Missionaries--British Columbia

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Missionaries--British Columbia

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Missionaries--British Columbia

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Missionaries--British Columbia

133 Archival description results for Missionaries--British Columbia

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10:15 talks : Canon Alan Greene : [radio series, 1963-1964]

The sub-series consists of nine recorded talks from the CBC Radio program "10:15 Talks", with Canon Alan Greene, formerly of the Columbia Coast Mission. Also known as "All That I Have Seen and Met", the programs (episodes 1-6 and 8-10 of 10) feature Canon Greene recalling his experiences as a seafaring parson on the Strait of Georgia from 1911 to the 1940s.

Adam Waldie interview

CALL NUMBER: T2000:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): United Church Medical Missionary, Dr. Adam Clayton Waldie PERIOD COVERED: 1940-1950 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Personal background; clinical psychology course at UBC; degree at University of Alberta; idea of working with Dr. George Darby at Bella Bella; summer job as medical assistant while studying medicine; temporary licences under Dr. Darby; Bella Bella 1947; description of native Indians; history of Dr. Darby; distinguished member of same medical class; Kwakiutl Indians; seasonal migrations of Indians; work at Dr. Darby's hospital. TRACK 2: Twenty-five bed hospital at Bella Bella; tuberculosis and treatments; Dr. Darby's character and knowledge of Indian language and culture; Dr. Darby as minister and educator; first operation performed; description of some cases. CALL NUMBER: T2000:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): United Church Medical Missionary, Dr. Adam Clayton Waldie PERIOD COVERED: 1947-1950? RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Whiting 1947; relieving him for two weeks at Bella Coola hospital; local history; fish tapeworm; Dr. Whiting's methods; rabbit test; X ray; broken collar bone; trapper Ralph Edwards of Lonesome Lake; Mrs. Edwards; Dr. Waldie's first female examination, pregnancy and delivery; discussion of specific medical problems. TRACK 2: Weekly visits to Goose Bay; opium pills; sailing conditions; types of medical problems.; CALL NUMBER: T2000:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): United Church Medical Missionary, Dr. Adam Clayton Waldie PERIOD COVERED: 1947-1960 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: 1947 Dr. Barby; boats used; venereal disease; pregnancy anecdote; eye tumor; alcoholic doctor story; leaving for Vancouver in late summer 1947. TRACK 2: 1957 -- helping Dr. Herman McLean at Esperanza; his history; Christian Shantymen's Association; emergency flight to Vancouver; sightseeing flight back; summary of effect of medical missionary work.

Agnes K. Johnson interview

CALL NUMBER: T1197:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Agnes Johnson : the story of Cedarvale (Minskinisht) before 1900 : part 1 PERIOD COVERED: 1860s-1900 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961-07-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Johnson (nee Tomlinson) speaks about 19th century Cedarvale (Minskinisht), the significance of its location, background information regarding Rev. Robert Tomlinson's establishment of a m;ission based on Rev. Duncan's methods (1888), the family's journey to Kitwanga, (long pause in tape) the winter of 1887-88 at Kitwanga, the Tomlinson's family settle at Minskinisht (1888), first buildings, the community's government, teaching Indians, church services, the sawmill, manufacturing bricks and the population and language of the community. TRACK 2: Agnes Johnson continues talking about; the Minskinisht community: manufacturing the bricks, an incident with a canoe transporting bricks, the rules of the community, layout of the town and residential lots, the trapping business, communal; fish canning, 5 acre lots, (pause in tape), church services, bible training and the interior of the church. Information is provided about Robert Tomlinson's family background, his early years in Ire;land and an incident with the Indians on the Nass River.

CALL NUMBER: T1197:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Agnes Johnson : the story of Cedarvale (Minskinisht) before 1900 : part 2 PERIOD COVERED: 1868-1900 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961-07-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Agnes Johnson continues with the discussion about the early years of Minskinisht. She recounts Robert Tomlinson's marriage in Victoria to Alice Mary, daughter of Sheriff Woods and niece of Archbishop Woods (1868) at the Iron Church and their trip to the Nass, (very long pause in the tape). She continues speaking about Robert Tomlinson's philosophy, wages, supplies at the store, finances, life in the community, Christmas celebrations, Tomlinson's family life and education, the mowing machine, the telegraph line, the mission house, plants from Ireland, the government surveys and reserve;s, Cedarvale taken up by the Tomlinson family and leased to the Indians, and riverboat signals. TRACK 2: Agnes Johnson continues with recollections about the riverboat signals, incidents, the arrival; of the first steamboat at Minskinisht, the nickname "Holy City", stories about the arrival of boats, building the new church, Edward Stewart's gift, Robert and Richard Tomlinson's work as telegraph linesmen and mail delivery. (pause in the tape). An amusing story about a problem mail delivery and her father, Richard Tomlinson's opinion of the Indian's character illustrated with two stories.

