Japanese Canadians--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945



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Japanese Canadians--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945

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Japanese Canadians--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945

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Japanese Canadians--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945

128 Archival description results for Japanese Canadians--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945

128 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

A. Takeo Arakawa interview

CALL NUMBER: T0062:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A. Takeo Arakawa : a Japanese-Canadian businessman PERIOD COVERED: 1922-1949 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-04-21 SUMMARY: A. Takeo Arakawa was appointed to work in the Vancouver branch of the Tamura Shokai in 1926. He was a landed immigrant. He worked in the bank and trade department of the same firm until 1933. He got married and started his own business, a grocery store. He worked in a fruit packaging plant in Winfield during the Second World War. He is now President of the Trans-Pacific Trading Company.

CALL NUMBER: T0062:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A. Takeo Arakawa describes his life during World War II PERIOD COVERED: 1941-1972 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-04-21 SUMMARY: A. Takeo Arakawa describes his first opportunity to vote as a Canadian citizen. He also discusses his life during World War II and the evacuation.

Al Izen interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood : the Jewish community PERIOD COVERED: 1906-1970s RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1977-10-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Al Izen discusses background: parents came from Poland, ca. 1906; grew up at 666 Keefer St.; father a tailor with a shop in 300 block East Hastings; Orthodox family; brief description of interior of synagogue (Schara Tzedeck); Kosher butcher; Jewish school; Rabbi Patinsky; no racial discrimination because all poor. Depression wages and cost of living: family felt the pinch but managed. Father's second-hand store, Izen Brothers on Cordova Street. Uncle's store on Main Street, also second-hand. Observation car post-WWI. First jobs: wages, prices then, and working conditions (no social security). Health care. TRACK 2: Discusses A.T.A.: Jewish organization for under-16s. Ball games on Powell Street grounds. No transients, all-Japanese pre-war. Japanese evacuation during WWII: Japanese response to it; white response; primacy of religion during his childhood; marriage and moving out of neighbourhood; Russians and Poles came in; Dr. Snider, dentist, who has old photographs; Ben Patinsky. (End of interview)

Alec Lucas interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Strathcona neighbourhood : the Yugoslavian community RECORDED: Sechelt (B.C.), 1977-08-28 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Lucas discusses: Strathcona School system and teachers at Strathcona, especially Miss Fanny Grant; learning English and Yugoslavian languages; Nurse McLellan; diets of students at Strathcona; selling peanuts with his brother; Japanese baseball team; cutting logs for firewood; Japanese on Powell St.; memories of the Depression -- shantytown, breadlines, soup kitchen; his paper route for the 'Sun'; racial/ethnic relations in Strathcona neighbourhood; sports in the neighbourhood- track, basketball, soccer; Japanese evacuation during WW II. TRACK 2: Mr. Lucas discusses: ethnicity of neighbours; crime in neighbourhood; good influence of Strathcona School. (End of interview)

Alexander Harris interview : [Orchard, 1965]

CALL NUMBER: T0345:0001 RECORDED: New Denver (B.C.), 1965-05-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Alexander Harris describes prospecting and mining in the Arrow and Kootenay Lakes area in the 1890s. His father, Joseph Harris, came to Slocan in 1896, established a ranch or farm that supplied vegetables and fruit to the mining camps. Alexander Harris' account includes stories about mining camp life, Orientals, travel on Arrow Lakes, and individual miners: Carpenter, Seighton, Monty; Davis, Martin Fry and Johnny Harris.

TRACK 2: He tells about the naming of mining towns in the area: New Denver, Three Forks, etc. The high school for the area was located on his father's ranch. He describes local culture, social activities, sports, as well as mining techniques, locating ore and equipment.

