Title and statement of responsibility area
General material designation
- textual record
- cartographic material
Other title information
Title statements of responsibility
- Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the series
Level of description
Edition statement of responsibility
Class of material specific details area
Statement of scale (cartographic)
Statement of projection (cartographic)
Statement of coordinates (cartographic)
Statement of scale (architectural)
Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
Physical description area
Publisher's series area
Title proper of publisher's series
Parallel titles of publisher's series
Other title information of publisher's series
Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series
Numbering within publisher's series
Note on publisher's series
Archival description area
Name of creator
The Government Agency system of British Columbia had its origin in the office of gold commissioner, which was created by a Proclamation of Governor Douglas, dated 7 September 1859. After Confederation the title "gold commissioner" became restricted to those officials performing the administrative and judicial duties laid out in mining legislation, and the more general title "government agent" has been used for those officials with broader responsibilities. The several functions of a government agent are legally separate powers and appointments, which may or may not be held concurrently by the same individual.
Over the years, the Government Agent held several different appointments and positions for Kamloops and various surrounding areas, including Water Recorder, Gold Commissioner, Mining Recorder, Land Commissioner, Registrar of Voters for the Kamloops Electoral District, District Registrar of the Supreme Court, Kamloops Registry, Registrar of the County Court of Yale, holden at Kamloops, District Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages, and Collector of Revenue for the Kamloops Tax Assessment District. In 1909, the Government Agent was also appointed as Recording Officer for the Kamloops Cattle District and Stipendiary Magistrate for the County of Yale. There was a Government Agent in Kamloops by 1871. As of 2020, the various rolls of Government Agent have become part of regional Service BC offices.
Name of creator
Scope and content
The series consists of the business records, 1877-1977, of the office of the Kamloops Government Agent, including the records of several additional positions usually held by the same individual: Gold Commissioner, Mining Recorder, and Land Commissioner for the Kamloops Land District. The series also includes records of the Canadian Department of the Interior; most created and received by the Dominion Lands Agent at Kamloops as part of the administration of the Railway Belt.
Record types and subject matter include, but are not limited to the following: land alienation through pre-emption or purchase from the provincial government and homesteading or purchase from the federal government; a variety of leases of Crown land; other more general types of records; and records regarding Indigenous peoples and Indian Reserves.
Records related to land alienation include: applications for pre-emption records; land classification reports; forms completed by land inspectors of the Department of Lands Inspection Branch; declarations of occupation and permanent improvement on pre-emption claims; applications for homestead entry, cancellation, and abandonment; homestead Inspector’s reports; affidavits in support of an Application for Entry for a homestead, pre-emption or purchased homestead; land sales records including applications to purchase and certificates of purchase.
Records related to a variety of leases and other uses of Crown lands include: grazing leases; foreshore leases; dredging leases; indentures to reassign leases; special use permits; timber permits; water records including conditional water licenses, and permanent water licenses; applications for irrigation schemes; petroleum and natural gas leases; quarry leases; bar leases; coal leases; mining leases regarding surface and subsurface rights; applications for lease of crown-granted mineral claims; applications for placer leases under the Placer-Mining Act; and the lapse of a lease or forfeiture of a mineral claim to the Crown.
Other more general types of records include: correspondence regarding Crown grants; inquiries about land availability; surveyor’s reports; preliminary plans and correspondence for the surveys of townships; Soldier Settlement Board records including forms, correspondence and records of soldier land grants; attestation papers and discharge certificates; naturalization papers; personal correspondence; correspondence files on specific topics such as hay permit regulations or precipitation measurements; records regarding taxes; and business records of the office, including inter-department correspondence, circulars, and memorandum related to matters of land administration.
Files also exist for specific Indian Reserves, and can include correspondence; water records; surveys; and inspection reports created in the process of allotting new, and canceling existing Indian Reserves. Some files document instances of overlapping land use and conflict between settlers and Indigenous peoples on specific parcels of land.
Files are generally either correspondence files on a particular subject, or a variety of records related to a particular piece of land. Many files cover a wide time period and may be associated with multiple individuals or companies as land rights were often transferred to others or cancelled and reapplied for. Only the name of the first and last individual listed on the file is included in the file list. This means there may be additional names associated with files not included on the file list. The file list may also only include part of the legal description of land in cases where the description was exceptionally long, or included many different pieces of land. Single individuals may also have multiple files for each piece of land they are associated with.