Agnes Russ and Grace Stephens interview : [Orchard, 1962]

CALL NUMBER: T1150:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Early days of Queen Charlottes (mostly Skidegate) 1849-1910 by Grace Stephens and Agnes Russ RECORDED: Skidegate (B.C.), 1962-09-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In these interviews, Grace Stephens translates and speaks for her mother, Agnes Russ. Grace Stephens describes the early life of her mother. Agnes Russ's father was an American (Hubbs) who ma;rried the Chief's daughter, she was raised by her grandparents in Masset (1859), attended Thomas Crosby's Girls' Home, married and returned to Skidegate interpreting for the first Methodist Missionary;. Grace Stephens grew up in Skidegate, married and farmed in Sandspit. She talks about early settlers, the missionaries, schooling, Skidegate and Masset villages, the destruction of totem poles, Bill ;Reid, the visit of Emily Carr, her childhood, the village at Kloo and Gold Harbour, her father (Amos Russ), details about the construction of canoes, the canoe ceremonies and travel to Port Essington.; TRACK 2: Grace Stephens speaks about the Anglican missionaries on the northern and the Methodists on the southern part of the Queen Charlotte Islands, the Tennant family and the dogfish oil refinery; (1880's), Haida hereditary chiefs, land ownership and an elected council. [a long pause in the tape] Grace Stephens translates for her mother, Agnes Russ, who is speaking in Haida. Mrs. Russ speaks a;bout the Haida people's respect for one another and their code of behavior, early memories of Masset, life in her grandfather's house, slaves, a recollection of a total eclipse of the sun, her family';s land ownership, and the Haida stories of the flood.

CALL NUMBER: T1150:0002 track 1 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Early days of Queen Charlottes (mostly Skidegate) 1849-1910 by Grace Stephens and Agnes Russ RECORDED: Skidegate (B.C.), 1962-09-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Grace Stephens continues to translate for Agnes Russ. Some of Agnes's family have gone to Alaska and the southern end of the island. She speaks about her marriage, her husband's slaves, and ;the Haida potlatch, and she sings one of her grandfather's songs. [See also AAAB1277.] Agnes Russ speaks about trade, her longevity, Rev. Duncan and Rev. Crosby, the Methodist mission in Masset, Mark MacGregor, Mr. Freeman, Captain Oliver, Bishop Ridley, Rev. William Duncan, and Port Simpson. She recalls the visit of Judge O'Reilly coming to survey the reserves, the amalgamation of other villages ;at the Skidegate reserve, the effects of World War One, and wildlife on the island. [TRACK 2 is a separate interview done by Bob Fortune; see AAAB1276.]

Alma Sloman interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-09-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Sloman recounts her father, Jacob Arnet, coming to Clayoquot, circa 1893, from Norway; early fishing and processing of fish; pre-emptions; boat building; Indians; seasonal migration of Indians; Indian sealers; early Clayoquot; transportation; sawmill; family life; Methodist missionaries and Tofino in 1911. TRACK 2: Mrs. Sloman continues with her description of early Tofino; naming; of the community; life at Ucluelet; schooling; George Fraser; her family's return to Tofino; family life; their floating summer house; canneries; children from the Indian reserve; shipwreck; Long Beach; mail delivery; CPR passenger ships; Clayoquot; Walter Dawley; early tourism and fishing.

Andy Schooner interview

CALL NUMBER: T1277:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Andy Schooner recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies PERIOD COVERED: 1733-1883 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Andy Schooner is a Native man who recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies. He begins with a discussion of various Indian villages that were in the area, the origin of the ;name 'Bella Coola', the smallpox epidemic of 1864, traditional salmon fishing and practices, potlatches, the use of 'crystals' and 'man eating' ceremony to teach children respect, the 'hao-hao' bird, a thunderbird story of lightning, and a story of creation. TRACK 2: Schooner continues with more on the cannibal ceremony and then he discusses longhouses, eulachon grease and boxes, missionaries in ;1883, Alexander Mackenzie in 1733, the Indian name for white people, an Indian version of a flood, Indian medicine, and two stories about Indian doctors.

CALL NUMBER: T1277:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Andy Schooner recalls Bella Coola Indian legends, villages and ceremonies PERIOD COVERED: 1733-1883 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Andy Schooner discusses a story about a discovery of stone canoes and people, and Native art depicting potlatches. Orchard and Schooner talk about miscellaneous items. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Anna Moberly interview

CALL NUMBER: T1198:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Anna Moberly's life at Cedarvale, 1888-1920 : part 1 PERIOD COVERED: 1888-1920 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961-07-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Anna Moberly (nee Tomlinson) was born at Ankitlas (1880), her father was Robert Tomlinson a missionary doctor, he left the Anglican church and went to work for Duncan at Metlakatla and later founded a mission at Cedarvale (1888). She speaks about the details of the early settlement at Cedarvale (Minskinisht), residents, buildings, occupations, lifestyle, cooking, foods, school and childho;od memories. TRACK 2: Anna Moberly continues speaking about her memories of early Cedarvale, the sawmill, brickworks, a canoe accident, livestock, farming, an eyewitness account of the wreck of the ";Mount Royal", her trip to Victoria, teaching school and her work in Prince Rupert.

