Title and statement of responsibility area
Lilly Squinahan interview
General material designation
- sound recording
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- Source of title proper: Supplied title based on item contents.
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Statement of scale (cartographic)
Statement of projection (cartographic)
Statement of coordinates (cartographic)
Statement of scale (architectural)
Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
1979-06-06 [date recorded] (Creation)
Physical description area
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Interviews recorded as research for Sound Heritage Series no. 34, "Now You Are My Brother: Missionaries in British Columbia".
Scope and content
SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Memories of St. Joseph's Mission, Williams Lake, B.C. RECORDED: Alkali Lake (B.C.), 1979-06-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In an interview with Margaret Whitehead, Lilly Squinahan shares memories of her time at St. Joseph's Mission: typical day; her knowledge of English; sewing own clothes; learning to cook; ever;ything the school needed, they produced (for the most part); Brother Collins; spent nine years in school, but only went to grade 6 academically (ages 9 to 18). Had to leave school to make room for new; students. She enjoyed school and believes other students did too. Religion at St. Joseph's. Some children ran away from the school -- workmen would have to go looking for them. Chilcotin children in ;the school. All her siblings went to St. Joseph's too. Her youngest brother used to run away. Trapping no longer practiced by many Natives. Parents did not come to visit often. Holidays were six weeks;. TRACK 2: Lily Squinahan: On holidays, Father Thomas would sometimes come to the reserve -- he was very strict (no alcohol, no dancing). Discussion of other priests. Chief Samson. Chief and Father T;homas had a court-like system set up where people would pay fines and confess to wrongdoings. Little alcohol on the reserve in old days. Chief is no longer a hereditary position. Concluding remarks.;
Immediate source of acquisition
Margaret Whitehead, 1979-1981
Language of material
Script of material
Location of originals
Availability of other formats
A digital copy is available.
- Partial transcript on file.
- Reference cassette copy available in container 000443-207.
Restrictions on access
No access restrictions apply.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
- Copying Restriction: None.
- Use Restriction: For private and educational use only. Not for broadcast or commercial use without permission of the B.C. Archives.
- Copyright Status: Copyright British Columbia Archives.
Excerpts from this interview appeared in Sound Heritage Series no. 34, "Now You Are My Brother".
Accession number(s): T3530
speaker: Lilly Squinahan, interviewer: Margaret Mary Whitehead
Standard number area
Subject access points
- Cariboo Region (B.C.)--History
- Catholic Church--British Columbia
- Chilcotin Indians
- Indian children--British Columbia
- Indians--British Columbia--Cariboo Region
- Indians--British Columbia--Education
- Indians--British Columbia--Missions
- Rural schools--British Columbia
- Shuswap Indians
- Missionaries--British Columbia
Place access points
Name access points
- Thomas, Francois Marie, 1868-1957 (Subject)