CALL NUMBER: T0345:0002 RECORDED: New Denver (B.C.), 1965-05-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Rock drilling techniques and competitions are discussed. Mr. Harris continues his description of mining methods, ore extraction, transportation to the mills, such as aerial trams, use of horses, processing of ore at the mills, shipping and tailings. A Welsh choir on tour in Canada went bankrupt in the Slocan area and the men worked in the mines at Silverton and New Denver area to earn some money.

TRACK 2: This tape continues with discussions of the New Denver town site, buildings, water transportation, early roads, the Japanese evacuation, Slocan Lake, also known as Lucerne, the Valhalla Range, and New Denver's growth. Wildlife was depleted during the early years of these communities. Mr. Harris speaks about an early trip to the Kokanee Glacier, 1919; Theo Rankin, a local teacher; and his father and mother.

Alexander Harris interview : [Reimer, 1976]

CALL NUMBER: T0345:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: [No content documentation available for this tape.]; CALL NUMBER: T0345:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Reminiscences of Early New Denver and the Harris Ranch PERIOD COVERED: 1900-1955 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Harris describes: C.C.F. leaders, including Woodsworth, Coldwell and Dr. Telford, visiting J.C. Harris' ranch in New Denver; J.C. Harris running unsuccessfully in a provincial election; J.C. Harris' attitude towards unionism. Discusses personal background of A.L. Harris' mother, who was a very capable and adaptable person. Domestic details about J.C. Harris' ranch: Chinese cook, English maid, wash day, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, household appointments, flower gardens, wood gathering, small sawmill on Harris ranch. English source of J.C. Harris income. J.C. Harris a generous man. J.C. Harris' socialist philosophy. A.L. Harris takes over management of New Denver water system, 1929. Japanese live on ranch during WW II. Japanese gardens on ranch. Views on the Japanese deportation. TRACK 2: Quick acceptance of Japanese in New Denver. Poor housing conditions for Japanese. Arrival of Japanese at Harris ranch, 1942. Description of Japanese housing. Anecdotes about Japanese. Anecdote about William Davidson, MLA. Stories about Mr. Tanaka. Description of Japanese gardens on Harris ranch. Death of J.C. Harris, 1951.; CALL NUMBER: T0345:0005 - 0011 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: [No content documentation available for these seven tapes.]

Alexander Harris, Eugene Petersen and Hal Wright : [Sandon interviews]

CALL NUMBER: T1147:0002 [and T2744:0001]
RECORDED: Sandon (B.C.), 1972
SUMMARY: TRACK 1: (1) ALEXANDER (SANDY) HARRIS of New Denver discusses the town of Sandon. His father came to Sandon in 1897 to mine silver/lead. Harris discusses the area's geology; Eli Carpenter, who pioneered mining in the area; and a dispute between Carpenter and his partner, Jack Seaton. He discusses the geography around Sandon; life there after the First World War; a murder; the town's organization; and why Sandon was abandoned in 1955, after a flood. There was no gold at Sandon, but there was a boom in mining silver and lead there. He discusses Gene Peterson, the only resident of Sandon as of 1972. Harris claims that organized ice hockey originated there in 1904.
TRACK 2: Mr. Harris discusses the Japanese people who lived in Sandon. During World War II, there was a heavy demand for the mine's resources. The government's role in moving the Japanese to the Slocan, and the character of the Japanese. After the war, the Japanese were moved east by the government. He discusses the effects of the 1955 flood. He discusses his life in the area; he eventually became the owner of the New Denver water works and power plant. The Sandon hydro plant was built in 1898 by Johnny Harris, a major contributor to the town's development. He describes the layout of Sandon, including its opera house and entertainments. (2) EUGENE (GENE) PETERSEN is interviewed. Peterson is one of the few people still living in Sandon. He discusses the other people who live there; the population of 5000 who lived there in the late 1800s; a fire which caused the town to be rebuilt; Sandon's founding in 1892, and the staking rush shortly thereafter. He discusses his father (who came from Norway to Sandon in 1923) and describes life in Sandon in the 1920s. He recalls the town being well organized, but with no highway connection; its dependence on the railway; the orderly conduct of its residents; and the local prostitutes, known for helping out miners who were broke. [Interview continued on next tape.]