CALL NUMBER: T1198:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Anna Moberly's life at Cedarvale, 1888-1920 : part 2 PERIOD COVERED: 1888-1920 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961-07-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Anna Moberly speaks about the meaning of the name "Meanskinish" Minskinisht, the "Holy City", the growth of the settlement, becoming Cedarvale (1913), strict rules of behavior, her husband, r;esults of mission among the Indians, recollections of incidents (pause in tape), childhood, mining and local characters. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Anthony Casorso interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-11-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Anthony Casorso talks about life in the Okanagan Mission and Kelowna area, 1880 to 1922. He begins by discussing his background of his father, who came from Italy in 1880. He describes; Father Pandosy; early memories; his brothers Felix and Joseph at the Mission; more about Father Pandosy; Indians around the Mission; Christmas; Pandosy's last journey and death in 1891; Indian huts; ;more about Pandosy's death and apple trees at the Mission. TRACK 2: Mr. Casorso describes Indians en route to hop picking at Coldstream; travel on the east side of the lake; settlement in the area; the Lequimes; the McDougalls; the Brents; Joseph Brent and mail service; more on Pandosy; the Casorso house; wagon wheels; early threshing methods; the first apple orchard in east Kelowna; development; of grape growing varieties; other fruit farming.

Arthur F. Priestley interview : [Orchard, 1966]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Pioneering in the Nass River region, 1907-1930 PERIOD COVERED: 1905-1930 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-02-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Arthur Priestley immigrated to Canada from England in 1905. He speaks about his experiences as an immigrant in Alberta and on the Nass River near Aiyansh (ca.1907), the family homestead near Aiyansh, planning and building the family house and the house fire. Mr. Priestley recalls his family's coming out to Aiyansh encouraged by Rev. J.B. McCullagh, impressions along the Nass River, Aiyansh and other Nass River settlements, the Indian way of life and the work of Rev. McCullagh, the Anglican missionary at Aiyansh. TRACK 2: Arthur Priestley recalls his homesteading efforts in Aiyansh, homesteading and settlement in the area, soil and climate, transportation, incidents along the Nass River, the telegraph line to Anyox, Indian legends about the lava flow, more about Rev. J.B. McCullagh and his time in Aiyansh, settlement 1912/13, operating the post office and store, local incidents, the Nisga'a, schooling and Timothy Derrick.

Arthur F. Priestley interview : [Reimer, 1976]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Nass River Valley, 1907-1930 PERIOD COVERED: 1905-1930 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Arthur F. Priestley was born in 1887 in England. Immigrated to Canada in 1905. Experiences as a recent immigrant to Canada, 1905-1907. Rural work in Alberta. Settled in the Nass River valley, near Aiyansh, in 1907. Description of Rev. J.B. McCullagh, Anglican missionary of Aiyansh. Homesteading experiences. Travelling by freight canoe on the Nass River. TRACK 2: More on Rev. J.B. McCullagh and his missionary work with the Nisga'a Indians. Description of house fire, 1909. Start of homesteading in 1912 and 1913. Priestley opens a store on the Nass River new Aiyansh. Problems of homesteading. Food supply. Mail. Early settlers in the Nass Valley. Most homesteaders defeated by about 1918. Marries McCullagh's daughter in 1910, and sells out in 1930.;

