Rural schools--British Columbia



Scope note(s)

Source note(s)

  • Sound Recording Database SMIDDEV_SR_SUBJECT_HEADINGS.

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Rural schools--British Columbia

Equivalent terms

Rural schools--British Columbia

Associated terms

Rural schools--British Columbia

52 Archival description results for Rural schools--British Columbia

52 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Amy Smith interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Amy Smith : first school teacher in a North Peace community PERIOD COVERED: 1930-1975 RECORDED: North Pine (B.C.), 1975-11-16 SUMMARY: Amy Smith describes her trip north at age 18 to become the first school teacher at North Pine, B.C. (20 miles from Fort St. John) in 1930. Room and board arrangements. Teaching eight grades in a one-room log school. Winter. Recreation and social life in the community. Bears. Raising a family of 11 children. Changes in the community.

Ann Rottacker interview : [Reimer, 1976]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Fort St. James, 1862-1914 PERIOD COVERED: 1862-1914 RECORDED: Williams Lake (B.C.), 1976-10-04 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Ann A. Rottacker discusses her background: born 1896 in Fort St. James; father, Alexander C. Murray, was the Hudson's Bay Factor; details about father. Fort St. James described: domestic; details; fur trade; relations between Indians and A.C. Murray. Elementary school in Fort St. James. Mrs. Rottacker at school in Victoria for four years. Mrs. Rottacker spoke Carrier as a child. Father A.G. Morice described. Cataline (Jean Caux) described. Travel. Father was at Fort St. James from 1862 to 1914. TRACK 2: Father travelled by snowshoe from Lower Fort Garry to Fort St. James in 1862.; Mrs. Rottacker sings briefly in Carrier. Kitchen garden at Fort St. James described. More on childhood. Route travelled between Fort St. James and Victoria in about 1905. Details of diet. HBC "open house" for Indians described. Clothing described.

Argenta Friends School : interviews

CALL NUMBER: T0981:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-05-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Orchard interviews people at the experimental Argenta Friends School on the following topics; the origin of the school in 1959, its Canadian circumstances, the community around Argenta and t;he town's silver rush origins, building the school, about Bob Boyd bringing his enthusiasm for music, comparing students of rural and city background, California origins of many in the community, more; on how the school developed, a woman who moved from California to Argenta to go to the school, the responsibilities of students, the school and the philosophy of developing the spirit, and a course developed specifically at the school. TRACK 2: This track features more discussion on subjects of study at the school including home-made science equipment, the reality of running away from society, ;yet facing up to one another at the school, and the ups and downs that go along with that, living together and the communal aspect of school life, various weekly meetings, and the ministering council.

CALL NUMBER: T0981:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-05-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: More on the ministering council and what it consists of, private problems such as being close with one another, compulsory classes and the need for a work structure, households and dormitories, the Meeting School in the United States which is like Argenta, but not interwoven with the community, boys and girls in the same households, freedoms and limitations, and the influence of the Beatles. TRACK 2: Discussion on informal sports, the seasonal arts, talking about the positive and not the failures, rules versus agreements, final remarks from students, and a talk with Principal Stevenson about the school.;

Betty Smith interview

RECORDED: Hornby Island (B.C.), 1979-11-03 SUMMARY: Mrs. Smith recalls arriving at Hornby Island on the CPR boat "Charmer" in 1921 as an 18-year-old teacher. Describes quiet island life at that time. Most of islanders were sheep farmers. Tells of meeting her husband when she was teaching on Denman and he on Hornby, he courted her using a secret code they flashed between the islands. Communication between Hornby and Vancouver Island -- rowboat travel, supplies, mail, etc.

Between ourselves : School on the Nass

SUMMARY: "Between Ourselves" was a weekly series of hour-long radio programs that presented Canada to Canadians. It featured aspects of Canadian life in docudramas, plays, music, and interviews, originating from different regions of Canada. The series ran from 1966 to 1979. This episode is a documentary about teacher Vera Chastenay, who spent a year at Aiyansh with the people of the Nass around 1912, and about the way they celebrated Christmas. This is an earlier version of the People in Landscape program "School on the Nass" (T2431:0001) which aired as a regional feature as part 1 of an episode of "Between Ourselves".

