Collection PR-1259 - Maynard family collection

Studio register of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery, 1891 - 1899 Photographic View Album by R. Maynard, Artist Photograph album of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum Natural history collection of the Provincial Museum
Results 1 to 30 of 246 Show all

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Maynard family collection

General material designation

  • graphic material
  • textual record
  • multiple media

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the collection.
  • Variations in title: Maynard family fonds

Level of description

Collection

Reference code

PR-1259

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • ca. 1862-1926 (Creation)
    Creator
    Maynard (family)

Physical description area

Physical description

Includes 855 photographs, 8 photographic albums and 28 cm of textual materials.

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator

(1832-1934)

Biographical history

The Maynard family consisted of Hannah Hatherly Maynard (1834-1918), Richard Maynard (1832-1907), their children and grandchildren.

Hannah Hatherly was a well-known photographer, photographic artist and business owner originally from Cornwall, England. She ran a successful commercial photography business, Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862? – 1912) in Victoria on Vancouver Island, a business that was in operation for 50 years. Richard Maynard was a well-known British Columbia photographer, prospector, and business owner originally from Cornwall, England also based in Victoria, British Columbia. Hannah and Richard married in 1852 in England and they immigrated to Bowmanville (Ontario). Hannah and Richard had several children in Bowmanville and later in Victoria.

The Maynards lived first in Bowmanville then the family moved to Victoria in 1862. It is believed Hannah Maynard opened Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery that same year. Richard Maynard followed his prospecting enterprises on the mainland before and after the family’s move to Victoria. He later settled and opened up his own business there. Richard and Hannah Maynard remained in Victoria throughout their lives, though they both travelled extensively including British Columba and the United States through their work as photographers. The Maynards created an extensive documentary record capturing some of the earliest views and portraits of British Columbia in the early decades post Confederation.
The Maynards had several children. Those who survived past childhood and early adulthood included George Maynard (1852-1926 or 1927), Albert Hatherly Maynard (1857-1934) and Zela Maynard (1854-1913). Several of their children died young, including Laura Lillian Maynard (1867-1883) who died at age 16 and Emma Maynard (1859 or 1860-1893) who died while in her thirties.

George Maynard married Mary Elizabeth Davies in 1872 and had a number of children. Albert Hatherly Maynard married Adelaide Graham in 1878 and had children including daughters Mabel Price Maynard (b.1880), Lillie Elizabeth (b.1884) and sons John Ridgemen Maynard (b.1879) and Richard James Maynard (b. 1881). Adelaide Maynard (nee Graham) passed away in 1897. Albert remarried to widower Violet Mabel Graham in 1914. Emma Maynard married James F. Macdonald in 1879 and had three children including Harry Hatherly MacDonald, Maynard Macdonald and Albert James Macdonald. Zela Maynard married W.H. Smith in 1879 and had several children.
The Maynard children are closely linked to both the Maynard photographic studio business, Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery, and Richard Maynard’s business.

Richard Maynard, known for his field and landscape photography, made one of his early work-related excursions to Barkerville with his son Albert Maynard in 1868. In the census records of 1881, Emma Maynard is listed as a photographer. Frequently family members have featured in Hannah Maynard’s studio portraits as well as her more experimental and autobiographical works, tableaux vivants, which employ double and multiple exposure techniques along with the techniques of photo-sculpture. Featured family members include daughters Emma Macdonald (nee Maynard) and Laura Lillian Maynard, as well as Emma’s sons Harry Hatherly MacDonald and Maynard Macdonald. Upon Mr. R. Maynard’s retirement in the late 1890s, Albert took on the role of general manager of his father’s business as well as taking over management of the photographic stock. After the death of Hannah Maynard, Albert was the executor of his mother’s will.

Several of the Maynard children and grandchildren ran successful businesses, including commercial photographic related establishments. Albert Maynard continued on as successor to R. Maynard and operated his own photographic business. Maynard Macdonald operated a photographic business, Maynard F. Macdonald & Son Commercial Photographers in Victoria. At one point George Maynard and his sons, Albert J. and George H. Jr. operated the Victoria-based auction and appraisal company Maynard & Sons.