Arthur Holmes interview

CALL NUMBER: T4397:0001 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1992-03-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Brief description of Holmes' family background, including clerical career of father, the Reverend George Hedley Holmes (later Archdeacon), who served in Alberta and northern Saskatchewan. Steps by which Arthur became a clergyman and his decision to move to BC. Condition of the "West Coast Mission" on west coast of Vancouver Island: vicarage a 2 room shack, no utilities; no minister previous 7 years. Account of founding of Anglican Church on west coast in 1913. Comments about ship, "Princess Maquinna", which provided means for clergy to get around. Description of Tofino church, St. Columba. Churchyard rhododendrons a major attraction for visitors. TRACK 2: Condition of the mission in 1949 when Reverend Arthur Holmes arrived. Holmes revives a travelling motion picture business to raise money for mission. Services held in Port Renfrew, nearby logging camps, Bamfield, Ucluelet, Sarita River, Kildonan, Ucluelet, Tofino, Tahsis, Zeballos. Bamfield an attractive stop. Comparison of Shantymen, Roman Catholic church and United Church on west coast. Holmes establishes a presence in more distant communities. Story of unusual funeral service for deceased Sikh. Religious background of parishioners. Anglican services sometimes informal. Today, United and Anglican churches alternate serving "the charge of Tofino and Ucluelet" every two years. Early travel between Ucluelet and Tofino. A rector's duties. In 1949 many baptisms due to absence of clergyman for 7 years. Some unusual funerals. CALL NUMBER: T4397:0002 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1992-03-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Holmes recounts experiences as member of hospital board, including inadvertently getting caught up in Tofino-Ucluelet rivalry over a temporary replacement for burnt down Tofino hospital. Account of building new church at Ucluelet with donations from suppliers, parishioners, boat and ship owners. Origins of church name, "St. Aidan's-on-the-Hill". Services in other communities held in halls, private homes. Holmes' personal relations with Tofino and Ucluelet very good today; Holmes to donate his family library to churches in both towns. TRACK 2: Description of corner-stone laying for new Ucluelet church and of later consecration. Uses of church basement. Names of some loyal parishioners in Ucluelet. Core of ex-Newfoundlanders strong supporters. Dedicated parishioner, "Ted" E.A. Welland, superintends construction of Ucluelet church. Diocese head office seem not very interested in west coast. New Tofino rectory building. Good relations with Ucluelet RC priest, Father Carney. Description of eccentric Tofino parishioner, George Maltby. Comments about loyal Tofino parishioners Mrs. Alma Sloman and Mrs. Benny Arnet. Schedule of "Princess Maquinna" determined date of visits to other communities. Travel on the Maquinna. Maquinna was seaworthy. Comments on evacuation of Japanese. Holmes left mission due to marital difficulties. Discussion of Holmes' achievements. Visits to west coast in recent years. Method of reporting to Victoria. Types of church records prepared by minister. Origin of films shot by Holmes and used in mission work. Telephone service at Ucluelet in early 1950s.

Autobiographical notes of Margaret Elizabeth Shutt

The file contains a typed copy of the autobiographical notes of Margaret Elizabeth Shutt, the daughter of Rev. Henry Shutt, Anglican missionary to Metlakatla [Metlakahtla], British Columbia, 1876-1882. Includes explanatory letter from J.A. Spencer, Magrath, Alberta.

Bert McKay interview

CALL NUMBER: T1239:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bert McKay : the Nisga'a Indians : part 1 PERIOD COVERED: 1882-1972 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1972 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bert McKay, a New Aiyansh elementary school principal, speaks about education and the Nisga'a people. He discusses the problems with high school education and residential schools, recent improvements and innovations, attempts to integrate the Nisga'a culture and language into the curriculum, current (1972) plans, "traders English", the present curriculum, non-Indian teachers and current p;roblems with communication and teaching English as a second language (TEAL). Bert McKay speaks about a resurgence of Indian unity and a disruption of the native way of life by the post-war logging boo;m. TRACK 2: Bert McKay continues speaking about Aiyansh and the Nisga'a society, the cultural strength of the community, the importance of the family unit and Nisga'a culture and traditions remaining intact. Rev. McCullagh and the impact of the missionaries is discussed, including the new role of priests. He talks about modern day wedding procedures and ceremonies, traditions, rituals, philosophy, ceremonials, crests -- territorial rights, Nisga'a elders teaching the young men and the issue of the Nisga'a Land Rights Question, 1882-1971.

CALL NUMBER: T1239:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Bert McKay : the Nisga'a Indians : part 1 PERIOD COVERED: 1882-1971 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1972 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Bert McKay continues discussing the history and background to the Nisga'a Land Question -- the "Nishga Land Petition", further encroachments on native rights -- fish, game and timber permits,; Indian-white relations -- settlers, logging, the "Heart of the Nass" -- a rock 30 miles south of Aiyansh which is landmark for the Nisga'a, the richness of the Nass Valley, eulachon, the background to the destruction of the "Heart of the Nass" and the importance of a mountain in Nisga'a history -- the "great flood" myth.

Between ourselves : Far western islands

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating from different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. This episode is about the Queen Charlotte Islands, past and present, including the Haida, their canoes, and settlements, and way of life; the arrival of the white settlers and missionaries; and the people who live there today. The voices heard are: Grace Stevens, Janice de Bucy, Mike and Barbara Reynolds, Neil and Betty Carey, Eric Ross, Knut Fladmark, Tom Moran, Arthur Husband, T.L. Williams, Bert Robertson, Joseph Weah, Chief William Matthews, and Dr. Peter Kelly.

Bruce Russell interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Bruce Russell describes what Fort St. James was like upon his arrival from Saskatchewan in 1924, including the white and Indian populations; employment; roads and buildings. He goes into detail about the Indians in the Fort St. James area; the church and Indians; Douglas Lodge; Estonian settlers and trading posts. TRACK 2: Mr. Russell describes his childhood in Fort St. James; community plans; the Indian community; a comparison of the past and present; conservation and industries; transportation in the area and opinions.

