; the Purver family, discusses farming incidents; naming Abbotsford; CPR link to the U.S.; Huntington; Mission City; roads, railways; [period of silence on tape]; remittance men; Bellevue Hotel, Matsqui Hotel; railway bridge; shipping fish; sturgeon fishing; First Nations methods of fishing.

Tape 3: Mr. Kelleher continues with his recollections of fishing on the Fraser River; salmon fishing; Indigenous place names; other place names; Joe DeRoche; childhood adventures; First Nations stories about ;Hatzic Island; First Nations hunting methods and doctors; Sam McDonald and Frank Wade, Maclure, "Supple Jack" from the Matsqui reserve; Mount Baker; Jim Trethewey and family; ;saw and grist mills; description of the O.M.I. Mission; early settlers; subdivision of lots in Mission City; Riverside; C.B. Sword.;

Tape 4: Mr. Kelleher talks about Mr. Barnes, Mr. Sword, the Matsqui dike and other incidents.

Flood relief

The item is a video copy of a documentary film which shows the Fraser River flood of May-June 1948, and the emergency relief operations of the Canadian Red Cross. Includes: aerial views of Coast Mountains, flood area, flooded farms and communities; flood scenes at Mission, Hatzic, Matsqui and elsewhere; military personnel and amphibious vehicles at work; construction of dikes; Red Cross personnel; military aircraft involved.

Fraser River Board library

  • GR-4074
  • Series
  • 1916-1987

This series consists of the contents of the Fraser River Board library. The majority of records date from 1950-1970. The library consists of reference material used by Board staff, as well as reports and records created by staff and contractors in the course of their work for the Board. Most of the studies were completed by the Fraser River Board, as well as its predecessor, the Joint Dominion-Provincial Board, Fraser River. Some records were also created by the Fraser River Board’s successor, the Fraser River Joint Advisory Board.

The records were maintained in order to document studies of various lakes and rivers with emphasis on determining the most effective ways to reduce the flooding potential of the Fraser River. The primary methods of investigation were to increase storage of water in the upper Fraser River through construction of hydro-electric dams, and to expand and improve the dyke systems in the Fraser Valley. Also included are studies of the economic value of lakes and rivers. Other topics addressed include agriculture, power generation, dyke construction, geography, geology, hydrology, transmission lines, meteorology, navigation, oceanography, pollution, sedimentation or erosion, and fish and wildlife in BC.

The library is arranged in four sections:

Section 1 relates to studies of specific sites on the Fraser River, by the Board. Many of these reports contain survey information, technical data, charts, photos and maps relates to the geology or hydrology at a site to determine stability and volumes of water flowage. Many of these reports were created through field work in an attempt to determine potential sites for the construction of dams or water diversion on the Fraser and its tributaries to improve flood control. Other records include: soil samples; technical drawings and design calculations of structures such as dams; studies of watersheds; studies on potential generation and transmission of hydro-electric power; aerial photos; project cost estimates and financial information; assessments of impacts on agriculture, forestry, and fisheries, particularly salmon habitats; as well as oceanography and tidal studies.

Section 2 relates to the Fraser River generally. Much of this material was created by the Board or the Government of BC. Subject matter is similar to section 1, though it includes fewer drafts, technical reports and field note data.

Section 3 contains more general reference material, much of it published, but still relates to places and topics in BC. Some records are created by other government bodies, such as the Canadian government.

Section 4 contains “miscellaneous” library material, much of it was not catalogued. This section includes the final, preliminary, annual and interim reports of the Board and its successors. The section also includes some records about other major dam construction projects in BC, particularly the Columbia River dam. There is also annotated copies of the library index.

Each book or report has a three part call number. The first number is a topical category, such as agriculture or geology (the numbers may vary by section). The second number is a geographical location in BC. The third number is a sequential number. Reports in section 1 have an additional number preceding a “/” which refers to a specific project site on the Fraser River, such as a potential location for a dam. See the original library index for detailed explanations of each of these numbers.

For example, 104/5.1.1 represents McGregor River project / water flowage. Upper Fraser. Item one.

These records were transferred under one time schedule number 890395.

