Item MS-2951 - My Automobile Trips/Lillian E Maynard

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

My Automobile Trips/Lillian E Maynard

General material designation

  • graphic material
  • multiple media

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Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the item.

Level of description

Item

Reference code

MS-2951

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Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • [between 1919 and 1926] (Creation)
    Creator
    Maynard, Lillian Elizabeth

Physical description area

Physical description

1 album (91 photographs : black and white)
1 cm of textual records (3 pages)

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1884-1966)

Biographical history

Lillian (Lillie) Elizabeth Maynard was born in 1884 in Victoria, British Columbia and is the daughter of Albert Hatherley and Adelaide Maynard. Her grandparents on her father’s side were well-known Victoria-based photographers Richard Maynard and Hannah of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862? – 1912). Her grandparents on her mother’s side included James Graham. Her siblings include sister Mabel Price Maynard (b.1880) and brothers John Ridgemen Maynard (b.1879) and Richard James Maynard (b. 1881). After her mother died in her early thirties in 1892, her father married again to Violet Graham in 1914. Like her grandparents and father, Lillian was interested in photography. While in her 20s, Lillian E. Maynard worked as a bookkeeper to her father in Victoria. In 1932, her father Albert Maynard was reported by the Daily Colonist to have transferred leadership of his photographic partnership to L. E. Maynard. She died in 1966 in Victoria.

Custodial history

The custodial history is unknown. This record was found in the Archives visual records mezzanine in 2012.

Scope and content

The item is a family album containing a black leather cover with gold embossing on the cover and 91 photographic prints of various sizes adhered to fourty-nine black album pages. Prints are black and white and some sepia-toned. The album is attributed to Lillian E. Maynard (1884-1966), the daughter of Albert Hatherly Maynard (1857-1934) and Adelaide Maynard (1859-1892), and appears to be created between 1919 and 1926. Photographs depict Lillian E. Maynard’s life through snapshots and newspaper clippings that appear to document her circle of family and friends in British Columbia, predominately in Victoria and Vancouver Island. The bulk of the photographs are attributed to Lillian E. Maynard and some works by other photographers whose identity is not stated. There are also works of Lillian’s grandparents, well-known Victoria-based photographers Mrs. R. Maynard (1834-1918) and Richard Maynard (1832-1907), including several well-known landscape and composite works that appear in other Maynard family and view albums.

There are annotations in white marker are found on many of album pages. There are some prints that contain captions in black/blue ink on the prints themselves, and appear to have been received by the creator. Information largely consists of names of people and places featured in the images and a few include dates. There does not appear to be associated photograph numbers for the original negatives present on album pages or prints, or studio stamps or imprints on the prints themselves. Other materials include two newspaper clippings adhered to separate white album pages that appear to have been interfiled in.

The beginning of the album features a Maynard composite work that includes many landscape images some of which depict views of rivers, mountain ranges, settlements, bridges, roads, wagons, boats and individuals stitched together to reveal a quilt-like appearance. Images include a landscape view capturing specific geographical formation, of which another version is featured in another R. Maynard view album and identified as “Lady Franklin Rock, Fraser River, B.C.” The version of this composite work featured in this album is identified by the following caption in white: “Some of the Many Scenes of British Columbia by R. Maynard.”

In the middle of the album, a press clipping “Worked Here for 50 Years” from the Victoria Daily Colonist reports on Hannah Maynard and Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery on the event of Mrs. R. Maynard’s retirement in 1912.

Throughout the album likenesses of members of the Albert Hatherly Maynard and Adelaide Maynard family are represented in individual and group snapshots predominately depicting vacation scenes, activities and views (including “Hatherly Cottage”) in and around British Columbia and the United States, mostly Vancouver Island. The album features Lillian E. Maynard’s brother Richard James Maynard along with other family members, likely sister Katie Adelaide and her sons Albert, Robert, and Jack Walker. There are also a number of unidentified prints of infants, babies, children and adults, including a group portraits of the men’s “Jordon River B.B. Team (JRAA)” taken in late 1920s and a group portrait of four men holding cameras, which may or may not relate to the Maynard family. Landscapes include views identified in image captions include Saanich (Saanich Inlet, Island Highway Saanich Road, Little Cadboro Bay), Oak Bay (McNeill Bay, Willows Beach), Elk Lake, Jordon River, Cameron Lake, Colwood, Courtney, Sooke (Inner Sooke Harbour “Saseenos”) and Mount Baker. The album features a small number of Victoria tourist views including Belmont House at the Parliament buildings, Dunsmuir Castle, Butchard Gardens, Victoria Harbour and the C.P.R. docks (1927).

Near the rear of the album, three photographic prints of Hannah Maynard and Richard Maynard’s well-known landscape and composite works are presented. It includes the award-winning landscape view, "The Arm," which Richard Maynard won first prize in the professional class in West Shore magazine in October of 1890. Also featured are two prints from Hannah Maynard’s annual “Gems of British Columbia" composite series of portrait montages of the 1880s and 1890s including a work with multiple baby and child portraits within a begonia plant (known in other versions as Gem Begonia of 1892) and a photographic work with many multiples of baby and child portraits placed in multiple diamonds (known in other versions as Gems of British Columbia for 1885). The latter image was featured in the St. Louis Photographer in September of 1886. The page featuring Gem Begonia contains the caption in white: “Gems of British Columbia by Mrs. R. Maynard The First Lady Photographer we have any record off [sic]” and the page featuring a version of Gems of British Columbia for 1885 contains the caption in white “Gems of British Columbia by Mrs. R. Maynard. In 1881, 1882, 1883 and 1884.”