Bunch Trudeau interview

CALL NUMBER: T1783:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Florence "Bunch" Trudeau talks about her family, the Bryants, and about growing up in the bush around Tatla Lake and Anahim Lake, 1919 to 1938; the family's arrival and early days in the Cariboo around 1919; the journey to the homestead at Tatla Lake in 1924; recollections of her childhood and upbringing; comments about her father, Cyrus Lord Bryant; miscellaneous travels and experiences in the bush. TRACK 2: Mrs. Trudeau offers an anecdote about her brother injuring his foot and the consequences; events surrounding the birth of her sister's daughter; Christmas at Tatla Lake; childhood games and incidents; and mail days at Tatla Lake.

CALL NUMBER: T1783:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Trudeau describes the school at Tatla Lake; anecdotes about teachers and her school days; a description of a journey to the homestead at Tatla Lake. She describes the people, life and incidents in the Anahim Lake area. TRACK 2: Mrs. Trudeau discusses changes and improvements in household comforts; washing, lighting, cooking and cleaning in a wilderness cabin.

CALL NUMBER: T1783:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Trudeau describes moving to the Euchiniko Lakes area with her own family in 1953; selecting a location for the ranch; experiences on the trip; starting the ranch; life there; starting a hunting lodge; and wildlife in the area. TRACK 2: Mrs. Trudeau tells the story of a pet moose calf during the Anahim Lake days; mice and pets; the nature of the people who lived around Anahim Lake; social gatherings; changes in the area; and people at Bella Coola.

CALL NUMBER: T1783:0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1968-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Trudeau describes playing with her mother's orchestra at Williams Lake; an incident of her brother and a pistol; a family friend at Tatla Lake; riding mishaps; her grandfather and her father; general comments about members of her family. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Charles Zschiedrich interview

RECORDED: Quesnel (B.C.), 1981-10-01 SUMMARY: Charles Zschiedrich was born in Quesnel on February 12, 1912, and attended Dragon Lake one room school from 1917-23. Pioneer rancher in Quesnel district; relates early days at school at Dragon Lake. He names many teachers and describes some misfit male teachers. Feels women in those days took teaching more seriously. Describes working conditions in early 1930s; reasons why so few went on to higher education.

Chilcotin journey with Phyllis Kellis

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0001 - 0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: A series of recordings made by Imbert Orchard on a trip through the Cariboo-Chilcotin area with Mrs. Phyllis Bryant Kellis in June 1970 . The object of the trip was to retrace the Bryant family's journey from Clinton to Tatla Lake between 1919 and 1924. Mr. Orchard and Mrs. Kellis comment on both journeys, and talk to local people who recall the area as it was then. Portions of the recordings were used by Orchard in his CBC program "The Chilcotin Revisited" (T3289:0001). The tapes include ambient sound and commentary recorded at various locations, as well as the voices of: Peggy Keefe, Jim Keefe, Clarence Roberts, Elliot Weisgarber and other unidentified speakers. Locations visited include Clinton, Soda Creek, and the ferry across the Fraser River near Soda Creek.

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0001 tracks 1 - 4 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reels T1782:01 to T1782:04.] Track 1: Mrs. Kellis discusses her 3-day train ride, the beauty of the countryside, the Clinton hotel, and hotel manager Charlie Miner. (7 minutes) Track 2: Peggy Keefe describes how she came to know the Bryant family. The school near Soda Creek that Jane, Caroline and Alfred Bryant attended. She recalls the children and the piano. (5 minutes) Track 3: Jim Keefe recalls the Bryant family: their meals, their log cabin where, the family preparing for their trip. Sound of a train going by. Clarence Roberts discusses the Overland Charter Telegraph in Soda Creek, Mrs. Bryant (who cared for his mother in 1954), the old community hall, the old hotel, and a description of the town in earlier times. (13 minutes) Track 4: Unidentified speaker discusses a person who brought farming equipment to Soda Creek from Alberta 50 years earlier, then decided that the area was too rocky to farm, so sold his things and went home. The speaker describes the town as it was then, ferrymen, and members of the community. (13 minutes)