Joint Dominion-Provincial Board, Fraser River Basin (Canada)

Fraser River Board records

  • GR-4075
  • Series
  • 1912-1979

This series consists of the administrative and operational records of the Fraser River Board. The records were created by the Fraser River Board, as well as its predecessor, the Joint Dominion-Provincial Board, Fraser River; and the Fraser River Board’s successor, the Fraser River Joint Advisory Board. The majority of records were created from 1948-1970.

The records were maintained in order to document studies of various lakes and rivers with emphasis on determining the most effective ways to reduce the flooding potential of the Fraser River. The primary methods of investigation were to increase storage of water in the upper Fraser River through construction of hydro-electric dams, and to expand and improve the dyke system in the Fraser Valley. Also included are studies of economic value of lakes and rivers. Other topics addressed include agriculture, power generation, dyke construction, geography, geology, hydrology, transmission lines, meteorology, navigation, oceanography, pollution, sedimentation or erosion, and fish and wildlife in BC.

The records are arranged into the following subseries:

  1. Paper files. These records were the contents of filing cabinets and contain a variety of operational records. Most files are either project files related to the creation of reports in GR-4074, and raw data or statistics used in the creation of reports. Other records include memorandums, meeting agendas, minutes, and correspondence of Board staff. There are also some subject files of reference material on various topics, such as the history of the Fraser River. Records include draft reports, correspondence, maps, plans, technical drawings, photos, and graphs.

  2. Survey field books. Field books of survey and technical studies conducted along the Fraser River and its tributaries. Some of this information was likely used in later reports. Records relate to Clearwater River, McGregor River and other locations.

  3. Data. Raw data, graphs, charts, diagrams, maps, tables and some aerial photos with information used to create reports. Most information relates to water volumes and potential for power generation.

  4. Outgoing mail and reports. Outgoing correspondence, memorandums, completed reports, meeting minutes and meeting agendas filed chronologically from 1951 to 1964.

  5. Photos and negatives. Images document field work, scenery and location of work. Many images were used in later reports. Some aerial photos, including documentation of the 1948 flood in the Fraser Valley.

These records were transferred under one time schedule number 890395.

Joint Dominion-Provincial Board, Fraser River Basin (Canada)

Alexander Harris, Eugene Petersen and Hal Wright : [Sandon interviews]

CALL NUMBER: T1147:0002 [and T2744:0001]
RECORDED: Sandon (B.C.), 1972
SUMMARY: TRACK 1: (1) ALEXANDER (SANDY) HARRIS of New Denver discusses the town of Sandon. His father came to Sandon in 1897 to mine silver/lead. Harris discusses the area's geology; Eli Carpenter, who pioneered mining in the area; and a dispute between Carpenter and his partner, Jack Seaton. He discusses the geography around Sandon; life there after the First World War; a murder; the town's organization; and why Sandon was abandoned in 1955, after a flood. There was no gold at Sandon, but there was a boom in mining silver and lead there. He discusses Gene Peterson, the only resident of Sandon as of 1972. Harris claims that organized ice hockey originated there in 1904.
TRACK 2: Mr. Harris discusses the Japanese people who lived in Sandon. During World War II, there was a heavy demand for the mine's resources. The government's role in moving the Japanese to the Slocan, and the character of the Japanese. After the war, the Japanese were moved east by the government. He discusses the effects of the 1955 flood. He discusses his life in the area; he eventually became the owner of the New Denver water works and power plant. The Sandon hydro plant was built in 1898 by Johnny Harris, a major contributor to the town's development. He describes the layout of Sandon, including its opera house and entertainments. (2) EUGENE (GENE) PETERSEN is interviewed. Peterson is one of the few people still living in Sandon. He discusses the other people who live there; the population of 5000 who lived there in the late 1800s; a fire which caused the town to be rebuilt; Sandon's founding in 1892, and the staking rush shortly thereafter. He discusses his father (who came from Norway to Sandon in 1923) and describes life in Sandon in the 1920s. He recalls the town being well organized, but with no highway connection; its dependence on the railway; the orderly conduct of its residents; and the local prostitutes, known for helping out miners who were broke. [Interview continued on next tape.]

