Forestry schools and education--British Columbia



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  • Previously Practical Training (Visual Records database)

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Forestry schools and education--British Columbia

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Forestry schools and education--British Columbia

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Forestry schools and education--British Columbia

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A job for you

Promotional film. "Young men building huts in a nearly completed camp. Fire fighting practice. Building a bridge abutment. Splitting shakes with a froe. Snag falling. Bucking firewood. Men fighting a fire with hand tools and a bulldozer. After fire, men showering, having haircuts and washing up. [Close-up of] grub --meal on plate. Pay parade. [Long shot of] scenery on Vancouver Island. This short film was intended to interest young men in a career with the Forest Service, or a summer's employment." (Colin Browne)

Aleza Lake Experimental Station correspondence and other records

  • GR-0958
  • Series
  • 1924-1968

This series consists of records of the Aleza Lake Experiment Station. Records include correspondence relating to silviculture, forest fires, forestry research, forest biology, timber cruising, timber scaling, and forest surveys; nursery project reports; scalers' notebooks; meteorological records, 1952-1963; records relating to the Youth Forestry Training Plan, 1938-1940, the High School Summer Employment Plan, 1952-1953, and the Canadian Institute of Forestry Conference, Prince George, 1959; correspondence regarding sawmills and planer mills in the Prince George Forest District, 1961, and a ledger, 1952-1954.

Aleza Lake Experimental Station

Arthur Kirk interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Arthur Kirk : ranger to trainer RECORDED: Kelowna (B.C.), 1983-06-17 SUMMARY: Interview with retired forest ranger Arthur Kirk about his experiences at forest ranger school, and his early and later experiences with forest fire control in B.C., particularly in regard to the use of aircraft.

Association of British Columbia Professional Foresters records

Records of the Association of British Columbia Professional Foresters comprising the minutes of executive council meetings (1947-1984) and annual meetings; general, Board of Examiners' and Presidents' correspondence; and files relating to acts, by-laws and legislation, associations and institutions, committees, education, employment, exams and courses, financial matters, government/union relations, policy, referenda, Royal Commissions and tours. Two photographs have been transferred to Visual Records. The development of the forest products trade came only after the fur trade and the gold rush had lost their importance. The first foresters might have been the timber surveyors or "cruisers" as they were known, who scouted, located and estimated the volume and value of commercial timber stands. Due to the prevalence of forest fires, legislation was passed providing for forest guards and, later, forest patrolmen, lookoutmen, rangers and assistants and the development of the science and art of fire protection. As the timber industry expanded and the revenue so generated became more important to both government and industry, the measurement and proper accounting for cut forest products called for timber inspectors (later called scalers) who were licensed to scale the products according to the new BC Log Rule adopted in September 1895. In 1905 the government, under Premier Sir Richard McBride enshrined all remaining vacant Crown (Provincial) lands to public ownership, forbidding the disposition of such lands for forestry purposes. The Fulton Royal Commission of 1912 and its implementation by the Provincial Government of the day resulted in a strong, dictatorial Forest Act. This act provided for the development and expansion of the BC Forest Service, under its first Chief Forester, H.R. MacMillan, into an effective, authoritarian organisation. Regional Offices or Districts were set up and staffed and professional forest practice in BC was on its way. In 1920 a forestry course was included in the Faculty of Applied Science of the University of British Columbia (UBC) at Vancouver, and its first graduates in 1922 were E.E. Gregg and John Jenkins. After World War II a spate of foresters graduated from UBC and most joined the growing number practising in the Province. Many foresters also came from other parts of Canada and the world, and forestry became increasingly accepted. Industry was still dragging its feet on their use, but a growing number of professionally trained men were working their way to seniority and authority in the forest industry. During the late 1920s and early 1930s, professionals and associates began to join and expand the efforts of professional forestry associations. The Western Section, Canadian Society of Forest Engineers (CSFE) formed in 1929, was active in Vancouver, followed in 1936 by the Victoria Section (formerly the Victoria Forestry Discussion Group). Later the CSFE became the Canadian Institute of Forestry. Many UBC forestry graduates, being members of the Engineering Faculty, joined the Association of Professional Engineers of BC. For many years they fought to expand the rigid engineers' requirements for professional registration which, in effect, limited membership of foresters to Engineering Faculty graduates. Through Fred Mulholland the frustrating attempts to gain a broader acceptance within the engineers resulted in attempts to form a professional forestry licensing body by way of provincial legislation. On 15 February 1945 a draft of the proposed "BC Foresters Act" prepared by Mulholland accompanied a letter in which he stated "It seems to be certain that following the report of the Royal Commission, circumstances will require a much greater number of qualified foresters in this Province, both in government service and private employment, and it is not too early to take steps to see that we are properly organized and take our place on a level with the other professions." This was followed by a printed "Circular to the Forestry Profession in BC" which included the draft of the Act. The Bill, in essentially its original form, was presented to the 1946-1947 Legislature and was sponsored by the Hon. H.J. Welch, and passed its 3rd reading on 3 April 1947 (BC Foresters Act, R.S. 1948, c. 127, s.1). The first council of the Association of BC Foresters was named in this Act as Frederick D. Mulholland, Chauncy Donald Orchard, John E. Liersch, Roscoe M. Brown, Leonard E. Andrews, John D. Gilmour, Hugh John Hodgins, Elwyn Emmerson Gregg, Marcus W. Gormely and Hector A. Richmond. They met for the first time on 14 April 1947 at which time F.D. Mulholland was elected President. A revised Act entitled the "BC Professional Foresters Act" (Bill no. 38) was passed by the Legislature on 25 March 1970. This altered the name of the Association of BC Foresters to the Association of BC Professional Foresters. Please note that the preceding information has been condensed from A history of the Association of British Columbia Professional Foresters by M.W. Gormely. The complete text can be found (both in final form and in several drafts) in the records of the Association of BC Foresters, box 30, file 261. The records consist of files relating to acts, by-laws and legislation; associations and institutions; committees; education; employment; examinations and courses; financial matters; government/union relations; policy; referenda; royal commissions and tours; the correspondence of the Board of Examiners and various presidents plus general correspondence; and the minutes of annual meetings and the Executive Council meetings (1947-1984). Photographs transferred to Visual Records, accession 198811-1.

