File MS-3334 - Photograph album of Mrs. A. H. Maynard, 1872 - 1892

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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Photograph album of Mrs. A. H. Maynard, 1872 - 1892

General material designation

  • graphic material

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Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the file.
  • Attributions and conjectures: The album is attributed to Adelaide Maynard.

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Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • [between 1872 and 1892] (Creation)
    Maynard, Adelaide M.

Physical description area

Physical description

1 album (100 photographs : b&w)

Publisher's series area

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Archival description area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Adelaide M. Graham (1859-1892) married Albert Hatherly Maynard in 1878 at age 19. Adelaide is the daughter of James Graham. Albert is the son of Hannah Maynard of Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862? – 1912). Albert’s sister Emma Macdonald (nee Maynard) and her husband James F. Macdonald were witnesses at their wedding. Between the late 1870s and early 1880s, they had several children including daughters, Mabel Price Maynard (b.1880), Lille Elizabeth (b.1884), and sons John Ridgemen Maynard (b.1879) and Richard James Maynard (b. 1881). Mrs. Albert Hatherly Maynard died in her early thirties.

Custodial history

Found in Visual Records Department in August 1981.

Scope and content

File is a family carte de visite album with a brown leather cover and metal clasps containing photographic prints, the bulk of which are card-mounted studio portraits that document the Maynard family, in particular the Albert Hatherly Maynard and Adelaide Maynard (nee Graham) family. The album is attributed to Adelaide Maynard, and appears to have been a gift to Adelaide Graham (1859-1892) from Albert Maynard (1857-1934). Photographs depict Adelaide Maynard’s domestic life before and after her marriage through primarily portraits, as well as a few snapshots and other materials that document her circle of family and friends of her and her husband, her role as a wife and a mother, and the domestic life of a Victorian family. The bulk of the photographs are credited to photographer Mrs. R. Maynard (1834-1918) but there are also works of other commercial photographers including Ontario based W.A. Cooper and JAS. Egan’s New Photographic & Portrait Gallery. The album includes popular Maynard family images that appear in other Maynard family albums.

The family album consists of 100 photographic prints, including sepia toned albumen carte de visites, plus other portrait forms such as tintype miniature portraits inserted in twenty-five pages. There are annotations found on some album pages and also on the verso of prints. Information largely consists of names and occasionally the age of the subject or the price of the print. There does not appear to be dates or associated photograph numbers for the original negatives present on album pages or prints. Mounted cards, carte de visites, often contain imprints on the verso noting the name and studio location. On nine of the pages prints appear to have been removed. There are also several prints housed loose within the album. Other materials include a few hand-painted photographs, a business card and several seasonal greeting cards which do not contain photographs.

A.H. Maynard family members are represented in individual and group studio photographs. The album includes individual and group portraits of Albert Hatherly and Adelaide Maynard, several mother and child portraits of Mrs. A. Maynard and child, as well as individual portraits of their infant children including John Ridgemen Maynard (b.1879). The album also includes portraits containing the following names in their associated captions: "Bob Liddell," "Mary Vipond," "Jack Kirkup," "G Anderson," "Frank Graham," and "J. Carter." Some of these captions refer to photographs which are missing from the album.

Likenesses of Albert Maynard’s mother (Hannah Maynard) and his siblings including Emma Maynard (1859 or 1860-1893), Zela Maynard (1854-1913), and Laura Lillian “Lillie” Maynard (1867-1883) are also featured frequently in individual and group portraits sometimes depicting domestic scenes and activities. Arthur S. Rappertie (1854?-1923) who worked for the Maynards in the 1870s to early 1900s is also present here. There are a number of unidentified prints of infants, babies, children and adults, including a number of male sitters, which may or may not relate to the Maynard family. There are several non-studio images, family photographs taken on excursions at the beach, at a group picnic, and outside a residence.

Portrait styles reflected in the album include headshots, side profiles, as well as mid and full-length likenesses that employ a variety of studio props. Several portraits of the Maynard children depict Mrs. R. Maynard’s use of side lighting techniques. Child and baby portraits, as well as those of toy dolls present in the album, are similar portrayals than those featured in Hannah Maynard’s annual “Gems of British Columbia" series of portrait montages of the 1880s and 1890s.