CALL NUMBER: T1147:0001 [and T2744:0002]
RECORDED: Sandon (B.C.), 1972
SUMMARY: TRACK 1: EUGENE PETERSEN recalls the history of Sandon through various mining booms, up until its present condition as a ghost town. He discusses the 1929 murder of miner Sigvald Myklebost [Petersen says "1927"]; the killer was never convicted. An anecdote about how little law-breaking there was in Sandon. The “exodus” started during the depression in the 1930s. In the 1940s there were only 40 people. There was a slight increase in population in the 1950s, when 700 people lived in the town. The town emptied out again in the fall of 1953, when the population went down to 100. The flood of June 1955, in which half of the town was destroyed. The local power plant, built in 1896. He discusses what would be involved in the preservation of Sandon. He describes the silver-lead ore found at Sandon. Petersen still finds ore in the area, but it is not a big money maker. He plans on staying in Sandon until he works out his mining claim. (4) HAL WRIGHT, formerly of Saltspring Island, discusses his efforts to establish a museum at Sandon in the summer of 1972, working under an OFY grant. The museum displays local relics, along with photographs he acquired from the BC Archives. Wright is staying in Sandon through the winter. He plans on working for a carpenter and finishing school by correspondence. (5) EUGENE PETERSEN then discusses ghosts in the town. One of the remaining houses caught on fire, and he heard knocking on his door; no one was there, but there was a fire down the street.
[TRACK 2 is described separately; see AAAB1272.]

Guy Constable interview

CALL NUMBER: T0909:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Guy Constable describes how he came to Creston in 1904 to manage a mine. He discusses Creston as it was when he arrived; and how the mine affected the growth of the town. He also discusses orchards; fruit growing; settlement and development; lumbering; immigrant communities in the West Kootenays; and dyking schemes. TRACK 2: Mr. Constable continues with more on dyking schemes and; dike construction. He describes the 1938 flood and the formation of dyking districts.

CALL NUMBER: T0909:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Constable discusses the Creston Chamber of Commerce in 1908. He offers several anecdotes about prospectors and he describes life in the Creston area. Finally he tells anecdotes about F.G. Little, 'Mud Hen' Davis and the SS "Midge". [TRACK 2: blank.]

Yesterday's newsreel : no. 1

The item is a newsreel compilation on a black and white film print. It contains an historical compilation of international news items: the Rise of Mussolini 1922-36, 1919 Schubert show girls, 1921 personalities, 10,000 homeless by fire 1930, "The Spacehunters 1919-36" [Mt. Wilson observatory], 1921 aviation [USN dirigible C-7], 1927 fashions and 1933 sports. It also includes BC material spliced into the prin]: 1948 Fraser Valley Floods [ca. 30 secs.] and 1950 BC Electric opens new Horne-Payne substation [ca. 2 mins.]. The latter item discusses BC Electric's new system of substations in the lower mainland.

Trenna Hunter interview

CALL NUMBER: T2004:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Public health nurse; response to change PERIOD COVERED: 1925-1955 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Miss Hunter sketches her education and decision to enter VGH nursing school in 1936 with a description of the courses, emphasis and class size when she graduated in 1939; in 1940 she was on the staff of the Metropolitan Health Committee of Greater Vancouver and in 1941 spent some time instructing at the Normal School until 1942, when she was assigned to Hastings Park; a lengthy description of conditions, problems, attitudes, numbers, and babies in Japanese relocation camps. In the fall of 1942, Miss Hunter took an administration course at McGill, and in 1943 was student advisor in the health department; in 1944 she became director of nursing and remained so until her retirement in 1966. TRACK 2: A discussion of responding to community needs with examples of pre-natal clinics and the polio epidemic in 1946; the relationship between the health department and social agencies; the role of the public health nurse and how activities were chosen; changes and programs; how the role changed in the control of TB; changes that occurred in the nurses role in VD clinics; time study statistics on the division of a nurse's work; trends in the role of a public health nurse; shift to mental health, nutrition, counseling; introduction of more specialists. CALL NUMBER: T2004:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Public health nurse; response to change PERIOD COVERED: 1940-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Miss Hunter provides a day-in-the-life account, describing duties and responsibilities of the Director of Nursing; a description of responses to emergencies; the Fraser Valley flood of 1948; blood clinics; satisfactions of administration; struggles to get transportation; disposal equipment; traveling and activities with the Canadian Public Health Organisation and Canadian Nurses Association; the idea of public health and the issue of whom to serve; Miss Hunter relates the mystery story about the acceptance of the public health nurse. [TRACK 2: blank?]