Association of British Columbia Professional Foresters

C.D. Orchard : [reminiscences]

CALL NUMBER: T1887:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): C.D. Orchard : forestry in British Columbia, 1920-1958 (part 1) PERIOD COVERED: 1893-1925 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Orchard born 1893 in Wakefield, N.B. Became a teacher in N.B. Comments on the development of forestry education. Entered forestry at UNB. In Canadian Armed Forces, 1914-19. Returned to forestry at UNB. Obtained job in BCFS in 1920. Met forester Charles S. Cowan and Chief Forester M.A. Grainger. Orchard's introduction to the Forest Branch. Early survey and cruising methods. Field work in Vernon. Working conditions in the Forest Branch. Cruise of the Kelowna watershed, 1920. Work along the Nass River, 1921. TRACK 2: More on cruising in the Nass River area, 1921022. Forest Branch work. Indians in the Nass country. Aiyansh. Comments on timber sales and forest management. Orchard put in charge of all forest surveys. Timber cruising methods. The development of forestry education. CALL NUMBER: T1887:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): C.D. Orchard : forestry in British Columbia, 1920-1958 (part 2) PERIOD COVERED: 1912-1961 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: History of the B.C. Forest Branch: H.R. MacMillan, the first Chief Forester, 1912; early personnel; early forest inventories in B.C.; early organization of the Forest Service. Orchard becomes; District Forester in Cranbrook in 1924. Conditions in Cranbrook. Assistant District Forester in Nelson, 1925. Comments on Chief Forester P.Z. Caverhill. Forestry conditions in B.C., 1910-40. Early timber leases. Comments on the Fulton Commission, 1909-10. Comments on Martin A. Grainger, secretary to the commission and later Chief Forester. Letter from H.R. MacMillan about Grainger and A.W. Ross, Minister of Lands. The Nelson Forest District in the mid-1920s. TRACK 2: More on the forest district especially about forest fires. Orchard becomes District Forester in Prince George, 1927. Transportation in the Prince George district. A forester's problems: fires and accounts. Attempted political interference in the Forest Branch. Patronage in the Public Service. Conditions in Prince George. Internal Forest Branch matters. Orchard moved to Victoria office, 1930. Patronage appointments of some staff. Orchard's duties. CALL NUMBER: T1887:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): C.D. Orchard : forestry in British Columbia, 1920-1958 (part 3) PERIOD COVERED: 1912-1958 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Forest Branch finances: Forest Protection Fund and annual allotments. Changes in Forest Branch function: forest protection before 1940 and forest management afterwards. Problems of the Depression. Staff shortages. Forest Branch equipment. Fire pumps. Orchard become head of Forest Service research, 1932. More on Depression problems. Chief Forester P.Z. Caverhill dies, 1935. E.C. Manning becomes Chief Forester and Orchard Deputy Chief Forester, January 1936. Comments on Caverhill and Manning. Manning a promoter of parks. Parks turned over to Forest Branch in 1939. Parks to Recreation and Conservation in 1957. More on Manning. Manning dies in an air crash and Orchard becomes Chief Forester, 1941. Problems presented by WW II. The new job. TRACK 2: Problems of WW II. Forest industry profiteering. Labour problems. The perception of management problems in the early 1940s. The idea of sustained yield develops in the 1940s. Experiments in small log production. Role of Bob Filberg in these experiments. Political