Cartographic materials, consisting of blueprints and hand-drawn maps or plans, indicating the parcels of land relevant to the file, are commonly found throughout the records.
No file list or indexes were transferred with these records from the Kamloops Government Agent. Most files only included numbers with no clear names, so titles were created by the archives based on the contents of the files or by transcribing information on relevant file backs.
A fire on 17 September 1893 at the Dominion Lands Office in Kamloops destroyed some files. The contents for these files are marked [empty]. Files marked as [file back only] were likely destroyed in the fire, but then had their titles and some additional information transcribed by Lands employees onto file backs from letter books or other surviving records which were not transferred with these records.
Immediate source of acquisition
Files are arranged in their original order as transferred from the Government Agent at Kamloops. Files may have been created by either the provincial Government Agent at Kamloops, or by the federal Dominion Land Agent at Kamloops. Two different original numbering systems appear to exist in the series to reflect the various creators, but have become intermingled over time through continued use by the Government Agent.
Ownership and administration of Crown land in the Railway Belt was transferred to the federal government in 1883. At this time, provincial files in the impacted areas may have been transferred to federal custody where they were maintained; often continuing the existing provincially created systems, or updating the files to comply with federal systems. Other files in the Kamloops Land District, but outside of the Railway Belt, may have remained with the provincial Government Agent. The federal government proceeded to create new files using their systems as Crown land was alienated in the Railway Belt after 1883. In 1930, the Railway Belt was transferred back to the province and all files were transferred to the provincial Government Agent at Kamloops, where files continued to be maintained using their existing systems until the files were transferred to the archives in 1977. After 1930, new files were likely created using the provincial systems.
Each government utilized its own survey and file systems. Provincial surveys utilized a district lot system in which lot numbers are generally assigned numerically based on date of survey and could be located anywhere in a land district. A regional office file number was assigned to each file, ranging from approximately 5 to 7374, with many gaps in the file numbers. These file numbers would differ from the file numbers used in the Head Office in Victoria. Some sections of these file numbers appear to have been assigned mostly chronologically based on the date the file was opened.
Federal surveys used a section, township, range system which identified a particular piece of land. In this system, 36 square mile townships were surveyed and divided into 36 sections. Each 640 acre section was then further divided into four quarters, or smaller sub-divisions. In most cases, file numbers can be identified by a prefix delineated by a hyphen ranging from approximately 1-4 to 77-31100, with many gaps in the file numbers. The prefixes are grease pencil marks made on the original envelopes which housed the file. Some sections of these file numbers appear to have been assigned mostly chronologically based on the date the file was opened.
Boxes 1-37 contain primarily provincially created records. Boxes 38-104 contain primarily federally created records. Boxes 105 on contain a mixture of both. Files have become intermingled over time, making it impossible to separate provincially and federally created records. Files may be mixed together in a box, and individual files may include records created by both provincial and federal employees over time.
Language of material
Script of material
Location of originals
Availability of other formats
Restrictions on access
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Related records at the BC Archives include:
GR-0112 Crown land pre-emption records (British Columbia. Dept. of Lands and Works), includes two sub-series: certificates of pre-emption, with associated certificates of improvement and certificates of purchase, and pre-emption registers. Each sub-series consists of bound, indexed volumes arranged by land district and division.
GR-0436 Land settlement records for Railway Belt and Peace River Block (Canada. Department of the Interior), includes correspondence, applications for homestead entry, applications for patents, and registers relating to land settlement in the Railway Belt and the Peace River Block.
GR-0437 Land surveys relating to the Railway Belt and Peace River Block (Canada. Department of the Interior), includes correspondence files relating to surveys in British Columbia, and Dominion Land Surveyors' diaries.
GR-1088 Crown land records (British Columbia. Surveys and Land Records Branch), includes correspondence files relating to the administration, management, conservation, and development of Crown lands and natural resources throughout B.C.
Note that file numbers for related files in the above series will likely be different then the numbers used by the Kamloops regional office in GR-0522. The above series may contain additional and possibly duplicated records relating to some files and parcels of land in GR-0522.
Additional related records are listed and described in the draft guide Government Records Relating to Crown Lands in British Columbia (Reference Room inventory binder 15).