Taming the Fraser

Item consists of a documentary on flood control on the lower Fraser River, including still images of the 1894 flood and film footage of the 1948 flood. The film includes footage of contemporary flood control structures.

Richard Hamilton Laidman interview

CALL NUMBER: T4265:0058 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Pioneer Profiles project : Richard Hamilton Laidman RECORDED: [location unknown], 1985-09-10 SUMMARY: Richard Hamilton Laidman was born in Vernon, B.C. on May 15, 1921. Moved to Hudson, Ontario in late 1930s to work for Starratt Airways and Transportation, later taken over by Canadian Pacific Airlines;. Started his own L&M Airways post war and operated in Vernon. Closed L&M and went to work for B.C. Central Airways which became Pacific Western Airlines. Rose to become president of PWA. TRACK 1: Ear;ly flying activities in Vernon. Describes the Starratt operation and early activity with CP Air. Starting L&M Airways and its operations. TRACK 2: The benefits of the 1948 Fraser River flood to Okana;gan air service companies. Joining Central B.C. Airways and its growth to Pacific Western Airways.;

CALL NUMBER: T4265:0059 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Pioneer Profiles project : Richard Hamilton Laidman RECORDED: [location unknown], 1985-09-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: PWA's take-over of Queen Charlotte Airlines and the later development of PWA. TRACK 2: Dick's time as president of PWA.;

Percy Cliffe interview

CALL NUMBER: T4129:0003 RECORDED: Mission (B.C.), 1984-03-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Percy Cliffe discusses his childhood background. Joined the B.C.P.P. in January 1932 and was posted in Nelson (Doukhobor arrests), Golden, Burnaby, and Chilliwack. Anecdote about Constable George Elliott. Transients in Golden. Reasons he transferred to the Game Commission. Description of Mission District. Office equipment. Wife becomes "office manager". Raised hounds. Main game was pheasants and ducks. Apprehending violators of baiting restriction. Road checks. Large fox population and control methods. TRACK 2: Coyotes. Valley had much cover for wildlife until taxes forced farmers to cultivate all the land. Stocking of pheasants. Methods of stocking fingerlings and planting fish eggs. Modes of travel about Mission District -- truck, boat, horse, and by foot. Logging resulted in large deer population. Route to Pemberton via boat and pack horse. Campaign to reduce the number of wild dogs near the Indian reserve. Frank Urquhart of Coquitlam District. Patrolling Skagit Valley with Art Butler. Illegal fur trapper confesses. CALL NUMBER: T4129:0004 RECORDED: Mission (B.C.), 1984-03-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Percy Cliffe gives a description of a search expedition to airplane crash in Cheam Mountain Range (August 1943). Story of search expedition to airplane crash in Yale area. (1940s). Description of 1948 flood and his assistance with game boat. Cougar problem worsens with deer population growth. Smart hound trees three cougars during one hunt. Qualities of a good hound. TRACK 2: Humorous story of cougar hunt with member of local police. Hounds killed during cougar hunt near Sechelt. He has friendly relations with farmers and loggers in his District. Post war road building opens up areas for hunting. New Settlers. Importance of game clubs. Achievements of Mission Rod and Gun Club. Game warden on 24 hour work schedule. Good rapport in Department. Comparisons of early years with present (1984). Some missed opportunities to clear fishing steam blockages. The game warden was "lord and master". CALL NUMBER: T4129:0005 RECORDED: Mission (B.C.), 1984-03-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Percy Cliffe comments about job changes following scientific research methods. Training and new ideas. He disagrees with some new policies. Some recollections of Jim Dewar (Predator Control hunter). Comments about Art Butler, warden of the Chilliwack District. Game wardens were on their own, no training. Slim Cameron. Tells about boat trip to McNab Creek where transplanted elk resided. Thoughts about difference between large interior districts and lower mainland districts. His hunting experience as a young boy. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Kenneth Kiernan interview : [Reimer, 1977]