pressures on the Forest Service. Socreds susceptible to industry pressure. More on sustained yield. Orchard's memorandum on sustained yield, 1942. Private debate on forest management, 1942-43. Gordon Sloan appointed Royal Commissioner to look into forest management, 1943. The Sloan Commission. CALL NUMBER: T1887:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): C.D. Orchard : forestry in British Columbia, 1920-1958 (part 4) PERIOD COVERED: 1943-1958 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Sloan Commission hearings, 1943-45. Orchard becomes Deputy Minister of Forests, 1945. Orchard continues as Chief Forester. Problems of wartime. Sloan's report in 1945 supports sustained yield. Evolution of the Forest Management License concept. E.T. Kenney becomes Minister of Lands and Forests, 1944. Comments on Kenney. Amendments to the Forest Act, 1946 and 1947. Disagreements with J.V. Fisher, Deputy Minister of Finance. Opposition to FMLs. Problems with the license system. Negotiations for early FMLs. TRACK 2: Forest management experiences elsewhere. Orchard's faith in the forest management system. The second Sloan Commission, 1955-56. Forest Service takes returning WW II veterans. Comments on UBC Faculty of Forestry. Ranger school at Green Timbers. Construction of ranger school. Comments on Fred Mulholland. Progress in the forest industry. Integration in the forest industry and reasons for it. Post-war production trends. Defense of forest management policies. Forest Service roads. CALL NUMBER: T1887:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): C.D. Orchard : forestry in British Columbia, 1920-1958 (part 5) PERIOD COVERED: 1912-[no date] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1961 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Forestry work under the Silvicultural Fund. Fund ended in 1956. The second Sloan Commission into forestry, 1955-56. The Socred takeover, 1952. Orchard's opinions of the Socred government. The Sommers case from Orchard's point of view. Summary of the accomplishments of the Forest Service from 1912. (End of interview)

Course material

  • GR-1362
  • Series
  • 1936-1964

This series contains materials for a high school vocational correspondence course in forestry designed in cooperation with the Dept. of Education. File 1 contains the original 1936 course with Paper 20 (Protection) revised as in 1940; Files 2-4 contains the course as revised in 1953; Files 5-8 contains the course as revised in 1964.

British Columbia. Forest Service

Course records

  • GR-1221
  • Series
  • 1951-1954

This series contains students' outlines for courses on forest mensuration, range management, research activities of the BCFS, scaling and silviculture given at the Ranger School at Green Timbers.

Green Timbers Training School (Surrey, B.C.)

Divisional operational records

  • GR-1295
  • Series
  • 1937-1982

This series contains the Forest Service's public information records. It includes divisional operational records containing materials on speeches, signs, educational materials, publicity, radio broadcasts, matters relating to the internal operation of the Division, and fire safety and prevention posters. These records were maintained separately from the general Departmental "O Series", and those files which had previously been assigned "O" Numbers" were withdrawn from the file vault series and retained by the Division. There are also ledgers for divisional accounts: vote 232 (1961-1962) and vote 206 (1965-1966).

British Columbia. Forest Service. Public Information and Education Division

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