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0001 tracks 5 - 7 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reels T1782:05 to T1782:07.] Track 5: Recorded at the ferry dock 1 mile below Soda Creek. Mr. Orchard describes the landscape. Mrs. Kellis describes the ferry dock, and tells a story about a cougar and a dog. The recording continues on the ferry as it crosses the river. Ambience. Mrs. Kellis recalls where some gold was found. Discussion turns to the log cabin where the Bryants lived in Meldrum Creek. Mrs. Kellis describes where the well was dug. (11 minutes) Track 6: Mrs. Kellis continues the cougar story, and recalls the history of this specific cabin, where they lived after they leaving Sutton. The cabin as it is now, described by Mr. Orchard. Ranching in the U.S. and in B.C. Specific fences they used to keep away moose. Bachelors on ranches. (11 minutes) Track 7: A description of Buckskin Creek as an introduction to Jim Keefe's home, where the Bryants stayed after living at the Alger house. Mrs. Kellis describes the house, where lived there for a year to be closer to the school. The Gentle place near Charlie Ross' property just after the family lived at Sutton. An anecdote about chopping wood. Her feelings about the home at Bruin Ranch. Mr. Orchard describes the woods they have passed through to get to another log house owned by Mr. Sutton at Meldrum Creek. (11 minutes)

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0002 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reels T1782:09 to T1782:14.] Track 1: A speaker (possibly Willena Hodson) discusses how a home was broken into and robbed. Mr. Orchard describes the rooms and their functions. The house was built between 1914 and 1918. Mrs. Kellis recalls what the house was like when her family lived there. The first stagecoaches belonged to Mr. Hodson, just beyond Riske Creek and the Dark Cabin where Indians lived. (12 minutes) Track 2: Ambient sounds, followed by an interview with an unidentified man about different ways of getting to Williams Lake, ranching, working the cattle, economics of ranching, and a German princess who bought a ranch in the area. (7 minutes) Track 3: Most of the ranches in the sera have stayed with the same families over generations. The unidentified man discusses his family's ranch, and how the ranch may be shared/split in the future. Anna French describes the Bryant family upon their arrival at the Knowles place, the family as they were at Tatla Lake, Cyrus Bryant's father, life in Anahim Lake, feeding cattle in winter, and the "lively" Bryant children. (13 minutes) Track 4: Mrs. Kellis recalls the school teacher. A sink she installed. She describes another home the family lived in at Tatla Lake, the old chicken roost built by Cyrus and his father, and the barn. (9 minutes) Track 5: Mrs. Kellis discusses: a uncompleted bridge, more about the barn, a story about Alfred knocking himself out, a fight with the Graeme family and the pranks the kids pulled, more description of the landscape, One-Eye Lake, local families, and the four kids they boarded. (11 minutes) Track 6: Mrs. Kellis discusses the mountains in the distance; she was so busy that she never had an opportunity to appreciate scenery. Walks the family would take. How she felt about living at Tatla Lake as compared to Anahim Lake. Getting work in Williams Lake. Teaching kids to dance. Her first trip to Bella Coola from Williams Lake in the summer of 1930. (14 minutes)

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0003 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reels T1782:15 to T1782:19.] Track 1: Mrs. Kellis tells a story about apples being kept in the cellar, where Alfred would often smuggle them out to the other kids. More description and editorial by Mr. Orchard of the home and the Johnny Bull Creek and stream at Tatla Lake. Mrs. Kellis discusses what happened to the school when the family moved to Williams Lake, the whitewashed logs that they used to build the cabin, paint and colors. (12 minutes) Track 2: Ambience. Description of the location: the meadows around Tatla Lake during a race. More ambience. Harry McGhee, who was the postmaster at Tatla Lake, describes and discusses the meaning of Tatlayoko Lake: big wind. He describes his experience of coming to live at Williams Lake and then Tatlayoko Lake. (16 minutes) Track 3: Mr. McGhee continues by describing his first winter in Canada. His first impressions of the Bryant family. What life was like at that time. Tommy Hudson, who owned a freight ride. The small mills in the 1940s, and the effects on local ranchers of corporate mills. Mechanization. Ranches sold to outsiders. (12 minutes) Track 4: Mr. McGhee continues, discussing his garden, a character named Benny Franklin who opened up many roads in the area, stores in Williams Lake, a man named Sutton, experiences in winter trapping, and stories about Indians. (15 minutes) Track 5: Ambience. Discussion with an unidentified man about the Bryants when they lived at Tatla Lake. He tells stories about eggs, Tatla Lake snowfalls, freighting, his first impressions on meeting the Bryants at Tatla Lake, a story about a bull the Bryants owned, and his impressions of their house. (13 minutes)