CALL NUMBER: T2665:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Personal background and the Great Depression PERIOD COVERED: 1916-1937 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-07-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Born in 1916 in the Peace River country of Alberta. Details about Kiernan's family and homesteading. Father killed in WW I; mother remarries and they continue to farm. Left Peace River country in 1927. After several stops, settled on a farm at Sumas Prairie. More details about Kiernan's family. Tough economic conditions in the Peace River district. Kiernan's education and work history to 1935. Ends formal education after grade 8. Reading habits as a young man. TRACK 2: Took correspondence courses from the Canadian Legion. Leisure activities as a youth: Trail Rangers and basketball. Delivered newspapers in Chilliwack area. "Rode the rods" to the Prairies in 1935. Economic struggles of Alberta and Saskatchewan, 1935-37. Returned to B.C. on the rods in October 1937. Anecdotes about riding the rods. CALL NUMBER: T2665:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Life during the 1930s Depression and World War II PERIOD COVERED: 1935-1948 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-07-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Continuation of anecdote about riding the rods, 1935-37. Marginal economic circumstances of the Kiernan family during the Depression. Worked in Fraser Valley mills. Contracted pneumonia. Worked for Eddy's Nurseries, 1937-40. Joined the New Westminster Regiment, 1940. Interested in Social Credit in Alberta, 1935-37, but not a member. Read works of Marx but rejected them in the 1930s. Critique of Marx and of Canadian economic system in the 1930s. TRACK 2: Kiernan in motorized corps in Canada, 1940-46. Eventually became a Warrant Officer II. Not able to go overseas because of previous pneumonia. Comments on military discipline. Kiernan into business as a garage operator near Chilliwack, 1946. Flooded out in 1948. CALL NUMBER: T2665:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): The Fraser River flood of 1948 and the 1952 provincial election PERIOD COVERED: 1948-1952 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-07-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Kiernan describes his experiences in being flooded out during the 1948 flood of Fraser River. Description of his return to the flooded home and service station. Becomes president of local PTA in 1950. Joined Social Credit in 1951. Comments on the Coalition government. Comments on Coalition/Liberal Premier Boss Johnson and Conservative leader Herbert Anscomb. TRACK 2: Kiernan becomes very active as a Social Credit organizer, 1951-52. Kiernan takes 1952 Social Credit nomination. Organizational details about Social Credit in Chilliwack. Early meetings emphasized monetary reform. The "Christian image" of Social Credit. The importance of individualism in Social Credit. General discussion of political philosophy. Liberals and Conservatives unaware of the upsurge of Social Credit in Chilliwack. Circumstances under which Kiernan took 1952 nomination. Defeated sitting Conservative Leslie Eyres. Key roles of Alberta Socreds in 1952 election. CALL NUMBER: T2665:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Social Credit comes to power : 1952 election PERIOD COVERED: 1952-1972 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-07-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: The importance of W.A.C. Bennett in the 1952 election. Kiernan says Alberta influence was minimal ca. 1952. 1952 Social Credit convention. Ernest Hansell as 1952 campaign leader. Bennett disillusioned with Conservatives. Kiernan sometimes "scared" by the vision of W.A.C. Bennett in things such as the two-river policy. Kiernan gives a sample of his 1952 election style. TRACK 2: Kiernan's experiences as a public speaker. The hard work of political campaigning. Description of Social Credit cabinet meetings. Kiernan's recollections of election night in 1952. Kiernan went to visit Bennett in Kelowna shortly after 1952 election. The decision is made to have W.A.C. Bennett as political leader, July 1952. CALL NUMBER: T2665:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): British Columbia's first Social Credit government, 1952 PERIOD COVERED: 1952-1956 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-07-06 & 1977-09-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Kiernan is selected to be Agriculture Minister in the first Social Credit government. Anecdotes about becoming government. Comments on the Bennett style of leadership. The formation of the first cabinet. Kiernan speculates on the reasons for his selection as Minister of Agriculture. Comments on communist scare tactics used against the C.C.F. Socialist economic planning inappropriate for B.C. Problems with the dairy industry were the first big problems faced by Kiernan in the Agriculture portfolio. TRACK 2: The transition to power: early cabinet meetings, help from senior civil servants. Cabinet procedures. The selection of Robert Bonner and Einar Gunderson. Rev. H.D. Francis and Orr Newton resign in order to provide seats. Kiernan downplays the notion that the senior civil service opposed the new government. The firing of Percy Richards. Hospital insurance reforms after the 1952 election. Alternatives to hospital insurance proposed. CALL NUMBER: T2665:0006 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Minister of Agriculture PERIOD COVERED: 1952-1956 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-09-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Facing the problem of hospital insurance after the 1952 election. Building the cabinet team, 1952-53. Discussion of the 1953 session of the Legislature. Socreds maneuvering for defeat? Bennett sure of dissolution? The legislative defeat of Social Credit and the unusual passage of bills prior to dissolution. The "atmosphere" in the House at the time of the 1953 defeat. The resignation of Harold Winch as C.C.F. leader. The 1953 election. TRACK 2: Discussion of the 1953 election continued. The defeat of Tilly Rolston and Einar Gunderson. Their importance as cabinet ministers. Gunderson as a member of the Treasury Board. The election of John Perdue as president of the Social Credit League. Issues within the Department of Agriculture: brucellosis control, irrigation, hay shortages. Comments on W.H. Robertson and William McGillivray as Kiernan's deputy ministers. CALL NUMBER: T2665:0007 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): The Sommers affair PERIOD COVERED: 1952-1958 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-09-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Kiernan