CALL NUMBER: T1147:0001 [and T2744:0002]
RECORDED: Sandon (B.C.), 1972
SUMMARY: TRACK 1: EUGENE PETERSEN recalls the history of Sandon through various mining booms, up until its present condition as a ghost town. He discusses the 1929 murder of miner Sigvald Myklebost [Petersen says "1927"]; the killer was never convicted. An anecdote about how little law-breaking there was in Sandon. The “exodus” started during the depression in the 1930s. In the 1940s there were only 40 people. There was a slight increase in population in the 1950s, when 700 people lived in the town. The town emptied out again in the fall of 1953, when the population went down to 100. The flood of June 1955, in which half of the town was destroyed. The local power plant, built in 1896. He discusses what would be involved in the preservation of Sandon. He describes the silver-lead ore found at Sandon. Petersen still finds ore in the area, but it is not a big money maker. He plans on staying in Sandon until he works out his mining claim. (4) HAL WRIGHT, formerly of Saltspring Island, discusses his efforts to establish a museum at Sandon in the summer of 1972, working under an OFY grant. The museum displays local relics, along with photographs he acquired from the BC Archives. Wright is staying in Sandon through the winter. He plans on working for a carpenter and finishing school by correspondence. (5) EUGENE PETERSEN then discusses ghosts in the town. One of the remaining houses caught on fire, and he heard knocking on his door; no one was there, but there was a fire down the street.
[TRACK 2 is described separately; see AAAB1272.]

Alfie Kamitakahara interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Alfie Kamitakahara : Japanese in Steveston - community life and evacuation RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972?-08-15 SUMMARY: Alfie Kamitakahara discusses the Japanese and their community life in Steveston, and their evacuation during World War II. [Very little documentation is available for this tape.];

Alice Person interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Alice Person : rank and file -- women's issues in the wood industry RECORDED: Coquitlam (B.C.), 1978-07-28 SUMMARY: Mrs. Person has been active in the IWA. She moved to Websters Corners from the prairies during the Depression; got a job in the wood industry during the war; and was active in organizing her plant. She became a member of the plant executive. She discusses relief; agricultural labour during the Depression; the Japanese internment; working conditions in wood; organizing the IWA and her plant; equal pay for equal work; attitudes to women workers; struggles against layoffs after the war. She and her sister were in the first group of women to be hired on at Hammond Cedar in 1942. Mrs. Person, although told by co-workers that "girls don't need as much", decided that equal pay was a woman's right, and this issue became a primary motivation for her and other women to join the union. She feels that many workers were inspired by the IWA leadership. Mrs. Person served as a steward and a warden on the executive.

Amy Leigh interview : [Covernton, 1973]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Amy Leigh : a pioneer social worker in B.C. interested in public welfare PERIOD COVERED: 1913-1963 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1973-03-30 SUMMARY: Amy Leigh was born in 1897 and discusses her immigration to Canada from England in 1913; Girl Guides; childhood; recollections; early jobs as a secretary; probation work; training at the University of Toronto School of Social Work; various social work jobs. TRACK 2: Jobs: Director of Welfare, Vancouver. Discussion of the Depression and radicalism. Canadian National Institute for the Blind. Director of Welfare, Vancouver, 1937-1943: decentralization; South Vancouver Experiment; Japanese evacuation. Assistant Director of Welfare for the province. Comments on social work. Retirement in 1958. Other jobs: teaching public welfare, University of Washington; Welfare Department in the Yukon; CNIB, Winnipeg and Ottawa, 1960s. General comments on public welfare: role of government; limits of financial aid.

