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- graphic material
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- Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the series.
- Attributions and conjectures: This series is attributed to Albert H. Maynard.
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- Maynard, Albert Hatherly
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Name of creator
Albert Hatherly Maynard (1857-1934) was born June 6th, 1857 in Ontario. He was the son of Richard and Hannah Maynard of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862? – 1912). He worked as a business owner and photographer in Victoria on Vancouver Island.
Albert Maynard had several siblings including George Maynard (1852-1926 or 1927) and Zela Maynard (1854-1913). Some of Albert’s siblings died young, including Laura Lillian Maynard (1867-1883) who died at age 16 and Emma Maynard (1859 or 1860-1893) who died while in her thirties.
Albert Hatherly Maynard married Adelaide M. Graham in 1878. Between the late 1870s and early 1880s, they had several children including daughters, Mabel Price Maynard (b.1880), Lille Elizabeth (b.1884), and sons John Ridgemen Maynard (b.1879) and Richard James Maynard (b. 1881). Adelaide Maynard died in her early thirties. In 1914, Albert Maynard later remarried to widower Violet Mabel Graham.
Mr. A. H. Maynard and his family are closely linked to the Maynard photographic studio business, Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery, as well as his father’s business. Mr. R. Maynard, known for his field and landscape photography, made one of his early work-related excursions to Barkerville in the Cariboo with his son Albert H. in 1868. Upon his father’s retirement in the late 1890s, Albert took on the role of general manager of his father’s business as well as taking over management of the photographic stock. After the death of his mother Hannah in 1918, Albert was the executor of her will. Near the end of his life in the early 1930s, Albert H. Maynard facilitated the distribution of his parent’s photographic work to educational institutions such as those on the west coast of Canada and United States. Distributed works included ethnographic photographs documenting the territorial lands, resources, culture, and lifeways of Coast Salish and Interior Salish First Nation communities. Also during this time, he sold many of the original records of photographers Hannah and Richard Maynard to what is now the Royal BC Museum and Archives.
As a business owner, Albert H. Maynard operated photographic businesses with several locations over the course of his lifetime. He held business operations in Victoria, including at Pandora and Yates Streets. Albert advertised under various names such as "Albert H. Maynard, successor to R. Maynard, Photographic Supplies and Apparatus" and "Albert H. Maynard, Photographic Supplies + Apparatus" throughout the 1910s and 1920s. In the later years of his business, Mr. A. H. Maynard appears to have taken on a partnership with P.G. Stewart and a move to Yates Street from the Pandora Avenue location. For a period, the business was known as "Maynard and Stewart Photo Supply Co." In March 1932, Mr. A Maynard was reported by The Daily Colonist to have transferred leadership of his photographic partnership to L. E. Maynard.
Albert Hatherly Maynard died in Victoria in 1934.
Scope and content
This series consists of 71 photographs documenting the natural history collection at the Provincial Museum in Victoria, British Columbia taken between 1886 and the 1920s. The photographs are attributed to Albert Hatherly Maynard (1857-1934), son of photographers Hannah and Richard Maynard of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862?-1912). The images appear to be the result of Albert Maynard’s work as a taxidermist for the Provincial Museum. The records document 19th and 20th century bird and mammal specimen preparation and display, the Provincial Museum's natural history gallery and exhibit design as well as collection of British Columbian wildlife, in addition to the collection housing and exhibit areas of the first three locations of the Provincial Museum.
At the end of 1886, the Provincial Museum (now known as the Royal BC Museum) opened with hundreds of natural history specimens in cases on display to the public. John Fannin joined the museum as curator earlier that year. By the 1890s, Albert H. Maynard worked as a taxidermist for the Museum and worked with Mr. Fannin. The Henderson’s City of Victoria Directory for 1890 includes a listing for “Maynard, Albert Hatherly” noting him as a “shoemaker and taxidermist” with addresses at “97 Douglas, res. 100 John.” Along with skilled taxidermists, the Provincial Museum also employed artists to aid in the production of wildlife collections and displays through the production of illustrations and model replicas. Both John Fannin and Albert Hatherly Maynard were involved with the Natural History Society of British Columbia, an auxiliary and independent organization from the Provincial Museum that aided the growth of the Provincial Museum’s natural history collection in the 1890s to early 1900s.
Between the late 19th to the early 20th century, designs and techniques for the way in which natural history collections were exhibited and displayed to the visiting public at the Provincial Museum evolved. Collection items were exhibited in the late 1800s as taxidermied specimens in glass cases or mounted and free standing in gallery spaces gradually changed to small and later large and life sized dioramas. Dioramas represented an exhibit design that attempted to present wildlife their natural habitat using painted backdrops that that mimicked the natural world. Views of the Provincial Museum’s design, displays and collection of natural history specimens were marketed to the public as photographic commodities such as postcards.