Richard and Hannah Maynard died in 1907 and 1918, respectively. Their second son Albert Hatherly Maynard died in 1934.

Custodial history

The majority of materials were donated to or purchased by the BC Archives or the Provincial Museum by or from members of the Maynard family between ca.1890 and 1933, including Mrs. R. Maynard, Albert H. Maynard, Mrs. Blake Croft and Mrs. Reed.

Scope and content

The collection consists of a number of private records created by the Maynard family, the selected business records of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery and a portion of the professional records of well-known British Columbian photographers Hannah Hatherly Maynard (1834-1918) and Richard Maynard (1832-1907). To a lesser extent, a percentage of the professional records of their son Albert Hatherly Maynard (1854-1934) are included in the collection. Primary materials include family photograph albums, a measure of the photographic portfolio of Hannah and Richard Maynard consisting of photographic negatives and prints, as well as several view and sample albums. There is also a small number of textual business records, the bulk of which consists of a single studio register that represents over 5,000 customer entries of portrait orders fulfilled at several different locations of the Maynard Studio between 1891 to 1899.

The Maynard family collection consists of the following series and discreet items:

MS-3394: Photograph albums

MS-3361: Photograph album of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3373: Albert H. Maynard photographs of the Provincial Museum’s natural history collections

MS-3374: Indigenous studio portraits of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3328: Photographic View Album by R. Maynard, Artist

MS-3384: Studio portraits of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3378: Colonial administration field photographs of Richard Maynard (Department of Indian Affairs tours of inspection)

MS-3380: Experimental photographic works of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery

MS-3403: Photograph albums and photographic prints, reproductions

MS-3325: Studio register of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery

The Maynard family, Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery and photographers Hannah Hatherly H. Maynard, Richard Maynard and Albert H. Maynard were based in Victoria, British Columbia. Richard Maynard’s boot and shoe business was also based in the city.

Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery clientele included the "upper echelons of Victoria society" including the Cridge, Douglas, O'Reilly, Harris, McNeil and Crease families, as well as members of the colonial government such as Victoria mayor John Grant among many others. It also served the spectrum of the Victoria population including temporary visitors, Indigenous day labourers, as well as pioneering Anglo-European, African American (including the Alexander and Spotts families), Caribbean (Barnswell family) and Chinese individuals, families and communities. Representatives from Indigenous governments and communities on Vancouver Island and British Columbia including the Tsimshian Chief known as Arthur Wellington Clah, and others who came for their likenesses. In the early years the studio produced conventional portraits for early inhabitants of Fort Victoria (established by the Hudson’s Bay Company) such as gold miners and sailors. In later years, clientele were documented from across British Columbia, Vancouver Island, Salts Spring Island, Haida Gwaii, Vancouver and Lytton. Also during this period, patrons came from British warships that visited the Esquimalt naval base. Institutional clients included the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard in the United States.

Within this collection, the works of other photographers and photographic studios are represented in the Maynard portfolio. Notably, this includes photographic negatives by well-known early pioneer British Columbian photographers such as English photographer Frederick Dally (1838-1914) and Italian photographer Carlo (Charles) Gentile (1835-1893).

There are also card mounted photographic prints from a range of photographers and photographic studios from the Western United States, Eastern Canadian provinces and the United Kingdom. Within Ontario, the former residence of the Maynard family prior to their move to Victoria in the early 1860s, a small amount of works are represented from “R. & H. O’Hara Photographers, BookSellers, Insurance Agents & c.” of Bowmanville, Ontario.

In terms of photographic subjects and styles, the collection brings together the following: studio portraiture (family; infant, baby, child and youth; self-portraiture), landscape photography, tourist photography, colonial and government administration photographs, ethnographic and field photography, photography of transportation/railway construction (Canadian Pacific Railway), stereoscopic photography and documentary photography (including early natural history museum collections). Maynard produced ethnographic and field photography, of which one series (MS-3378) and one discreet item (MS-3378) has been included in this collection, is representative of a larger body of their well-known work and documentation of the life and lifeways of many First Nations and Indigenous communities primarily on Vancouver Island, around British Columbia and Alaska. There are a few examples of sun photography used in infant, baby, child and youth portraiture, as well as a reference to a work of Victorian era collage. A small number of works in the style of architectural photography are represented here, as are Maynard’s portfolio depicting naval or military themes. Hannah Maynard’s work in police photography is not represented in this collection.