CALL NUMBER: T1782:0004 [CDR] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1970-06 SUMMARY: [Dubbed from source reel T1782:20.] Track 1: An unidentified woman (possibly Lillian Collier) discusses the stampede at Riske Creek many years prior, Indians, Joe Elkins, country dances, rodeos, and the impact of alcohol on the Indian people. (11 minutes)

David and Celestine Johnson interview

CALL NUMBER: T3532:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Memories of St. Joseph's Mission, Williams Lake, B.C. RECORDED: Alkali Lake (B.C.), 1979-06-07 SUMMARY:

TRACK 1: David and Celestine Johnson share reminiscences about their life at the Indian Residential School: going to school as young children (7 years old); learning English; older relatives helped younger ones to adjust; boys sawed wood; children slept in dormitories; Father Boening; clothing worn; boys and girls not allowed to mix; Father Thomas traveled all through area to advise Natives; pictures of ranch where David's father worked; wintertime difficult at the Mission school; older girls made clothes for all other children. TRACK 2: Celestine and David Johnson discuss: girls learned a lot about sewing, crocheting; boys learned how to fix shoes; playrooms for girls and boys; Shuswap language forbidden; illness at the Mission school; Williams Lake was basically non-existent at the time; David and Celestine were in school; burning of the school house, 1908 (?); Father Thomas' money stash; Mission had a lot of cattle; Father Thomas used to come to Alkali three times a year -- spoke some Shuswap.

CALL NUMBER: T3532:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Memories of St. Joseph's Mission, Williams Lake, B.C. RECORDED: Alkali Lake (B.C.), 1979-06-07 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: David and Celestine Johnson discuss: not being allowed to speak the Shuswap language at the Mission school; learning English; Sisters were mainly French, except for Sister Patricia who was Irish; some kids ran away (David did, but not Celestine); getting in trouble with teachers; Mission school was strict, but kids learned a lot; learning to cook and bake; food was different at school than home; sausages on Sundays; Chinook language. TRACK 2: The Johnsons discuss: David learned Chinook on his own; Father Thomas' buggy; their daughter went to Mission school, but it was different from the days when David and Celestine were there; Sister Patricia was nice; girls not allowed to see boys; story of Father Capani; Father Thomas anecdotes; visit from the Bishop; Native church. (End of interview)

Eveline Meade interview

RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1976-02-02 SUMMARY: Ruth Chambers interviews Miss Eveline Meade, a retired school teacher. While teaching at the Freebel Institute in London, England, in 1909, Miss Meade became one of the first women to lead a Wolf Cub pack. She came to Canada in 1913 and taught in Saskatchewan for a time. She was teaching in Japan in 1923 when the country was struck by a major earthquake. In the 1930s, Miss Meade opened and taught at one-room schools in the Peace River district. She also taught at North Ward and Quadra Schools in Victoria.

Evelyn Flett interview

The item consists of an audio interview with Evelyn Flett recorded in Victoria, B.C. on July 20, 1983.

Tape summary:
Track 1: Evelyn Flett was born Evelyn Stoddart in Whitehorse in 1912. At age 8 she came to Victoria with her family. She describes their houses in Whitehorse and Victoria. Diet, household chores, and her mother's workload raising 5 children are discussed. She went to the George Jay School, Victoria High, Victoria College and Normal School. Domestic science was taught in grade 8 and she recalls things that were made in both cooking and sewing.