Canon Alan Greene : his stories

RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), [196-] SUMMARY: Canon Alan Greene tells short stories about his life, and about his experiences as a B.C. Coast missionary. There are also references to "The Church of His Presence" and other vignettes -- some of whi;ch may have written for the "65 and Up" program.

Canon Alan Greene interview, 1961

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961-12-18 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: [Original tape "Canon Greene dub", Box 29, recorded December 18, 1961; recorder not identified.] This tape consists of reminiscences by Reverend Greene including: (1) his experiences as a student missionary in 1911 aboard the boat "Irene"; (2) an anecdote about an impromptu service he gave at a logging camp at Lund [similar to the story he recounts on T0944:0004; (3) his efforts to get ;a collection together from a group of poker-playing loggers; (4) a story about some men who knew how to "take life easy"; (5) an old-fashioned Christmas party at Refuge Cove involving a little girl of; a English family recently emigrated from India who was very excited about Christmas; her father, who froze to death in the water a month after arriving; and the wife, who re-married aboard Reverend Greene's boat; (6) an interesting interpretation of religion by a man named Harry; (7) Scandinavian setters, and specifically a man he calls Charlie, who ate his horse named Lindy [similar to the story; he tells on T0944:0004]; (8) the ability of people on the coast to face any challenge, including one man who had to build a graveyard; (9) the funeral of a man named Tompkins, who capsized and drowned at Campbell River; (10) a lunch he had with a man named Bill, whose broken flush toilet blew him out of the outhouse; and (11) another story about Bill who designed a mausoleum for himself.

Canon Alan Greene interview, 1969

CALL NUMBER: T0944:0005 track 2
RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969-01
SUMMARY: TRACK 2: [Original tape #1, Box 30.]
Canon Alan Green discusses his personal background, including his birth in Orillia; Ontario; his father, who was the vicar at the parish there; and his siblings. He describes coming to BC in 1911 at the request of Christ Church Cathedral to work with John Antle as a student missionary on a steamship up to Van Anda. He gives his first impressions of BC; how he eased into boating; and details about the Van Anda Hospital. He then tells anecdotes about "gettin' in" with people at the logging camps and settlers on the coast. He outlines what he offered as a representative of the Anglican church, and how he would adapt his approach based on what worked in a specific community. Finally; he discusses John Antle's character.

CALL NUMBER: T0944:0006
RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969-01
SUMMARY: TRACK 1: [Original tape #2, Box 30.]
Reverend Greene continues by describing his career with the Columbia Coast Mission, and how he came to know John Antle through a man named Cecil Owen. He discusses Antle's belief that "the Church was not there to hold services, but to render service", and anecdotes that reveal Antle's character. Then he discusses hospitals; his hospital rescue ship the "Rendezvous"; and he compares loggers and fishermen. TRACK 2: [Original tape #3, Box 30.] Reverend Greene discusses lighthouses in Bute Inlet and their keepers, including a man named Smith; anecdotes about navigation in Bute Inlet; Skookumchuck Rapids; more on adventures on Bute Inlet; and stories about settlers, including some from the Orkney Islands.

CALL NUMBER: T0944:0007
RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969-01
SUMMARY: TRACK 1: [Original tape #4, Box 30.]
Reverend Green continues with his story about the settlers from the Orkney Islands before discussing floating logging camps in detail. The story of a rescue involving the "Columbia" hospital ship; how the "Columbia" had the first radiotelephone in the area; and more on Bute Inlet, including logging and settling attempts and various old timers. TRACK 2: [Original; tape #5, Box 30.] Reverend Greene tells about various adventures around Read Island and Surge Narrows; the burial of Father Lambert of the Seventh Day Adventists; weddings aboard the "Rendezvous"; a large women that he had carry on his back to get ashore for Christmas parties; details about old-fashioned Christmas parties; various ministers on the islands; earthquakes; various characters, including Bill Frost and John Jones.

CALL NUMBER: T0944:0008
RECORDED: [location unknown], 1969-01
SUMMARY: TRACK 1: [Original tape #6, Box 30.]
Reverend Greene continues with more on the characters of Read Island; Bob Tipton, a justice of the peace, who threatened a man with a shotgun for trespassing; and others, including George Stafford. Reverend Greene also discusses the community at Quathiaski Cove on Quadra Island; the Columbia Coast Mission; and the role of the church at Bute Inlet today. TRACK 2: [Original tape #7, Box 30.] Reverend Greene comments on the role of the church in 1969; details on the history of Quathiaski Cove, circa 1905; Reverend R.J. Walker and Chief Billy Assu. [end of interview]

Church Missionary Society papers

This series consists of copies of Church Missionary Society (CMS) records related to British Columbia. Reels were duplicated from copies of CMS records on 52 microfilm reels relating to Canada held by the Library and Archives Canada (LAC). Records relate to the North-West America (Rupert's Land/Canada) and North Pacific (British Columbia) Missions of the CMS.