gives background to the Sommers affair. Comments on Gordon Gibson Sr. The "money talks" speech, February 1955. Gibson's charges not substantiated by the Lord Commission. Gibson's charges treated with great skepticism. Kiernan did not see the RCMP report to the Attorney-General's Department. The government has private investigator investigate the charges against Sommers. Sommers a known gambler to Kiernan. TRACK 2: More on Sommers' gambling. No pressure from ministers on Bennett to fire Sommers. Sommers called on to account for the allegations by cabinet and caucus. Sommers consistent in his denials. Circumstances surrounding the resignation of Bonner. Kiernan becomes Minister of Mines. CALL NUMBER: T2665:0008 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): The Sommers case and Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, 1956-1964 PERIOD COVERED: 1953-1964 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-09-26 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Death of Tilly Rolston, 1953. Discussion of Sommers case, continued. Opposition to Forest Management Licences. Sommers' resignation and Kiernan takes over the Mines portfolio, 1956. Robert Bonner and delays in the case. Comments on Mel Bryan who crossed the floor on the Sommers case. More on the delays. Sommers case harms Social Credit government. Kiernan expresses doubts about the guilt and illegal intentions of Sommers. Case did not affect timing of 1956 election. Not aware of Sommers' cabinet contact. TRACK 2: No suggestion of impropriety by Sommers in the Mines portfolio. Gifts to cabinet ministers. Sommers investigated by private detective. Kiernan's general observations on the Sommers case. "Politics is war". Kiernan Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, 1956-64. The challenge of taking over a new portfolio. Comments on Deputy Ministers of Mines: John Walker, P.J. Mulcahy. The framing of new petroleum legislation. Comments on the B.C. petroleum and gas industry.; CALL NUMBER: T2665:0009 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, 1956-1964 PERIOD COVERED: 1945-1964 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-09-26 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: The development of oil and natural gas leasing systems. Development of the Peace River region. The building of Westcoast Transmission pipeline. Description of Frank McMahon. Comments on foreign ownership of petroleum and natural gas resources. Description of the auction of oil and natural gas leases. TRACK 2: The auction system continued. Frank McMahon in the 1960 election. Anecdotes about some B.C. mining executives: Ozzie McDonald, Spud Huestis, Mel O'Brien. The opening of Bethlehem Copper Corporation mine in the Highland Valley. Changes in mining taxation and land tenure systems, c. 1957. Problems of establishing an iron and steel industry in B.C. Vehement industry opposition to changes in mining legislation. CALL NUMBER: T2665:0010 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Mines and Petroleum Resources, and Recreation and Conservation, 1956-1972 PERIOD COVERED: 1956-1972 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-09-26 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Major problems faced as mines minister: taxation legislation, departmental expansion, mine safety. Dispute with federal government over offshore mineral rights. "Political" decision by the Supreme Court of Canada on this issue. The reclamation of mining sites. Kiernan expresses his opposition to the idea of company towns. Taxation on profits vs. royalties in the mining industry. Kiernan concerned about "penny mines" on the Vancouver Stock Exchange. TRACK 2: The formation of the Department of Recreation and Conservation, 1957. Kiernan becomes Minister of Recreation and Conservation, 1963. Anomalies in the classification of provincial parks. Mineral claims and timber leases in provincial parks. The case of Western Mines in Strathcona Park. The role of pressure groups in the Buttle Lake controversy. Preparation for his new portfolio of Recreation and Conservation. General comments on park development in B.C.; CALL NUMBER: T2665:0011 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Minister of Recreation and Conservation PERIOD COVERED: 1964-1972 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-09-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Skepticism about the idea of wilderness preservation. The illogic of some park boundaries. The changing of the boundary of Manning Park to facilitate mining. Kiernan's ideas on the multiple use concept. Kiernan's impressions of the B.C. Wildlife Federation, SPEC, Sierra Club. The role of the Sierra Club in the boundary determinations for Pacific Rim National Park. TRACK 2: More on the Sierra Club of B.C. W.A.C. Bennett's attitudes on park matters. Public access on forestry roads. The formation of the Environment and Land Use Committee (ELUC) in 1969. Comments on the operation of ELUC and the Secretariat. ELUC originally a problem-solver rather than policy-maker. Comments on a few specific issues dealt with by ELUC. Kiernan not convinced of the concept of a single Minister of the Environment. Williston as chairman of ELUC. Land use questions more practical than moral or ethical. "Nature the adversary". The evolution of environmental attitudes in B.C. The minister as an arbitrator of attitudes.; CALL NUMBER: T2665:0012 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Environmental and economic issues PERIOD COVERED: 1964-1972 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-09-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Kiernan's efforts to curb the excesses of the "throw-away" society. The Anti-Litter Act. The recycling of derelict automobiles. Deputy Ministers of Recreation and Conservation: Dave Turner, H.G. McWilliams, Lloyd Brooks. Comments on the proposed flooding of the Skagit River Valley. Opposition by the fishing lobby. Benefits of flood control on the Fraser River. TRACK 2: Flood control on the Fraser River continued. More comments on the fishing lobby. The benefits of fish versus the benefits of hydro power and flood control. Short term as Minister of Commercial Transport, 1963-64. Minister of Travel Industry, 1967-1972. The formation of the department, 1967. Ron Worley as Deputy Minister of the Travel Industry department. British Columbia tourist promotions. Comments on "The Wonderful World of W.A.C. Bennett". Kiernan's comments on our political society. Comments on the role of socialism in B.C. B.C. still in the frontier stage. General comments on the NDP caucus prior to 1972. Analysis of the B.C. economy. The need for new hydro electric power developments in B.C.

