Item J-04860 - Portrait (full-length) of nine unidentified Indigenous individuals (two youth, seven adults) seated taken at a photographic studio attributed to Mrs. R. Maynards Photographic Gallery or a photographic studio attributed to Carlo Gentile.

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Title proper

Portrait (full-length) of nine unidentified Indigenous individuals (two youth, seven adults) seated taken at a photographic studio attributed to Mrs. R. Maynards Photographic Gallery or a photographic studio attributed to Carlo Gentile.

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  • graphic material

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Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on the subject of the photograph.
  • Attributions and conjectures: This photograph is attributed to Hannah Maynard.
  • Attributions and conjectures: This photograph is attributed to Carlo Gentile.

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Reference code

J-04860

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

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Date(s)

  • [1862-1910] (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

1 glass plate negative : b&w

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Scope and content

Studio portrait taken at a photographic studio attributed to Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery or Carlo Gentile, part of a number of portraits taken of Indigenous sitters in the 1860s and 1870s. The portrait (full-length) consists of a group of nine unidentified Indigenous individuals (two youth, seven adults) seated. The studio flooring (diamond and X pattern) and a partial view of a plain studio backdrop is visible. It is a collodion glass plate negative. The sitters appear to wear American/European clothes, with several individuals wearing a blanket (some are Hudson's Bay Company blankets) around their bodies. Three sitters wear head bands. There appears to be sculpture or carving of a frog situated in front of two of the youngest sitters. All sitters (youth, adults) except one are seated on the floor of the studio; the other (adult) is seated in a chair. This negative has been manipulated (e.g. once framed with red paper on the edges; part of the side edges of the studio background have been obscured).

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Physical condition

There is cracking emulsion on much of the negative plate, as well as areas of missing emulsion at the corners of the plate. These conditions result in some loss of the visual information in those areas.

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Restrictions on access

Restriction: The format of this photograph J-04860 is a glass plate negative. Researchers should consult the online reference image or reference room copy prior to consulting the original. Please contact the BC Archives for details.

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This item is in the public domain.

Finding aids

Associated materials

Associated Materials:
Original card mounted prints (including carte de visite format), as well as black and white recent prints of Maynard attributed studio portraits of Indigenous sitters featured in this series are held by the Royal British Columbia Museum in the Indigenous Collections. These are housed in the Indigenous audio-visual photographic collections. For several postcards (all with an "AZO" postcard stamps) of this portrait, see PN 5032. The one of the postcards (PN-5032) contains the following handwritten description on the verso of the card: "Nootkan. Seta Canim and Ahouset Indians. ?1875." There are several other studio portraits featuring one or more of the same individuals featured in this image, see PN 1441 (same as BC Archives image J-04864), PN5036, PN6153 (same as BC Archives image J-03643), PN5066 (same as BC Archives image J-04858), PN5032 (same as BC Archives image J-04860). Indigenous audio-visual photographic collections contains other studio portraits of Indigenous sitters described as being attributed to other photographers, including Carlo Gentile, that feature the use of the same studio flooring as the one featured in this image. For examples, see PN 6198.

Related Materials: The BC Archives Photograph Collection holds a modern copy print for this photograph (see HP094592). The BC Archives Photograph Collection also contains other studio portraits described as being attributed to other photographers including Carlo Gentile that feature the use of the same studio flooring as the one featured in this image. For examples, see HP049812/F05022, HP024329/ A-08968 and HP005315/G-00601. The Maynard family collection (PR-1259) also contains photograph albums with other Maynard studio portraits that feature the use of the same studio flooring as the one featured in this image. For an example, see HP093387/F-05973 for a studio portrait depicting Hannah Maynard with child in MS-3364.

In this series (MS-3374), there are several other studio portraits featuring one or more of the same individuals featured in this image (see J-03643, J-04864, J-04858, J-04860). Described as PR-1259 - Maynard family collection.

Also in this collection (PR-1259), there are several other field photographs depicting on board visits to the H.M.S. Boxer, during the colonial administration’s 1874 tour of inspection with photographer Richard Maynard and Superintendent of Indian Affairs Israel Wood Powell. See J-04218, J-04219, J-04220, J-04221 in MS-3378.

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General note

Accession number(s): 95-7328-3

General note

Archives Code(s): HP094588

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Location:000343-1021

General note

This photograph was originally located in BC Archives and Records Service manuscript container identified as: "Maynard Coll. Box 7.13 Indians. Box 7.14 Indians" and "#91"

General note

Chief Sitakeenum/Cedarkanim was a celebrated leader (as well as warrior and orator) of the Clayoquot First Nation [Tla—o-qui-aht], part of the Nuu-chah-nulth First Nation. The Clayoquot First Nation [Tla—o-qui-aht] has been described by the colonial government and news media historically as the “Klahookwahts”or the ”Kla-oo-qua-ahts.”

He has also been also referred to as Seta-Kanim/Seta-Canim/Seta-ka-nim/Setta (Cedar) Canim/Sitakanim.

During the colonial administration’s 1874 tour of inspection with photographer Richard Maynard and Superintendent of Indian Affairs Israel Wood Powell, he is mentioned in the Powell’s October 29, 1874) report as “Seta-ka-nim” and in the context of Indigenous government–to-colonial government negotiations, as well as in the context of whaling, fishing and trading practices of his Nation.

His name is also mentioned in The British Colonist’s account of the visit Richard Maynard and Superintendent of Indian Affairs Israel Wood Powell made to the Nuu-chah-nulth central region of Vancouver Island on September 8, 1874 in the article “The Cruise of the Boxer” (1874). The account of the visit, conducted near “Hecate passage north of Vargas Island” in Clayoquot Sound, states: “…The Ahousahts and the Klahookwahts, who live on this sound came on board; the chief of the latter, Sitakanim being the warrior who with his people attacked the Kyukwahts many years ago when the latter defended themselves so well as to drive them off. Old Sitakanim was now ornamented wearing a military coat and cap…”

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