The album concludes with a newspaper article "Carry a Camera It Pays, says Fair Motorist" from The Daily Colonist published in April 1919. It contains news coverage of a car crash involving Lillian and her brother Richard James Maynard in Jordon River, B.C, and features press images of the crash, Lillian and her Kodak camera which she is credited for documenting the incident and later using the photographic evidence in court.

Notes area

Physical condition

The album cover is missing its back cover.
There are nine empty pages, some pages which appear to have had prints removed.
Many of the prints are adhered to album pages which limits access to information that may be captured on the verso of these items.

Immediate source of acquisition

Arrangement

Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Modern copy prints of selected Maynard photographs, including Hannah and Richard Maynard landscape views and composite works are available. Some of these reproductions include annotations. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these reference materials.

Restrictions on access

Some photographs may contain culturally sensitive information.
For conservation reasons, access provided to original is limited.
Researchers should consult the online reference image prior to consulting the original. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of this record.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Some photographs may contain culturally sensitive information. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the use, reproduction, and publication status of this record.

Finding aids

Associated materials

Associated Materials:
Newspaper articles from the Victoria Daily Colonist and The Daily Colonist relating to Richard and Hannah Maynard as well as Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery, including “Worked Here for 50 Years” (Victoria Daily Colonist. Sept. 29, 1912) and “Carry a Camera It Pays, Says Fair Motorist”(The Daily Colonist, Victoria, B.C., Sunday, April 20, 1919) are held by the Victoria Times-Colonist. Digital access is available through the University of Victoria Libraries’ digital collection, “Daily Colonist Newspaper Collection.”

For more information about Lady Franklin Rock, Fraser River see Stó:lō Library and Archives, Stó:lō Research and Resource Management Centre.

Related Materials:
For associated materials relating to alternative print versions of Hannah and Richard Maynard landscape and composite works, including versions of "The Arm," versions of identified as Gems of British Columbia for 1885 (#HP093230, #F-05054) or Gem Begonia (#HP092015, #E-09401, # HP09201), or for alternative versions of the composite landscape image identified in this album as “Some of the Many Scenes of British Columbia by R. Maynard” (#HP017979, #F09989, #HP087660, #B- 04967), see the BC Archives Photograph Collection.

For related materials, relating Hannah Maynard’s annual “Gems of British Columbia" composite series including alternative versions of the work with multiple baby and child portraits within a begonia plant (known in other versions as Gem Begonia of 1892), see PR-1365 Agnes Dean Cameron fonds (HP092015; 198207-008).

For related materials, relating to Richard Maynard’s 1890 award received for the Victoria landscape view, "The Arm," see PR2365 Medals, Tokens and Numismatic Collection .

For related materials, related to additional view albums that include landscape works produced by R. Maynard and Mrs. R. Maynard, including alternative views of “Lady Franklin Rock, Fraser River, B.C.” see MS-3328 - Photographic View Album by R. Maynard, Artist.

For related materials relating to Maynard family albums and portraits of the Mr. and Mrs. A.H. Maynard family, including portraits identified as from Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery and portraits of Lillian E. Maynard’s siblings and other relatives, see MS3334 Photograph album of Mrs. A.H. Maynard, 1872-1892.

Related materials

Accruals

General note

Archives code(s): MS-2951.

General note

Accession number(s): MS-2951

General note

Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862? to 1912) produced popular carte de visites portrait formats, particularly during the 1860s and 1870s. The Maynard studio came to be known for its portfolio of baby, child and family portraits with photographic products including miniature portraits and composite images in later years of the studio’s history. The "Gems of British Columbia" series of portrait montages of selected children, largely Anglo-European subjects as well as a number of Chinese clients, photographed throughout the year were sent as New Year's greeting cards to clients from 1881 until about 1895. In the 1880s these composite photographs, which sometimes incorporated photo sculptures, were published annually in the trade publication St. Louis Photographer (also known as St. Louis and Canadian Photographer).

General note

The album features the award-winning landscape view, "The Arm," which Richard Maynard won first prize in the professional class in West Shore magazine in October of 1890 (later also credited to Hannah Maynard in St. Louis & Canadian Photographer that same year).

General note

Lady Franklin Rock, Fraser River is also known as Bad Rock and has cultural significance to the Stó:lō (Coast Salish).

Conservation

The album has been disbound. There is acid free interleaving between each page.

Signatures note

Inscription on the cover of the first page: “My Automobile Trips; Lillian E. Maynard”

Signatures note

There is the following signature on the top of the several album pages: “L.E.M.”

Signatures note

The photographic print, "The Arm" contains a signature by R. Maynard: i.e. “The Gorge, Victoria Arm Photo by R. Maynard, Victoria, BC.”

Signatures note

The photographic print captioned in this album as "Gems of British Columbia by Mrs. R. Maynard. In 1881, 1882, 1883 and 1884" contains a signature formed by pin sized pricks by Mrs. R. Maynard: i.e. “Mrs. R. Maynard, Gems of British Columbia, Victoria. B.C...”

Accompanying material

Additional documentation (Maynard family research files) regarding the portraits of Lillian E. Maynard and her family in this collection. There is also documentation on Richard and Hannah Maynard photographic works including “The Gorge,Victoria Arm,” the "Gems of British Columbia" series and landscape views of the Fraser River and British Columbia. Resources to provide information on the photographs are available. This material was created by current and past staff and researchers of BC Archives and includes biographical, contextual, and photographic research information. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these records.

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