Associated materials and resources at other institutions include:
Mineral files can be searched through the MINFILE database using the MINFILE name (listed in “” in the contents column). Note that MINFILE numbers may not correspond with file list https://minfile.gov.bc.ca/
Library and Archives Canada has a database for searching Western Land Grants, including digitized copies of maps and Letters Patent. Letters Patent were issued by the federal government to grant or confirm title to a piece of land. Letters Patent are searchable by legal description, name, or keywords. Searching by legal description is recommended, if possible, as the individual named on the Letters Patent may not be named in the GR-0522 file list. The database can be accessed here: https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/land/land-grants-western-canada-1870-1930/Pages/search.aspx
BC Crown Grants from the completion of the pre-emption process or purchase from the BC government can be searched through GATOR “Historic Crown Grants” search. The database can be searched by grantee’s name and will provide the lot number for the land (the provincial legal description). If the legal description is known, additional information can be found through the GATOR “Legal Description” search. GATOR can be accessed here:
BC LTSA ParcelMap is an interactive map which shows all the boundaries of lots and their legal descriptions. If the rough area of a piece of land is known, it may be possible to identify it on the map https://ltsa.ca/online-services/accessing-parcelmap-bc
How to use the file list:
There was no file list or indexes transferred with these records. Files must be identified using this file list created by the archives. The original order of the files has been maintained in the file list due to their complex creation and use over time by the Government Agent. This means that the most effective search method to locate a particular file is through keyword searching this document (click Ctrl+F for search box). The file list can be searched by file number, license or permit number, name of associated individuals or organizations, legal description of the land, or any other relevant keywords.
Searching for a particular individual or organization:
Keyword searches can be conducted for particular places, people, companies or other organizations. However, when searching for particular individuals, note that not every person named in a file is included on the file list. Some pieces of land could have been used by dozens of individuals over many decades. Only the first and last person associated with a file has been included on the file list. Some files have no associated names included on the file list. If a desired name does not appear in the file list, try searching for a particular piece of land by identifying the land’s legal description.
Searching for a particular piece of land by legal description:
Legal descriptions of land are generally recorded in a standardized format in this file list. Files will either use the provincial system of lot numbers and portions of lot numbers, or the federal section, township, range system, as described above in the Overview section of this document.
The provincial system will list a lot, or part of a lot. For example:
Lot 4458 K.D.Y.D
E ½ lot 2051 K.D.Y.D
The federal system provides a precise geographical location consisting of a full section or part of a section, followed by township, range, and the relevant meridian, ending with the names of associated individuals or groups. For example:
Sec.29 Tp.20 R.19 W6M : M.U. Homfrey
N.E. ¼ Sec.23 Tp.20 R.15 W6M : Andrew John Brown
S. ½ of S.E. ¼ Sec.22 Tp.18 R.23 W6M : John Wood : Walter F. Bose
However, many files include multiple parcels of land (usually combinations of sections or parts of sections). If the description includes multiple sections they will be delineated by commas. If the legal description was excessively long it may not have been transcribed in its entirety into the file list. Some examples of legal descriptions for large areas include:
Sec.27, 28, 33, 34, 35, 36 parts of 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 Tp.20 R.18 W6M
N. ½ N. ¼ Sec.7, S. ½ S.W. ¼ Sec.18 Tp.20 R.8 W6M : A.M. Baird
Parts of Sec.20, 27, 29 Tp.22 R.25 W6M : Charles G. Doering
Searching for a parcel of land by filling in the blanks of the following punctuation and format should locate it.
Sec.__ Tp.__ R.__ W6M
If no results appear try searching for just combined township and range, and scrolling through the results to see if the correct section appears. Locating a specific parcel of land in a file covering a large area may require multiple searches to look for relevant entries in the desired township and range, then looking for the correct section.
Standard number area
Subject access points
- Land settlement--British Columbia--Kamloops district
- Pre-emption--British Columbia
- Mines and mineral resources--British Columbia
- Mining claims--British Columbia
- Water rights--British Columbia
- Naturalization records--British Columbia
- Surveying--British Columbia
- Public lands--British Columbia
- Land use--British Columbia
Name access points
- British Columbia. Government Agent (Kamloops, B.C.) (Subject)
- Canada. Department of the Interior (Subject)
- British Columbia. Dept. of Lands (Subject)
- British Columbia. Dept. of Lands and Works (Subject)
- British Columbia. Dept. of Lands and Forests (Subject)
- British Columbia. Dept. of Lands, Forests and Water Resources (Subject)