Art Moore, Ed Peterson, and Harry Duff interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-16 SUMMARY: Art Moore started fishing in 1930. Harry Duff started fishing in 1934. Ed Peterson started fishing in 1936. The size of the boats have not changed much and there are still one man boats. The style of the boat has changed a little. Linen nets were used in Art Moore's time. Cotton nets were only used in emergencies. Linen nets were strong, made from Irish linen and were expensive. Net size and depth regulations are discusses. Art Moore first began to fish in the Middle Arm of the Fraser River in a "skiff" powered by hand. Most boats were originally made of wood. Harry Duff relates how electronics have changed fishing and navigation. Radio telephone, echo sounder, radar, automatic pilot, and sonar have all appeared since they started fishing in the 1930s. Art Moore has noticed no change in the quality of the salmon since 1930. The size of the salmon has decreased over the years, which Art Moore attributes to the numbers of fish spawning and the amount of feed available. Harry Duff says he enjoyed fishing during the War because he had more time to fish and the fish weren't quite so depleted. They discuss Japanese fishermen and their internment during the War. Art Moore states that pollution on the Fraser has become dangerous to the fishing industry: "Not only do you get indecency to the fish but to your own self".;

Asamatsu Murakami interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Asamatsu Murakami RECORDED: Richmond (B.C.), 1972-03-09 & 15 SUMMARY: Asamatsu Murakami was born in 1885 in Japan. Came to Steveston in 1898 with his older brother. Went to school for half a year, then engaged in fishing all his life except during the war, when he and his family when to Alberta to work for a sugarbeet farm. His oldest son is a fisherman.

Bob Smith interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bob Smith RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-22 SUMMARY: Bob Smith was born on Lulu Island at Steveston Hwy. Near the golf course in 1906. His father was a fisherman and also worked for Imperial Cannery in the net loft. He started fishing in the Rivers Inlet in 1926 with Wallace Fisheries, as wharfman, then to the Balmoral Cannery on the Skeena River in 1933. Lots of fish in those days. Worked in canneries all over Queen Charlottes, up the Skeena, Canadian Fish and B.C. Packers. Converted a sailboat on the Skeena into a gillnetter with a Chev engine. Took 16 days to come from the Skeena to the Fraser River. Fished with it for 4 or 5 years. Describes the conversion of the sailboat into a gillnetter. Returned to cannery work. Built another boat at Nelson ship yards, a bigger one (31 feet) at the time of the return of the Japanese. Nets these days are more efficient (tape become inaudible). Catches have become smaller, problem of conservation, not enough fish to catch. 12 mile limit is not enough. Long hours fishing in the old days, pulling the net by hand until drums were used. He stays mostly in the river now. Was a union member from the start. Talks of early union organizing difficulties. Talks of Japanese internment, too bad they had to; lose their nets, gradually they returned to the coast. There was not much discrimination between Indians and Japanese and whites. Housing conditions described. Housed were improved in 1926-1927 for Japanese, Indians, and whites. Safety measures improved with union. Bookkeepers were the first-aid men. American Can replaced canning by hand. There's more independence from the canneries now. Fraser River has changed a lot. Pollution affects the fingerlings, especially dog-salmon. Fishing regulations are a help but the fisheries department needs more money for its programs. Salmon enhancement programs have been worthwhile. Buy-back program has not been successful, too many seiners now. Future of fishing is ok if there is more money put into it and the 200 mile limit is enforced.

Bunichi Takahashi interview

CALL NUMBER: T2398:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Early life in Vancouver PERIOD COVERED: 1918-1928 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: Mr. Takahashi discusses: a car accident on the Granville St. bridge; his childhood in Kitsilano.;

CALL NUMBER: T2398:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Early life before World War II PERIOD COVERED: 1920-1946 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: Mr. Takahashi describes: his English language education in Vancouver; schooling in Japan; experiences as a houseboy; discrimination during World War II.;

CALL NUMBER: T2398:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Life in an internment camp PERIOD COVERED: 1941-1946 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: Mr. Takahashi discusses internment camp life; his marriage.;

CALL NUMBER: T2398:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Mr. Takahashi's sons PERIOD COVERED: 1947-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: Mr. Takahashi talks about his sons and their lives. (End of interview);

Celina Starr interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Celina Starr RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-02-26 SUMMARY: Celina Starr discusses travelling to Terrace for a wedding. The burning of Port Essington in about 1960. Describes Port Essington and three canneries. The evacuation of Japanese people during the War. Cans shipped to Port Essington by steamer. Discusses Port Essington and businesses that were there. Names and discusses different people of the community. Describes the process of canning.