Records are divided chronologically into Class C, for records up to 1880, and Class G, for records created after 1880. They are then classified by mission: C.1. for the North-West America [Canada] Mission and C.2. for the North Pacific [British Columbia] Mission. They are further arranged by letter books of outward despatches (/L.); individual outward correspondence (/I.); original correspondence (/O.), which includes, journals, reports, indents, estimates, accounts, local CMS and diocesan committee minutes, medical certificates, maps, sketches, and translations into Indigenous syllabic characters; mission books (/M.); précis books of annotated agenda papers (/P.); and miscellaneous Canada letters and papers.

Clarence Joe interview

CALL NUMBER: T0960:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-06-22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Clarence Joe describes the Sechelt Indian Nation; how they live, hunt and gather food; potlatches; the use of seal oil. He then discusses the arrival of white men, including the smallpox epidemic pre 1886; the arrival of missionaries with Father Fouquet in 1860 and the decision to build a church, completed in 1889. He tells about the origin of the name Sechelt; how the church burnt; down in 1902; the women who predicted the coming of the white men; the 1902 decision to build a residential school and its development; Bert Whittaker's role in the school; the organization of the Sechelt Nation; the Indian fear of white men; Indian religion and beliefs; white explorers; the fur trade and violence. TRACK 2: Mr. Joe continues by discussing Father Durieu; the Sechelt Nations Org;anization; the Sechelt Catholic community; Indian exclusion from government pension; the school burning down in 1917; Indian and English names mixed; the progression of residential school to day school; the enfranchisement of Indians; the legend of the origin of Sechelt Indians; his own involvement with the Johnston family, Jud; Steve and others; Indian medical cures; Mr. Joe's Indian name; his education and the Indian attachment to children.

CALL NUMBER: T0960:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-06-22 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Joe discusses Bert Whittaker's arrival in 1895, including his store and his land conflict with Indians; Chief Johnny's influence on Sechelt Indians; the Indian brass band; Indian logging camps; contributions for the building of schools; the arrival of French nuns to teach school in 1903; the Church's influence on Indians concerning potlatches as early as 1868; the last Indian tribal gathering in 1850; Indian legends and songs; rock carvings near Vancouver and Jervis Inlet; Sechelt Indians as commercial fishermen and hired hunters. [TRACK 2: blank.];

Cliff Kopas interview

CALL NUMBER: T1273:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Clifford Kopas recalls arrival in Bella Coola in 1933 and tells some early history, 1862-1894 PERIOD COVERED: 1862-1933 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Clifford Kopas recalls his arrival in Bella Coola in 1933 and discusses some early history of the region (1862-1894): his arrival in Bella Coola by following Alexander Mackenzie's route in 19;33, the trip from Quesnel to Algatcho, his arrival in Firvale, and his first impressions of the Bella Coola Valley. TRACK 2: Clifford Kopas discusses the Waddington massacre, the death of Governor Frederick Seymour in 1869, fishing, the arrival of Lieutenant H.S. Palmer of the Royal Engineers in 1862, "The Grease Trail" from 1862 to 1869, "overlanders" who came to Bella Coola in search of gold, 1;869 Hudson's Bay Co. established their post, a series of men who served at the fort from 1869-1882, the 1883 arrival of missionaries including William Henry Pierce and Thomas Crosby, how in 1885 B.F. Jacobsen visited Bella Coola and took 9 native people to Germany, and the Norwegian settlers who arrived in 1894.

CALL NUMBER: T1273:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Clifford Kopas : Bella Coola road, 1951-1955 and more history, 1922-1937 PERIOD COVERED: 1793-1955 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Clifford Kopas discusses Bella Coola Road (1951-1955) and more history from the region (1922-1937). Kopas discusses the construction for the Bella Coola Road including problems, costs, a com;parison to previous trails, the canyon, the precipice, and Indian routes. Then he discusses other activities pertaining to the road including tourism, logging, mining, and fishing. TRACK 2: Clifford Kopas continues with more on the road including the need for a highway, the building of an airstrip, television, the differences between isolation and civilization, tourism and hotels. Kopas discusses; petroglyphs (rock carvings) which were unearthed in 1922 , the origins of Indians in the area including details about crossing the Bering Strait, a description of Alexander MacKenzie's trip in 1793, Kopas' own trip through the Interior (compared to MacKenzie's), "Grease Trail", Lord Tweedsmuir's visit, Bella Coola's move in 1937, and details about the typhoid epidemic.

