Collection PR-1259 - Maynard family collection

Five shots of Hannah Maynard, multiple exposure; taken from original glass plate. Maynard's boat's crew at Barclay Sound, Vancouver Island Clam bake at Gordon Head Apple picking, Victoria and vicinity Camping group Group inside wrecked boat hull Waterfall Man and boy by large tree stump Studio register of Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery, 1891 - 1899 Photograph album of Mrs. A. H. Maynard, 1872 - 1892 Album of Laura Lillian Maynard Harry MacDonald as Santa; Victoria City Police Christmas party. The B.D. Croft home at 2565 Graham Street, Victoria; the Croft family residence from 1935 to 1949.

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Maynard family collection

General material designation

  • graphic material
  • textual record

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the collection.
  • Variations in title: Maynard family fonds

Level of description


Reference code


Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • ca. 1862-1905 (Creation)
    Maynard (family)

Physical description area

Physical description

Includes ca. 3,162 photographs and 27cm of textual records

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator


Biographical history

The Maynard family consisted of Hannah Hatherly Maynard (1834-1918), Richard Maynard (1832-1907), their children and grandchildren.

Hannah Hatherly was a well-known photographer, photographic artist and business owner originally from Cornwall, England. She ran a successful commercial photography business, Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862? – 1912) in Victoria on Vancouver Island, a business that was in operation for 50 years. Richard Maynard was a well-known British Columbia photographer, prospector, and business owner originally from Cornwall, England also based in Victoria, British Columbia. Hannah and Richard married in 1852 in England and they immigrated to Bowmanville (Ontario). Hannah and Richard had several children in Bowmanville and later in Victoria.

The Maynards lived first in Bowmanville then the family moved to Victoria in 1862. It is believed Hannah Maynard opened Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery that same year. Richard Maynard followed his prospecting enterprises on the mainland before and after the family’s move to Victoria. He later settled and opened up his own business there. Richard and Hannah Maynard remained in Victoria throughout their lives, though they both travelled extensively including British Columba and the United States through their work as photographers. The Maynards created an extensive documentary record capturing some of the earliest views and portraits of British Columbia in the early decades post Confederation.
The Maynards had several children. Those who survived past childhood and early adulthood included George Maynard (1852-1926 or 1927), Albert Hatherly Maynard (1857-1934) and Zela Maynard (1854-1913). Several of their children died young, including Laura Lillian Maynard (1867-1883) who died at age 16 and Emma Maynard (1859 or 1860-1893) who died while in her thirties.

George Maynard married Mary Elizabeth Davies in 1872 and had a number of children. Albert Hatherly Maynard married Adelaide Graham in 1878 and had children including daughters Mabel Price Maynard (b.1880), Lillie Elizabeth (b.1884) and sons John Ridgemen Maynard (b.1879) and Richard James Maynard (b. 1881). Adelaide Maynard (nee Graham) passed away in 1897. Albert remarried to widower Violet Mabel Graham in 1914. Emma Maynard married James F. Macdonald in 1879 and had three children including Harry Hatherly MacDonald, Maynard Macdonald and Albert James Macdonald. Zela Maynard married W.H. Smith in 1879 and had several children.
The Maynard children are closely linked to both the Maynard photographic studio business, Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery, and Richard Maynard’s business.

Richard Maynard, known for his field and landscape photography, made one of his early work-related excursions to Barkerville with his son Albert Maynard in 1868. In the census records of 1881, Emma Maynard is listed as a photographer. Frequently family members have featured in Hannah Maynard’s studio portraits as well as her more experimental and autobiographical works, tableaux vivants, which employ double and multiple exposure techniques along with the techniques of photo-sculpture. Featured family members include daughters Emma Macdonald (nee Maynard) and Laura Lillian Maynard, as well as Emma’s sons Harry Hatherly MacDonald and Maynard Macdonald. Upon Mr. R. Maynard’s retirement in the late 1890s, Albert took on the role of general manager of his father’s business as well as taking over management of the photographic stock. After the death of Hannah Maynard, Albert was the executor of his mother’s will.

Several of the Maynard children and grandchildren ran successful businesses, including commercial photographic related establishments. Albert Maynard continued on as successor to R. Maynard and operated his own photographic business. Maynard Macdonald operated a photographic business, Maynard F. Macdonald & Son Commercial Photographers in Victoria. At one point George Maynard and his sons, Albert J. and George H. Jr. operated the Victoria-based auction and appraisal company Maynard & Sons.

Richard and Hannah Maynard died in 1907 and 1918, respectively. Their second son Albert Hatherly Maynard died in 1934.

Custodial history

The majority of materials were donated to or purchased by the BC Archives or the Provincial Museum by or from members of the Maynard family between ca.1890 and 1933, including Mrs. R. Maynard and Albert H. Maynard.

Scope and content

The collection consists of business records, chiefly photographs, created by well-known, Victoria-based early British Columbia photographers Hannah Maynard (1834-1918) and Richard Maynard (1832-1907). It includes photographic prints, original in-camera glass plate negatives, a view album, and studio client records particularly pertaining to Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862? – 1912). It also includes a small number of family records, including a family album documenting the family of their son, Albert H. Maynard (1854-1934).

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition


Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Modern copy prints are available for a portion of the collection. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the status of the availability of other formats for this collection.

Restrictions on access

Some photographs may contain culturally sensitive information. For conservation reasons, access provided to originals is limited. Researchers should consult online reference images prior to consulting the original. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these collection materials.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Some photographs may contain culturally sensitive information. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the use, reproduction, and publication status of collection materials.

Finding aids

Item descriptions are available for digitized materials.

Associated materials

Associated Materials
Other Maynard photographic studio portraits (related to Hannah Maynard’s Victoria city police mugshots created in the late 1890s to early 1900s) are held by the Victoria Police Historical Society. Digital access is available through the University of Victoria Libraries’ digital collection, “Victoria Police Department Charge Books.”

Other Richard and Hannah Maynard photographic prints are held by the University of British Columbia Library, in the Uno Langmann Family Collection of B.C. Photographs.

Related Materials
For related materials, relating to Richard Maynard’s 1890 award received for the Victoria landscape view, "The Arm," see PR2365 Medals, Tokens and Numismatic Collection.
For related materials, see MS1077 Newcombe family papers for textual material including diaries and notebooks pertaining to Hannah and Richard Maynard’s field photography and travels in British Columbia. Described as Newcombe Family fonds, PR0356.

Related materials


General note

Terminology has changed over the years in referring to Indigenous peoples. In this finding aid, First Nations, Aboriginal, and Indigenous are used to discuss the groups of British Columbia. Whenever possible the names specific to communities or culture groups are used. Names for associated language families are used when discussing communities or culture groups in broader terms, such as Coast Salish and Interior Salish.

General note

Accession number(s): MS-3325 originally accessioned as 742, later reaccessioned as 95-7328-1.

Accession number(s): MS-3328 originally accessioned as 198908-010, later reaccessioned as 95-7328-2.

Accession number(s): MS-3334 originally accessioned as 198107-058.

Accession number(s): J-00093 reaccessioned as part of accession 95-7328-3.

Accompanying material

Accompanying material: Additional documentation (Maynard family research files) regarding the records in this collection are available. This material was created by current and past staff and researchers of BC Archives and includes biographical, contextual, and photographic research information. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these records.

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Accession area