Charles Deagle interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Charles Deagle RECORDED: Richmond (B.C.), 1976-03-07 SUMMARY: Charles Deagle discusses his father, Billy Deagle, who worked for B.C. Electric as a conductor for 39 years. His father would take trainloads of halibut out of the cold storage plant in Steveston and take them to Vancouver. Discusses how his father brought the first trainload of Japanese to Steveston during the fishing strike in which the militia were used. The Japanese were brought in to break the strike. There wasn't another strike until 1936. Stagecoaches used to run out of Steveston. Describes early Steveston and Richmond, noting buildings, locations, people, and businesses. Discusses the several fires in Steveston. He attended Lord Byng school. Everybody got along well in the town because they were all busy making a living. Lots of drinking and bootlegging in those days. Big train station in Steveston at one time with freight shed. Discusses Moffat & Martin which imported Model T Ford cars and Ford tractors by the trainload. Moffat was a smart operator and Martin was on the work end. One year Moffat sold so many cars that Henry Ford gave him an especially built car as a bonus. The Japanese are good neighbours and good people. When WWII broke out it was terrible for the Japanese people. He entrusted with many belongings including 4 new cars, to look after until the war ended. He kept all of these until the custodian made him give them up. Some people thought that the Japanese were a threat during the War but they did not really know them. He lived with them and did not see them as anything but good people. After the War the canneries helped get the Japanese back into the industry by providing boats and gear. He built boats for Nelson Brothers at an old American army base in Port Edward. Later he became a fish buyer, and discusses his success. Unions and co-ops. Discusses pollution in the Fraser River. The Gulf of Georgia is just a big septic tank. He was so competitive to the companies that the cannery manager wouldn't talk to him during the fish season.

Charles Dumont interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Charles Dumont RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1976-04-06 SUMMARY: Charles Dumont began fishing on Lesser Slave Lake in northern Alberta. Used small open boats and also ice fished. The nets were set, anchored on the bottom; they don't drift like in the ocean. Caught whitefish, pickerel, jack-fish, and suckers. Most of the fishermen were Metis Indian fishermen, and Whites. Low prices for fish. There were no canneries; they were all shipped fresh and frozen in refrigerated railway cars. Fishing not like in B.C.; you move to a deeper part of the lake as the weather gets warmer. They fished the lake out by using herring nets; of course they killed everything. The fish buyer became a millionaire, so he must have been getting something out of it. They brought in fish spawn from other lakes and hatched it in the hatchery and brought the fish back. He was in Vancouver during the Depression. There were squatters shacks in False Creek. When he came to Vancouver in 1940 he went to work for Evans and Coleman and there was a lot of work then. He fished dogfish during the War, and he fished soup-fish (?) in the Hecate Straits which Canadian Fish Co. bought and used the liver from. He stopped work in 1960 when his back gave way. He lived in Steveston behind the present (1976) hotel. Company houses were poor but inexpensive. The Japanese had been evacuated during the War and when they returned they received a rough reception in Steveston. Steveston history. Working in the net loft. Discusses the union. Discusses canneries in operation during the 1940s. He fished the Skeena and all the way up to Portland Canal. Fishing is hard work and you have to work hard to make the money. Nylon nets are better than linen ones. Used to be all dairy farming in Steveston; now it's all built up and all that farm is lost.