CALL NUMBER: T1273:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Clifford Kopas : life in Bella Coola - the people PERIOD COVERED: 1966-1966 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Clifford Kopas describes relationships between whites and Indians, the Indian adaptation to white civilization, a breakdown of the male population in occupations, agriculture in the Bella Coo;la Valley, how milk is brought in from Vancouver, weather in the winter, his impressions of Anahim Lake, community spirit and Norwegians, and the advantages of Bella Coola as a port. [TRACK 2: blank.;]

Constance Cox interview

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 1 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox (nee Hankin) begins this tape with a story about her uncle Charlie Hankin (partner of Billy Barker) and his promise to Josephine, the dance hall hostess at Barkerville, about her burial. A story is told about Isaac, a Babine Indian, who was awarded medals from the Humane Society and the Catholic Church. She talks about the background to the "Skeena River Rebellion" of the 18;80's. TRACK 2: This tape continues with the "Skeena River Rebellion", a childhood story about measles, Constance Cox's childhood at Hazelton, her family, the Manson Creek gold rush -- 1870, Indian women packers into Manson Creek, Cataline, Erza Evans and mining on Manson Creek.;

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 2 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox relates the following legends: the legend of the Sunbeam which is depicted on a Chilkat Blanket from Kitwanga and the adoption of the fireweed as the clan symbol at Kispiox; the; Frog legend depicted on a totem pole at Kitwancool and a Haida legend depicted on a totem pole about cruelty to animals. Indian foods and cooking methods are discussed. TRACK 2: Constance Cox continues with her discussion about Indian foods, collecting sap from evergreens, berries, wild vegetables, medicinal preparations, an incident while nursing for Dr. Wrinch at Hazelton concerning a women with cancer and another nursing story.

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 3 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox relates a story about an Indian woman called "Emma". She continues with a story about Captain Fitzgerald (Gold Commissioner) who was taken prisoner at Kitseguecla (Skeena Crossing) and the subsequent trial (1871). She speaks about the first Reserve Commissioner Peter O'Reilly, the reaction to reserves in Kispiox, A.W. Vowell, the next Reserve Commissioner, and the Kitwancool Indians. TRACK 2: Constance Cox continues speaking about A.W. Vowell and the Reserve Commission at Kitwancool, the Kitwancool Indians, "Kitwancool Jim" and the Kitwancool totem pole histories. She speaks about the Collins and Yukon Telegraph lines, building the lines, the operators and linesmen and the visit of a "globe-trotting" woman -- Thea Francis (1920?).

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 4 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox relates her childhood memories of a canoe trip up the Skeena River (ca.1900). She speaks about Bishop Ridley, the Diocese of Caledonia, Metlakatla, Haida canoes, incidents along; the canoe journey, towing canoes upriver, dangers along the Skeena, villages, the "Mount Royal" paddlewheeler and Haida children learning canoe skills. TRACK 2: This tape begins with a description of a totem pole raising ceremony at Kitwancool, tragedies of the "Trail of '98", Rev. Harold Alfred Sheldon (c.1884), the Inverness Cannery and her father's business interests, Father Morice and his work with the Carrier Indians and the visit of the Catholic Bishop (Bishop Dontonwell?).

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 5 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: This tape provides a continuation of Constance Cox's recollection of the visit of the Catholic Bishop to the Carrier Indians at Babine, more details about Father Morice's work -- his book and; map, his relationship with the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort St. James, a description of the destruction of his printing press, Father Morice's penance and later years, incidents at Fort St. James and; the HBC factor at Fort Fraser, Mr. Sinclair. TRACK 2: Constance Cox continues with more recollections about Mr. Sinclair and his grave at Fort Fraser. She speaks about the destruction of Indian culture, the language of the Tsimshian, Gitksan and Carrier Indians, the white settlers who learned the native languages, her role as an interpreter, the Gitksan language, the "White Cross Society", native art, totem carving past and present, erection of a new totem pole and the legend of the Kispiox -- House of the Beaver.

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0006 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 6 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: The legend of the Kispiox -- House of the Beaver is continued on this tape. Constance Cox provides additional information about the Gitksan language, her background in native languages, the Methodist missionary at Hazelton -- Mr. Matheson (1871), the Anglican missionaries (1880), the "Queek", the Gitksan as carvers and designers and the dispute over ownership of the Bulkley Canyon c.1900.; TRACK 2: This tape continues with a description of the dispute over the Bulkley Canyon, a Gitksan artist -- Gisemax (sp), other Hazelton incidents, and a story about the group of American miners and adventurers under Mr. Gryder that arrived in Hazelton under the false assumption that gold had been discovered.

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0007 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 7 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Constance Cox remembers her father, Thomas Hankin, his background, his coming to British Columbia (1857) as a Hudson's Bay Company factor and establishing the Hudson's Bay Post at the Skeena-Bulkley junction, his first encounters with the Indians, the song of the "iron kettles", his staking of the town site of Hazelton (1858), the 1870 Manson Creek Goldrush, story of a greenhorn and the naming of Frying Pan Mountain, William Manson and miners drowned in Kitselas Canyon. She continues with Thomas Hankin's business interests, his role in the Masonic order, Constance Cox's education, her step-father -- R.E. Loring, The Inverness Cannery, Thomas Hankin's death, his brothers -- Phillip and Charlie Hankin and the Hudson's Bay Company fur trade. TRACK 2: Constance Cox recounts childhood memories, Simon Gunanoot as a child, the Trail of '98 -- May to October 1898, Cox as nurse and doctor to Indians and 98'ers, stories and incidents, the story of the murder of Sir Arthur Curtis, Tom Hankin Jr. losing cattle on Poison Mountain and patients at the dispensary.