Track 2: Evelyn Flett talks about her teaching experiences beginning in 1931 (at age 19) at Meldon (?) Creek, Chezacut, the Kootenays, Pitt Meadows, Duncan and Victoria. While teaching in Duncan she took a shorthand and typing course. Wanted to work in an office but was frozen into the teaching program during the War. Began to teach shorthand and typing to members of the forces in night school and then later in day school during the War. Married in 1942 and set up her own home at that time. Talks about how she raised her children and how it was different from when she was a child.

Florence Desrosiers interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-11-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Florence Desrosiers describes early days near the border in the East Kootenays; she came from Medicine Hat to Roosville in 1900; she was thirteen; it was a tremendous change going to a one room school; married in 1908; some wagon drivers used to smuggle Chinese people across the US border for 300 dollars a person; during WWI, Germans being held in detention camps used to escape into neutral US; her father Fred Koo used to run a store; a stopping house and a post office at Roosville; Indians would cross the border to get liquor; Indians would trade buckskin clothing at the store; ;her husband Joseph Desrosiers came from Quebec before the railroad. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Florence Nye interview

CALL NUMBER: T0189:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Florence Mary Nye : a school teacher in British Columbia RECORDED: North Vancouver (B.C.), 1973-04-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Florence Mary Nye was born in 1913 and discusses her biographical background including her early childhood. TRACK 2: Florence Nye discusses being a schoolteacher in the Cariboo country.;

CALL NUMBER: T0189:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Florence Mary Nye : a school teacher in British Columbia RECORDED: North Vancouver (B.C.), 1973-04-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Florence Mary Nye discusses teaching in the Cariboo in the 1920s and teaching in the Rocky Mountains in the 1930s. TRACK 2: She continues discussing teaching in the Rocky Mountains and teaching in Lone Butte.;

CALL NUMBER: T0189:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Florence Mary Nye : a school teacher in British Columbia RECORDED: North Vancouver (B.C.), 1973-05-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Florence Mary Nye discusses her uncle's lodge at Dairy Lake. TRACK 2: She tells several interesting anecdotes about her life as a schoolteacher.;

George and Jennie Medd interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1963-02-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: George Medd talks about his father's coming from Yorkshire to settle in Langley in 1876; clearing land; growing up on the farm; selling produce; the local cheese factory; BC Electric; farm ;life; a cougar incident. Mrs. Medd talks about coming with her parents from New Brunswick; she taught at Milner School in 1912 and describes school conditions, the original school building, and the new school building; the community of Milner; social events; Murrayville; local incidents; May Day celebrations; a court case.

Grace Copeland interview

CALL NUMBER: T3527:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Grace Evelyn Moses talks about the Moses and Copeland families of Sidney, B.C. RECORDED: [location unknown], 1978-02-09? SUMMARY: TRACK 1 & 2: History of the Moses farm in Sidney: Daniel David Moses, pioneer and businessman in Victoria, purchased crown grants beginning in 1864; marriage to Mary Barton; raising hops and cattle. Mrs. Copeland's own Jersey cows, 1932-1958. Her father, Christopher Moses, and his background. Mrs. Copeland's background and career as a teacher in one-room schools and as a dairy farmer. British back;ground of the Moses family. Her marriage to Walter Newell Copeland. Background of the Copeland family in Britain and B.C. More about her family, including her packer grandfather Munch and Indian gran;dmother in the Cariboo and at Langley B.C. Comments on native people and their customs.;

CALL NUMBER: T3527:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Grace Evelyn Moses talks about the Moses and Copeland families of Sidney, B.C. RECORDED: [location unknown], 1978-02-09? SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Continuation of comments on native people and their customs. Religion in her family. Depression years. Politics in the Moses family (Liberal). The farm house: lights and plumbing in 1947. First car, 1912. Schools in her youth and now. Old Copeland family documents. Chain gang. Her cousin, Emily Noble, recalls the Moses farm. [End of interview; TRACK 2 blank.]