Clough family films

The series consists of four reels of amateur film footage taken between 1937 and 1944. They show scenes and people in Slocan City and vicinity, on the Clough Ranch, in the Slocan Valley and at Halcyon Hot Springs. They depict Clough and Cooper family activities and includes footage of a sports day at the Japanese internment camp of Bay Farm, just south of Slocan City.

Clough (family)

Correspondence regarding Japanese permits

  • GR-3763
  • Series
  • 1943

The series consists of correspondence sent to Sgt. J. Hooker of the Ashcroft detachment of the BC Provincial Police. The series also consists of copies of Sgt. Hooker’s outward correspondence. The correspondence dates from October and November 1943 and concerns the movements of individual Japanese Canadians across the province. The correspondence also includes travel permits for specific individuals detailing their registration number, their place of departure and arrival, the means by which they were to travel and the purpose of their trip. Correspondence was sent by both the RCMP and the British Columbia Security Commission. The series documents the travel of registered Japanese Canadians for both personal and work purposes.

The records are housed in their original folder, which is entitled 93A Japanese Permits. No custodial history or provenance is available for the records, and the folder was in a box that had been accessioned as “miscellaneous court records.”

British Columbia. Provincial Police Force (Ashcroft)

Correspondence School administrative records

  • GR-0470
  • Series
  • 1919-1969

GR-0470 contains records pertaining to the operations of the Elementary Correspondence School Branch from 1919 to 1969. The records document virtually all aspects of the branch's work. In addition to copies of the directors' correspondence and reports, GR-0470 includes copies of semi-annual correspondence school magazines (containing profiles of pupils and instructors), brochures, applications and sample lesson plans. Also includes records of courses offered in government Relief Camps during the Depression, along with records of courses provided to Japanese pupils interned during the second World War, and pupils enrolled under Sections 13(g) and 20 of the Public Schools Act.

GR-0470 also includes individual student files for the years 1919-1930. This series consists of a complete sequence of files [Nos. 19-296] from 1919 to 1921, and a representative sample of files [Nos. 299-2655], selected because of their historic value and because they contained illuminating letters from parents and pupils. Note that Files 1-3 (1919) will be found in GR-0396. Files 4-18 have not survived.

Before these records were transferred to the archives in 1979, application forms and report cards were removed from the students' files and were microfilmed. Regrettably, the application forms - which contain key biographical data and valuable genealogical information and the report cards were not returned to the original files; in fact, original copies of the application forms and report cards, along with related correspondence, were destroyed after the records had been filmed. Microform copies of the application forms and report cards have, however, been preserved by the Correspondence and Distance Learning Branch, Ministry of Education.

British Columbia. Dept. of Education. Elementary Correspondence School

"Discrimination Patterns with Change in Population Size of Urban Centres: A Case Study of Indians in Southwestern British Columbia." "Tashme, British Columbia: An Existing Non-Entity." / Ian Douglas Anderson

"Discrimination Patterns with Change in Population Size of Urban Centres: A Case Study of Indians in Southwestern British Columbia." "Tashme, British Columbia: An Existing Non-Entity.". M.A. Theses. Simon Fraser University, 1971.

Dominic Bussanich interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dominic Bussanich RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-02-19 SUMMARY: Dominic Bussanich was born in 1904 and started fishing when he was 13 years old with his father on a gillnetter. Used to fish 5 or 6 days a week in Canoe Pass and Rivers Inlet. Built his own boats. Fished up at Rivers Inlet for 10 or 12 years. River has changed, the channels are different and fishing on it is very difficult now (1976). No fishing at all in North Arm of Fraser any more because of too much traffic. Pollution in river is terrible. The catch has decreased in the river because the gear is so efficient but also the Americans are taking most of the fish: Canadians get only 12 hours a week to fish, Americans fish 4 and 5 days. He worked on seine boats and also built boats for a living. He prefers wood boats to fibreglass and aluminum. New equipment on boats makes fishing easier. Discusses gillnetters and seiners. Talks about Japanese fishermen and their treatment during the War. Indian fishermen. Herring fishing. He fished for B.C. Packers, Canadian Fish, Bell Irving, Nelson Bros. Formed a co-op, Canoe Pass. Co-op in 1941- 1942, gillnetters. Co-op is now (1976) about 70 members and still going. Lots of changes in Delta area. Sports fishermen also take more than their share. Need to have higher prices to pay for expensive boats. He used to drive a truck in the off-season to make ends meet and then he went into boat building. Discusses reasons for poor herring fishery of 1975: greed the main reason, trying to pack too many fish. There is a need for a 200 mile limit. Discusses fishing in the north out of Prince Rupert.