There are also portraits of other individuals and objects. These include commercial cartes of “Effie German,” as well as a number of portraits of children’s dolls including a tintype with the annotation “Mifs M.A. Morton” on the verso of the print. There is a business card of James F. Macdonald, the husband of Emma Maynard. The album concludes with two New Year's greeting cards: one addressed to A. H. Maynard and the other Mrs. Albert H. Maynard.

Notes area

Physical condition

One clasp on the album cover is missing over. There is a small tear at the bottom of the spine. Some photographic prints and several album pages have minor tears, the latter resulting in the prints to slip out from their pages.

Many of the prints are tightly enclosed in album pages which may limit access to creator or photographer descriptions, as well as studio imprints featured on the verso of these items.

A number of prints have deteriorated and yellowed which may obscure some of the visual information.

Immediate source of acquisition


Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Modern copy prints of selected Maynard photographs, including Maynard family portraits are available. Some of these reproductions include annotations. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these reference materials.

Restrictions on access

For conservation reasons, access provided to original is limited. Researchers should consult the online reference image prior to consulting the original. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of this record.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Item is in the public domain.

Finding aids

Associated materials

Related Materials
For materials relating to alternative print versions of Maynard family portraits, including images of Laura Lillian Maynard (HP093382 and HP093386) and Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Maynard (HP058336), see the BC Archives Photograph Collection. In addition other Maynard family portraits and portraits produced by Mrs. R. Maynard and Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery have been acquired by the BC Archives which can also be found in this collection. For a carte de visite identified as "John (Jack) Kirkup B.C. Police" see HP006170.

For related Maynard family photographs featured in other Maynard family photographic albums, including some images featured in this album, see MS-3364.

Other photographic collections contain portraits produced and marketed by Mrs. R. Maynard, R. Maynard and Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery. For a carte de visite identified as "Bob Liddell" see MS-2964-Photographs and sketches (box 11, file 368), part of PR-0356 Newcombe family fonds.

Related materials


General note

Accession number(s): Originally accessioned as 198107-058.

General note

Archives code(s): MS-3334

General note

Location: 000343-0214

General note

Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery (1862? to 1912) produced popular carte de visites portrait formats, particularly during the 1860s and 1870s. The Maynard Studio came to be known for its portfolio of baby, child and family portraits with photographic products including miniature portraits and composite images in later years of the studio’s history. The "Gems of British Columbia" series of portrait montages of selected children, largely Anglo-European subjects as well as a number of Chinese clients, photographed throughout the year were sent as New Year's greeting cards to clients from 1881 until about 1895. In the 1880s these composite photographs, which sometimes incorporated photo sculptures, were published annually in the trade publication St. Louis Photographer (also known as St. Louis and Canadian Photographer).

General note

Mrs. R. Maynard’s Photographic Gallery had several locations over the course of its history, most notably operations at Douglas, Johnston and Pandora Streets in Victoria. Over the course of the Gallery’s history, a number of imprints circulated on the backs of photographic works, sometimes multiple imprints per location.

Physical description

There is an inscription on the front of the first page: “Miss Addie Graham 1818 Victoria, B.C. A present from Mr. Albert Maynard Victoria. B.C.” Another inscription can be found on the verso of the first page: “Mrs. A. H. Maynard, Victoria, B.C.”

Physical description

Some carte de visites bear the following Maynard studio imprint on the reverse: “Mrs R. Maynard Photographic Artist And Dealer in all kinds of Photographic Materials. Stereoscopic and Large Views of British Columbia and Vancouver Island for sale. Corner of Douglas and Johnston Sts., Victoria, B.C.”

Some carte de visites bear the following alternative Maynard studio imprint on the reverse: “Mrs R. Maynard Photographic Artiste, Douglass Street, Victoria, V.I., B.C.”

Some carte de visites bear the following alternative Maynard studio imprint on the reverse: "Cor. Douglas and Johnston Sts. Victoria, B.C."

Some carte de visites bear the following alternative Maynard studio imprint on the reverse: "Corner of Johnston and Douglas Streets, Victoria, B.C."

Some carte de visites bear photographer names and studio imprints other than Maynard and include the following: W.A. Cooper and JAS. Egan from London, Ontario.

Accompanying material

Additional documentation (Maynard family research files) regarding the family portraits in this collection and resources to provide information on the photographs are available. This material was created by current and past staff and researchers of BC Archives and includes biographical, contextual, and photographic research information. Please contact the BC Archives to determine the access status of these records.

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Physical storage

  • Box: 957328-0069