Jane Downie interview

CALL NUMBER: T0083:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Jane Downie RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-07-13 SUMMARY: Jane Downie (nee Letson) was born in 1890 in Glasgow, Scotland. She was raised, schooled and worked as a sales clerk there until 1913. She received training as a Deaconess in Methodist Church. She worked during WWI in London and in Paisley. She married a Canadian war veteran and came to Abbotsford in 1919. Description of home, United Church, detail on "set-up". Attitudes towards "moral conditions"; etc.

CALL NUMBER: T0083:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Jane Downie RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-07-14 SUMMARY: Jane Downie's recollections of a lifetime devoted to public service. Social work and air raids in London, England (1915-1918).

CALL NUMBER: T0083:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Jane Downie RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-07-14 SUMMARY: Jane Downie makes comparisons between the World Wars. Volunteer work with St. John's during WWII. Flood of 1948. Background. St. John's Assistant Matron at Burnaby home (United Church home for unwed mothers). Changing attitudes in society. Her opinions on child raising, etc. Woman's role in society and changes.

Fraser Valley flood

The item is a reel of unedited film footage. It shows the Fraser River flood of 1948: flooded farmland and villages including Hatzic; rescued farm animals; Clayburn general store; aftermath of flood (after water receded) - houses, field, flood damage inside house.

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