Dr. Hugh M. Rae interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dr. Hugh M. Rae : A United Church minister in BC PERIOD COVERED: 1900-1970 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1975-11-06 SUMMARY: END OF BUNT INTERVIEW (continued from T1991:0005): visits to Indian missions. REV. DR. HUGH M. RAE: Childhood in Scotland. Recruitment to fields in Canada, near Kamloops. Further education: McGill, B.C., Westminster Hall. First United Church B.D. Rosedale charge in 1917. Knox Church, New Westminster, and church union. Dunbar Heights, First Church in Ottawa. Retired supply in Vancouver. Anecdotes about experiences as a minister, including the coal miners' strike at Extension; Depression conditions; Japanese relocation; work on Evangelism And Social Service Committee, and others. Church music.

Dr. William Percy Bunt interview : [Oldham, 1976]

CALL NUMBER: T1991:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Methodist Medical Missionary Work RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-26 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal background; training as a Methodist minister; Dr. A.E. Bolton; Thomas Crosby; his ordination; Dr. Paton of Chilliwack; Naramata; CPR Hospital; Penticton General Hospital. TRACK 2: Theological training in Montreal, 1914; women in medical training; medical missionaries; career workers; First World War service in infantry in France; return to Vancouver in 1918. CALL NUMBER: T1991:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Methodist Medical Missionary Work RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-26 SUMMARY: Dr. John Spencer, 1888, training in California; Port Simpson work 1914 to 1924; Bella Bella; Hazelton; Dr. Horace Wrinch the politician; Dr. R. W. Large; hardship of life in isolated areas of BC before the First World War. CALL NUMBER: T1991:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Methodist Medical Missionary Work RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-26 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Large; United Church nurses; Matron Bedford, Port Simpson; Miss McDowell, Miss Irene McGee, Miss Bessie French; the medical missionary calling; appointment of Dr. Bunt as superintendent of home missions, BC; his work with United Church hospitals; relocation of Japanese-Canadians. TRACK 2: Role of Dr. Bunt in the relocation of Japanese-Canadians; publicity of medical missionary work; the 'Thomas Crosby' boats; boat call at Kitimat; government involvement in United churches. CALL NUMBER: T1991:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Methodist Medical Missionary Work RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-26 SUMMARY: Dr. George Darby of Bella Bella; his personal background; beginning medical work on the BC coast; Dr. Bunt's story of Dr. Darby's home; the hardship of living there; his Christian faith; Mrs. Darby and family in Vancouver for twenty years; honourary Indian title in 1944; honourary degrees at UBC; home mission conference; his role as superintendent.

Dr. William Percy Bunt interview : [Sieber, 1975]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): United Church minister and missionary PERIOD COVERED: 1900-1950 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1975-10-16 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Childhood in Ontario. Move to the West. Decision to enter the ministry, 1912. Student fields. Further education and service in World War I. Graduation and marriage. Kaslo and church union. TRACK 2: Other experiences at Kaslo. Mission, BC, 1928-1931. The effects of the Great Depression. Missions to the Indians and Orientals, and his work as Superintendent of Home Missions. Relocation of Japanese Canadians. Visit to the Yukon. Policy in the Cariboo. [NOTE: The conclusion of this interview is on tape T1991:0006.]

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