G.S. Andrews interview : [Flanderka, 1980]

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Col. G.S. Andrews talks of his early education, experiences as a teacher, and survey work in BC PERIOD COVERED: 1920-1933 RECORDED: Victoria (B.C.), 1980-11-27 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: G.S. Andrews talks of his early schooling in Vancouver and problems encountered in obtaining admission to UBC. Teaching certificate obtained from Normal School. Early teaching experiences at Big Bar Creek. Description of travels to Kelly Lake and the establishment of the school at Kelly Lake. Teaching methods and memories of Kelly Lake school. TRACK 2: Andrews talks of his continuing education after four years of teaching. Toronto university and first year forestry. Reasons for entering forestry. Surveying as an undergraduate. Permanent employment in B.C. Forestry department. Recounts the first time he used aerial photography. Survey methods before the advent of aerial photography. Report on Flathead forest. Tranquille and Naskonlith forest and use of aerial photos. Use of aerial photgraphy in the Shuswap forest. Bush River. The period prior to travelling to England to continue his education.

Hector Cote interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): French Canadians in Terrace, B.C. : raising a family in the 1930s and 1940s PERIOD COVERED: 1924-1977 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1977-08-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Hector Cote (timber cruiser, scaler, plumber, contractor, millworker) was born in Terrace on May 21, 1924. Medical services and mishaps. School days, description of Kitsumkalum School. Fire drill. Racial and cultural background. Bilingual. Haying for George Little. Career opportunities. TRACK 2: The Depression. Father snaring rabbits. Hobos on the C.N.R. to Prince Rupert. Effects of the Depression on the native people. Working in Prince Rupert in the construction business. Joining the Army, training in Nova Scotia. Overseas occupation. Falling cedar poles which were sent to New York. Hauling poles with a lead truck and a second truck. Loading poles on trucks and then onto railcars. Selective logging.

Jean Mark interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], [1973?]
SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Jean Mark recalls her experiences as a school teacher at Tatla Lake in the Chilcotin, 1928-29. She also discusses Phyllis Bryant Kellis and her children (the Bryant family); Leonard Butler; the school building; the Bellamy girls; Cyrus Bryant and his father, Frank Bryant; description of the Bryant's cabin and furniture. TRACK 2: The Bryant children also went to school in Vancouver (1927) and in Williams Lake (after 1929). The seasons and scenery at Tatla Lake; the Bryant's vegetable garden; the story of Phyllis's piano; felt lonely at Tatla, and took trip to Williams Lake and Clinton with Claire Gilliland; Quesnel Dam; dancing and singing at Tatla Lake; mail days; discarded books shipped to Tatla School from a library; descriptions of the Bryant children and their activities; prayers at school. [End of interview]

J.F.K. English interview

CALL NUMBER: T1364:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A career in B.C.'s educational system (part one) PERIOD COVERED: 1925-1939 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1974-10-03 SUMMARY: This tape begins with Dr. English's early years as a student, then his early career in education as a teacher and principal. Discusses Putnam-Weir Report. Effect of Depression on education. CALL NUMBER: T1364:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A career in B.C.'s educational system (part two) PERIOD COVERED: 1935-1945 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1974-10-03 SUMMARY: Dr. English describes changes in education in the 1930s, and his experiences as a school inspector in the Peace River school district. CALL NUMBER: T1364:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A career in B.C.'s educational system (part three) PERIOD COVERED: 1943-1962 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1974-10-03 SUMMARY: Dr. English discusses his experiences as an inspector in Trail-Rossland district, and the differences between this district and the Trail school board. Talks about the problem of Doukhobors' refusal to send their children to school. Implementation of Cameron Report in the Greater Victoria area. CALL NUMBER: T1364:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A career in B.C.'s educational system (part four) PERIOD COVERED: 1946-1963 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1974-10-03 SUMMARY: Discussion of advantages and disadvantages of re-organization according to the Cameron Report. Discussion of changes in organization of the Department of Education, and changing responsibilities of officials. Policy decision under Social Credit government. Curriculum revision. The Chant Report. CALL NUMBER: T1364:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): A career in B.C.'s educational system (part five) PERIOD COVERED: 1945-1965 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1974-10-03 SUMMARY: Career as Deputy Minister of Education: discussion of implementation of Chant Report, of contribution of Ministers of Education, of changes in organization of Department of Education. Observations on the Legislature. General comments about trends in education and the preparation of annual reports. (End of interview)

Kathleen A. Telford interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1967 SUMMARY: An oral history interview with Kathleen Telford about her life and family history in the Chilcotin. Her father, Alex Graham, left Ireland in 1886, and settled in B.C. at Alexis Creek (the CI ranch). Other settlers. Ranching in the Chilcotin. Childhood memories: riding; schools; changes in the Chilcotin.