Along with his involvement with the Provincial Museum, Albert took up the role of general manager of his father’s business in the mid 1890s when photographer Richard Maynard was nearing retirement. The Victoria City Directory for 1894 and 1895 lists “Maynard, Albert H” as manager at “R Maynard, 41 Pandora, res. 100 John.” It appears as early as the 1890s, he advertised his services as “Albert H. Maynard, Naturalist and Taxidermist” at the address: “R. Maynard, Photographer, Cor. Douglas and Johnson Streets, Victoria, BC.” In January 1907, Richard Maynard died at the age of 74 in Victoria, British Columbia.
This group of records consists of 71 gelatin dry glass plate negatives in various sizes including 5x7, 5x8, 6.5x8.5 and 8x10 inch plates. For the bulk of the images, there does not appear to be any captions bearing the photographers name, signature or imprint on plates nor photograph numbers. However, in some cases photographs contain information for individual natural history specimens within the photograph itself. Information can include common and scientific name, gender, as well as date or place of collection. Information is located on specimen labels and featured in some photographs of mounted specimens.
The container consists of views of natural history specimens documented in various stages of specimen and exhibit fabrication as unmounted and mounted collection items in the Provincial Museum's taxidermy shop or on display in the Provincial Museum's galleries located at Provincial Secretary’s office (1886-1889), the former Law Court (1889-1898) and the East Wing (1898-1968) in the Legislative buildings.
Wildlife of the Provincial Museum's natural history collection in the late 1880s to late 1890s documented here includes specimens related to studies in ichthyology, mammalogy, and ornithology. There are specimens of birds, birds of prey, waterfowl, aquatic birds, vertebrate animals, crustaceans as well as wild and marine mammals. Wildlife were displayed both inside or free standing outside glass vitrines, either as single specimens or grouped with multiple collection items.
There are a number of views of the Provincial Museum’s natural history collections as they existed in the late 1880s to late 1890s documented at the former Law Court (1889-1898). There is also documentation of the collection of natural history specimens as it was when housed in the East Wing (1898-1968).
There are several photographs that illustrate the production of specimens and exhibits, including two images depicting the fabrication of a walrus by curator John Fannin and documentation of several dioramas in different stages of production depicting wildlife in their natural habitat. There are several views of a diorama featuring a cougar depicted in front of several different painted backdrops replicating several British Columbia rural scenes, a view of a diorama containing several raccoons within a tree setting, and waterfowl and aquatic birds mounted and displayed against an unpainted, plain backdrop. Display techniques for vertebrate animals, mammals and birds represented in this series include illustrations, cast and painted model replicas, animal skeletons, as well as taxidermied specimens of wildlife.
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Items are in the public domain.
Photographic prints and research documentation relating to Albert H. Maynard’s professional career and history as a taxidermist is available at the Royal British Columbia Museum’s Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department.
These are housed in the Indigenous audio-visual photographic collections. For examples of field photographs marketed by Albert H. Maynard, see PN 4708 for a card mounted print featuring the following imprint of Albert Maynard: “Albert H. Maynard, Naturalist and Taxidermist. Address: R. Maynard, Photographer, Cor. Douglas and Johnson Streets, Victoria, BC.” This imprint is present on the verso a field photograph taken onboard the gunboat the H.M.S. Boxer by Richard Maynard during a government tour of inspection of Indigenous communities on Vancouver Island and the mainland British Columbia in the early 1870s.
Research documentation in the Royal British Columbia Museum Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department includes illustrated photographic reference cards containing copies of photographs found in Indigenous audio-visual photographic collections at the Royal BC Museum, and BC Archives. Reference cards include field photographs and studio portraits to a lesser extent. They do not contain the verso of card mounted photographs found in the Indigenous audio-visual photographic collections.
There are also ethno historic photo catalogues that provide item level information relating to photographic items in Indigenous audio-visual photographic collections.
Please contact the Indigenous Collections and Repatriation department to determine the access status of these records.
For a print version of a photograph in this series depicting the Provincial Museum's natural history collection in the former Law Court (1889-1898), see HP033977/B-03776 described as “Provincial Museum exhibit of some British Columbia native mammals” housed in the BC Archives Photograph Collection. This print contains a stamp on the front of the card mounted print: "R. Maynard, Artist | Victoria, B.C." The print also includes the following caption: "Some of British Columbia's Native Animals. Interior View of Portion of National History Section, Provincial Museum, Victoria, B.C."
Another photographic print containing an imprint of Albert H. Maynard that notes his occupation as a taxidermist, see MS-2964-Photographs and sketches in PR-0356- Newcombe family fonds (box 50, file 1465). Here a card mounted print contains the following imprint: “Albert H. Maynard, Naturalist and Taxidermist. Address: R. Maynard, Photographer, Cor. Douglas and Johnson Streets, Victoria, BC.” This imprint is present on the verso a field photograph depicting officers and sailors on the deck of a gunboat.
For an occupational studio portrait, likely from the Maynard Studio depicting Albert H. Maynard in a studio setting posed seated among a collection of mounted birds, see the BC Archives Photograph Collection (HP093692/F-06703).