CALL NUMBER: T0313:0008 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Constance Cox : recollections : part 8 RECORDED: Hazelton (B.C.), 1959 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: The trail of '98 patients at the Hazelton dispensary and the rescue and nursing of Frank Farling is recalled by Constance Cox. She relates a personal anecdote about a "love letter" and Moosekin Johnny's Restaurant. [TRACK 2: blank.]

David and Celestine Johnson interview

CALL NUMBER: T3532:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Memories of St. Joseph's Mission, Williams Lake, B.C. RECORDED: Alkali Lake (B.C.), 1979-06-07 SUMMARY:

TRACK 1: David and Celestine Johnson share reminiscences about their life at the Indian Residential School: going to school as young children (7 years old); learning English; older relatives helped younger ones to adjust; boys sawed wood; children slept in dormitories; Father Boening; clothing worn; boys and girls not allowed to mix; Father Thomas traveled all through area to advise Natives; pictures of ranch where David's father worked; wintertime difficult at the Mission school; older girls made clothes for all other children. TRACK 2: Celestine and David Johnson discuss: girls learned a lot about sewing, crocheting; boys learned how to fix shoes; playrooms for girls and boys; Shuswap language forbidden; illness at the Mission school; Williams Lake was basically non-existent at the time; David and Celestine were in school; burning of the school house, 1908 (?); Father Thomas' money stash; Mission had a lot of cattle; Father Thomas used to come to Alkali three times a year -- spoke some Shuswap.

CALL NUMBER: T3532:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Memories of St. Joseph's Mission, Williams Lake, B.C. RECORDED: Alkali Lake (B.C.), 1979-06-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: David and Celestine Johnson discuss: not being allowed to speak the Shuswap language at the Mission school; learning English; Sisters were mainly French, except for Sister Patricia who was Irish; some kids ran away (David did, but not Celestine); getting in trouble with teachers; Mission school was strict, but kids learned a lot; learning to cook and bake; food was different at school than home; sausages on Sundays; Chinook language. TRACK 2: The Johnsons discuss: David learned Chinook on his own; Father Thomas' buggy; their daughter went to Mission school, but it was different from the days when David and Celestine were there; Sister Patricia was nice; girls not allowed to see boys; story of Father Capani; Father Thomas anecdotes; visit from the Bishop; Native church. (End of interview)

David Moon and David Cornish interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Chief Moon discusses Campbell River and the Quathiaski Cove Indian village [Cape Mudge]; preservation of the Indian culture; young people and their culture; fishing; and lack of opportunities for youth. Mr. Cornish, a non-Indian resident, recalls observing a dance in the village; he discusses the youth of the village and their culture; schooling; the Kwakiutl tribe; missionaries; and the role of the church in the village life. TRACK 2: Mr. Cornish continues with his discussion about the transition from traditional ways; the outlawing of the Potlatch; he describes Cape Mudge; prejudice; Indian culture; Indian youth; the loss of culture through the school system; and reserves.

Devina Baines and Frances Brown interview : [part 2]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-10-06 SUMMARY: NOTE: This interview is a continuation of T0795:0001. TRACK 1: Francis Brown describes her father, Frank "Sticks" Allison (who was the Porlier Pass lightkeeper 1902-1941), including his background i;n Scotland and Nova Scotia. Other subjects are: her sister Devina's accident causing a bad lye burn; childhood around the lighthouse; Chief John Peter; Granny Shaw; schooling; Japanese fishermen; the ;herring fishery and saltery. Other aspects of lighthouse life include the foghorn; newspaper delivery; mission boats; the M.V. "Thomas Crosby"; missionary visitors; mail pick-up on Kuper Island; the ;Bell family; Indian legends; Starvation Bay on Valdes Island; hostility between natives and whites; how Christmas was celebrated. TRACK 2: Francis Brown and Devina Baines speak alternately on the following subjects: more on the Japanese herring saltery; followed by North Galiano families; farming; fishing; roads and trails; stores; boat travel. They tell of the wreck of CPR ship "Peggy McNeill"; navigational dangers in Porlier Pass. Further discussion of native people on Valdes Island; the Hanson family; the operation of lighthouses including the advent of Aladdin mantle lamps; blackouts during WW2; Virago Point; responsibilities of the lighthouse keeper.

Diaries and other material

Series consists of diaries (7 vol.) 1872, 1874-1883, 1897-1932, reminiscences (typescript) 1852-1933, account book and correspondence of Rev. Charles Montgomery Tate; diary and transcript of Caroline Sarah Tate, wife of C.M. Tate.

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