Kathleen Tobin interview

The item consists of an audio interview with Kathleen Tobin recorded in Victoria, B.C. on June 21, 1983.

Tape summary:
Track 1: Kathleen Tobin begins by describing her home and kitchen. She talks of the conversions of her stove and her preference for a wood burner. The household chores of her mother and family are described. In her teens, as a summer job she would berry pick. Describes tools and appliances in her mother's kitchen. Laundry was both done by hand and picked up by a laundromat. Daily diet. Dinner was an evening meal. Talks of favourite foods. When young, helping in kitchen not a responsibility. Foods considered bad by mother: mushrooms, bananas, and cucumbers. Not all that conscious of food value.

Track 2: Describes a favourite food. Home deliveries i.e. buying milk tokens. Advertising did not have a large effect on them. Describes domestic science at South Park. Found hand sewing boring and didn't get much out of cooking. Describes class. Neither mother nor school tried to directly teach a woman's role. Manners were taught at St. Ann's Academy. Talks of South Pender teaching career.

Lauretta Holdridge interview

The item consists of an audio interview with Lauretta Holdridge recorded in Victoria, B.C. on May 31, 1983.

Tape summary:
Track 1: Lauretta Holdridge came to Victoria at age 5. Her family, the McCall's, lived in Nellie McClung's brother's home. Her family was not wealthy and therefore did not have servants, etc. She describes her duties at home, which were extensive because her mother was not well. Describes duties i.e. canning, soap making, cooking. Defines a good housekeeper and a woman's place in "those days". She describes in detail her domestic science class and teacher's Miss Ramsey (sewing) and Miss Blankenba (cooking). Felt there was a conscious effort to train girls for the future.

Track 2: Mother's advice on marriage and father's advice. Setting up her first home in Winnipeg, 1939. She later describes her teaching career in Prince George for two years. She was a pioneer teacher, with a one-room school with 8 children.

Lil Stoneman interview

CALL NUMBER: T3601:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Lil Stoneman : The Women's Labour League and the Mothers' Council RECORDED: North Vancouver (B.C.), 1979-07-30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Lil Stoneman came to BC in 1913. Her father was a sail maker who hoped to start a canvas cover business in Saskatoon. She had an Oxford certificate and was able to teach with this, and so went to normal school. She first taught in Harris in a one-room school, and then in Lenning; living with a local family. In 1920, she married a master painter. In 1924, the BC economy was already in a slump, and by the early 1930s they were forced onto relief. They received eighteen dollars a month for two people. She became active in the unemployed movement as it formed to protest the distribution of food by gunnysack as opposed to script. She went to the relief office to represent recipients and participated in organisation on a local level; forming neighbourhood committees, block committees, halls and associations. Mrs. Stoneman joined the Women's Labour League. It organised for jobs, supported the unemployed's struggles, and fought for birth control. She returned briefly to Saskatchewan and organised there. The W.L.L. eventually became the Mothers' Council. They organised demonstrations for clothing, as well as food. TRACK 2: The Labour league grew in its membership and groups formed on Vancouver Island. She was secretary. The League was accepted into the local Council of Women. Mrs. Stoneman studied with Becky Buhay while she was in BC, researching the history of working women's struggles. Mrs. Stoneman was present at the "Battle of Ballantyne Pier" (1935), where she narrowly escaped from the police as they attacked striking longshoremen. CALL NUMBER: T3601:0002 RECORDED: North Vancouver (B.C.), 1979-07-30 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: During the war, the Mothers' Council fought for decent allowances for soldiers' wives. [TRACK 2: blank?]; CALL NUMBER: T3601:0003 RECORDED: North Vancouver (B.C.), 1979-07-30 SUMMARY: [No content summary available.];