Artistic works include experimental photographs attributed to Mrs. R. Maynard in her role as a photographic artist and consist of tableau vivants, photocollages, composite and montage works photo-sculptures and studio portraits using double and multiple exposure techniques. A small number of montage works marketed by Richard Maynard can also be found in this collection, as are references to studio portraits marketed by R. Maynard.

Print formats include mounted and unmounted prints and photograph albums. Mounted prints consist of cartes de visite, boudoir and cabinet cards, gem-sized prints and tintype miniature portraits. Negative formats consist primarily of glass plate negatives. There are also a small number of textual records found in albums including several business cards and a few seasonal greeting cards. There is also one instance of business stationary from Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery present within the studio register.

Notes area

Physical condition

There are specific physical condition considerations for the materials in this collection.
See series and discreet item records for specific condition information.

Immediate source of acquisition

Arrangement

Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Availability of Other Formats
Modern copy prints are available for selected materials from this collection, some of which are also available in electronic form. These were made available electronically as a part of early digitization activities at BC Archives.

These reference materials are often reproductions from original glass plate negatives, and in some cases from card mounted prints or prints found in photographic albums. Some of these reproductions include annotations.

In many cases, there are duplicates of these reproductions also found in the BC Archives Photograph Collection, which may have alternative descriptions, annotations or research notes.

Modern copy prints appear to have been created during the 1980s to the early 2000s. As a result, these reproductions can contain photographic information that may now have been lost due to natural deterioration of the photographic emulsion over time (in the case of glass plate negatives) or other plate or print deterioration or damage that may have affected the availability of visual information in these works. To compare with digitized surrogates found in this series and created between December 2017 and December 2019, see available modern copy prints for MS-3374 in this collection housed.

Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these reference materials.

Restrictions on access

This collection contains materials that depict the cultural heritage, knowledge and information of a number of First Nations in British Columbia. This may include intellectual property (designs, images, crafts and artistic styles), heritage sites, traditional activities and lifeways and material culture objects. Within this, some photographs may contain culturally sensitive information. Culturally sensitive information within still images (photographs) can include burials, archaeological objects, religious or sacred objects, cemeteries and sacred places.

For conservation reasons, access provided to originals is limited. Many of the photographs in collection are glass plate negatives. Researchers should consult the online reference image prior to consulting the original.

Several colonial administration field photographs of Richard Maynard (MS-3378) are restricted.

Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these collection materials.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

This collection contains materials that depict the cultural heritage, knowledge and information of a number of First Nations in British Columbia. This may include intellectual property (designs, images, crafts and artistic styles), heritage sites, traditional activities and lifeways and material culture objects. Within this, some photographs may contain culturally sensitive information. Culturally sensitive information within still images (photographs) can include burials, archaeological objects, religious or sacred objects, cemeteries and sacred places.

Several colonial administration field photographs of Richard Maynard (MS-3378) are restricted.

Please contact the BC Archives to determine the use, reproduction, and publication status of collection materials.

Finding aids

Item descriptions are available for digitized materials.

Associated materials

Associated Materials
Newspaper articles from the Victoria Daily Colonist and The Daily Colonist relating to Richard and Hannah Maynard as well as Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery are held by the Victoria Times-Colonist. Digital access is available through the University of Victoria Libraries’ digital collection, “Daily Colonist Newspaper Collection.” Published articles from trade publications including the St. Louis Photographer/St. Louis and Canadian Photographer and The Practical Photographer relating to the works or Richard and Hannah Maynard’s are available. St. Louis and Canadian Photographer is held by the University of Victoria Libraries, University of British Columbia Library, and Simon Fraser University Library. The Practical Photographer is held by Library and Archives Canada. Articles from the Inland Sentinel relating to the work of Richard Maynard, including the availability of Canadian Pacific Railway photographs in Victoria and on the mainland in places such as Yale during the period of 1882, 1883 and 1885 are available. Inland Sentinel is held by the Thompson River University.