Lilly Squinahan interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Memories of St. Joseph's Mission, Williams Lake, B.C. RECORDED: Alkali Lake (B.C.), 1979-06-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: In an interview with Margaret Whitehead, Lilly Squinahan shares memories of her time at St. Joseph's Mission: typical day; her knowledge of English; sewing own clothes; learning to cook; everything the school needed, they produced (for the most part); Brother Collins; spent nine years in school, but only went to grade 6 academically (ages 9 to 18). Had to leave school to make room for new students. She enjoyed school and believes other students did too. Religion at St. Joseph's. Some children ran away from the school -- workmen would have to go looking for them. Chilcotin children in the school. All her siblings went to St. Joseph's too. Her youngest brother used to run away. Trapping no longer practiced by many Natives. Parents did not come to visit often. Holidays were six weeks. TRACK 2: Lily Squinahan: On holidays, Father Thomas would sometimes come to the reserve -- he was very strict (no alcohol, no dancing). Discussion of other priests. Chief Samson. Chief and Father Thomas had a court-like system set up where people would pay fines and confess to wrongdoings. Little alcohol on the reserve in old days. Chief is no longer a hereditary position. Concluding remarks.

Lily Priest interview

CALL NUMBER: T0663:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Lily S. Priest describes the first public school in Merritt, which began on 2 April 1908; she discusses her husband and how they first came to Canada from England on their honeymoon; she tells the story of how they wanted to buy land to have a fruit ranch, came to Merritt and liked the people there; she was a school teacher and the community really wanted one at the time. She taught forty children; she tells stories about the children; Edith Paige; Johnny Hoglund, who threatened to shoot her and was expelled; a description of the school and how it was run; anecdotes about characters in the area; an experience drinking bootleg gin. TRACK 2: Mrs. Priest continues with the gin story; Lucky Todd who was a prospector; coal mines at Middlesborough; more about people in the area; miners; Mr. Gerrard who owns the mine now; she describes Merritt as it was when she arrived, and its growth in subsequent years; the CPR; the other railway lines; coal shipping; doctors in the area, a mysterious murder; Lawrence Guichon; ranches in the area; parties and Mr. Clisbie.

CALL NUMBER: T0663:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Priest tells a story about an Indian who passed out on a horse after a two-day July 1 celebration, and how they took a picture of him; Chinese people in the early days. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Louise Marguerite Iverson interview

The item consists of an audio interview with Louise Iverson recorded in Victoria, B.C. on May 27, 1983.

Tape summary:
Track 1: Louise Iverson was born in Victoria in 1905. She describes the home she lived in as a child, boarders, the kitchen. Describes their daily diet and specialty foods. Talks of salted fish and fresh salmon delivered by Indians. Describes Rogers, their milkman, home deliveries and garbage truck. Did little domestic work at home in kitchen. Mother made own recipes. Grade 6 started classes in domestic science at South Park. The first thing she cooked in class was bacon. Gas plates. Teacher was Miss Juniper. Describes domestic science room. Remembers some of what was taught. Set up her first home in 1943 in Princeton.

Track 2: Describes home she set up with her husband. Went to teach at 18 and boarded. Taught in Fraser Canyon one-room school. Taught in another rural school in Princeton. Describes teaching experiences.

Mabel Love interview

The item consists of an audio interview with Mabel Love recorded in Victoria B.C. on August 4, 1983.

Tape summary:
Track 1: Mabel Love describes home, home deliveries, daily diet and chores. Took domestic science at George Jay. Classroom had stoves around the perimeter, and made things in individual servings. Thought the class was practical. Classes oriented towards homemaking. Graduated from Normal School in 1927. The school had an "apartment" that they could stay in over the weekend to "practice". Thought they took domestic science to prepare them for living on their own. First teaching job at 17 years old at Cherry Creek. Made $100.00 a month. Then taught at 100 Mile House.

Marion Groger and Marjorie Neudorf interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976 SUMMARY: An oral history interview with Marion Groger and Marjorie Neudorf, sisters who moved from Alberta to Cecil Lake, ca. 1930. They talk about growing up in the Peace River country during the 1930s. School, food, homestead, and the hardships and pleasures of homesteading are the subjects of the interview.

Results 1 to 30 of 52