Other Maynard photographic studio portraits (related to Hannah Maynard’s Victoria city police mugshots created in the late 1890s to early 1900s) are held by the Victoria Police Historical Society. Digital access is available through the University of Victoria Libraries’ digital collection, “Victoria Police Department Charge Books.”

For carte de visite family photographic albums, featuring card mounted prints of individual and group portraits of Vancouver Island and British Columbian African American (including those identified as the Alexander and Spotts families) and Caribbean (including those identified as the Barnswell family) pioneer families taken by Mrs. R. Maynard, see the Saanich Pioneer Society Archives.

Other Richard and Hannah Maynard photographic materials are held by the Royal British Columbia Museum Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department, the University of British Columbia Library in the Uno Langmann Family Collection of B.C. Photographs, and the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University.

Related Materials
For materials relating to alternative print versions of photographic works by Richard and Hannah Maynard as well as Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery, see the BC Archives Photograph Collection. This collection includes original prints (including card mounted photographs) depicting the Maynard family as well as photographic works marketed by photographers Richard and Hannah Maynard and Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery that appear to be originally from the Newcombe Family fonds PR0356 (including MS-2964). In many cases, there are duplicate reproductions also found in the reference collection of Maynard photographs (see above section on the availability of other formats), which may have alternative descriptions, annotations or research notes.

For related materials, relating to Richard Maynard’s 1890 award received for the Victoria landscape view, "The Arm," see PR2365 Medals, Tokens and Numismatic Collection.

For related textual records, including diaries and notebooks pertaining to Hannah and Richard Maynard’s field photography and travels in British Columbia, see MS1077 Newcombe family papers. In addition, MS-2964 Photographs and sketches holds Hannah and Richard Maynard photographic prints in card mounted and unmounted formats. Described as Newcombe Family fonds, PR0356.

Related materials

Accruals

General note

Terminology has changed over the years in referring to Indigenous peoples. In this finding aid, First Nations, Aboriginal, and Indigenous are used to discuss the groups of British Columbia. Whenever possible the names specific to communities or culture groups are used. Names for associated language families are used when discussing communities or culture groups in broader terms, such as Coast Salish and Interior Salish.

In some cases, outdated historical terms found in primary sources that may be considered offensive today, are supplied for contextual purposes. These terms are only used in this finding aid when in direct reference to a historical source and often are in records written about Indigenous people, as well as individuals both actual or perceived to be of East Asian or Chinese heritage.

General note

The items (photograph albums, photographic prints, textual records) in this collection contain descriptive information from a variety of sources including creators, collectors and current and past BC Archives staff.

General note

Archives code(s): Photographs in this collection have been identified with several identifiers (e.g. call numbers) throughout the period of custody with the BC Archives. This regularly includes a HP (historical photograph) number. It also includes an associated negative number. An image may also have a separate identifier relating to the production of a digital surrogate. Some photographs have been assigned more than one HP number over time for the same image. Some photographs have been assigned identifiers for the first time in 2019 during the reprocessing of this family collection and relate to the production of a digital surrogate. Researchers are currently asked to write down all associated numbers to assist retrievals in locating the photographs(s). For an example see, HP019226 (historical photograph number) which has the following associated numbers: A-6920 (negative number) and J-04826 (digital scan of a glass plate negative).

General note

Archives code(s): MS-3325; MS-3328; MS-3361; MS-3394, MS-2951, MS-3334, MS-3362; MS-3363, MS-3364; MS-3403, MS-3339, MS-3340; MS-3373, MS-3374, MS-3378, MS-3380, MS-3384;

General note

Accession number(s): MS-3325 originally accessioned as 742, later reaccessioned as 95-7328-1; MS-3328 originally accessioned as 198908-010, later reaccessioned as 95-7328-2; MS-2951; 198107-058 (MS-3334); 198004-006 (MS-3339); 197910-001(MS-3340); MS-3361; MS-3362; MS-3363; MS-3364; MS-3373, MS-3374, MS-3378, MS-3380 and MS-3384 are part of accession 95-7328-3.

Accompanying material

Additional documentation regarding the records in this collection is available.

See series and discreet item records for specific resources identified.
This material was created by current and past staff and researchers of the Royal BC Museum and Archives and includes biographical, contextual, and photographic research information.

Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these records.

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Accession area